Art in Europe
310 pages
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310 pages
English

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Description

The European continent gathers together, without a doubt, the most famous works of art, evidence of the history of Western art. The cultural capitals and their emblematic museums contain paintings, sculptures, or rather works of art, devised by the great artists, representative of European culture. From Madrid to London, passing through Prague, the major works of the old continent are presented here. Thanks to detailed information about the museums and their collections, you, too, can explore and discover Europe’s fascinating cultural heritage.

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Informations

Publié par
Date de parution 12 juin 2014
Nombre de lectures 3
EAN13 9781783109005
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 2 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,0515€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

Exrait

Author: Victoria Charles

Layout:
Baseline Co. Ltd
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District 3, Ho Chi Minh City
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© Confidential Concepts, worldwide, USA
© Parkstone Press International, New York, USA
Image-Bar www.image-bar.com

All rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced or adapted without the permission of the copyright holder, throughout the world. Unless otherwise specified, copyright on the works reproduced lies with the respective photographers, artists, heirs or estates. Despite intensive research, it has not always been possible to establish copyright ownership. Where this is the case, we would appreciate notification.

ISBN: 978-1-78310-900-5
Victoria Charles




ART IN EUROPE

MUSEUMS AND MASTERWORKS

Contents


Austria
Graz
Alte Galerie, Schloss Eggenberg, Universalmuseum Joanneum
Neue Galerie Graz, Universalmuseum Joanneum
Linz
Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz
Vienna
Albertina
Schloss und Österreichische Galerie Belvedere
Gemäldegalerie der Akademie der bildenden Künste
Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien
Wien Museum
Belgium
Antwerp
Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten Antwerpen
Bruges
Groeningemuseum
Brussels
Koninklijke Musea voor Schone Kunsten van Belgie
Musée Oldmasters Museum
Musée Modern Museum
Ghent
Museum voor Schone Kunsten
Ghent Altarpiece, Saint Bavo Cathedral
Czech Republic
Prague
Národní Galerie v Praze
Mucha Museum
Denmark
Copenhagen
Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek
Ordrupgaard, Charlottenlund
Statens Museum for Kunst
Finland
Helsinki
Ateneum
France
Lyon
Musée des Beaux-Arts
Montpellier
Musée Fabre
Paris
Musée d’Art moderne de la ville de Paris
Musée du Louvre
Musée d’Orsay
Musée national d’Art moderne, Centre Georges-Pompidou
Germany
Berlin
Alte Nationalgalerie
Gemäldegalerie
Neue Nationalgalerie
Cologne
Wallraf-Richartz-Museum & Fondation Corboud
Dresden
Albertinum
Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister
Frankfurt am Main
Städel Museum
Munich
Alte Pinakothek
Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus
Neue Pinakothek
Pinakothek der Moderne
Greece
Athens
Acropolis Museum
The National Archaeological Museum
Delphi
Delphi Archaeological Museum
Olympia
Archaeological Museum of Olympia
Hungary
Budapest
Szépmüvészeti Múzeum
Ireland
Dublin
Dublin City Gallery The Hugh Lane
National Gallery of Ireland
Italy
Florence
Galleria degli Uffizi
Galleria dell’Accademia
Museo Nazionale del Bargello
Galleria Palatina, Palazzo Pitti
Galleria d’arte moderna, Palazzo Pitti
Milan
Pinacoteca di Brera
Naples
Galleria Nazionale, Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte
Rome
Galleria Borghese
Galleria Doria Pamphilj
Palazzo Barberini and Palazzo Corsini, Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Antica
Galleria nazionale d’arte moderna e contemporanea
Musei Capitolini
Vatican Museums and the Sistine Chapel
Venice
Ca’ Rezzonico
Gallerie dell’Accademia
Netherlands
Amsterdam
Rijksmuseum Amsterdam
Van Gogh Museum
The Hague
Mauritshuis
Rotterdam
Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen
Norway
Oslo
Munch-museet
Nasjonalmuseet for kunst, arkitektur og design
Poland
Gdansk
Muzeum Narodowe w Gd ańsku
Krakow
Muzeum Narodowe w Krakowie
Warsaw
Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie
Portugal
Lisbon
Museu Calouste Gulbenkian
Romania
Bucharest
Muzeul Naţional de Artă al României
Russia
Moscow
Pushkin Museum
The State Tretyakov Gallery
Saint Petersburg
State Russian Museum
The State Hermitage Museum
Spain
Madrid
Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía
Museo Nacional del Prado
Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza
Sweden
Stockholm
Moderna Museet
Nationalmuseum
Switzerland
Basel
Fondation Beyeler
Kunstmuseum Basel
Bern
Kunstmuseum Bern
Zentrum Paul Klee
Geneva
Musée d’art et d’histoire
Zurich
Kunsthaus Zürich
Ukraine
Kiev
Bogdan and Varvara Khanenko Museum of Art
Kiev national museum of Russian Art
United Kingdom
Birmingham
Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Cambridge
Fitzwilliam Museum
Edinburgh
Scottish National Gallery
Scottish National Portrait Gallery
London
British Museum
The National Gallery
Royal Collection Trust
Tate Collection
Victoria and Albert Museum
Manchester
Manchester Art Gallery
Oxford
Index
Gustav Klimt , The Kiss , 1907-1908.
Oil, silver and gold on canvas, 180 x 180 cm .
Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, Vienna.
Austria



