Indiana Daily Student
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For more than 150 years, Indiana University Bloomington's student-produced newspaper, the Indiana Daily Student, has grown and changed with the times and the school. Generations of student journalists, armed with notepads, cameras and a tireless devotion, have pursued both local and national stories since the newspaper's debut in 1867. In Indiana Daily Student: 150 Years of Headlines, Deadlines and Bylines, editors and IDS alumni Rachel Kipp, Amy Wimmer Schwarb and Charles Scudder piece together behind-the-scenes remembrances from former IDS reporters and photographers, newsroom images from throughout the decades and a curated collection of notable IDS front pages. From coverage of the end of World War I to the selection of Herman B Wells as IU's president to the Hoosiers' national basketball championship titles to the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, the IDS has chronicled news from a student perspective. Today, it serves as a training ground for fledgling journalists who have gone on to be monumental voices in American and global media. Remembrances from some of the most prominent journalists to emerge from the IDS are included here: among them, publisher and journalism philanthropist Nelson Poynter; National Public Radio television critic Eric Deggans; and Pulitzer Prize winners Ernie Pyle, Thomas French and Melissa Farlow. While at IU, students at the IDS built and maintained beloved traditions they continue to share today, all while offering a full spectrum of coverage for their readers. The first book on the paper's history, Indiana Daily Student offers a comprehensive celebration of the newspaper's achievements, as well as historic front pages, photographs and personal narratives from current and former IDS journalists.

Foreword: The IDS, Held Up to Light / Amy Wimmer Schwarb, BAJ 1998


'Allegiance to No Faction': A History of the IDS / Ray E. Boomhower, BA 1982, MA 1995

In the World, on Campus, at the Newsroom / Jamie Zega, BAJ 2018

1. 1867–1914

Reflection: In the Beginning / Marjorie Smith Blewett, BA 1948

From the Archives: Infant IDS Lives Again as Dr. Bryan Reminisces / from the IDS, October 10, 1954

Profile: Florence Myrick Ahl / from the 2011 IU School of Journalism Centennial Distinguished Alumni Award program

From the Archives: The Course in Journalism / from the 1908 Arbutus

2. 1915–1938

Reflection: Returning from War to a Time of Growth / J. Dwight Peterson, BA 1919, LLD 1966

Behind the Story: An Innovative—and Dusty—Tradition / Rachel Kipp, BAJ 2002

From the Archives: It's in the Air / from the IDS, September 5, 1922

Behind the Story: The Keepers of IDS Traditions / Rachel Kipp, BAJ 2002

Behind the Story: Tight Times, Newspaper Extras and a Brush with Ernie Pyle / Robert C. Pebworth, BA 1932

From the Archives: 'He Died for the Republic' / from the IDS, October 5, 1922

3. 1939–1954

Reflection: The 'Lucky Coincidence' That Led to a Historic Extra / Winston Fournier, BA 1946

Profile: John E. Stempel / adapted from the IDS, January 22, 1982

From the Archives: 'The Hurt Has Become Too Great' / adapted from the IDS, April 28, 1945

Reflection: An 'Endless' Wait—and Then a Two-Day Nap / Mary Monroe, BA 1946

Behind the Story: Chronicling 'On-Track Feats and Off-Track Warts' / John Schwarb, BAJ 1996

Reflection: Linotype Memories / Marjorie Smith Blewett, BA 1948

From the Archives: 'The Shack' Still Lives . . . in Our Hearts / from the IDS, May 29, 1954

4. 1955–1969

Reflection: Racing Deadline / Myrna Oliver, BA 1964

Behind the Story: The Breaking News That Shaped a Generation / Joel Whitaker, BS 1964, MA 1971

Reflection: When the Editor is Edited / Craig Klugman, BA 1967

Reflection: From Bloomington to Abbey Road / Alan Sutton, BA 1970

From the Archives: Kennedy Asks That Indianapolis Crowd Pray For King Family / from the IDS, April 5, 1968

Behind the Story: The Indiana Daily Student: Evaluation and Suggestions / adapted from the Board of Aeons Report

5. 1970–1981

Profile: Jack Backer / adapted from the IDS, December 6, 1982

Reflection: Finding a Place behind the Camera / Melissa Farlow, BA 1974

Reflection: Covering Knight's Hoosiers / Mark Montieth, BAJ 1977

From the Archives: 'Breaking Away' Superficial, Trivial / from the IDS, April 23, 1979

Reflection: The Tribe of Ernie Pyle Hall / Thomas French, BAJ 1980

From the Archives: Why the Daily Student Is Discontinuing Free Papers / from the IDS, March 12, 1981

Behind the Story: Training Ground for Pulitzer Winners / Charles Scudder, BAJ 2014

6. 1982–1996

From the Archives: Carmichael Lived through His Music / from the IDS, January 5, 1982

Behind the Story: CompuScum, VDTs and That Garish Gold / Paul Heaton, BA 1984

Reflection: Prepared in More Ways Than One / Eric Deggans, BA 1990

Profile: Pat Siddons / adapted from the IDS, September 1, 2004

Behind the Story: The Night I Used a Nick's Menu as a Straightedge / Kathryn Flynn, BA 1987

