Vertical Mapper Tutorial
127 pages
English

Vertical Mapper Tutorial

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Vertical Mapper
Version 3.7
TUTORIAL Information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the part of the vendor or its representatives. No part
of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without the written
permission of Pitney Bowes Software Inc., One Global View, Troy, New York 12180-8399.
© 2009 Pitney Bowes Software Inc. All rights reserved. MapInfo, the Pitney Bowes Business Insight logo, and are trademarks of Pitney Bowes Software Inc.
and/or its affiliates.
Americas:
Phone: (518) 285-6000
Fax: (518) 285-6070
Sales: (800) 327-8627
Government Sales: (800) 619-2333
Technical Support: (518) 285-7283
Technical Srt Fax: (518) 285-6080
www.pbinsight.com
UK and EMEA:
Phone: 44 1753 848200
Fax: 44 1753 621140
Technical Support: 44 1753 848229
www.pbinsight.co.uk
Asia Pacific:
Phone: 61. 2.9437.6255
Fax: 61.2.9439. 1773
Technical Support: 1800 648 899
www.pbinsight.com.au
Contact information for all Pitney Bowes Business Insight offices is located at: http:///www.pbinsight.com/about/contact-us.
Products named herein may be trademarks of their respective manufacturers and are hereby recognized. Trademarked names are used editorially, to the
benefit of the trademark owner, with no intent to infringe on the trademark.
December 2009 Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Welcome to the Vertical Mapper Tutorial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...

Sujets

Informations

Publié par
Nombre de lectures 356
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 3 Mo