Graz • Linz • Vienna
Graz




After Vienna, Austria’s second-biggest city is Graz, and it holds a position on UNESCO’s list of ‘Cities of Design’.
One of the cultural attractions that Graz has to offer is the site of the region’s provincial armoury. This is of cultural interest as it has been standing since the mid-16 th century, and, with over 32,000 pieces, has one of the best preserved (and largest) collections of Baroque armaments in the world.
The “Old Town” of Graz is perhaps one of the better-preserved city centres in Europe, which may be a reflection of its listing as a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site (1999). 2010 saw this site extend to include Schloss Eggenberg. Further accolades include possession of the 2003 title of European Capital of Culture, and the title of City of Culinary Delights in 2008.

Alte Galerie, Schloss Eggenberg, Universalmuseum Joanneum
In Southeast Austria, the most noteworthy Baroque Palace to be found is Schloss Eggenberg. It is this formidable building which plays host to the Alte Galerie, and is considered to be foremost of the most valuable Austrian cultural assets. The decision to add Schloss Eggenberg as an extension to the listing of “Old Town” Graz as a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site (2010) was as recognition of its significance to Austrian cultural history.
Schloss Eggenberg is located to the west of Graz, in the Austrian state of Styria. Within the palace grounds and buildings the Planetary Garden, the Archaeological Museum, the Numismatic collection, and the collection of the Alte Galerie can be found.
The collection of the Alte Galerie covers five centuries of European art, from old masters from the Middle Ages to the end of the 18 th century. Works from the Renaissance, Mannerism era, and the late Baroque are showcased in the early modern period section of the show collection. In addition, the collection includes numerous hand drawings and print graphics from 1500 until the end of the 1700s.

Major artists:
Masterworks:
Bartholomeus Spranger
Mars, Venus, and Cupid
Gio vanni di Niccolò de’ Luteri (Dosso Dossi)
Hercules and the Pygmies
Jan Brueghel the Elder
Triumph of Death
Johann Michael Rottmayr
The Sacrifice of Isaac
Pieter Brueghel the Younger
The Kermesse of St George

Contact details:

Website:
http://museum-joanneum.at/en/alte_galerie/alte-galerie- 1
Contact: altegalerie@museum-joanneum.at
Tel.: +43 (0) 316 8017 9770
Address:
Alte Galerie, Schloss Eggenberg
Eggenberger Allee 90
8020 Graz
Opening hours:
April-October:
Wednesday-Sunday: 10 am-5 pm
November-December:
Wednesday-Sunday: 10 am-4 pm
Closed from January-March
Pieter Brueghel the Younger, The Kermesse of St George , after 1616.
Alte Galerie, Schloss Eggenberg,
Universalmuseum Joanneum, Graz.
Egon Schiele , Edge of Town (Krumau Town Crescent III), 1917-1918.
Oil on canvas, 109.5 x 139.5 cm . Neue Galerie Graz,
Universalmuseum Joanneum, Graz.
Neue Galerie Graz, Universalmuseum Joanneum
In 1941 the Provincial Art Gallery (established 1811) was divided into the Alte Galerie and the Neue Galerie Graz. The Alte Galerie encompasses medieval art to the Baroque of the 1800s. The Neue Galerie Graz consists of work done by artists of the Neo-classicist, Romantic, Realist, and Modern Art genres.
The Neue Galerie Graz features a large body of work by numerous Austrian artists focusing on the pedagogic art genre of the 19 th and 20 th centuries. The procurement of contemporary art is an additional focus of the gallery, as can be seen in the extensive collected works which include 40,000 graphics, photographs, films, and videos. Rivalling its competitors, the Neue Galerie Graz has also become a popular venue for contemporary artists with an assortment of temporary exhibitions.
Austrian artist Gunter Brus has achieved special notoriety in his place amongst the Neue Galerie Graz acquisitions due to the shock-factor of many of his pieces. Brus’s permanent exhibition space in the gallery, the ‘Bruseum’, comes with a parental advisory warning as many of the works are considered to be disturbing.