Behind the Story: City Editor and . . . Fashion Aficionado? / Kevin Corcoran, BA 1988

From the Archives: IDS Editors Still Ponder at Ernie's Desk / from the IDS, October 8, 1953

Behind the Story: The Semester I Gave the Campus Sex Advice / Joe Vince, BAJ 1997

Reflection: All I Really Need to Know, I Learned in Backshop / Jeff Vrabel, BAJ 1997

Profile: John Jackson / adapted from the IDS, March 18, 1996

From the Archives: IDS Online Edition Now Available on Internet / from the IDS, October 22, 1996

7. 1997–2008

Reflection: Writing for the Campus—and for Grandma Millie / Rachel Kipp, BAJ 2002

From the Archives: Our Own Jolly St. Nick / from the IDS, March 20, 2000

Reflection: 'Our World Was Changing before Our Eyes' / Gina Czark, BAJ 2002

Reflection: The Drive to Be First—and the Torture of Being Wrong / Aaron Sharockman, BAJ 2003

Reflection: On Diversity at the IDS and in Daily Life / George Lyle IV, BAJ 2005

Profile: David L. Adams / from the IDS, June 4, 2007

Behind the Story: Ending the Semester with a Splash

8. 2009–Present

Reflection: Goodnight, Brian / Biz Carson, BAJ 2012

Profile: Ron Johnson / Michael Auslen, BAJ 2014

Reflection: Moving Out, Moving On / Charles Scudder, BAJ 2014

From the Archives: The IDS Will No Longer Print Five Days a Week, and That Is Ok / from March 27, 2017

Reflection: Changes and Challenges / Jim Rodenbush

Afterword / Ruth Witmer, BA 1987

Final Word / Herman B Wells, BS 1924, MA 1927

Appendix: IDS Editors-in-Chief, 1867–2018




Publié par
Date de parution 01 octobre 2019
Nombre de lectures 1
EAN13 9780253046130
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 4 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,0037€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.



of Headlines, Deadlines and Bylines
Edited by
With contributions from generations of Indiana Daily Student staff

