Quebec under Free Trade : Making Public Policy in North America
422 pages
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Description

Quebec has undertaken a major policy change in recent years to meet the challenges posed by the emerging structure of a continental economy. Quebecers are ready to meet these challenges and regard the future with optimism. This book explores some of these issues looking from the historical, political, social, and economic dimensions posed by transnationalism and greater interdependence.

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Publié par
Date de parution 22 avril 2011
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9782760523296
Langue Français
Poids de l'ouvrage 3 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,1250€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

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PRESSES DE L’UNIVERSITÉ DU QUÉBEC
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Canadian Cataloguing in Publication Data
Main entry under title :
Quebec under free trade : making public policy in North America
ISBN 2-7605-0874-9
1. Free trade – Quebec (Province). 2. Quebec (Province) – Commerce – North
America. 3. North America – Commercial treaties. 4. North America –
Economic integration. I. Lachapelle, Guy, 1955 -
HF1769.Q8Q82 1995 382’.71’09714 C95-941524-6
Révision linguistique : Robert Paré
Mise en pages : Info 1000 mots
Couverture : Caron & Gosselin communication graphique
Tous droits de reproduction, de traduction et d’adaptation réservés
© 1995 Presses de l’Université du Québec
eDépôt légal – 4 trimestre 1995
Bibliothèque nationale du Québec / Bibliothèque nationale du Canada
Imprimé au Canada
Contents
Foreword .................................................................................................................ix
Stephen Blank, Americas Society
Part 1
Quebec in the North American Economy :
Historical, Political, Social and Economic Dimensions .......................................1
1 Quebec under Free Trade :
Between Interdependence and Transnationalism .............................................3
Guy Lachapelle, Concordia University
2 Quebec in North America :
Historical and Socio-Political Dimensions ....................................................25
Anne-Marie Cotter, Concordia University
3 Quebec International Trade : Trade with American Regions .... ....................49
Pierre-Paul Proulx, Université de Montréal
4 Quebec and Its Canadian Partners :
Economic Relationships and Trade Barriers ..................................................79
Maryse Robert, Organization of American States
5 Quebec-Mexico Relationships : A New Partner ..........................................103
Marfa Isabel Studer and Jean-François Prud’homme Centro
de Investigacíon y Docencia Económicas
viii Quebec under Free Trade
Part 2
The Impact of NAFTA on Quebec Economy and Society ............................. 129
6 The Impact of the Free Trade Agreement
on Bilateral Trade between Quebec and the United States ........................ 131
Gilles Duruflé and Benoît Tétrault
Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec
7 United States/Canada Free Trade Agreement and
Quebec Small Business Behaviour ............................................................ 175
Pierre-André Julien, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières
8 Adjusting to NAFTA : State Enterprises and Privatization
in Quebec in Light of the Mexican and American Experiences ....191
Luc Bernier, École nationale d’administration publique
9 Trade Unionism and the State of Industrial Relations in Quebec ................211
Serge Denis, University of Ottawa
Rock Denis, Université du Québec à Montréal
10 Uneasy Allies : Quebecers, Canadians, Americans,
Mexicans and NAFTA ............................................................................... 239
André Turcotte, University of Toronto
11 Editorials and the Free Trade Agenda :
Comparison of La Presse and the Toronto Star .......................................... 261
Andrea M.L. Perrella, Université de Montréal
Part 3
Sectorial Analysis :
Making Public Policy in North America ........................................................ 291
12 Environmental Policy in Quebec ............................................................... 293
Fredric C. Menz, Clarkson University
13 Agricultural Policy ..................................................................................... 311
Benoît Mario Papillon, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières
14 Public Culture and Political Culture .......................................................... 335
Kevin V Mulcahy, Louisiana State University
15 Telecommunications and Information Technology ................................... 363
Hervé Déry, Industry Canada
Appendix
Bill 51 : An Act Respecting the Implementation
of International Trade Agreements ............................................................ 395
Glossary .............................................................................................................. 399
The Authors ........................................................................................................ 405
Foreword
Stephen Blank
Americas Society
For many years, one spoke of "North Americ'' with great reluctance in
Anglophone Canada. The term signaled an accommodation with the temptations of
continentalism and the fatal elephantine embrace. For French Quebecers, however,
the reemergence of national self-consciousness has also meant the rediscovery of
Quebec’s historic North American identity.
Just how deeply this sense of North America runs is open to question. The best
educated and most sophisticated Quebecers of my generation are far more familiar
with Paris and even the cities of the Francophonie than with New York or
Chicago, not to speak of Mexico City or Monterrey. Yet of the many distinct
strands that are braided together in the Quebec personality - canadienne, Canadian,
French, British - North America is also one. It is this sense of a fundamental North
American identity that leads Quebecers to insist, awkwardly at times, that they are
not "immigrants".
Personality aside, Quebecers representing the entire array of political
persuasions from ardent federalist to passionate sovereigntist have viewed the
emergence of a North American economic space as a profoundly liberating
prospect for Quebec, either within the context of a Canadian political community
or as an independent North American nation. Turning Canadian economic
nationalism on its head, they believe that integration into a continental economic
system will enhance, not diminish, Quebec’s distinctiveness and will widen, not
narrow, its prospects for economic development.
x Quebec under Free Trade
This much needed book explores the emerging reality of Quebec in North
America. The tone is not excessively optmistic. This book reminds us, for example,
that barely a third of Quebecers supported NAFTA and that more than a majority
opposed it. And yet, Quebec is deeply affected by the ongoing "spatial
recomposition of North America" which is leading to higher levels of North
American integration, an key element of which is a very substantial increase in
Quebec-U.S. trade in liberalized sectors.
The volume brings together a group of scholars with varied perspectives on
Quebec under free trade whose work has been rarely available in English. This
introduction to these perspectives and colleagues is of great value in itself.

Quebec in the North
American Economy :
Historical, Political,
Social and Economic Dimensions

Quebec under Free Trade :
Between Interdependence
and Transnationalism
Guy Lachapelle
Concordia University
This paper presents an overview of the central contentions made by a number
of authors about the paradox between sovereignty and integration, and the
resulting implications for Quebec’s future economic relations with its North
American partners. The central question that this essay addresses is : Would
an autonomous political unit become engaged in a process in which the
logical outcome will be the reduction and perhaps the complete elimination of its
power and autonomy ? The answer to this question raises several further
questions about the strategy Quebec should adopt in the case of a 1995 or
later vote in favour of political sovereignty. Several policy alternatives are
proposed. Finally, since the most recent figures indicate an increase in trade
between Quebec and the United States, we conclude that, whatever the
outcome of the 1995 referendum, this pattern would continue.
Since Quebec’s overwhelming support of the 1988 free trade agreement with the
United States, the animosities between Canada’s two nations have intensified.
While English Canadians and English Quebecers expressed their adamant
opposition to the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) prior to its endorsement, the
majority of French Quebecers encouraged it. English Canadians claim that
Quebecers were self-interested in supporting a deal that threatened the very

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