Major artists:
Masterworks:
Egon Schiele
Edge of Town
Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller
Shelter from the Approaching Thunderstorm
Friedrich von Amerling
Portrait of Julie Countess von Woyna
Herbert Boeckl
Erzberg
Herbert Brandl
Waterfall II

Contact details:

Website:
http://www.museum-joanneum.at/en/neue_galerie
Contact: joanneumsviertel@museum-joanneum.at
Tel.: +43 (0) 316 8017 9100
Address:
Neue Galerie Graz
Joanneumsviertel
8010 Graz
Opening hours:
Tuesday-Sunday: 10 am-5 pm
Closed on Mondays
Linz




Austria’s third-largest city is Linz, situated in the central north of Austria, on both sides of the Danube, around 30 km south of the Czech border.
The settlement of the city dates back to the Romans, who first gave it the Latin name of Lentia. Today, the city of Linz is a culturally vibrant destination; featuring the likes of the Linz Fest, the international street art festival known as Pflasterspektakel, and the Ars Elektronika Festival.
As well as hosting several art galleries, including the Lentos Kunstmuseum, Linz is also home to the Brucknerhaus, the most significant concert venue in the city. Linz has had musical connections well before the construction of the concert hall (1974), as in the late 1700s Mozart wrote his Symphony No. 36 at Linz, and it has since become known as the Linz Symphony .

Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz
The Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz, founded in 2003, is one of the most important Austrian modern art museums. The museum building itself was designed by Zurich architects Weber & Hofer. The location on the Danube, between the Nibelungen Bridge and Brucknerhaus, gives visitors both spectacular interior and exterior views, due to its transparent glass casing, which is lit up at night.
The Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz was built to replace the Linz City New Gallery in 1998. The New Gallery was turned into a city museum, after which time the Lentos Museum acquired its works including that of Klimt, Schiele, Kokoschka, Nolde, Corinth, and Pechstein. After its opening in 2003, the Kunstmuseum focuses on showcasing 20 th -century contemporary art. This is put into effect through temporary exhibitions of loaned works, which help to establish a sense of the history of today’s art. Permanent and temporary exhibitions are augmented through a dynamic program of workshops, tours, and events.

Major artists:
Masterworks:
Alfred Kubin
The Swamp
Andy Warhol
Mao
Egon Schiele
Portrait of Trude Engel
Gustav Klimt
Portrait of a Woman
Oskar Kokoschka
Friends

Contact details:

Website:
http://www.lentos.at/de/
Contact: info@lentos.at
Tel.: +43 (0) 732 7070 3600
Address:
Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz
Ernst-Koref-Promenade 1
4020 Linz
Opening hours:
Tuesday-Sunday: 10 am-6 pm
Thursday: 10 am-9 pm
Closed on Mondays
Gustav Klimt, Portrait of a Woman, 1917.
Oil on canvas, 67 x 56 cm .
Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz, Linz.
Albrecht Dürer, Hare, 1502.
Watercolour and gouache on paper, 25 x 22.5 cm .
Grafische Sammlung, Albertina, Vienna.
Vienna




One of the nine Austrian states, and the capital of the Republic of Austria, Vienna is Austria’s largest city with a population of 1.7 million. It is uncontestedly the Austrian cultural, economic, and political centre.
Situated in eastern Austria, Vienna achieved a 2001 UNESCO World Heritage Site listing. This listing is not only the result of the several important architectural buildings (such as the Palais Ferstel, Hundertwasserhaus, and the Millennium Tower), but also because of the very rich musical heritage of the city. Classical musicians including Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, and Brahms, amongst others, all called Vienna home at some point during their careers.
It is perhaps for this reason why the city of Vienna today is known for its theatre, opera, classical music, and fine arts. The numerous theatres and museums are part of the cultural draw of Vienna, and help to account for over 5 million visitors a year.

