DIY Mushroom Cultivation
155 pages
English

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155 pages
English

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Description

Bring mushrooms into your life as you dive into the practice of home-scale mushroom cultivation


  • Offers reliable, low-cost techniques to grow many types of mushrooms at home, in the garden or on the farm using liquid culture techniques and without the need of a dedicated lab space
  • This fully illustrated book covers the mushroom cultivation process from culture creation, spawn production, substrate preparation to fruiting,
  • Includes applications in permaculture, land stewardship, urban farming, medicinal extraction, cooking, and the arts
  • The techniques are applicable year-round, for a variety of people, spaces, climates, budgets and goals.
  • Clear, step-by-step instructions are accompanied by a foundation of theoretical concepts and information to support a holistic understanding of the practice
  • The author has been teaching mushroom cultivation, ecology, identification, foraging, and cooking across North America for over 7 years
  • The author serves on the Education Committee of the Vancouver Mycological Society
  • Intended audience: those involved in permaculture, land stewardship, urban farming, cooking, natural medicine, the arts, and more

"Offering clear and comprehensive instructions for low-tech growing for a range of budgets, interests, and scales, this book offers practical inspiration and a sense that "hey, I can do this!"

–— DANIELLE STEVENSON, owner, DIY Fungi

DIY Mushroom Cultivation is full of proven, reliable, low-cost techniques for home-scale cultivation that eliminate the need for a clean-air lab space to grow various mushrooms and their mycelium.


Beautiful full-color photos and step-by-step instructions accompany a foundation of mushroom biology and ecology to support a holistic understanding of the practice. Growing techniques are applicable year-round, for any space from house to apartment, and for any climate, budget, or goal. Techniques include:


  • Setting up a home growing space

  • Inexpensive, simple DIY equipment

  • Culture creation from mushroom tissue or spores

  • Growing and using liquid cultures and grain spawn

  • Growing mushrooms on waste streams Indoor fruiting

  • Outdoor mushroom gardens and logs

  • Harvesting, processing, tinctures, and cooking.


Whether you hunt mushrooms or dream about growing and working with them but feel constrained by a small living space, DIY Mushroom Cultivation is the ideal guide for getting started in the fascinating and delicious world of fungiculture.


Acknowledgments

Introduction
Mushrooms and Humans: Past, Present, and Future
A Bit about Me and My Approach to Mushroom Cultivation

1 Mushroom Basics
What Are Mushrooms?
Mushrooms in Ecosystems
What Mushrooms Need to Survive and Thrive

2 Overview of the Cultivation Process
Cultivation Flow
Preparation

3 Workspaces, Tools, and Equipment
Lab Infrastructure and Aseptic Transfer Spaces: Flow Hoods, Still Air Boxes, and More
The Lab Environment and Tools
Where to Inoculate Bulk Substrates
Where to Incubate Growing Mycelium
Fruiting Space: Factors to Consider
Options for Home-Scale Fruiting Chambers
Environmental Control in Fruiting Spaces
Other Spaces

4 Sanitation and Techniques to Avoid Contamination
Vectors of Contamination and Management Strategies
Common Contaminants: Recognition and Management

5 Starting and Maintaining Cultures
Get Cultured
Liquid Culture
Agar Culture
Long-Term Culture Storage Methods

6 Making and Using Grain Spawn
Making Grain Spawn
Using Grain Spawn

7 Fruiting Substrate Formulation and Preparation
Containers for Mycelial Growth and Fruiting
The Substrates
     Substrate Treatments
     Sterilization
     Pasteurization and Alternatives

8 Outdoor Growing and Mushroom Gardening
Growing Mushrooms on Logs and Stumps
Mushroom Beds
Next-Level Applications

9 Harvest, Processing, and Use
When and How to Harvest
Basic Cooking Techniques
Preservation Methods
Mushrooms and Mycelium for Medicine

In Conclusion: Substrate for Thought—Toward Further Applications
Mycopermaculture
Mycoremediation on a Home Scale
Mycoarts and Fungi as Functional Materials
Community-Based Cultivation Efforts

Appendix 1: Species Profiles
Agrocybe aegerita— Pioppino
Coprinus comatus—Shaggy Mane
Cordyceps militaris—Caterpillar Fungus
Flammulina velutipes and allies—Enoki
Ganoderma lucidum and allies—Reishi
Hericium species—Lion's Mane and allies
Hypsizygus tessulatus—Shimeji
H. ulmarius—Elm Oysters
Lentinula edodes—Shiitake
Pholiota nameko and allies—Nameko
Pleurotus species—Oyster Mushrooms
Stropharia rugoso-annulata—Wine Cap
Trametes versicolor—Turkey Tail

Appendix 2: Resources
General
Annual Mycology Gatherings

Bibliography
Index
About the Author and Illustrator
A note about the publisher

Sujets

Informations

Publié par
Date de parution 16 juillet 2019
Nombre de lectures 2
EAN13 9781771422840
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 9 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,1500€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

