Political Careers, Corruption, and Impunity
473 pages
English

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473 pages
English
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Description

In Political Careers, Corruption, and Impunity: Panama's Assembly, 1984–2009, Carlos Guevara Mann systematically examines the behavior of the members of Panama’s Legislative Assembly between 1984 and 2009, an arena previously unexplored in studies of Panamanian politics. He challenges fundamental aspects of scholarly literature on democratic legislatures, with important consequences for understanding democratic politics in Latin America and other parts of the world. The current literature on legislatures assumes that legislators single-mindedly seek reelection or the advancement of their political careers, and that they pursue these goals through acceptable democratic means. Guevara Mann shows, however, that in Panama many legislators also pursue less laudable goals such as personal enrichment and freedom from prosecution, often reaching their goals through means—widespread clientelism, party switching, and electoral manipulation—that undermine the quality of democracy.

On one level, Political Careers, Corruption, and Impunity contrasts the political behavior of individual legislators; on another, it compares the actions of legislators under various regimes—military and constitutional. Lastly, it engages in cross-national comparisons that contrast the behavior of Panamanian legislators with actions of representatives elsewhere. Guevara Mann's sophisticated analysis of the military period and the transition to democracy, with an emphasis on the history and functioning of legislative bodies, contains a wealth of new information about a neglected but intrinsically fascinating case.


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Publié par
Date de parution 28 novembre 2011
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9780268080679
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 6 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,24€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

Exrait

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Political careers, corruPtion, and imPunity
Pa n a m a’ s a s s e m b ly,
1 9 8 4 – 2 0 0 9
càRLOS GUEvàRà màNN
University of Notre Dame Press
Notre Dame, Indiana
Copyright © 2011 by University of Notre Dame Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 www.undpress.nd.edu All Rights Reserved
Manufactured in the United States of America
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Guevara Mann, Carlos. Political careers, corruption, and impunity : Panama's assembly, 1984 – 2009 / Carlos Guevara Mann. p. cm. — (From the Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN-13: 978-0-268-02983-8 (pbk. : alk. paper) ISBN-10: 0-268-02983-0 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Panama. Asamblea Legislativa. 2. Legislative bodies — Panama — History. 3. Legislators — Panama — History. 4. Political corruption — Panama. 5. Representative government and representation — Panama. 6. Panama — Politics and government —1981– I. Title. JL1653.G84 2011 328.728709'049 — dc23
2011036540
The paper in this book meets the guidelines for permanence and durability of the Committee on Production Guidelines for Book Longevity of the Council on Library Resources.
List of Tables Acknowledgments
Introduction
Contents
Pa r t i . i n s t i t u t i o n s
Chapter 1. Political Representation and Representative Assemblies
Chapter 2. The Party System: Parties and Actors in Panama’s Assembly
Chapter 3. Formal Institutional Incentives to Behavior
Chapter 4.Institutions and Assembly Members’ Informal Behavior
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i
| Contents
Pa r t i i . a s s e m b ly m e m b e r s ’ G o a l s , b e h av i o r s , a n d a c t i v i t i e s
Chapter 5. Political Advancement through Reelection: Prospects and Possibilities in Panama Chapter 6.Advancement through Reelection: Political The Legal and Illegal Uses of Patronage Chapter 7.Advancement through Reelection: Political Party Switching and Electoral Manipulation
Chapter 8. Personal Enrichment through Legal Means: Assembly Members’ Wages in Comparative Perspective Chapter 9. Personal Enrichment through Legal Means: Expanding Emoluments and Privileges Chapter 10. Personal Enrichment through Illegal Means Chapter 11. Preserving Immunity through Reelection
 Conclusion
a P P e n d i c e s
Appendix A.Freedom House (FH) Scores, Corruption Average Perceptions Index (CPI) Scores, and Population of Countries Classified as “Free” by Freedom House, 2008 –10 Appendix B.Members in the Representative Number of Assemblies of All Countries Classified as “Free” by Freedom House, 2008 –10 Appendix C. Number of Members in the Representative Assemblies of Latin America’s Electoral Democracies, 2008 –10
117
131
153
177
192 214 236
254
268
271
277
Contents |vii
Appendix D.Panama’s Assembly Parties, 1984 – 2009 Appendix E. Individuals Proclaimed by the Electoral Tribunal as Elected Members of Panama’s Assembly, 1984 – 2009 Appendix F. Panama’s Eective Number of Parties Appendix G.Electoral Volatility in Panama, 1984 – 2009 Appendix H.Dierence in Votes for President and Assembly Members in Panama (Parties and Electoral Coalitions), 1984 – 2009 Appendix I. Consecutive Reelection and Party Switching in Panama, 1984 – 2009 Appendix J.Assembly Members, 2004 of Panama’s  Age – 9 and 2009 –14 Terms Appendix K.Individuals Gender and Social Origins of Proclaimed by the Electoral Tribunal as Elected Members of Panama’s Assembly, 1984 – 2009 Appendix L. Geodemographic Segmentation of Panama’s Electoral Constituencies, 1984 – 2009 Appendix M.Deviation from Proportionality (D) in Panama’s Elections to the Assembly, 1984 – 2009 Appendix N.Panamanian Assembly Members’ Monthly Wages, 1960 – 2008 Appendix O.Panamanian Assembly Members’ Expected Salaries, 1999 Appendix P.to Attend Plenary and Committee Obligation Meetings in Fifty-Three Liberal Democracies, 2008 Appendix Q.Passports Used by Assembly Members in Fifty-Three Liberal Democracies, 2010
278
283 295 298
300
303
323
329
344
348
354
356
358
360
viii
| Contents
Appendix R. Constituency Funding Allocations and Assembly Members’ Reelection in Panama, 1995 – 99 Appendix S. Non-Liability among Assembly Members in Fifty-Two Liberal Democracies, 2008
Appendix T. Persons Consulted
 Notes
 Works Cited
 Other Works Consulted
 Index
362
365 367
374 400 437 440
I.1.
1.1.
1.2. 1.3.
2.1.
2.2.
2.3.
2.4.
Tables
Goals, Activities, and Behaviors of Panama’s Assembly Members
Terms and Number of Members in Panama’s National Assembly, 1904 – 68
Number of Seats in Panama’s Assembly, 1984 – 2009
Some Comparative Statistics of the Membership of Representative Assemblies in Liberal Democracies and Latin American Electoral Democracies, 2008 –10
Total Number of Seats Obtained by Panama’s Assembly Parties, 1984 – 2009
Classification of Party Systems Based on Eective Number of Parties
Selected Party System Institutionalization Statistics in Panama and Latin America, 1984 – 2009
Average Starting Age of Members of Panama’s Assembly and the U.S. House of Representatives, 1999 – 2009
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28 32
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