Albertina
The Albertina Palace in Vienna has had a colourful history. Built upon one of the last remaining sites of the fortifications of Vienna (the Augustian Bastion), it was refurbished in 1745 by the director of the Hofbauamt (Court Construction Office) to become his palace. Later, it was taken over by Duke Albert of Saxon-Teschen. It was the Duke who created the collection; when using the palace as his principal residence, he brought his graphics collection, for which he had the building extended. Duke Albert’s successors went on to expand upon his collection.
Count Giacomo Durazzo of Genoa (Austrian ambassador in Venice) collaborated with Duke Albert to create this collection. His aim was to create a collection for future generations that served to educate and highlighted morality. To this effect he presented Duke Albert with nearly 1,000 works of art in 1776.
The ownership of the palace and the collection passed to that of the Republic of Austria in early 1919, whereupon, in 1920, the art collection was combined with that of the former imperial library. Bomb attacks in 1945 caused severe damage, which led to complete refurbishment and modernisation from 1998-2003. It was only recently, in 2003, that the graphics collection was reopened to the public.

Major artists:
Masterworks:
Albrecht Dürer
Hare
Egon Schiele
Female Nude

Nude Girl with Folded Arms
Michelangelo
Male Nude Seen from the Back with a Flag Staff
Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Painter and Collector

Contact details:

Website:
http://www.albertina.at
Contact: info@albertina.at
Tel.: +43 (0) 1 534 83 0
Address:
Albertina
Albertinaplatz 1
1010 Vienna
Opening hours:
Thursday-Tuesday: 10 am-6 pm
Wednesday: 10 am-9 pm
Closed on Mondays
Egon Schiele, Embrace (Lovers II), 1917.
Oil on canvas, 98 x 169 cm .
Österreichische Galerie, Belvedere, Vienna.

Schloss und Österreichische Galerie Belvedere
The Österreichische Galerie Belvedere in Vienna is housed in a historical estate comprised of the Upper and Lower Belvedere palaces, the Orangery, and the Palace Stables. Originally built as a summer palace for Prince Eugene of Savoy, the Baroque-style complex had a series of different owners after the death of the Prince (1736), who failed to leave a legally binding will. In 1776, the Imperial Picture Gallery was moved from the Imperial Stable (part of the Hofburg Imperial Palace) to the Upper Belvedere Palace by Maria Theresa and her son Emperor Joseph II. The aim was to make the imperial collection accessible to the general public.
After the transfer of the imperial collection, for a time neither Belvedere palace functioned as a public museum. Once the Upper Belvedere Palace was designated residence to the heir to the throne, Franz Ferdinand, in 1896, what is now the Moderne Galerie was opened in the Lower Belvedere Palace in 1903. The creation of the Union of Austrian Artists was the key event which led to the Belvedere Museum becoming the first museum with an exclusive focus on modern art. The Viennese Secession’s main goal was to highlight the merits of Austrian art, in the face of international modern art. Thus, Schloss Belvedere became the foremost Austrian modern art museum, beginning by acquiring many works by the Impressionists.

Major artists:
Masterworks:
Egon Schiele
Embrace (Lovers II)
Franz Xaver Messerschmidt
Character Heads
Gustav Klimt
The Kiss

Portrait of Johanna Staude
Emil Nolde
Joseph Tells His Dreams

Contact details:

Website:
http://www.belvedere.at
Contact: public@belvedere.at
Tel.: 43 (0) 1 795 57 134
Address:
Upper Belvedere: Prinz Eugen-Straße 27
Lower Belvedere, Orangery, and Palace Stables: Rennweg 6
1030 Vienna
Opening hours:
Tuesday-Sunday: 10 am-6 pm
Closed on Mondays
Gustav Klimt , Portrait of Johanna Staude (unfinished), 1917-1918.
Oil on canvas, 70 x 50 cm .
Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, Vienna.
Lucas Cranach the Elder , Lucretia, 1532.
Oil on wood, 37.5 x 24.5 cm .
Gemäldegalerie der Akademie
der bildenden Künste, Vienna.
Hieronymus Bosch, The Last Judgement, c. 1504-1508.
Tempera on wood, 163 x 128 cm (central panel),
167 x 60 cm (each wing).Gemäldegalerie der
Akademie der bildenden Künste, Vienna.


