Pictures of Poverty
169 pages
English

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169 pages
English

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Description

From Charles Dickens's Oliver Twist to George Sims's How the Poor Live, illustrated accounts of poverty were en vogue in Victorian Britain. Poverty was also a popular subject on the screen, whether in dramatic retellings of well-known stories or in 'documentary' photographs taken in the slums. London and its street life were the preferred setting for George Robert Sims's rousing ballads and the numerous magic lantern slide series and silent films based on them. Sims was a popular journalist and dramatist, whose articles, short stories, theatre plays and ballads discussed overcrowding, drunkenness, prostitution and child poverty in dramatic and heroic episodes from the lives and deaths of the poor. Richly illustrated and drawing from many previously unknown sources, Pictures of Poverty is a comprehensive account of the representation of poverty throughout the Victorian period, whether disseminated in newspapers, illustrated books and lectures, presented on the theatre stage or projected on the screen in magic lantern and film performances. Detailed case studies reveal the intermedial context of these popular pictures of poverty and their mobility across genres. With versatile author George R. Sims as the starting point, this study explores the influence of visual media in historical discourses about poverty and the highly controversial role of the Victorian state in poor relief.


Introduction
Chapter 1 Historical Perspectives
Chapter 2 Modes of Depicting Poverty
Chapter 3 The Popular Poverty Works of George R. Sims and Their Adaptations
Chapter 4 Newspapers As Sources – Towards A Digital Source Criticism
Chapter 5 Case Studies Perspectives
Appendices
Bibliography

Sujets

Informations

Publié par
Date de parution 26 octobre 2021
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9780861969852
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 10 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,1950€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

Extrait

KINtop Studies in Early Cinema - volume 7 series editors: Frank Kessler, Sabine Lenk, Martin Loiperdinger
Pictures of Poverty
The Works of George R. Sims and Their Screen Adaptations
Lydia Jakobs holds a PhD from the University of Trier, Germany, and a Certificate in International Journalism from Hamline University, St. Paul, USA. She was a member of the Screen1900 research focus at the University of Trier, where she also earned master s degrees in Media Studies, English and Spanish Literature and a Certificate in Gender Studies. She is the editor of the KINtop newsletter for early cinema and currently serves as Research Officer for the Magic Lantern Society of the UK.
KINtop Studies in Early Cinema
KINtop Studies in Early Cinema expands the efforts to promote historical research and theoretical reflection on the emergence of moving pictures undertaken by the internationally acclaimed KINtop yearbook (published in German from 1992-2006). It brings a collection of anthologies and monographs in English by internationally renowned authors as well as young scholars. The scope of the series ranges from studies on the formative years of the emerging medium of animated photographs to research on the institutionalisation of cinema in the years up to the First World War. Books in this series will also explore the many facets of 19 th and early 20 th century visual culture as well as initiatives to preserve and present this cinematographic heritage. Early cinema has become one of the most dynamic fields of scholarly research in cinema studies worldwide, and this series aims to provide an international platform for new insights and fresh discoveries in this thriving area.