Extrait

Praise for DIY Mushroom Cultivation
DIY Mushroom Cultivation is a valuable resource for anyone wanting to begin or advance their mushroom cultivation practice. Offering clear and comprehensive instructions for low-tech growing for a range of budgets, interests and scales, this book offers practical inspiration and a sense that: hey, I can do this! Willoughby has a refreshingly warm way of communicating about the art and science of mushroom cultivation, which welcomes the reader into a community of delight and appreciation of the fungi and the many ways we can work with them to support human and ecological health and well-being.
DANIELLE STEVENSON owner, DIY Fungi
With hands of an artist, eyes of an ecologist, and the heart of a deeply connected human, Willoughby brings the practical and joyful together through the science and wonder of mycology. This volume on mushroom cultivation is an invitation to read and share in community to grow not only mushrooms, but our true earthly relationships.
NANCE KLEHM Director of Social Ecologies, and author, The Ground Rules and The Soil Keepers: Conversations with Practitioners on the Ground Beneath Our Feet
Willoughby s unique combination of talent, passion, and experience growing and cooking mushrooms has produced this beautiful and informative contribution. Well done, Mycology Maestro!
ROBERT ROGERS author, The Fungal Pharmacy
It is simply a fact that as the horrors of climate change descend upon us, ecosystem regeneration will become our overarching drive. Then, finally, we will seek advice and assistance from our beloved ancestors, the forest fungi. Ever forgiving, they will supply our indoor protein, nurture our new forests, financially support our drawdown effort, and mend our damaged world. This delightful book gets all that started in clear language and beautiful illustrations, at home scale and low budget, one new mushroom grower at a time.
ALBERT BATES owner, Mushroom People, North America s oldest mushroom tools supply company, and author, The Biochar Solution .
DIY Mushroom Cultivation by Willoughby Arevalo is a great book for those looking to dig deeper into the powerful world of mushroom cultivation and appreciation. Willoughby s knowledge, passion, and sincere love for fungi makes this book a wonderful, accessible, and informative read. The book provides a solid foundation for inspiring and empowering individuals and communities to grow mushrooms for food, healing, and remediation.
LEILA DARWISH author, Earth Repair: A Grassroots Guide to Healing Toxic and Damaged Landscapes
Fun to read and easy to digest, this guide is both practical and inspirational. There are few people in our modern society that have the kind of deep connection with the fungal realm as Willoughby Arevalo-the mushrooms actually speak through him. Both experienced and novice mushroom growers will enjoy the adventure and grow their skills.
MAYA ELSON mycologist and Santa Cruz Program Director, Wild Child Free School

Copyright 2019 by Willoughby Arevalo.
All rights reserved.
Cover design by Diane McIntosh.
Cover image: Nameko Mushrooms Anne Murphy
Back cover images: Upper and Lower Left Ja Schindler; Right Willoughby Arevalo.
Interior design by Setareh Ashrafologhalai
Illustrations by Carmen Elisabeth Olson
Printed in Canada. First printing June 2019.
LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA CATALOGUING IN PUBLICATION
Title: DIY mushroom cultivation : growing mushrooms at home for food, medicine, and soil / Willoughby Arevalo.
Other titles: Do it yourself mushroom cultivation
Names: Arevalo, Willoughby, 1983- author. | Olson, Carmen Elisabeth, illustrator.
Description: Illustrations by Carmen Elisabeth Olson. | Includes bibliographical references and index.
Identifiers: Canadiana (print) 20190092696 | Canadiana (ebook) 2019009270X | ISBN 9780865718951 (softcover) | ISBN 9781550926880 ( PDF ) | ISBN 9781771422840 ( EPUB )
Subjects: LCSH : Mushroom culture-Handbooks, manuals, etc. | LCSH : Edible mushrooms-Handbooks, manuals, etc. | LCGFT : Handbooks and manuals.
Classification: LCC SB 353.A74 2019 | DDC 635/.8-dc23
This book is intended to be educational and informative. It is not intended to serve as a guide. The author and publisher disclaim all responsibility for any liability, loss or risk that may be associated with the application of any of the contents of this book.
Inquiries regarding requests to reprint all or part of DIY Mushroom Cultivation should be addressed to New Society Publishers at the address below. To order directly from the publishers, please call toll-free (North America) 1-800-567-6772, or order online at www.newsociety.com
Any other inquiries can be directed by mail to:
New Society Publishers
P.O. Box 189, Gabriola Island, BC V0R 1X0 , Canada
(250) 247-9737