This book is a publication of
an imprint of
Indiana University Press
Office of Scholarly Publishing
Herman B Wells Library 350
1320 East 10th Street
Bloomington, Indiana 47405 USA
2019 by Indiana University Alumni Association Inc.
All rights reserved
Proceeds from this book support the Indiana Daily Student Legacy Fund, which ensures IDS journalists will continue producing the first draft of IU history for years to come.
No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
This book is printed on acid-free paper.
Manufactured in China
Cataloging information is available from the Library of Congress.
ISBN 978-0-253-04612-3 (cloth)
ISBN 978-0-253-04615-4 (ebook)
1 2 3 4 5 24 23 22 21 20 19
Dedicated to the staff of the Indiana Daily Student -past, present and future .
Foreword The IDS, Held Up to Light Amy Wimmer Schwarb, BAJ 1998
Allegiance to No Faction : A History of the IDS Ray E. Boomhower, BA 1982, MA 1995
In the World, on Campus, at the Newsroom Jamie Zega, BAJ 2018
1 1867-1914
REFLECTION In the Beginning Marjorie Smith Blewett, BA 1948
FROM THE ARCHIVES Infant IDS Lives Again As Dr. Bryan Reminisces from the IDS, October 10, 1954
PROFILE Florence Myrick Ahl from the 2011 IU School of Journalism Centennial Distinguished Alumni Award program
FROM THE ARCHIVES The Course in Journalism from the 1908 Arbutus
2 1915-1938
REFLECTION Returning From War to a Time of Growth J. Dwight Peterson, BA 1919, LLD 1966
BEHIND THE STORY An Innovative-and Dusty-Tradition Rachel Kipp, BAJ 2002
FROM THE ARCHIVES It s in the Air from the IDS, September 5, 1922
BEHIND THE STORY The Keepers of IDS Traditions Rachel Kipp, BAJ 2002
REFLECTION Tight Times, Newspaper Extras and a Brush With Ernie Pyle Robert C. Pebworth, BA 1932
FROM THE ARCHIVES He Died for the Republic from the IDS, October 10, 1954
3 1939-1954
REFLECTION The Lucky Coincidence That Led to a Historic Extra Winston Fournier, BA 1946
PROFILE John E. Stempel adapted from the IDS, January 22, 1982
FROM THE ARCHIVES The Hurt Has Become Too Great adapted from the IDS, April 28, 1945
REFLECTION An Endless Wait-and Then a Two-Day Nap Mary Monroe, BA 1946
BEHIND THE STORY Chronicling On-Track Feats and Off-Track Warts John Schwarb, BAJ 1996
REFLECTION Linotype Memories Marjorie Smith Blewett, BA 1948
FROM THE ARCHIVES The Shack Still Lives in Our Hearts from the IDS, May 29, 1954
4 1955-1969
REFLECTION Racing Deadline Myrna Oliver, BA 1964
BEHIND THE STORY The Breaking News That Shaped a Generation Joel Whitaker, BS 1964, MA 1971
REFLECTION When the Editor Is Edited Craig Klugman, BA 1967
REFLECTION From Bloomington to Abbey Road Alan Sutton, BA 1970
FROM THE ARCHIVES Kennedy Asks That Indianapolis Crowd Pray for King Family from the IDS, April 5, 1968
BEHIND THE STORY The Indiana Daily Student: Evaluation and Suggestions adapted from the Board of Aeons Report, fall 1965
5 1970-1981
PROFILE Jack Backer adapted from the IDS, December 6, 1976
REFLECTION Finding a Place Behind the Camera Melissa Farlow, BA 1974
REFLECTION Covering Knight s Hoosiers Mark Montieth, BAJ 1977
FROM THE ARCHIVES Breaking Away Superficial, Trivial from the IDS, April 23, 1979
REFLECTION The Tribe of Ernie Pyle Hall Thomas French, BAJ 1980
FROM THE ARCHIVES Why the Daily Student Is Discontinuing Free Papers from the IDS, March 12, 1981
BEHIND THE STORY Training Ground for Pulitzer Winners Charles Scudder, BAJ 2014
6 1982-1996
FROM THE ARCHIVES Carmichael Lived Through His Music from the IDS, January 5, 1982
BEHIND THE STORY CompuScum, VDTs and That Garish Gold Paul Heaton, BA 1984
REFLECTION Prepared in More Ways Than One Eric Deggans, BA 1990
PROFILE Pat Siddons adapted from the IDS, September 1, 2004
BEHIND THE STORY The Night I Used a Nick s Menu as a Straightedge Kathryn Flynn, BA 1987
BEHIND THE STORY City Editor and Fashion Aficionado? Kevin Corcoran, BA 1988
BEHIND THE STORY The Semester I Gave the Campus Sex Advice Joe Vince, BAJ 1997
REFLECTION All I Really Need to Know, I Learned in Backshop Jeff Vrabel, BAJ 1997
FROM THE ARCHIVES IDS Editors Still Ponder at Ernie s Desk from the IDS, October 8, 1953
PROFILE John Jackson adapted from the IDS, March 18, 1996
FROM THE ARCHIVES IDS Online Edition Now Available on Internet from the IDS, October 22, 1996
7 1997-2008
REFLECTION Writing for the Campus-and for Grandma Millie Rachel Kipp, BAJ 2002
FROM THE ARCHIVES Our Own Jolly St. Nick from the IDS, March 20, 2000
REFLECTION Our World Was Changing Before Our Eyes Gina Czark, BAJ 2002
REFLECTION The Drive to Be First-and the Torture of Being Wrong Aaron Sharockman, BAJ 2003
REFLECTION On Diversity at the IDS and in Daily Life George Lyle IV, BAJ 2005
PROFILE David L. Adams from the IDS, June 4, 2007
BEHIND THE STORY Ending the Semester With a Splash
8 2009-Present
REFLECTION Goodnight, Brian Biz Carson, BAJ 2012
PROFILE Ron Johnson Michael Auslen, BAJ 2014
REFLECTION Moving Out, Moving On Charles Scudder, BAJ 2014
FROM THE ARCHIVES The IDS Will No Longer Print Five Days a Week, and That Is Ok from March 27, 2017
REFLECTION Changes and Challenges Jim Rodenbush
AFTERWORD Ruth Witmer, BA 1987
Appendix IDS Editors in Chief, 1867-2018
FINAL WORD Herman B Wells, BS 1924, MA 1927
More than four dozen color slides live in a shoebox on a top shelf of my laundry room. They were shot by Jay Hagenow, the IDS photo editor during my stint as editor in chief. In a chaotic college newsroom, he was a friendly, unflappable force, even in my haggard final days as its leader.
I was tired by then, resigned to the idea that I was a lame duck whose lofty goals for the semester would not be realized. Jay s slides contain clues that my tenure was limping toward its end: The Salvador Dali poster I hung carefully in my office before classes started dangles from a single thumbtack. The sports staff plays trash-can basketball; midway through the semester, I had confiscated a football after their antics perturbed the campus desk.
In one shot, I edit a story from a computer positioned not on Ernie Pyle s rolltop throne-the workspace of honor awarded to every IDS editor in chief of my era-but atop a standard metal office desk. The caption for this photo should read: Ready to relinquish.
In Jay s slides we consult over stories, hash out budget lines, pore over copy, hug, steal one another s fries, laugh, nap on the couch, proof pages, select photos, call sources, eat too many Pizza Express breadsticks, put out a paper. Yet they document more than the everyday goings-on of a college newsroom. In these images, our tasks appear elevated. The scenes are lush with color and depth. Even the dingy, earth-toned textured wallpaper-remember the olive and brown vertical stripes, 1970s, 80s and 90s IDSers?-appears warm and multidimensional.
Perhaps the preserved vibrance of slide film manages this feat. Or maybe the vitality is released by holding the frames up to light to reveal their magic.
When my co-editors and I launched this book project, we didn t know which version of the IDS story would emerge. Would the stories told from memory be Kodachrome, with colors more rich than real? Would our tendency to romanticize the IDS soften its edges like Vaseline on a lens? Could a bunch of nostalgic alumni-not just the editors, but the more than two dozen other former IDSers who contributed to this project-be trusted to get their own story right?
We found our answer at the IU Archives. Beyond the original editions of the newspaper itself-nearly 20,000 published since the first in 1867-the preserved documents from IDS history are sparse, made up of just three bankers boxes of materials. Packed within them, though, is the raw and honest story the IDS has told about itself from the beginning.
Among the treasures found in this repository are page after page of daily critiques of the paper, such as Department of Journalism chair John Stempel s assessment of a September 1938 issue. The band story on page one smacks of propaganda, he wrote. It might have been handled a little less baldly. I m for the band, but. Also among the files are handwritten reader notes the IDS staff chose to save, such as the one scribbled on the front page of a 1954 edition: It is a disgrace to allow such a paper as this to go out. And this page is a fair example of what the Student has been for some time.

