Kandinsky
253 pages
English

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253 pages
English

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Description

Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944) was a Russian painter credited as being among the first to truly venture into abstract art. He persisted in expressing his internal world of abstraction despite negative criticism from his peers. He veered away from painting that could be viewed as representational in order to express his emotions, leading to his unique use of colour and form. Although his works received heavy censure at the time, in later years they would become greatly influential.

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Publié par
Date de parution 13 juillet 2015
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9781785250637
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 1 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,0012€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

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Layout:
Baseline Co. Ltd
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

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© Parkstone Press International, New York, USA
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All rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced or adapted without the permission of the copyright holder, throughout the world. Unless otherwise specified, copyright on the works reproduced lies with the respective photographers, artists, heirs or estates. Despite intensive research, it has not always been possible to establish copyright ownership. Where this is the case, we would appreciate notification.

ISBN: 978-1-78525-063-7
“Every work of art is the child of its age and, in many cases, the mother of our emotion. It follows that each period of culture produces an art of its own which can never be repeated.”

— Wassily Kandinsky
Contents


Contents
Index
Biography
Concentration
The Miracle at Murnau
Between East and West
The Return
“The Blue Rider”: A Look Back
Index


A
Accent in Pink
Akhtyrka - Red Church
All Saints I
All Saints II
Amazon in the Mountains
Amazon with Lions
Arrival of the Merchants
Autumn
Autumn River

B
Backward Glance
Black Grid
Black Lines
Black Spot
Black Spot I
Blue Arch (Ridge)
Blue Circle
Blue Mountain
Blue Segment

C
Capricious Forms
Circle and Square
Circles on Black
Colourful Life
Composition 1
Compos i tion 2
Composition IV
Composition VII
Composition 8
Composition IX
Composition X
Composition ‘ The Grey Oval ’
Composition. Red and Black
Country Estate at Akhtyrka
Creeping
Crinoline Lady
Cupolas

D/E/F
Decisive Rose
Delicate Tensions
Dominant Curve
Exotic Birds
Farewell (large version)
Final Draft for the Cover of “The Blue Rider Almanac”
Four Figures

H/I
Harbour
Heiliger Wladimir
Impression III (Concert)
Improvisation 7
Improvisation 11
Improvisation No. 4
Improvisation No. 20
Improvisation with Cold Forms
In Grey
In the Black Square

K/L
Kandinsky in Berlin, January 1922.
Kochel (The Lake and the Hotel Grauer Bär)
Lake
Landscape
Levels
Lyre
The Lyrical
Lyrical (plate 9) from ‘ Sounds ’

M/O
Moscow. Red Square
Moscow. Zubovsky Square
Mountain
Mountain Lake
Munich. Schwabing
Murnau – Castle Courtyard I
Murnau – Grüngasse
Murnau – Johannisstrasse from a Window of the Griesbräu
Murnau, Summer Landscape
Musical Overture. Violet Wedge (Study)
On Light Ground
On White I
P/R
Painting with Points
Painting with White Border
Pastorale
Picnic – Bagatelle No. 4
Picture with the Circle (The First Non-Objective)
The Pink Rider
The Port of Odessa
Railroad at Murnau
Red Oval (Krasny oval)
Red Spot II
River in Summer
Romantic Landscape

S/T
Serenity
Several Circles
Sketch for “Akhtyrka - Autumn”
Sketch for “Composition II”
Sketch for “Painting with White Border”
Sky Blue
Small Pleasures
Small Worlds I
Small Worlds IV
Small Worlds V
Solitary
Song (Volga Song)
Southern
A Street at Sunlight
Study for “Church in Murnau”
Study for “Composition VII”
Study for “Composition VII” (Sketch 3)
Study for Cover of “The Blue Rider Almanac” 1
Study for Cover of “The Blue Rider Almanac” 2
Study for Cover of “The Blue Rider Almanac” 3
Study for “Green Border”
Study for “In Grey”
Summer Landscape
Through-going Line
To the Unknown Voice
Troubled
Twilight
Two Ovals (Composition No. 218)

U/V/W/Y
Untitled 1
Untitled 2
Various Actions
Various Parts
View of Murnau
White Oval
Winter Day. Smolensky Boulevard
Winter Landscape
Yellow-Red-Blue
Kandinsky in Berlin, January 1922.
Photograph.
Musée national d’Art moderne, Centre Georges-Pompidou, Paris.
Biography


