Mike Starr of Oshawa : A Political Biography
257 pages
English

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257 pages
English
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Mike Starr had a remarkable career in Canadian politics.




In June 1957, he was appointed Minister of Labour in John Diefenbaker’s cabinet and created a sensation, especially among Canadian ethnocultural groups. He made political history as the first Ukrainian Canadian appointed to federal cabinet. As Minister of Labour, Starr was faced with numerous national problems, including seasonal unemployment, regional disparities, union negotiations and emerging militant nationalism in Quebec.




When the Diefenbaker government was defeated in the 1963 federal election, Starr returned to his earlier role as Member of Parliament. With the changing Canadian political environment, he was defeated by a tiny margin in the 1968 federal election. Starr continued his distinguished career of public service from 1968 to 1980. He promoted the increasing involvement of ethnocultural groups in Canada political life. In recent decades, it has become a political norm to have members of various ethnocultural and visible minority groups elected to the House of Commons, and appointed to Cabinet and other senior government positions. For breaking this barrier, Mike Starr was indeed a pioneer in Canadian politics.




This book is published in English.




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Publié par
Date de parution 23 janvier 2018
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9780776625928
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 12 Mo

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Mike Starr of Oshawa
Mike Starr of Oshawa A Political Biography
Myron Momryk
MERCURY SERIES HISTORY PAPER 57
CANADIAN MUSEUM OF HISTORY AND UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA PRESS
© 2017 Canadian Museum of History All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic or mechanical, including photoco-pying, recording, or any retrieval system, without the written permission of the publisher. Copublished by the Canadian Museum of History and the University of Ottawa Press
Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication Momryk, Myron, 1946-, author Mike Starr of Oshawa: a political biography / Myron Momryk.
(Mercury series) (History paper; 57) Includes bibliographical references. Issued in print and electronic formats. ISBN 978-0-7766-2591-1 (softcover) ISBN 978-0-7766-2592-8 (PDF) ISBN 978-0-7766-2593-5 (EPUB)
1. Starr, Mike, 1910-2000. 2. Politicians—Ontario—Oshawa— Biography. 3. Biographies. I. Canadian Museum of History, issuing body II. Title. III. Series: Mercury series IV. Series: History paper (Canadian Museum of Civilization); 57
FC3099.O84Z49 2018
971.3’56092
C2017-908056-3 C2017-908057-1
How To Order All trade orders must be directed to the University of Ottawa Press: Web:www.press.uottawa.ca Email:puo-uop@uottawa.ca Phone:613-562-5246 All other orders may be directed to either the University of Ottawa Press (as above) or to the Canadian Museum of History: Web:http://www.historymuseum.ca/ shop/#publications Email:publications@historymuseum.ca Phone:1-800-5550-5621 (toll-free) or 819-776-8387 (National Capital Region) Mail:Mail Order Services Canadian Museum of History 100 Laurier Street Gatineau, QC K1A 0M8
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Copy editing: Rob Ferguson Proofreading: Robbie McCaw Typesetting: Édiscript enr. Cover design: Édiscript enr.
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Abstract
As a political pioneer, Michael Starr (1910–2000) accomplished many firsts and opened the political doors to other members of the various ethnocultural groups. The son of Ukrainian immigrants, he became involved in municipal affairs during the Depression and was elected alderman in Oshawa, Ontario in 1944. He was later elected Mayor of Oshawa, Member of Parliament and, in 1957, he was appointed to the federal cabinet in the government of the Honourable John Diefenbaker. This study focuses on Starr’s federal election campaigns in Oshawa and across Canada. As Minister of Labour, he was faced with many national prob-lems: seasonal unemployment, regional disparities, union negotiations, emerging militant Quebecois nationalism. Starr devoted most of his efforts both inside and outside the House of Commons to fighting unemployment across Canada despite constant criticism from the opposition parties.A notable achievement was his promotion of the Winter Works Program that encouraged year-round employment and fundamentally changed Canadian seasonal working traditions. He was a popular speaker among the ethnocultural groups from Eastern Europe and regularly criticized the human rights record of the Soviet Union. After the defeat of the Progressive Conservative government in the 1963 elections, Starr became an active member of the Opposition in Parliament. He remained loyal to Diefenbaker and for his loyalty, Diefenbaker appointed Starr as House Leader. Starr ran for the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Party in September, 1967. But with the entry of Diefenbaker in the leadership contest at the last minute, Starr lost his expected support and the campaign. In the 1968 federal election, Starr was defeated by fifteen votes by Edward Broadbent, who later became the national leader of the New Democratic Party. Starr was appointed Citizenship Court judge, serving in that post until 1972. Starr continued his career of public service and, from 1973 until 1980, Starr was Chairman of the Workmen’s Compensation Board of Ontario. As he had developed a reputation for public service and fairness, he was appointed Co-Chairman of a federal task force in 1983 reviewing conflict of interest and post-employment guidelines for Members of Parliament. Starr continued to live in Oshawa and remained active through public service in the local community.
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Résumé