Editor-in-Chief Amy Wimmer consults with Campus Editor Jake Goshert, fall 1995. Photo courtesy of Jay Hagenow .

Page designer and columnist Jeff Vrabel plays trash-can basketball, fall 1995. Photo courtesy of Jay Hagenow .

Communal french fries, fall 1995. Photo courtesy of Jay Hagenow .

News meeting, fall 1995. Photo courtesy of Jay Hagenow .

Chris Jewell grabs a midday newsroom nap, fall 1995. Photo courtesy of Jay Hagenow .

Photographer Matt Stone edits photos at the light table, fall 1995. Photo courtesy of Jay Hagenow .
The IDS also has chronicled its perceived failings in its own pages. The recurring financial dilemmas of a student press are one common theme, as is the lack of diversity on staff and even the paper s editorial shortcomings. Daily Student sails in sea of red ink, one April 1986 headline reads. Summer IDS has problems-image, staff need upgrading, states a blunt headline from August 1974. In a 1964 edition, the IDS staff gave banner front-page treatment to a commentary from the paper s chief critic, history professor Michael J. Scriven: What s right with IDS? Not much, Scriven charges.
Read between the lines of newsprint, though, and the long-standing story of the IDS is about the push to get better-at the job, at the craft, at getting along with the people working just as hard alongside you. The IDS staff, it seems, is blessed with a lust for getting better but cursed with the awareness that it is not there yet.
With perfection perennially out of reach, we instead lived the full range of human experience through this one campus institution: persistence, pressure, humor, romance, perfectionism, laziness, apprehension, anger. Delight.
In one photo Jay shot near deadline, I hover over a pasted-up page, holding my hair out of my eyes with my left hand and gripping a blue proof marker in my right. In the next frame, I have caught Jay photographing me. Still holding back my hair, I stare at the camera with an expression of surprise? Annoyance? Exhaustion?
The woman in that photo is so young, she has not yet discovered what a little eyebrow grooming can do to frame a face. The sports editor whose football is locked in her desk? In a few years, she will marry him. But in this moment in backshop, all that matters is the single page before her-and letting it go by deadline.
The history of the IDS is made up of hundreds of millions of moments like this one, and we could not begin to collect them all. But we hope you see yourself in these pages-not just in your era, but in the faces, hearts, front pages, disappointments and successes of those who came before and after you.
We hope that when you hold these few frames of IDS history up to light, you can see their magic.
-Amy Wimmer Schwarb, BAJ 1998
By design, newspapers are an ephemeral product. Over the course of a day, they transition from a crucial source of information to being destined for the recycling bin. But the stories contained within their pages remain valuable long after the day has ended, as a time capsule of what we were doing, thinking and feeling at a particular point in time.
It was our pleasure to unearth some of the thousands of names, faces and events that have shaped IU and the IDS over the decades, and to preserve them-both for the people who will remember them fondly (and not so fondly), and for future generations. Some of the front pages chosen for the book contain language and images that are racially and culturally insensitive. They were selected because they provide a historically accurate glimpse into the mores of student journalism and society during that time.
Additionally, several selections in this book are reprinted as they originally appeared in the IDS. Even though the IDS was operating on a daily deadline and we were not, we resisted the urge to correct copy, so misplaced commas and other minor errors are preserved here.
A generous grant from the IU Office of the Bicentennial was critical to bringing this project to life. We would also like to give special thanks to the IDS alumni who contributed original essays, photos and artifacts to this book. As former IDSers ourselves, we knew we were tapping into an alumni base of talented, devoted, motivated professionals who care deeply about the IDS. When we asked, they delivered, and this project would not have been possible without them.
We also offer heartfelt thanks to these individuals:
Laresa Lund, Jamie Zega and Matt Rasnic, interns hired through our IU Office of the Bicentennial grant, who served as our on-site coordinators, assisted with the design of the book cover and helped us access the reservoir of research when we could not be on campus.
Bradley Cook, Carrie Schwier, and the staff at the IU Archives, who helped us collect and document front pages and images and directed us to the best resources for IDS history.
Malinda Aston, Susan Elkins, Greg Menkedick, Jim Rodenbush and Ruth Witmer of the IDS professional staff, whose institutional knowledge and resource suggestions were invaluable.
The late Marjorie Smith Blewett, for not only her contemporary guidance on important moments in IDS history, but also for her loving care as a de facto IDS historian for decades. With the help of her daughter, Shayne Laughter, Blewett also helped us fact-check before her death in February 2019.