Exrait

Vertical Mapper Version 3.7 TUTORIAL Information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the part of the vendor or its representatives. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without the written permission of Pitney Bowes Software Inc., One Global View, Troy, New York 12180-8399. © 2009 Pitney Bowes Software Inc. All rights reserved. MapInfo, the Pitney Bowes Business Insight logo, and are trademarks of Pitney Bowes Software Inc. and/or its affiliates. Americas: Phone: (518) 285-6000 Fax: (518) 285-6070 Sales: (800) 327-8627 Government Sales: (800) 619-2333 Technical Support: (518) 285-7283 Technical Srt Fax: (518) 285-6080 www.pbinsight.com UK and EMEA: Phone: 44 1753 848200 Fax: 44 1753 621140 Technical Support: 44 1753 848229 www.pbinsight.co.uk Asia Pacific: Phone: 61. 2.9437.6255 Fax: 61.2.9439. 1773 Technical Support: 1800 648 899 www.pbinsight.com.au Contact information for all Pitney Bowes Business Insight offices is located at: http:///www.pbinsight.com/about/contact-us. Products named herein may be trademarks of their respective manufacturers and are hereby recognized. Trademarked names are used editorially, to the benefit of the trademark owner, with no intent to infringe on the trademark. December 2009 Table of Contents Chapter 1: Welcome to the Vertical Mapper Tutorial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Using this Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 The Vertical Mapper Documentation Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 Send us your Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 Chapter 1: Vertical Mapper Basics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Using the Vertical Mapper Toolbar and the Grid Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Docking the Vertical Mapper Toolbar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Opening the Grid Manager. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Working with Grids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Types of GIS and grids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Opening Grids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Obtaining Information from Grids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Closing Map Windows and Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Chapter 2: Preparing Data for Analysis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Opening an Excel Spreadsheet in Vertical Mapper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 Making Data Mappable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 Changing the Native Projection System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 Aggregating Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 Understanding your Data Set. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 Aggregating Downtown_UTM.TAB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 Chapter 3: Creating Grids Using Interpolation (Basic) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Creating a Numeric Grid using TIN Interpolation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 Inspecting the Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 Using the Poly-to-Point Function to Create a Point File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 Creating a Numeric Grid using Simple Natural Neighbour Interpolation . . . . . . . . . .33 Creating a Classified Grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 Chapter 4: Creating Grids using Interpolation (Advanced). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Creating a Grid using Inverse Distance Weighting Interpolation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 Exploring the Inverse Distance Weighted Interpolation Dialog Box. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 Tutorial 3 Table of Contents Creating a Numeric Grid using Rectangular Interpolation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Chapter 5: Creating Grids Using Spatial Modelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 Modeling using the Location Profiler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Modeling with Trade Area Analysis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Calculating the Probable Trade Area for One Site. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Calculating the Maximum Patronage for All Sites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Chapter 6: Creating Cross Sections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 Creating a Cross Section Graph along a Virtual Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Customizing a Cross Section Graph. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Creating a Cross Section Graph from a Line Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Showing Elevation and Field Strength along a Line Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Chapter 7: Contouring Grids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57 Creating Line Contours from a Numeric Grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Creating Region Contours from a Numeric Grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Contouring a Classified Grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Chapter 8: Performing Viewshed Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63 Performing a Simple Viewshed Calculation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Performing a Multi-point Viewshed Calculation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Performing a Complex Viewshed Calculation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Chapter 9: Determining Point-to-Point Intervisibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69 Determining Intervisibility using an Existing Line. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Determining the Intervisibility Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72 Using a Virtual Line to Determine Intervisibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Chapter 10: Modifying Grids Using the Grid Calculator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75 Creating a Grid Math Expression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Normalizing Grid Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Using a Saved Expression to Normalize Grid Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 Chapter 11: Performing a Grid Query. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81 Creating a Simple Query . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 Performing a Query using Two Grids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84 Performing a Query using Two Grids and Multiple Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Chapter 12: Obtaining Statistical Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89 Comparing Predicted to Measured Transmitter Signal Strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Creating a Slope Grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Obtaining Statistics using the Line Info and the Line Inspection Tools . . . . . . . . . . . 92 Obtaining Statisticse Region Info and the Region Inspection Tools . . . . . . 94 4 Vertical Mapper 3.7 Table of Contents Chapter 13: Using the Correlation Tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Performing a Correlation Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98 Understanding the Correlation Coefficient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98 Examining the Matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99 Grouping Correlation Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100 Performing a Predictive Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101 Chapter 14: Splicing Grids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Merging Two Grids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104 Stamping Grids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105 Creating a Cross Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107 Chapter 15: Reclassing Grids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Reclassing a Classified Grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110 Reducing the Number of Classes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .112 Chapter 16: Using the 3D View Function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 Creating a 3D Grid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114 Changing the Viewing Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .116 Setting the Light Source. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117 Setting the Parameters for the Loaded Grid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117 Adding Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .118 Adding Drapes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .120 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 Tutorial 5 Table of Contents 6 Vertical Mapper 3.7 Welcome to the Vertical Mapper Tutorial ® The Vertical Mapper Tutorial provides an overview of the basic functionality of Vertical Mapper. The tutorial consists of a series of lessons, based on practical examples of day-to-day GIS needs, ranging from simple to more complex scenarios. You should read the tutorial in conjunction with the supporting documentation that explains the software and concepts in more detail. Before you begin using the Vertical Mapper Tutorial, install the tutorial data by inserting the Install CD-ROM into your computer and follow the prompts. Topics in this Section: Using this Documentation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 Send us your Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 Using this Documentation Using this Documentation Before using this documentation, you should be familiar with the Windows environment. It is assumed that you know how to access ToolTips and shortcut menus, move and copy objects, resize dialog boxes, expand and collapse directory trees. In addition, it is assumed you are familiar with the ®basic functionality in MapInfo Professional . All paths specified in the Vertical Mapper tutorial are relative to the Program Files folder on the C drive of your computer. The Vertical Mapper Documentation Set Vertical Mapper comes with an extensive documentation set. You can access all the documentation from the Vertical Mapper menu. Documentation Title Purpose Vertical Mapper Tutorial Explore Vertical Mapper and perform some of the basic Vertical Mapper tasks. The Vertical Mapper Tutorial Guide is only available as a .pdf file. Vertical Mapper User Guide Perform operations on spatial data that is stored in grids, and display, analyze and export digital elevation models and other grid-based data. This document is available in both print and .pdf formats. Send us your Comments We welcome any comments you have about our documentation. Send your comments to the Documentation Manager at the following email address: documentation@pb.com . 8 Vertical Mapper 3.7 1 Vertical Mapper Basics Before you start using Vertical Mapper to work with your GIS data, it is useful for you to learn to use some of the frequently used functions available on the Vertical Mapper toolbar and in the Grid Manager, which also lets you manage your files. In this lesson, you’ll discover the difference between a vector GIS and a raster GIS. Vertical Mapper is a raster GIS, and all of your analyses will be performed on grids. You’ll also learn to distinguish between a numeric grid and a classified gird, both of which are raster maps. You’ll obtain data from vector and from raster maps and find out the difference between closing a Map window, in which grid maps are displayed, and closing a file. In this lesson, you’ll learn: Using the Vertical Mapper Toolbar and the Grid Manager . . . . . .10 Working with Grids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Obtaining Information from Grids. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Closing Map Windows and Files. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Required filescan be found in: • C:\Program Files\MapInfo\Professional\ vm\Tutorial\Lesson01 folder Using the Vertical Mapper Toolbar and the Grid Manager Using the Vertical Mapper Toolbar and the Grid Manager Docking the Veoolbar From the Vertical Mapper toolbar, you can conveniently access some of the functions that you’ll need to manipulate and obtain data from a grid. 12345678910 1 Show Grid Manager Icon 2 Grid Info Icon 3 Line Info Icon 4 Region Info Icon 5 Cross Section Icon 6 Grid Trim Icon 7 Viewpoint Pick Icon 8 Point-to-Point Visibility Icon 9 Create Drape File Icon 10 VM Picker Tool Icon To dock the Vertical Mapper toolbar on startup: 1. From the Vertical Mapper menu, choose the Preferences command. 2. Enable the Dock Toolbar on Startup check box, and click the OK button. Opening the Grid Manager You’ll open the Grid Manager, so that you can manipulate the display of maps in a Map window. The Grid Manager lists all open Vertical Mapper raster map files. To open the Grid Manager: • On the Vertical Mapper toolbar, click the Show/Hide Grid Manager button. The Grid Manager opens. 10 Vertical Mapper 3.7