Gemäldegalerie der Akademie der bildenden Künste
The Gemäldegalerie der Akademie der bildenden Künste (Viennese Academy of Fine Arts) originally opened in 1692 as a private academy, following the examples of the Parisian Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture. Following the temporary closure of 1714, Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph I officially declared the academy Supreme Government Authority for the Arts (1872). Construction of a new building was approved. Despite the building’s unveiling in 1877, it took nearly 20 more years for the interior works, including Anselm Feuerbach’s ceiling frescos, to be completed.
From 1998, the Academy has held a university status, with a current intake of approximately 1,300 students. Within the library, around 110,000 volumes can be found. The Academy also boasts one of the largest collections of drawings and prints in its Kupferstichkabinett (etchings cabinet), numbering approximately 150,000. Part of this collection is open to the public, although the majority is used for academic studies.

Major artists:
Masterworks:
Barend Fabritius
Self-Portrait as a Shepherd
Claude Lorrain
Flock of Sheep in the Campagna
Dirck Hals
Elegant Company
Hieronymus Bosch
The Last Judgement
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Lucretia

Contact details:

Website: http://www.akademiegalerie.at/
Contact: gemgal@akbild.ac.at
Tel.: +43 (0) 1 58816 2222
Address:
Gemäldegalerie der Akademie der bildenden
Künste Wien
Schillerplatz 3
1010 Vienna
Opening hours:
Tuesday-Sunday: 10 am-6 pm
Closed on Mondays
Pieter Bruegel the Elder, The Tower of Babel, 1563.
Oil on wood, 114 x 155 cm .
Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna.


Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien
The Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien (Art History Museum in Vienna) is located in two buildings, facing each other across the Maria-Theresien-Platz on Ringstrasse. Karl Freiherr von Hasenauer and Gottfried Semper designed these buildings, which were built between 1872 and 1891. The museum buildings were officially opened to the public in 1891.
The Ringstrasse museums were built with the singular purpose of housing the royal Habsburg art collection. The Emperor felt that there was nothing suitable in existence already, and with the new museums’ construction, the venue created the perfect combination of sufficiently grand lodgings for the art collection and a venue that would be convivial for public viewing. The interiors of the buildings are remarkable for the sumptuous marble decoration, abundant gold-leaf, and valuable paintings. The overall effect was to create one of the most impressive and splendid interiors that 19 th -century Vienna had to offer.
The different locations that are encompassed by the museum include the Maria-Theresien-Platz, Hofburg, Heldenplatz, and the Museum of Carriages at Schönbrunn Palace.
The biggest art theft in Austrian history occurred in 2003 at the museum. The decorative piece by Cellini, the Cellini Salt Cellar, was stolen in 2003, but was later recovered in 2006.

Major artists:
Masterworks:
Albrecht Dürer
All Saints
Peter Paul Rubens
The Four Rivers of Paradise

Helena Fourment
Pieter Bruegel the Elder
The Tower of Babel
Raphael
Madonna and Child with St John the Baptist

Contact details:

Website:
http://www.khm.at
Contact: info@khm.at
Tel.: +43 (0) 1 525 24 4025
Address:
Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien
Maria-Theresien-Platz
1010 Vienna
Opening hours:
Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday-Sunday: 10 am-6 pm Thursday: 10 am-9 pm
Closed on Mondays
Egon Schiele, Young Mother, 1914.
Oil on canvas, 100 x 120 cm .
Wien Museum, Vienna.


Wien Museum
The Wien Museum is the collective term for the grouping of several city museums, including those at Karlsplatz, Hermesvilla, Otto Wagner Hofpavillon, Vienna Clock Museum, Johann Strauss’s residence, and the residence of Mozart. One of the most noteworthy museums, however, is the Historisches Museum der Stadt (The Historical Museum of the City of Vienna). This has been in existence since 1887.
Up until 1959 this museum was to be found in the Vienna Town Hall, after which time it moved to a building designed by Oswald Haertl. This building, of an unassuming contemporary modern style, was the Second Republic’s first newly constructed museum.
The Historical Museum claims the prestige of the site of one of the most successful exhibitions ever to be held in Vienna. In 1985, the Jugendstil exhibition Traum und Wirklichkeit ( Dream and Reality ) attracted more than 600,000 visitors.
The Vienna city museums were combined in 2003 to become what we now know as the Vienna Museum, and the Historical Museum became the Vienna Museum Karsplatz. More exhibition space was added in 2006 upon the renovation of the foyer.