Ron Johnson and Owen Johnson, who had long envisioned a project similar to this one. Their early research helped shape the final product.
Several members of the university community who helped this project reach fruition: Peggy Solic and the team at IU Press; Emily Harrison and Anne Kibbler of The Media School; and Jennifer Gentry of the IU Alumni Association.
Our colleagues on the IU Student Publications Alumni Board, the recipient of the Bicentennial grant, who deputized us to complete the project: Michael Auslen, Kevin Corcoran, Dennis Elliott, Anne Haddad, Beth Moellers, MJ Slaby, Sara Brazeal and Jeff Vrabel.
The families of late IDS staff members Winston Fournier, Mary Monroe, Robert C. Pebworth and J. Dwight Peterson, who granted permission for their memories to be repurposed in this book. The personal reflections these alumni shared during past IDS anniversary events are stored with dozens of others at the IU Archives.
The IDS writers whose student work was selected for reproduction in these pages: Hannah Alani, Jane Charney, Jay Hagenow, Andy Hall, Pat Hanna, Jerry Hicks, Stu Huffman, Ginny Krause, Curtis Krueger, Alberto D. Morales, Christin Nance, Eve B. Rose, Steve Sanders, Ed Sovola and Donald R. Young. (Based on its cadence and the fact that it was published when he was IDS editor in chief, we also believe Ernie Pyle wrote the unsigned editorial featured in Chapter 2.)
Edie Schwarb for her microfilm and Arbutus research.
Dan Shortridge and Angie Basiouny for copyediting us on a tight deadline.
And finally, we reserve our biggest thanks to the generations of IDS staff-student and professional, from both the editorial and business sides-who make us proud to be part of the legacy.
-Rachel Kipp, BAJ 2002
Amy Wimmer Schwarb, BAJ 1998
Charles Scudder, BAJ 2014
Spring 1980 IDS Editor- in- Chief Thomas French edits page proofs. Photo courtesy of Indiana Daily Student .
D uring the summer of 1979, IU student Tom French, an Indianapolis native who had attended the Indiana State Fair for years, became intrigued by one of its more outlandish attractions-the World s Largest Hog competition. He set out to write about it for the Indiana Daily Student.
French had always considered the Largest Hog event weird, wondering why someone would take the trouble to raise an animal so enormous that its legs literally could not support its weight. His editors at the IDS urged him not to do the story, as it was not a serious subject. By that point I had written hundreds of serious stories and had been bored to tears by most of them, French recalled. My question was: What s wrong with once in a while writing something that people actually want to read? He went to the fair, observed the winning hog and traveled to the farm in Elwood, Indiana, where it had been raised. Through his reporting, he learned that the story was really about the American obsession with super-sizing everything. I became convinced that it had something to do with the vastness of the American landscape and American ambitions.
The article won first place that fall in the features category in the Hearst Journalism Awards Program for college students, earned French a trip to the championship in San Francisco and helped him land a job with the St. Petersburg Times. Nearly 20 years later, French-today a professor of practice in journalism for The Media School at IU-won the 1998 Pulitzer Prize in feature writing and a Sigma Delta Chi award for Angels Demons, a series that explored the murder of an Ohio woman and her two teenage daughters. The work became a seminal piece of narrative journalism; fellow Pulitzer recipient Anne Hull of the Washington Post said French s series long dominated the craft and served as a model for the rest of us to follow.
The Pulitzer and all that followed could never have happened without French s association with the IDS. It was the best learning experience I ever had and one of the greatest times in my life, said French, who also served as the newspaper s editor in chief. I never really understood how much freedom we had to make mistakes, take chances and do outrageous things.
Years before French s investigation of the state fair s odd attraction, another IDS reporter and future Pulitzer Prize winner, Ernie Pyle, heard news that IU s 12-man baseball team had been invited to play a series of exhibition games in Japan. I ve just got to go, the wanderlust-struck Pyle told a friend. Pyle obtained permission from the dean, borrowed $200, and, with three of his fraternity brothers, secured jobs on the ship taking the baseball squad to Japan. Pyle wrote his parents that he possessed a pretty level head, so there is not the slightest cause to worry about me. I have trotted around this old globe considerably, and I think I should be pretty well qualified to handle myself wisely.
The junior from Dana, Indiana, made sure to mail to the IDS articles about his experiences, including pieces on a storm that sailors told him was the worst they had ever seen on the Pacific with the exception of a typhoon, and his duties as a bellboy, including carrying ice and water, shining shoes, delivering packages, drawing baths, and tending to the innumerable queer wants of the passengers. Pyle and his fraternity brothers even managed to help a young Filipino stowaway evade detection and make his way onto American soil.