Series editors: Frank Kessler, Sabine Lenk, Martin Loiperdinger
Pictures of Poverty
The Works of George R. Sims and Their Screen Adaptations
Lydia Jakobs
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data
Pictures of Poverty:
The Works of George R. Sims and Their Screen Adaptations
Series: KINtop Studies in Early Cinema - volume 7
A catalogue entry for this book is available from the British Library
ISBN: 0 86196 752 0 (Paperback)
ISBN: 0 86196 985 2 (ebook-EPUB)
ISBN: 0 86196 986 9 (ebook-EPDF)
Published by
John Libbey Publishing Ltd, 205 Crescent Road, New Barnet, Herts EN4 8SB, United Kingdom e-mail: john.libbey@orange.fr ; web site: www.johnlibbey.com
Distributed Worldwide by
Indiana University Press , Herman B Wells Library-350, 1320 E. 10th St., Bloomington, IN 47405, USA. www.iupress.indiana.edu
2021 Copyright John Libbey Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
Unauthorised duplication contravenes applicable laws.
Printed and bound in the UK by Short Run Press Ltd, Exeter.
Contents
List of Figures
Acknowledgements
Introduction
Chapter 1 Historical Perspectives
1.1 George R. Sims - Eminent Victorian?
1.2 Key Concepts in Victorian Culture
New Media and Poverty
Work and Poverty
London and Poverty
Radical Politics and the Working Class
Death and Poverty
1.3 The New Poor Law, Poor Relief and Private Charity
The Deterrent Workhouse
Chapter 2 Modes of Depicting Poverty
2.1 From the Picturesque to the Authentic
2.2 Henry Mayhew - London Labour and the London Poor and Authenticity
2.3 Gustave Dor and Blanchard Jerrold - London. A Pilgrimage and the Picturesque
2.4 John Thomson and Adolphe Smith - Street Life in London and Photography
Chapter 3 The Popular Poverty Works of George R. Sims and Their Adaptations
3.1 George R. Sims - Creating a Media Personality
3.2 The last word on realism - The Lights o London (1881)
3.3 The Bigger Picture - The Historical Art of Projection and the Magic Lantern
Life Model Slides, Photography and Melodrama
Copyright Legislation and Life Model Slides
3.4 To the Silver Screen - Film Adaptations
Chapter 4 Newspapers As Sources - Towards A Digital Source Criticism
4.1 The Historical Art of Projection and Digitized Sources
4.2 Victorian Newspapers and Digitization
Chapter 5 Case Studies
5.1 Into Poor Homes - How the Poor Live (1883)
Publication History
Scholarly Responses
Authenticating Strategies
Modes of Reception
Lantern Slide Series
5.2 Angry Old Man - In the Workhouse. Christmas Day (1877)
The Workhouse in Works of George R. Sims
The Workhouse in Journalism and Literature
Lantern Slide Series I N THE W ORKHOUSE (Bamforth, 1890)
C HRISTMAS D AY IN THE W ORKHOUSE (George Berthold Samuelson, 1914)
Adaptation and Recitation
Recitation, Elocution and Authenticity
5.3 Death as Salvation - The Road to Heaven (1882)
The Road to Heaven , The Dagonet Ballads and Authenticity
Alternative Reading by Robert Craven
Adaptations by Bamforth: Poor Children Between the Picturesque and the Authentic
Adaptation by York Son
Reception Contexts and Other Adaptations