Les réussites de Michael Starr (1910-2000), un pionnier en politique, ont ouvert les portes politiques pour d’autres membres de différents groupes ethnoculturels. Fils d’immigrants ukrainiens, il s’est impliqué dans le milieu municipal durant la Grande Dépression avant de se faire élire conseiller municipal à Oshawa, en Ontario, en 1944. Il a été élu maire d’Oshawa et membre de Parlement avant d’être nommé au cabinet fédéral du gouvernement de l’honorable John Diefenbaker en 1957. Cet ouvrage porte sur les campagnes électorales de Mike Starr à Oshawa et à travers le Canada. En tant que ministre du Travail, il a fait face à plusieurs problématiques nationales, dont le chômage saisonnier, les disparités régionales, les négociations syndicales et l’émergence d’un nationalisme militant québécois. Starr a consacré la plupart de ses efforts, à l’intérieur comme à l’extérieur de la Chambre des communes, à lutter contre le chômage partout au Canada, et ce, malgré les critiques cons-tantes des partis de l’opposition. Sa promotion du programme de travaux d’hiver s’est avérée un succès notable, encourageant le travail à longueur d’année, et changeant de façon fon-damentale les traditions saisonnières canadiennes du travail. Il était un orateur populaire parmi les groupes ethnoculturels de l’Europe de l’Est et critiquait régulièrement l’Union soviétique en matière des droits de la personne. Après la défaite du gouvernement progressiste-conservateur aux élections de 1963, Starr est alors devenu membre actif de l’opposition. Il est resté fidèle à Diefenbaker et, grâce à cette loyauté, ce dernier le nomme leader à la Chambre. Mike Starr a pris part à la course à la direction du Parti progressiste-conservateur en septembre 1967, mais a perdu son soutien attendu après l’entrée à la course de Diefenbaker à la dernière minute. Durant l’élection fédérale de 1968, il a perdu par quinze voix contre Edward Broadbent, qui est parvenu par la suite au poste de leader du Nouveau Parti démocratique. Mike Starr s’est vu nommé juge à la Cour de la citoyenneté, servant à ce titre jusqu’en 1972. Il a poursuivi une carrière à la fonction publique et, entre 1973 et 1980, a été président de la Commission des accidents du travail de l’Ontario. En raison de sa réputation en matière de service public et d’impartialité, en 1983 il a été nommé coprésident du groupe de travail chargé d’examiner les conflits d’intérêts et les lignes directrices sur l’après-mandat pour les membres du Parlement. Il a continué de vivre à Oshawa et de jouer un rôle actif dans la communauté locale à travers son service public.
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Table of Contents
Abstract ................................................................................................................
Résumé ................................................................................................................
Acknowledgements...............................................................................................
Foreword ..............................................................................................................
Introduction .........................................................................................................
Chapter 1 The Early Years .....................................................................................................
Chapter 2 Oshawa Municipal Politics 1944–1952 ..................................................................
Chapter 3 Election Campaign for Ontario Riding, 1952 .......................................................
Chapter 4 Member of Parliament, 1952–1957 .......................................................................
Chapter 5 Appointment as Minister of Labour, 1957 .............................................................
Chapter 6 The 1958 Federal Election ....................................................................................
Chapter 7 Minister of Labour, 1958.......................................................................................
Chapter 8 Minister of Labour, 1959.......................................................................................
Chapter 9 Minister of Labour, 1960.......................................................................................
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1
3
25
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45
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87
101
Chapter 10 Minister of Labour, 1961.......................................................................................
Chapter 11 Minister of Labour, 1962.......................................................................................
Chapter 12 Politics in Ontario Riding, 1962 ...........................................................................
Chapter 13 Minister of Labour in a Minority Government, 1962-1963 ...................................
Chapter 14 The 1963 Federal Election ....................................................................................
Chapter 15 Member of Parliament and House Leader, 1963–1965 ...........................................
Chapter 16 The 1965 Federal Election in Ontario ..................................................................
Chapter 17 The Leadership Race, 1967...................................................................................
Chapter 18 The 1968 Federal Election ....................................................................................
Chapter 19 Public Service, 1968–1973 ....................................................................................
Chapter 20 PublicService,1973-1988.....................................................................................
Chapter 21 Final Years and Mike Starr’s Legacy .......................................................................
Bibliography .........................................................................................................
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Acknowledgements
I would like to thank Dr. John Willis, editor of the Mercury Series, the Canadian Museum of History, for his encouragement and guidance, and the two anonymous readers for their comments and advice. Also, I am grateful to Elizabeth Schwaiger, University of Ottawa Press, for preparing the manuscript for publication. I would like to thank Prof. Bohdan Harasymiw, University of Calgary, who read a very early draft of the manuscript for his comments. In addition, I thank Danielle Peters and Janet Stanley for typing early versions of the manuscript. Thanks as well to Lee Wyndham of the Canadian Museum of History, and to Pascal Laplante of CMH Publishing. A special thanks to Mike and Catherine Nicol and to Walter Kish from Oshawa for their co-operation in making available copies of illustrations relating to Mike Starr’s life and career. Melissa Cole, Oshawa Museum, kindly provided photos of the Michael Starr Building in Oshawa. Mr. Grant Harper provided copies of posters from his private collection relating to Mike Starr’s campaign for the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Party.
– Myron Momryk, Ottawa 2017
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