Ernie Pyle as a student, circa 1921. P0022819, IU Archives .
French s idiosyncratic hog story and Pyle s audacious Japanese trip would no doubt have delighted the original editors of The Indiana Student, which appeared on Feb. 22, 1867, the same year the IU Board of Trustees voted to allow women to attend classes. In its first issue, editors Henry C. Duncan, Robert D. Richardson and Henry C. Sol Meredith solemnly proclaimed the publication owed allegiance to no faction, and was subservient to no personal motives of exaltation, pure in tone, seeking the common good, partial and guided by a spirit of truth and justice. In that same issue, they also invented a fictional meeting at which President Andrew Johnson, writer Washington Irving, newspaper editor Horace Greeley, publisher James Gordon Bennett, journalist Henry J. Raymond and editor George D. Prentice gathered to determine a name for the IU publication.
Among the possibilities considered was the Bloomington Regulator, with one of its principal objects to regulate society, regulate literature, regulate students, regulate the faculty, regulate public exhibitions, regulate Bloomington; in short, it was to be a regulator in the fullest sense of the term. The article noted that Raymond in particular believed The University Lightning Rod would be fitting, as it would be the means of silently conducting all the superfluous gas generated in the fruitful craniums of certain smart students, either to immortal glories in the skies, or to its more appropriate place, the dominions of Pluto beneath the earth. The men also pondered such names as My Policy Gazette (Johnson s choice), Collegian, Review, Banner, Mirror, and Bummer. Finally Raymond, by a heroic stretch of imagination and herculean wielding of brain power, came up with The Indiana Student. That first issue also included a puckish notice informing students they should bear in mind that marriage notices would be inserted free of charge, and a piece advocating for campus improvements (a familiar theme for subsequent IU student newspapers), especially the building of a walk from the campus gate to the college. Many of our citizens have been deterred from attending performances at the college, in consequent of the deep mud through which they were compelled to wade.
Throughout its more than 150 years of existence, the IDS has changed with the times and technology-from the hot-metal typesetting days of the Linotype machine to scanners and computers, and today breaking news on mobile phones in readers pockets. The newspaper has fought to maintain itself economically and reflect its audience throughout its lives-as a for-profit venture for its editors; as a newspaper owned by the university and used as a laboratory to train journalists; and as an independent publication employing students of all types with its editor-in-chief selected by a publications board that includes professional journalists and students. These are our students on display, noted Trevor Brown, former dean of the IU School of Journalism. Obviously at times they disappoint us. At other times they thrill us with the quality. But that s no different from a professional newspaper.
Mottos used by the IDS have reflected the changes in journalism over the years, with the paper in 1914 using Best in the Middle West, in 1929 He Serves Best Who Serves the Truth and Tis the Truth that Makes Man Free, and in the 1990s, You Are the News. The work produced by the newspaper has often been honored with national awards, including numerous Pacemakers from the Associated Collegiate Press, and over the years IDS alumni have earned for their articles and photographs a number of Pulitzer prizes in a variety of categories. Before the Indiana Student made its appearance in 1867, other universities had already started publications offering literary outpourings and news, including the Dartmouth Gazette in 1800, followed by the Asbury Review, the Yale Courant and Harvard Advocate. The Bloomington campus had seen two other attempts at collegiate journalism, including publications from the 1840s titled The Equator and The Athenian, the latter of which was sponsored by the Athenian Society, a literary group. The Indiana Student s appearance on Feb. 22, 1867, was likely not an accident, as its editors might have taken advantage of the pomp associated then with commemorating George Washington s birthday, including a campus tradition whereby students burned their Latin texts of Horace or buried Calculus in late-night ceremonies. Newspaper staff in its early years consisted of editors from the senior class, with junior class members as associates, sophomores serving as office boys, and freshmen relegated to the printer s devil role, doing the mundane and grubby jobs associated with publishing in that era.
Although the first issue of the IU newspaper had lampooned its naming with its fanciful committee, the truth was more prosaic, with Duncan, Richardson and Meredith, joined by three other unnamed students, meeting to come up with a name for their creation. Reminiscing about the newspaper s start, Duncan noted that those gathered puzzled our brains in names beginning with A and running to Z, but no name appeared suitable until the big senior from Cambridge City- Sol Meredith-put his giant intellect to bear on the subject, struck an attitude, and sang out Student - Indiana Student! And so it was christened.
The four-page, three-column, privately owned newspaper struggled to find its way, alternating between monthly and semimonthly publication, and sometimes disappearing for months at a time. It started out under rather unfavorable circumstances, Duncan remembered, but by hard work we managed to make both ends meet, barring a little deficit the members had to foot. But then the honor! Meredith could always be counted on to provide local news, but sometimes he wandered afield in his writing into areas, Duncan noted, not very suitable for a first-class paper. Although Richardson possessed writing ability, and could beat anyone on staff on criticism, said Duncan, he could also be inclined to be sarcastic. As for his own contributions to the Indiana Student, Duncan would only say that they often spurred Cyrus Nutt, the university s fifth president, to invite the young student to his office for a heart-to-heart chat.
Taken over in 1870-71 by the by the Athenian and Philomathean Literary Association, two literary societies, the Indiana Student went out of business in 1874, beset with financial problems and supposed pressure from IU President Lemuel Moss, who believed that IU should be a school of arts and no more. For the next eight years, students had to rely on Bloomington newspapers for news about campus activities. That changed with the arrival of a transfer student from Butler University, Clarence L. Goodwin, who sought to revive a campus newspaper. He partnered in the endeavor with a former IU student, William Julian Bryan, then teaching in Virginia. (Bryan later served as IU president from 1902 to 1937, when he was known as William Lowe Bryan after he and his wife took each other s names following their marriage in 1889.) He brought with him the courage and conviction to start new things, Bryan said of Goodwin. And since reawakening the professional schools would have been a bit out of line for him as a student, he brought baseball, The Student and lecture bureau to the campus. With help from IU librarian William W. Spangler, who served as business manager, the monthly 28-page Student set out to not only provide some means of recording the doings of the alumni, but also provide an esprit de corps to our students which they would not otherwise possess.