Perspectives
Appendices
Appendix A: Dates of First Publication for Selected Works by George R. Sims
Appendix B: Magic Lantern Adaptations of Works by George R. Sims
Appendix C: Film Adaptations of Works by George R. Sims
Appendix D: Transcript of Letter Sent to George R. Sims by Frederick Barnard
Bibliography
Primary Sources
Government Publications
Contemporaneous Articles on Sims
Reports on Bamforth
Catalogues
Secondary Sources
Websites
Collections in Archives, Libraries
Audio-Visual Material
Newspapers
List of Figures
Front cover: Slide 9 of I N THE W ORKHOUSE (Bamforth, 1890, 9 slides), Philip and Rosemary Banham Collection, reproduced with permission
Fig. 1: Bartolom Esteban Murillo - The Young Beggar (c. 1645)
Fig. 2: Oscar Gustave Rejlander - Poor Joe (c. 1860)
Fig. 3: The Italian and Monkey , Slide 18 of S TREET -L IFE: OR THE P EOPLE W E M EET (Riley Brothers, in or after 1887, 50 slides)
Fig. 4: The London Costermonger , engraving by Edward Whimper after drawing by Henry George Hine, based on a daguerreotype by Richard Beard
Fig. 5: The Kitchen , Fox Court, Gray s-Inn-Lane , engraving by Walter George Mason after drawing by Henry Anelay
Fig. 6: Gustave Dor - Asleep Under the Stars
Fig. 7: Gustave Dor - Houndsditch
Fig. 8: Gustave Dor - Orange Woman
Fig. 9: John Thomson - Cheap Fish of St. Giles s
Fig. 10: John Thomson - Black Jack
Fig. 11: George Robert Sims and his canary Richard Yea and Nay
Fig. 12: Sir Luke Fildes - Applicants for Admission to a Casual Ward (1874)
Fig. 13: Slide 1 of I N THE S IGNAL B OX (Bamforth, 1889, 9 slides)
Fig. 14: Frederick Barnard - The Water Butt
Fig. 15: Frederick Barnard - A B Meeting
Fig. 16: Frederick Barnard - The Little Sentinel
Fig. 17: Frederick Barnard - A Pretty Pair
Fig. 18: Frederick Barnard - Mrs. O Flannigan
Fig. 19: Mrs. O Flanaghan [sic], Slide 8 of O UTCAST L ONDON : OR , H OW THE P OOR L IVE ( York Son, in or before 1884, 40 slides)
Fig. 20: Frederick Barnard - A Domestic Tragedy
Fig. 21: Frederick Barnard - Ere Y Are; Three Shots a Penny! Now s Yer Chance!!!
Fig. 22: Frederick Barnard - A Roaring Trade
Fig. 23: Frederick Barnard - A Critical Audience on the Question of Step-Dancing
Fig. 24: Slide 8 of O NE W INTER N IGHT (Bamforth, 1891, 9 slides)
Fig. 25: Slide 1 of I N THE W ORKHOUSE (Bamforth, 1890, 9 slides)
Fig. 26: Slide 5 of I N THE W ORKHOUSE (Bamforth, 1890, 9 slides)
Fig. 27: The London Workhouse: view of the street facade , engraving by Thomas Dale after Robert Blemmel Schnebbelie (1819)
Fig. 28: Slide 6 of I N THE W ORKHOUSE (Bamforth, 1890, 9 slides)
Fig. 29: Slide 5 of T HE M ATRON S S TORY (Bamforth, 1890, 12 slides)
Fig. 30: Slide 7 of I N THE W ORKHOUSE (Bamforth, 1890, 9 slides)
Fig. 31: Slide 4 of N ELLIE S P RAYER (Bamforth, 1890, 13 slides)
Fig. 32: Slide 9 of I N THE W ORKHOUSE (Bamforth, 1890, 9 slides)
Fig. 33: Slide 2 of I N THE W ORKHOUSE (Bamforth, 1890, 9 slides)
Fig. 34: Slide 4 of I N THE W ORKHOUSE (Bamforth, 1890, 9 slides)
Fig. 35: Superimposition C HRISTMAS D AY IN THE W ORKHOUSE (G. B. Samuelson, 1914)
Fig. 36: Detail of collation matrix for Bamforth versions of T HE R OAD TO H EAVEN
Fig. 37: Slide 1 of T HE R OAD TO H EAVEN (Bamforth B, 1891, 7-9 slides)
Fig. 38: Slide 6 of T HE N EWSBOY S D EBT (Bamforth, c. 1887, 6 slides)
Fig. 39: Henry Peach Robinson - Fading Away (1858)
Fig. 40: Slide 2 of T HE R OAD TO H EAVEN (Bamforth, before 1888)
Fig. 41: Slide 2 of T HE R OAD TO H EAVEN (Bamforth, 1897, 7-8 slides)
Fig. 42: Slide 2 of T HE R OAD TO H EAVEN (Bamforth B, 1891, 7-9 slides)
Fig. 43: Slide 3 of T HE R OAD TO H EAVEN (Bamforth B, 1891, 7-9 slides)
Fig. 44: Slide 4 of T HE R OAD TO H EAVEN (Bamforth B, 1891, 7-9 slides)
Fig. 45: Slide 5 of T HE R OAD TO H EAVEN (Bamforth, before 1888)
Fig. 46: Slide 5 of T HE R OAD TO H EAVEN (Bamforth B, 1891, 7-9 slides)
Fig. 47: Slide 8 of T HE D RUNKARD S C HILDREN (York Son, in or before 1888, 8 slides)
Fig. 48: Slide 6 of T HE R OAD TO H EAVEN (Bamforth B, 1891, 7-9 slides)
Fig. 49: Slide 7 of T HE R OAD TO H EAVEN (Bamforth, before 1888)
Fig. 50: Slide 5a of T HE R OAD TO H EAVEN (Bamforth B, 1891, 7-9 slides)
Fig. 51: Slide 6 of T HE R OAD TO H EAVEN (York Son, 1890, 8 slides)
Fig. 52: Slide 5b of T HE R OAD TO H EAVEN (Bamforth B, 1891, 7-9 slides)
Fig. 53: Slide 7 o

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