Major artists:
Masterworks:
Egon Schiele
Self-Portrait with Black Vase and Spread Fingers

Young Mother
Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller
The Seizure
Gustav Klimt
Portrait of Emilie Flöge
Hans Makart
Dora Fournier-Gabillon

Contact details:

Website:
http://www.wienmuseum.at
Contact: office@wienmuseum.at
Tel.: +43 (0) 1 505 87 47 0
Address:
Wien Museum Karlsplatz
Karlsplatz 8
1010 Vienna
Opening hours:
Friday-Wednesday: 10 am-6 pm
Thursday: 10 am-9 pm
Jan Brueghel the Elder, Flowers in a Vase, c. 1620.
Oil on panel, 101 x 76 cm . Koninklijk Museum voor Schone
Kunsten Antwerp, Antwerp.
Belgium



Antwerp • Bruges • Brussels • Ghent
Antwerp




The largest metropolis in Belgium is Antwerp, which is situated in the province of Flanders (of which it is the capital). Blessed with a rich history, the city of Antwerp had its first origins as a Gallo-Roman settlement, dating to approximately the 3 rd century. It was later settled by the Franks (4 th century), and saw Spanish rule in the 17 th century. Today, the city of Antwerp is both financially and culturally prosperous. The city is also known for the impressive merchant houses of the 16 th century, a large number of which managed to survive both fire and World War II bombings.
The Het Steen (a medieval fortress) stands proud in the midst of the city, providing a fitting location for the popular Museum of Archaeology, and St James Church is known for being the final resting place of the 17 th -century artist Rubens.

Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten Antwerpen
Founded in 1810, the Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten Antwerpen (Antwerp Royal Museum of Fine Arts) is home to a collection of sculptures, paintings, and drawings dating from the 14 th to the 20 th centuries. Although now temporarily closed for renovation (until 2017) the collection can still be seen at various locations around Antwerp and Belgium. The collection itself is a prime example of art from Belgium and the Northern and Southern Netherlands from the 15 th century. Throughout the renovation, the collection will be on display at the Cathedral of Our Lady in Antwerp, the Municipal Museum in Lier, and Schepenhuis in Mechelen.

Major artists:
Masterworks:
Antonello da Messina
Calvary
Hans Memling
Christ with Singing and Music-Making Angels
Jan Brueghel the Elder
Flowers in a Vase
Jean Fouquet
Madonna Surrounded by Seraphim and Cherubim
Peter Paul Rubens
Venus Frigida

Contact details:

Website:
http://www.kmska.be/en
Tel.: +32 (0) 3 224 95 50
Address:
Koninkl ijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten van Antwerpen
Leopold De Waelplaats
2000 Antwerp
Opening hours:
Closed for renovation until 2017
Jean Fouquet, Madonna Surrounded by Seraphim and Cherubim , c. 1452.
Oil on panel, 94.5 x 85.5 cm .
Koninklijk Museum voor Schone
Kunsten Antwerp, Antwerp.
Hans Memling, St Christopher, from Triptych of the Moreel Family (central panel), 1484.
Oil on wood, 121.1 x 291 cm .
Groeningemuseum, Bruges.
Bruges




In the Flemish Region of Belgium, the capital of the province of West Flanders is Bruges. Bruges received city status in the 12 th century, and was a part of the booming cloth trade in the 13 th century. It developed into a thriving market trading town, and the opening of the Bourse heralded the world’s first stock exchange. The city centre has been named a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and one of the most distinctive aesthetic qualities that the city possesses is that it has the majority of its mediaeval architecture still intact. Some of the buildings of this style include one of the world’s highest brick towers, Church of Our Lady. In addition to other canal-based northern cities, such as Amsterdam and St Petersburg, Bruges is occasionally also styled ‘The Venice of the North’.

Groeningemuseum
Housing a collection spanning over six centuries of Flemish and Belgian art, the Groeningemuseum in Bruges is a cultural asset to the city. Museum highlights include the Flemish Primitive collection featuring masters of the Renaissance and Baroque periods. 18 th - and 19 th -century neo-classical and realist periods are also well-represented, whilst Belgium symbolism, Flemish expressionism, and post-war modern art are also showcased.
The museum was created in 1930, following designs by Belgian architect Joseph Viérin. The construction of the Groeningemuseum enabled the city of Bruges to store its collection of art in one specific location, rather than being spread out all across the city. The museum was renovated in 2002, giving visitors a modern, up-to-date destination to come and admire Belgium’s premium Flemish art collection.