William Lowe Bryan s senior portrait, 1884. P0073981, IU Archives .
The paper underwent some rocky times, with ownership changing hands among various editors, as well as being taken over by the IU Lecture Association and the university librarian for a time. The university did finally offer a class in reporting in 1893 taught by professor Martin W. Sampson, with four students being instructed for two hours a week on such subjects as accounts of fires, accidents, crimes; reports of lectures, entertainments, public meetings; interview; study of daily and weekly newspapers. The class had disappeared by 1898. The paper finally was placed on solid footing under the editorship of Salem, Indiana, native Walter H. Crim, who in the fall of 1898 received permission from the IU Board of Trustees to change the name to the Daily Student (It did not become the more familiar Indiana Daily Student until 1914.) and publish it five afternoons a week; printing was done at the Bloomington World-Courier building. In the 1900s, student editors received 15 credit hours for the work, but the university dropped the policy in 1906, and applicants for the job suffered a considerable drop. Journalism courses were again offered at IU in 1908 and were taught by Fred Bates Johnson, a former Indianapolis reporter. At the end of the 1910-11 school year, Joseph W. Piercy, formerly of the University of Washington, came to IU as head of the Department of Journalism. (Piercy retired in 1938 and was succeeded by John E. Stempel, who had worked on the IDS in Pyle s era as a news editor and editor in chief and later served as a copy editor at the New York Sun.)

John Stempel, head of the Department of Journalism from 1938 to 1968, with a portrait of Ernie Pyle in 1953. The two were IDS staff contemporaries; both were editors in chief. P0027093, IU Archives .
On May 5, 1910, after years of squabbling among editors about finances, most of the student and faculty stockholders of the Daily Student donated their holdings to the IU Board of Trustees. By this time, the newspaper had become a laboratory for journalism students, with a cast of rotating editors to provide experience to more students. In September 1914 the operation moved into new headquarters, occupying half of what had been the university s power plant. (After World War II, a Quonset hut provided room for the news staff. The journalism department and newspaper finally moved into Ernie Pyle Hall in 1954.) Four pages of six columns each were published every morning except Sunday; during World War I, to conserve paper and power, the IDS halted publication on Mondays.
By 1920 the IDS added news from the Associated Press, which came every night via a 15-minute phone call from Indianapolis, with full AP service established in 1931. Also in the early 1920s, the newspaper started an Indiana State Fair edition (Pyle served as the first editor in chief), with 10,000 copies printed and distributed free to those attending the goings-on at the fairgrounds in Indianapolis. Reflecting on the publication s centennial in 1967, Marjorie Smith Blewett, a former IDS editor in chief and a 1948 IU graduate, noted that the state fair edition ended due to financial difficulties in 1955, but those who worked on it were fond of recalling the week of dusty typewriters, finding features among the many fair personalities, covering the horse show, and the livestock competitions, watching the style show in the Women s Building, and carrying on a running banter with Purdue students working in that school s building down the street.
Furnishings were by no means plush in the newspaper s editorial offices. Martha Wright Myrick, a 1932 graduate whose father, Joe Wright, helped run the journalism department with Piercy, recalled a cluttered city room equipped with a horseshoe-shaped desk that served as a workspace for the newspaper s rewrite men and headline writers. I remember sitting on those rickety wooden folding chairs in front of an equally rickety typewriter batting out my story for the next after a concert or recital or whatever I had covered that night, she recalled. Students could be interrupted at any time by a faculty member storming into the office to point out an error in someone s copy. Glen Stadler, a 1936 graduate, never forgot one day when J. Wymond French, the newspaper s faculty adviser, burst out of his office to tack on the bulletin board a notice pointing out a gross error: NEVER, NEVER, NEVER write TURN DOWN when you mean REJECT!

Editor-in-Chief Marjorie Jean Smith, later Marjorie Smith Blewett, with Managing Editor Lee Hirsch, 1948. P0030392, IU Archives .
Seeing their byline first appear in print was a cherished memory for many alumni. J. E. O Brien, BA 1937, who went on to work at the Indianapolis Times and Indianapolis News, achieved his first byline as a freshman after receiving a tip from Henrietta Thornton of IU s publicity office. O Brien interviewed Charles Hornbostel, the university s famed middle-distance runner, about one of his ancestors, who had also been a runner. With some trepidation, O Brien took his story to J. Wymond French. He read it without changing a word, marked the paragraphs and penciled my byline atop the story, O Brien recalled. I then asked if I could join the staff. To my surprise, French said I could. O Brien spent three years at the IDS working in a variety of jobs, including editors in chief. His most satisfying one was serving as night editor, as that post selected what stories appeared on the front page and which received the biggest play. Although French never questioned the night editor s news judgment, the marked-up front page he posted on the bulletin board the next morning usually made the night editor wince, remembered O Brien.

A new printing press is set up in 1954 in Ernie Pyle Hall. P0054950, IU Archives .

