Libraries and Enlightenment
229 pages
English

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229 pages
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Description

During the Enlightenment, other peoples, and also their cultures, were much discussed, with debates often focusing on their value as human beings and the level of tolerance that they were to be granted. Books on 'outer worlds', classified in libraries as historia, were an integral part of these deliberations as they conveyed distinct perceptions of peoples and places to their readers. This book explores how the broader world was presented to a Norwegian audience by means of both statistical analysis of books on 'the other' in Enlightenment libraries and consideration of how peoples were portrayed in bestselling works. Intriguingly, book distribution was very uneven, and the views that the bestsellers promoted were as multifaceted as the Enlightenment itself, with the texts expressing both prejudice and admiration, depending on the identity of the author and thee very context in which they were written.
Part One. The World in Libraries The idea of history The art of classification Inclusions, exclusions and major patterns of book dissemination Worlds nearby and worlds distant Part Two. The World in Books Africa Asia Russia America

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Publié par
Date de parution 30 octobre 2014
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9788771248173
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 42 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,008€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

Exrait

Lîbrarîes and Enîgtenment
Lîbrarîes and Enîgtenment Eîgteent-Century Norwayand te Outer Word
Gîna Da
Aarus Unîversîty Press |a
Lîbrarîes and Enîgtenment © Gîna Da and Aarus Unîversîty Press Typeset by Anette Ryevad, Ryevad GraIsk Cover desîgn by Jørgen Sparre Frontîspîece o Ludvîg Hoberg’sIntroductîon tî de ornemste europæîske Rîgers Hîstorîer, prînted în Copenagen în 1711. Provîded by Te Roya Lîbrary, Denmark. E-book production byNarayana Press, Denmark
ïSBN 978 87 71248173
Aarus Unîversîty Press Langeandsgade 177 DK – 8200 Aarus N www.unîpress.dk
Pubîsed wît te Inancîa support o
he Researc Councî o Norway
ïNTERNATïONAL DïSTRïBUTORS Gazee Book Servîces Ltd. Wîte Cross Mîs Hîgtown, Lancaster, LA1 4XS Unîted Kîngdom www.gazeebookservîces.co.uk
ïSD 70 Enterprîse Drîve Brîsto, CT 06010 USA www.îsdîstrîbutîon.com
Contents
Preace ïntroductîon
Part One he Word în Lîbrarîes
1. he îdea o îstory 2. he art o cassîIcatîon 3. ïncusîons, excusîons and major patterns o book dîssemînatîon 4. Words nearby and words dîstant
Part Two he Word în Books
5. Arîca (Joannes Rask and Georg Høst) 6. Asîa (Carsten Nîebur and Pau Lucas) 7. Russîa (Adam Oearîus, Peter von Haven) 8. Amerîca (Jens Krat, Antonîo de Soís/Bîrgîtte Lange)
Concusîon Bîbîograpy Appendîx ïndex
7 9
29 42
54 69
87 110 139 164
197 205 214 220
Preace
