The Little Data Book on Gender 2011
250 pages
English

The Little Data Book on Gender 2011

-

YouScribe est heureux de vous offrir cette publication
250 pages
English
YouScribe est heureux de vous offrir cette publication

Description

This handy pocket guide is a quick reference for users interested in the gender statistics. The book presents gender-disaggregated data for more than 200 countries in an easy country-by-country reference on demography, education, health, labor force, political participation and the Millennium Development Goals. The book's summary pages cover regional and income group aggregates.

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Publié par
Publié le 09 septembre 2011
Nombre de lectures 56
EAN13 9780821388815
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 1 Mo

Exrait

From World Development Indicators
The Little
Data Book
on Gender
Demography
Education
Family planning and maternal health
Labor force and employment dynamics
Women’s political participationTHE LITTLE2011 DATA BOOK
ON GENDERCopyright © 2011 by the International Bank for
Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK
1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20433
U.S.A.
All rights reserved
Manufactured in the United States of America
First printing August 2011
ISBN: 978-0-8213-8881-5
eISBN: 978-0-8213-8882-2
DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-8881-5
SKU: 18881
The Little Data Book on Gender 2011 is a product of the Development
Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and
the Gender and Development Group of the World Bank.
Design by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, D.C
Cover design by Peter Grundy Contents
Acknowledgments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi
Regional tables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
East Asia and Pacific. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Europe and Central Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Low income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Upper middle income 13
Low and middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Country tables (in alphabetical order). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233
Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234
The Little Data Book on Gender 2011 iiiAcknowledgments
The Little Data Book on Gender 2011 is a collaborative effort between the
Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and
the Gender and Development Group of the Poverty Reduction and Economic
Management Network.
T h e L i t t l e D at a B o o k o n G e n d e r 2 01 1 was prepared by Sulekha Patel, William
Prince, Shota Hatakeyama, and Masako Hiraga of the Development Data
Group and Nistha Sinha and Hippolyte Fofack of the Gender and Development
Group. The introduction was written by Stephen McGroarty, with inputs from
Nistha Sinha. Production of the book was coordinated by Azita Amjadi and
Alison Kwong. The book was typeset by Jomo Tariku. The work was carried
out under the management of Shaida Badiee and Pierella Paci. Staff from
External Affairs oversaw publication and dissemination of the book.
iv 2011 The Little Data Book on GenderIntroduction
T h e L i t t l e D a t a B o o k o n G e n d e r 2 01 1 is a quick reference for users interested
i n g e n d e r s t a t i s t i c s . I t p r e s e n t s g e n d e r - d i s a g g r e g a t e d d a t a f o r m o r e t h a n 2 0 0
countries in a straightforward, country-by-country reference on demography,
education, health, labor force, political participation, and the Millennium
Development Goals. Summary pages that cover regional and income group
aggregates are also included.
This second issue of The Little Data Book on Gender coincides with the
launch of the World Development Report 2012, the Bank's annual flagship
publication. This year's report looks at the facts and trends surrounding the
various dimensions of gender equality in the context of the development
process: although many women around the world continue to struggle with
gender-based disadvantages, much has changed for the better and at a
more rapid pace than ever before. But that progress needs to be expanded,
proctected, and deepened. While development has closed some gender gaps,
other gaps persist, including excess deaths of girls and women, disparities in
g i r l s' s c h o o l i n g , u n e q u a l a c c e s s t o e c o n o m i c o p p o r t u n i t i e s , a n d d i f f e r e n c e i n
voice in households and society. The report argues that gender equality can
enhance productivity, improve development outcomes for the next generation,
and make insitutions more representative. For more information about this
landmark report, visit www.worldbank.org/wdr2012.
As part of its strategy to provide content when, where, and how users want it,
the World Bank now offers two new electronic products on gender. The World
TM Development Report 2012 mobile application for the iPad allows users to
browse and search the report by key message, keyword, topic, region, and
more. Overviews in multiple languages and other relevant content round out
the mobile application. Visit bit.ly/wdr2012app for more information. And for
those interested in mapping and graphing gender statistics, the new eAtlas
of Gender allows users to map and graph dozens of gender indicators over
time and across countries, and compare maps for two different indicators,
countries, regions, or years. Visit data.worldbank.org/atlas-gender.
The Little Data Book on Gender 2011 vData notes
The data in this book are for 1990, and 2009 or the most recent year unless
otherwise noted in the table or the Glossary.
• Growth rates are proportional changes from the previous year unless
otherwise noted.
• Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income
economies only.
• Figures in italics indicate data for years or periods other than those
specified.
Symbols used:
.. indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot
be calculated because of missing data.
0 or 0.0 indicates zero or small enough that the number would round
to zero at the displayed number of decimal places.
$ indicates current U.S. dollars.
Lettered notes on some country tables can be found in the Notes o n p a g e 2 3 3 .
Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for
smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank. The term country
(used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence
or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which
the authorities report separate social or economic statistics.
The selection of indicators in these pages includes some of those being
used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. For
more information about the eight goals—halving poverty and increasing
well-being by 2015—please see the other books in the World Development
Indicators 2011 family of products.
vi 2011 The Little Data Book on GenderRegional tables
The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical
regions and may differ from common geographic usage.
East Asia and Pacific
American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic
Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall
Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Palau,
Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand,
Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam
Europe and Central Asia
Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria,
Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania,
Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine,
Uzbekistan
Latin America and the Caribbean
Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia,
Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador,
Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico,
Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St.
Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay, República Bolivariana
de Venezuela
Middle East and North Africa
Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq,
Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West
Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen
South Asia
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri
Lanka
Sub-Saharan Africa
Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde,
Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo,
Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia,
Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar,
Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia,
Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles,
Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo,
Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
The Little Data Book on Gender 2011 1World
Population (millions) 6,855.2 Population living below
GNI ($ billions) 62,363.4 $1.25 a day (%) ..
GNI per capita ($) 9,097
1990 2009
Female Male Female Male
Demography
Sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) 937 935
Life expectancy at birth (years) 67 63 71 67
Child mortality rate (per 1,000) .. .. .. ..
Female-headed households (%) .. ..

Education
Gross primary enrollment (% of relevant age group) 93 105 105 109
Gross secondary enrollment (% of relevant age group) 45 54 67 69
Gross tertiary enrollment (% of relevant age group) .. .. 28 26
Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) 75 86 87 89
Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15-24) 79 88 87 92

Family planning and maternal health
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 3.3 2.5
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. 54
Women married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. ..
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 57 61
Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. ..
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. 82
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 50 65
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 400 260

Labor force and employment dynamics
Labor force participation (% of population ages 15+) 52 81 52 78
Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. .. ..
Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. .. ..
Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. .. ..
Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. .. ..
Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. .. ..
Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. .. ..
Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. .. ..
Women in nonagricultural wage employment (%) 35 ..
Women's share of part-time employment (% of total) .. ..
Ratio of female to male wages in manufacturing (%) 69 77
Maternity leave (weeks) .. ..
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. ..
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. ..
Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 49 76 48 73
Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15-24) 45 60 37 52
Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. .. ..
Unemployment (% of labor force ages 15+) .. .. .. ..
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment) .. .. .. ..
Youth unemployment (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. .. .. ..

Women's political participation
Seats held by women in national parliament (%) 13 19
2 2011 The Little Data Book on Gender

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