IDS newsroom in the Quonset Hut, fall 1947. Later generations of staff would remember this space as The Shack. P0024817, IU Archives .
As part of their education under Stempel, Blewett and others on the staff had to learn how to set type by hand. The process seemed almost miraculous to G. Patrick Pat Siddons, who, after serving with the U.S. Army in the Pacific during World War II, had enrolled at Purdue University to study electrical engineering before realizing his writing skills were a better fit for IU. Siddons fondly recalled the heady feeling he got from putting words on paper, the thrill of watching the Linotype operator create words in metal, and of watching that old flat-bed press crank out copies of a paper that actually contained stories I had written. The days of the flatbed press ended in 1964, when the IDS became an offset newspaper. By the middle of the 1970s, computers arrived, and reporters typed their stories on special typewriters before feeding them into a scanner that transferred the information to a digital file on a computer that could then be edited before being sent to the production room for layout. In October 1996 the IDS entered the internet age with the appearance of an online edition.
Among the major changes to the IDS, none may have been bigger than the one that occurred in 1969, when, as part of a change in the curriculum, journalism students were no longer required to work on the newspaper as part of their studies. The IU Board of Trustees also made the newspaper an enterprise of the university-still owned by IU, but without offering financial support. It was a time of activism on campus, said Blewett, who had joined the journalism department in 1965. Everyone was trying to get their hands on it-student government, every kind of side group, every activist group. You really realized how valuable it was when you saw that all those people wanted it . We had to fight to hold on, to mold the paper as an independent paper.
Jack Backer of the Niles (Michigan) Star became IDS publisher in 1969. Dennis Royalty, a 1971 graduate, recalled that Backer often told the staff, Progress is crisis-oriented, and gently pointed out what the fledgling journalists could have done better while championing our success. Backer died from cancer in 1976, and eventually Siddons, who had gone on to become Bloomington bureau chief for the Louisville Courier-Journal, accepted the publisher job and returned to IU in 1978. Siddons said that Backer had put the Daily Student on the lips of all the college media advisers around the country . Jack Backer built the ship. All I had to do was make sure that it was steered in the right direction. He did so until his retirement in 1989.
One of the many lessons Siddons attempted to impart to the IDS staff from the beginning was that you may be young, you may be students, you may be nonprofessionals, you may still be learning the tricks of the trade, but I want this to be as professional a paper as it can possibly be. I think they took pride in seeing how professional that they could make it.
Siddons recalled one occasion with a student reporter who came to him excited that he had a scoop involving an alleged conflict of interest by a university employee. As the newspaper s adviser, Siddons could see no such conflict, and even considered the story possibly libelous. In spite of Siddons concerns, the student seemed determined to proceed and have his article published. I said, That s your prerogative, but will you do me a favor? Siddons recalled. He said, What s that? I said, Would you tell me the day before when it s going to run in the paper so I can resign? Because I don t want to have to defend you in a libel suit. The story never appeared in the IDS.
Controversy, of course, has been part of the IDS since its inception, including angry Iranian students demanding the newspaper drop its AP wire service in favor of Reuters; accusations that the newspaper did not reflect the diversity of the student body; a decision in the early 1980s to halt free distribution in residence halls and switch to all-paid circulation; and the newspaper s move as part of the new IU Media School from Ernie Pyle Hall to Franklin Hall in the summer of 2016.
A year after the move from Pyle Hall, the newspaper underwent two major changes. In the spring of 2017, facing a projected financial loss of $250,000 for the fiscal year, the IDS reduced its print frequency from five days to two days a week, Mondays and Thursdays. While we continue to serve readers and advertisers in print, we have grown and expanded our digital coverage, said Ron Johnson, then-director of IU Student Media-the title now used for publisher of the IDS and the Arbutus yearbook. Our student journalists produce great content, and our goal is to keep evolving to get content where readers and advertisers need it. Additionally, Johnson announced he would resign at the end of the same year, but Media School Dean James Shanahan removed Johnson from his position a month early in a cost-cutting move.

IDS Publisher David Adams with student staff members David De Camp, Amy Wimmer and Dara Kates, 1996. Photo courtesy Amy Wimmer Schwarb .

IDS Director of Student Media Ron Johnson with Spring 2009 IDS Editor-in-Chief Michael Sanserino. Photo by James Brosher .
With all the changes in journalism and at IU since the IDS first appeared in 1867, one thing has remained constant-the dedication of the students who have chosen to work on the newspaper. It has been that way from the Roaring 20s to the internet age. For example, in the spring of 1929, reporters and editors were working on the next day s issue when, at about 10 p.m., the lights in the newsroom went out. The power house, which was right adjacent to the Daily Student office, was on fire, said Robert Pebworth, who worked as the night editor. We went out and by that time, the firefighting equipment had come, and inquiries of what the devil to do.
Eventually, the staff gathered all of the type and moved it to the Bloomington World to be printed. Pebworth recalled that the staff finished making up the paper at 7:30 in the morning and, despite the fire, it was out and delivered by 8:30. We had a sense of a team concept, he said. We came from different backgrounds, with different interests, but we got swept up in trying to put out a good newspaper.
Seventy-nine years later, ano

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