New Society Publishers mission is to publish books that contribute in fundamental ways to building an ecologically sustainable and just society, and to do so with the least possible impact on the environment, in a manner that models this vision.
DANIELLE STEVENSON
CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
INTRODUCTION
Mushrooms and Humans: Past, Present, and Future
A Bit about Me and My Approach to Mushroom Cultivation
1 MUSHROOM BASICS
What Are Mushrooms?
Mushrooms in Ecosystems
What Mushrooms Need to Survive and Thrive
2 OVERVIEW OF THE CULTIVATION PROCESS
Cultivation Flow
Preparation
3 WORKSPACES, TOOLS, AND EQUIPMENT
Lab Infrastructure and Aseptic Transfer Spaces: Flow Hoods, Still Air Boxes, and More
The Lab Environment and Tools
Where to Inoculate Bulk Substrates
Where to Incubate Growing Mycelium
Fruiting Space: Factors to Consider
Options for Home-Scale Fruiting Chambers
Environmental Control in Fruiting Spaces
Other Spaces
4 SANITATION AND TECHNIQUES TO AVOID CONTAMINATION
Vectors of Contamination and Management Strategies
Common Contaminants: Recognition and Management
5 STARTING AND MAINTAINING CULTURES
Get Cultured
Liquid Culture
Agar Culture
Long-Term Culture Storage Methods
6 MAKING AND USING GRAIN SPAWN
Making Grain Spawn
Using Grain Spawn
7 FRUITING SUBSTRATE FORMULATION AND PREPARATION
Containers for Mycelial Growth and Fruiting
The Substrates
Substrate Treatments
Sterilization
Pasteurization and Alternatives
8 OUTDOOR GROWING AND MUSHROOM GARDENING
Growing Mushrooms on Logs and Stumps
Mushroom Beds
Next-Level Applications
9 HARVEST, PROCESSING, AND USE
When and How to Harvest
Basic Cooking Techniques
Preservation Methods
Mushrooms and Mycelium for Medicine
IN CONCLUSION: SUBSTRATE FOR THOUGHT-TOWARD FURTHER APPLICATIONS
Mycopermaculture
Mycoremediation on a Home Scale
Mycoarts and Fungi as Functional Materials
Community-Based Cultivation Efforts
APPENDIX 1: SPECIES PROFILES
Agrocybe aegerita -Pioppino
Coprinus comatus -Shaggy Mane
Cordyceps militaris -Caterpillar Fungus
Flammulina velutipes and allies-Enoki
Ganoderma lucidum and allies-Reishi
Hericium species-Lion s Mane and allies
Hypsizygus tessulatus -Shimeji and H. ulmarius -Elm Oysters
Lentinula edodes -Shiitake
Pholiota nameko and allies-Nameko
Pleurotus species-Oyster Mushrooms
Stropharia rugoso-annulata -Wine Cap
Trametes versicolor -Turkey Tail
APPENDIX 2: RESOURCES
General
Annual Mycology Gatherings
BIBLIOGRAPHY
INDEX
ABOUT THE AUTHOR AND ILLUSTRATOR
A NOTE ABOUT THE PUBLISHER
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


Homegrown nameko mushrooms. WILLOUGHBY AREVALO
W ITH LOVE AND gratitude I recognize the network of heart-forward and hopeful mushroom people who have helped me on my journey and been such good friends, collaborators, and colleagues, including but not limited to: Max Kirchgasser for your companionship and generous help with cultivation projects through my writing process; Mike Egan and Mycality Mushrooms; Max Brotman and Claire Brown; Danielle Stevenson and DIY Fungi; Leila Darwish; Olga Tzogas, Rebar, and The Mycelium Underground/Smugtown Mushrooms; Nance Klehm and The Ground Rules; Maya Elson, Mia Maltz and CoRenewal, Lexie Gropper and Amisacho; Robert Rogers; Ja Schindler, Val Nguyen, and Fungi for the People; Michael Hathaway and the Matsutake Worlds Research Group; Kaitlin Bryson; Nina O Malley, Charlie Aller, and Mush Luv; Mara Penfil and Female and Fungi; Peter McCoy and Radical Mycology; Jason Leane and All the Mushrooms; Ava Arvest, Raskal Turbeville, and Myco-Uprrhizal; the Mushroom Man Scott Henderson; Octavio Perez Ortiz and Senguihongo; Dallas Lawlor and Northside Fungi Farm; Ray and Patty Lanier and Mushroom Maestros; Willie Crosby and Fungi Ally; Geoffroy Grignon and Champignons Maison/Myc lium Rem dium; Philip Zoghibi; Mycollectif; Xiaojing Yan; Ionatan Waisgluss and Vegetation Station; Theo Rosenfeld and Wildwood Ecology Labs; Nadine Simpson; the online mushroom community; all my cultivation students and teacher s assistants; Paul Kroeger and all my friends and colleagues in the Vancouver Mycological Society; the Humboldt Bay Mycological Society; and my teacher Dr. Terry Henkel and early mentor Dr. David Largent.
To my beloved family for the love and support: Isabelle, Uma, Mom, Dad, Julie, Sylvan and Dillon, Chantal and Michel, Lorenza and family, Aunt Jenny, and the Ar valo, Alden, Van Acker, Seck, Kirouac, and Lemay families.
To Carmen Elisabeth for the enduring friendship and amazing illustrations;

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