16 December 1866: Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky is born in Moscow. His parents are Lidia Ticheeva and Wassily Silvestrovich Kandinsky.
1871: The Kandinsky family moves to Odessa where Wassily attends a classical grammar school and takes cello and piano lessons as well as drawing classes.
1886: He begins to study Law and Economics at the University of Moscow.
1892: He receives his Ph.D. and works as a teacher at the law faculty. He marries his cousin Anna Chimyakina. At this time he starts turning increasingly towards painting.
1896: He moves to Munich, at the time one of Europe ’ s art centres, to devote himself completely to art.
1897-1899: In Munich he attends the school of Anton A ž be.
1900: Studies at the Munich Academy of Fine Arts. His teacher is Franz Stuck, then considered the best draughtsman in Germany.
1901: Kandinsky and his colleagues found the Phalanx artists ’ group, which soon opens its own drawing school. Kandinsky late r becomes the group ’ s president. During the following four years he organises exhibitions.
1902: He meets young artist Gabriele Münter, for whom he will divorce his wife in 1910. The same year he exhibits in the Berlin Secession for the first time.
1903: First solo exhibition in Moscow.
1903-1908: He and Münter undertake several journeys: Holland, Tunisia (Kairouan), France (Paris), Russia, Italy (Rapallo), Germany (Dresden and Berlin). They move into a house in Murnau, Bavaria in 1908.
1904: Two solo exhibitions in Poland. His work is shown at the Salon d ’ Automne in Paris.
1909-1910: Kandinsky founds the Munich New Artists ’ Association (Die Neue Künstlervereinigung München). Kandinsky spends autumn and winter of 1909 in Russia, where he exhibits fifty-two works at the “International” Salon in Odessa and participates in an exhibition of the Knave of Diamonds group.

1911: Together with Franz Marc, Kandinsky founds The Blue Rider ( Der Blaue Reiter ).
Piper Verlag publishes Kandinsky ’ s first important written work, Über das Geistige in der Kunst ( Concerning the Spiritual in Art ), the first theoretical base for abstract art.
1914: At the outbreak of the First World War, he separates from Münter and goes back to Russia through Switzerland, Italy, and the Balkans. The couple ’ s last meeting, in Stockholm during the winter of 1915-1916, marks the end of their relationship.
1917: Kandinsky marries Nina Andreewskaya, aged 17. His political environment is shaped by the Russian Revolution. The Soviets are looking for Russian avant-garde artists. After the October Revolution, Kandinsky holds a number of different positions in the newly created Soviet cultural institutions. He is among the founders of INKhUK (Institute of Artistic Culture) and heads its monumental painting studio.
1918: He becomes a professor at the Russian Academy of Arts and writes his autobiography which is translated into Russian.
1920: He starts a professorship at Moscow University. The Soviets reorient towards Socialist Realism.
1921: Kandinsky and his wife leave Moscow for Berlin. He joins the Bauhaus in Weimar as a professor.
1923: Kandinsky has his first one-man exhibition in New York. The following year, together with his Bauhaus colleagues, Paul Klee, Lyonel Feininger, and Alexei Jawlensky, he organises the Blue Four group whose lectures and exhibitions reach the United States.
1925: The Bauhaus is moved to Dessau where he teaches mural painting.
1926: His essay Point and Line to Plane is published.
1928: His production of Mussorgsky ’ s Pictures at an Exhibition is performed at the Friedrich Theatre in Dessau.
1933: The National Socialists close the Bauhaus. Kandinsky immigrates to Paris.
1937: Kandinsky works are defamed at the “Degenerate Art” propaganda exhibition. The National Socialists confiscate 57 pieces of his work.
1940: After the German invasion of France, Kandinsky flees to the Pyrenees.
13 December 1944: Kandinsky dies in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France.
Concentration

Not long ago it seemed that the 20 th century had not only begun with Kandinsky, but ended with him as well. But no matter how often his name is cited by the zealots of new and fashionable interpretations, the artist has passed into history and belongs to the past and to the future, perhaps to a greater degree than to the present. So much has been written and said about Kandinsky.
Mountain Lake
1899
Oil on canvas, 50 x 70 cm
Manukhina Collection, Moscow

His works, including his theoretical ones, are so well-known that this abundance of knowledge and commonplace opinions often hinders our seeing the artist in his individuality, in his real – not mythologised – significance. With a fresh gaze. From the threshold of the third millenn

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