Major artists:
Masterworks:
Hans Memling
Triptych of the Moreel Family
Hieronymus Bosch
The Last Judgement
Jacob de Backer
Garden of Eden
Jan van Eyck
The Madonna with Canon van der Paele
Petrus Christus
Annunciation

Contact details:

Website:
http://bezoekers.brugge.be/en/groeningemuseum-groeninge-museum
Contact: musea@brugge.be
Tel.: +32 (0) 50 44 87 43
Address:
Groeningemuseum
Dijver 12
8000 Bruges
Opening hours:
Tuesday-Sunday: 9:30 am-5 pm
Closed on Mondays
Brussels




The capital of Belgium and the host of the headquarters of the European Union and NATO is Brussels. Originally a 10 th -century fortress town, Brussels has developed into a central hub for international politics. In addition to its political importance, Brussels has also earned a reputation for having an established art scene. Artists such as Belgian surrealist Rene Magritte and Impressionist painter Anna Boch have studied in and claimed a home of Brussels. Comic enthusiasts may also know it as the birthplace of characters such as Lucky Luke, Tintin, Cunitus, Gaston Lagaffe, and Marsupilami. These characters can be seen across the city, painted on the city walls and, more formally, within The Belgian Comics Museum. This is just one of the eighty (plus) museums located within Brussels; other notable ones include the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium.

Koninklijke Musea voor Schone Kunsten van Belgie
Koninklijke Musea voor Schone Kunsten van Belgie (Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium) is perhaps one of Belgium’s most renowned museums. It was built over 200 years ago, to hold the original collection of confiscated artworks in France (confiscated during the 1794 revolution). After Belgium gained its independence in 1830, King Léopold I ordered a new museum to be created to be devoted to Belgian artists.
Containing over 20,000 drawings, sculptures and paintings, the Royal Museum boasts a generous Flemish painting collection, and the aptly named ‘Rubens Room’ which hosts over twenty paintings by that artist. The four museums can be found on the Coudenberg, in the downtown area of Brussels. The Museum of Ancient Art, featuring 15 th -17 th -century art, and the Museum of Modern Art, featuring 19 th -20 th -century art, are both to be found in the main building. The Constantin Meunier Museum and the Antoine Wiertz Museum are much smaller, both focusing on individual Belgian artists, and are situated outside of the city centre.

Musée Oldmasters Museum
Within the Royal Museums of Fine Art of Belgium is the Musée Oldmasters Museum. The majority of the 15 th -18 th -century paintings, sculptures, and drawings originate from those works of art which were confiscated during the period of Revolution, and which was deposited by the French State. Donations and bequests have increased the current collection size along with museum acquisitions.
The majority of the collection can be attributed to paintings from the former Southern Netherlands. Following chronologically from this period, the museum displays the art movements of the 16 th century, ending up at the Bruegel room. This room showcases four masterpieces by this artist. Celebrated artists of the 17 th and 18 th centuries are also well-represented within the museum’s collection, and visitors must not forget to examine the extraordinary collection of paintings of foreign schools of art.

Major artists:
Masterworks:
Pieter Bruegel the Elder
The Census at Bethlehem
Petrus Christus
Pietà
Master of Flémalle
The Annunciation
Jacob Jordaens
The Allegory of Fertility
Rembrandt
Portrait of Nicolaes van Bambeeck

Contact details:

Website:
http://www.fine-arts-museum.be/
Contact: info@fine-arts-museum.be
Tel.: +32 (0) 2 508 32 11
Address:
Koninklijke Musea voor Schone Kunsten van Belgie Regentschapsstraat 3
1000 Brussels
Opening hours:
Tuesday-Sunday: 10 am-5 pm
Closed on Mondays
Rembrandt , Portrait of Nicolaes van Bambeeck, 1641.
Oil on canvas, 105.5 x 84 cm . Koninklijke Musea
voor Schone Kunsten van Belgie, Brussels.
Jacques-Louis David , The Death of Marat, 1793.
Oil on canvas, 165 x 128 cm .
Koninklijke Musea voor Schone
Kunsten van Belgie, Brussels.
Salvador Dalí, The Temptation of St Anthony , 1946.
Oil on canvas, 89.5 x 119.5 cm . Koninklijke Musea voor Schone
Kunsten van Belgie, Brussels.