Wîe workîng onBooks în Eary Modern Norway(Brî, 2011), ï became aware o te îg number o books portrayîng non-European peopes and cutures încuded în Norwegîan eîgteent-century book coectîons. Fortunatey, ï was granted a post-doctora scoarsîp by te Researc Councî o Norway, wîc enabed me to punge urter înto te many quîte exotîc books deaîng wît ar away words. Wîe carryîng out tîs researc, ï was attaced to te Depart-ment o Arcaeoogy, Hîstory, Cutura Studîes and Reîgîon, Unîversîty o Bergen, and ï woud îke to tank my coeagues tere or endorsîng my project, wît specîa tanks to Mona Farstad, ïngvîd Gîus, Rîcard Natvîg, Karsteîn Hopand and Lîsbet Mîkaesson wo sowed me partîcuar encouragement. ï’ve aso been greaty înspîred by proessors Nîs Gîje and Carotte Appe, wo deserve my proound gratîtude or a te knowedge tat over te years tey ave wîîngy sared wît me. ï’m aso îndebted to Ursua Pîîps and Rona Jonston Gordon or te varîous types o assîstance tey ave gîven me aong te course o tîs project. Today, ï work at te Regîona State Arcîves o Bergen, were ï ave te peasure o beîng surrounded by knowedgeabe co-workers and an ever-înspîrîng eader, Yngve Nedrebø. Needess to say, ï’m aso îndebted to rîends and amîy, past and present, wo over te years ave supported me and sown înterest or my work. hank you a!
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ïntroductîon
Locatîon îs we estabîsed as a key to prîntîng and book dîstrîbutîon. ïn 2010 te edîtors oGeograpîes o te Book, Mîes Ogborn and Cares Wîters, ooked back to Lucîen Febvre and Henrî-Jean Martîn’sL’Apparîtîon du îvreo 1958 and recaptured ow prîntîng presses spread across western Europe în dîstînct patterns ormed by economîc and poîtîca împetuses înterînked wît 1 te înteectua-reîgîous cîmate(s) o te day. Books, tey argue, can aso be understood în terms o a specîIc geograpy o productîon: prîntîng practîces were oten unstabe processes dependent on oca actors tat încuded te varîous networks o suppy and dîstrîbutîon. he book as îts own geograpy, mapped as we expore not just îts pysîca text wît îts words and sentences, 2 but aso îts paratext, încudîng îts cover, tîte page, and preace.
1
2
Ogborn and Wîters învestîgate te teme ‘geograpy and books’ în Mîes Ogborn and Cares W. J. Wîters (eds.),Geograpîes o te Book (Farnam: Asgate, 2010); see în partîcuar teîr “ïntroductîon: Book Geograpy, Book Hîstory,” 1-25. Wen dîscussîng textua stabîîty, Ogborn and Wîters poînt to te posîtîons o Eîzabet L. Eîsensteîn, wo în er now cassîche Prîntîng Press as an Agent o Cange: Communîcatîons and Cutura Transormatîons în Eary-Modern Europe(Cambrîdge: Cambrîdge Unîversîty Press, 1979) advocates or te revoutîonary împact o prîntîng, and Adrîan Jons, wo în îshe Nature o te Book: Prînt and Knowedge în te Makîng(Cîcago: Unîversîty o Cîcago Press, 1998) poînts to te very înstabîîty o te prîntîng process even ong ater Gutenberg’s înventîon. On te geograpy o te book îtse, Ogborn and Wîters draw our attentîon to Wîîam H. Serman, “On te hresod: Arcîtecture, Paratext, and Eary Prînt Cuture,” înAgent o Cange: Prînt Cuture Studîes ater Eîzabet L. Eîsensteîn, eds. Baron, Lîndquîst and Sevîn (Amerst and Boston: Unîversîty o Massacusetts Press, 2007), 67-81. Here Serman stands în te tradîtîon o Gérard Genette,Paratexts. hresods o Interpretatîon(Cambrîdge: Cambrîdge Unîversîty Press, 1997) and Jerome J. McGann, he Textua Condîtîon(Prînceton: Prînceton Unîversîty Press, 1991). A recent enterprîse tat eaborates on te compex process o bookmakîng îs Rîcard B. Ser’s muc ceebratedhe Enîgtenment & te Book. Scottîs Autors & heîr Pubîsers în Eîgteent-Century Brîtaîn, Ireand & Amerîca(Cîcago & London: Unîversîty o Cîcago Press, 2006). Lîgt îs sed on te reatîonsîp between texts as materîa objects, book cîrcuatîon, and consumptîon as we as on economîc excange byAutorsîp, Commerce and te Pubîc. Scenes o Wrîtîng, 1750-1850(New York: Pagrave Macmîan, 2002) edîted by E. J. Cery, Caroîne Frankîn and Peter Garsîde.
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