Musée Modern Museum
The Museum of Modern Art is unusual in its location in that its exhibition space is eight floors, some of which are underground, on the Place Royale. Built around a light shaft, allowing daylight to illuminate the underground museum exhibition floors, it is a suitable setting for the works of the Belgian modernists who are strongly featured within the museum’s collection. The majority of the museum’s collection revolves around artworks from the late 18 th century up until the 20 th century, and the modern period.
The Museum of Modern Art also includes Antoine Wiertz and Constantin Meunier Museums. The Antoine Wiertz Museum focuses on the art of Wiertz, a rather controversial Belgian painter of the 1800’s. He is recognised for his giant canvasses, of both studies and self-portraits, as well as sculpture. The Constantin Meunier Museum exhibits the work of the 19 th -century Meunier. Meunier is known for his paintings and drawings, but above all, for his sculpture.

Major artists:
Masterworks:
Edward Burne-Jones
The Wedding Procession of Psyche
Jacques-Louis David
The Death of Marat
James Ensor
Skeletons Fighting over a Smoked Herring
Pierre Bonnard
Nude against the Light
Salvador Dali
Temptation of St Anthony
Ghent




Ghent is the capital of the province of East Flanders in the Flemish region of Belgium.
Ghent is Belgium’s second-largest municipality with approximately 250,000 people. This figure rises to over 2,000,000 for ten days every year for the Gentse Feesten (Ghent Festival.) Outside of this time, the city attracts tourists for its other cultural qualities, such as the medieval architecture (mostly still intact), which features the Gravensteen Castle and the Saint Bavo Cathedral. Many museums and theatres are also part of the cultural charm of the city. The Stadsmuseum Gent, The Museum voor Industriële Archeologie en Textiel, and the Museum voor Schone Kunsten are all committed to exhibiting and preserving the region’s, and the city’s, history and cultures.

Museum voor Schone Kunsten
The Museum voor Schone Kunsten (Museum of Fine Arts) was specifically designed in 1900 by Charles van Russelberghe. A large permanent exhibition includes art from the Middle Ages until the middle of the 20 th century. Flemish Art and a large collection of French paintings are the focus-point of the museum, in addition to several sculptures. Temporary exhibitions are organised at the museum every two years to support the permanent exhibitions.
The Flemish Art Collection, of which the MSK is a member, is a partnership of the three big museums of Fine Arts in Flanders: Royal Museum of Fine Art (Brussels), Groeningemuseum (Bruges), and Museum of Fine Arts (Ghent). Combined, these museums represent an overview of Flemish art from the 15 th -20 th centuries. Benefits of the partnership include sharing of expertise and a mutual striving for sustainable, high quality management, and international awareness of the collections they curate.

Major artists:
Masterworks:
Hieronymus Bosch
Christ Carrying the Cross
James Ensor
Old Lady with Masks
René Magritte
Perspective II. Manet's Balcony
Théodore Géricault
Portrait of a Kleptomaniac
Theodore Rombouts
Allegory of the Five Senses

Contact details:

Website:
http://www.mskgent.be/en
Contact: museum.msk@gent.be
Tel.: +32 (0) 9 240 07 00
Address:
Museum voor Schone Kunsten
Fernand Scribedreef 1
Citadelpark
9000 Ghent
Opening hours:
Tuesday-Sunday: 10 am-6 pm
Closed on Mondays
Hieronymus Bosch, Christ Carrying the Cross, c. 1510-1516.
Oil on panel, 76.7 x 83.5 cm .
Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Ghent.
Jan van Eyck, The Ghent Altarpiece (wings open) , 1432.
Oil on Holz, 350 x 223 cm .
Saint Bavo Cathedral, Ghent.

Contact details:

Website:
http://users.skynet.be/sintbaafskathedraal-gent/EN_welcome.html
Contact: sint-baafskathedraal@kerknet.be
Tel.: +32 (0) 9 225 1626
Address:
Saint Bavo Cathedral
Sint-Baafsplein
9000 Ghent
Opening hours:
April-October:
Monday-Saturday: 9:30 am-5 pm
Sunday: 1 pm-5 pm
November-March:
Monday-Saturday: 10:30 am-4 pm
Sunday: 1 pm-4 pm
Jan van Eyck, The Ghent Altarpiece (wings open) , 1432.
Oil on Holz, 350

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