Saunders Math Skills for Health Professionals - E-Book
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Description

Master math principles and see how they apply to patient care! Saunders Math Skills for Health Professionals, 2nd Edition reviews and simplifies the everyday math skills you need to succeed as a healthcare professional. Practical examples show how to solve problems step by step, and clarify fundamental math principles including fractions and percentages, ratios and proportions, basic algebra, and statistics. Written by expert educator Rebecca Hickey, this edition adds a chapter on solutions and IV calculations and even more practice problems with step-by-step solutions. No other textbook makes math so friendly and so accessible!

  • A workbook format lets you solve problems as you review the material.
  • UNIQUE! Full-color design highlights key information and fully illustrates examples such as how to set up problems, the different parts of equations, and how to move decimal points.
  • Learning objectives follow Bloom’s taxonomy, highlight the key topics in each chapter, and explain their importance in patient care.
  • Chapter Outlines and Chapter Overviews serve as a framework for each chapter and explain why it is important to understand the material presented.
  • EXPANDED! Example problems in each chapter use a step-by-step method for solving problems.
  • Master the Skill boxes provide quizzes that let you assess your knowledge of the information in each chapter.
  • Key terms that explain mathematical computations are bolded at first mention in the text and defined in the glossary.
  • Spiral binding with plenty of white space allows you to write out your answers and work through problems in the book.
  • NEW! Solutions and IV Calculations chapter includes topics seen in chemistry, such as calculations for IV solutions and drip rate conversions, duration and total volume of solutions, and discussions on solutes, solvents, logarithms, and pH conversions.
  • NEW! Additional content includes the translation of orders written with abbreviations, use of mercury thermometers, problems involving I&O, and reading and writing prescriptions.
  • NEW word problems include more Practice the Skill and more Building Confidence with the Skill exercises, helping you apply abstract mathematical concepts to real-world situations.
  • NEW! More focus on graph charting is provided throughout the book.
  • NEW! More Math in the Real World boxes take information that you use in your everyday life and demonstrate how the same concept can be applied in health care.

Sujets

Informations

Publié par
Date de parution 06 mai 2015
Nombre de lectures 5
EAN13 9780323327299
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 5 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,4632€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

Extrait

Saunders Math Skills for Health Professionals
SECOND EDITION
Rebecca Wallace Hickey, RN, MEd, AHI
Secondary Health Tech Instructor
Butler Technology and Career Development Schools
Hamilton, Ohio
Adjunct Professor, Allied Health
University of Cincinnati-Blue Ash Campus
Cincinnati, Ohio
Table of Contents
Cover image
Title page
Inside front cover
Mathematical Properties
Order of Operation
Positive and Negative Numbers for Multiplication
Copyright
Dedication
Contributors and Reviewers
Preface for Students
Preface for Instructors
Acknowledgments
Chapter 1 Basic Math Review
Review of Basic Mathematical Operations
Positive and Negative Numbers
Exponents
Parentheses
Order of Operations
Factoring
Conclusion
Chapter 2 Roman Numerals, Military Time, and Graphs
Review of Roman Numerals
Military Time
Rounding Numbers
Graphs
Circle and Bar Graphs
Measurement Graphs
Conclusion
Chapter 3 Fractions
Understanding Fractions
Addition and Subtraction of Fractions
Multiplication and Division of Fractions
Conclusion
Chapter 4 Word Problems, Percentages, and Decimals
Understanding Word Problems
How to Solve a Word Problem
Decimals
Percentages
Finding the Percentage of a Number
Conversion between Fractions, Percentages, and Decimals
Conclusion
Chapter 5 Ratios and Proportions
Ratio
Proportion
Conclusion
Chapter 6 General Accounting
Insurance
Cash Drawer, Day Sheets, Ledger Cards, and Petty Cash
Computing Wages
Purchase Order
Conclusion
Chapter 7 The Metric System
Prefixes and Base Units (Word Roots)
Conversion of Measurements in the Metric System
Conclusion
Chapter 8 US Customary Units and the Apothecary System
Apothecary System
US Customary System (Household Measurements) and Avoirdupois System
Conclusion
Chapter 9 Application of Measurement and Dose Conversion
Common Abbreviations Used in the Health Care Field
Interpretation of Physician's Orders
Conversion between Metric, Apothecary, and US Customary (Household Measurements) Systems
Conversion between Fahrenheit and Celsius Temperatures
Conclusion
Chapter 10 Power of 10
Power of 10
Multiplication and Division by the Power of 10
Significant Figures
Standard Scientific Notation
Computations with Calculators
Conclusion
Chapter 11 Algebraic Equations and Introduction to Statistics
Like Terms
Solving Equations
Solve Literal Equations for One Variable
Arithmetic Average and Mean
Median
Mode
Data Types
Obtaining Samples
Probability
Basic Statistics
Conclusion
Chapter 12 Solutions and IV Calculations
Solutions
Concentrations
Tonicity
Measuring Concentration
Chemistry Concentrations
Changing Concentrations
Intravenous (IV) and Flow Rate
Intake and Output Graphs
Conclusion
Appendix Answers to Odd-Numbered Practice the Skill and Building Confidence with the Skill Questions
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11
Chapter 12
Glossary
Index
Inside Back Cover
Inside front cover

TEMPERATURE CONVERSION

Celsius = ( F 32 ) 5 9

Fahrenheit = 9 5 ( C + 32 )
= 1.8 Celsius = (F 32) 1.8 Fahrenheit = (C 1.8) + 32

Mathematical Properties

Associative Property of Addition: The sum stays the same when the grouping of addends is changed.
Associative Property of Multiplication: The product stays the same when the grouping of factors is changed.
Commutative Property of Addition: The sum stays the same when the order of the addends is changed.
Commutative Property of Multiplication: The product stays the same when the order of the factors is changed.
Distributive Property: When one of the factors of a product is written as a sum, multiplying each addend before adding does not change the product.

Order of Operation
PLEASE EXCUSE MY DEAR AUNT SALLY
Parentheses, Exponents, Multiplication, Division, Addition, and Subtraction
Kings Have Dragons Because Dragons Melt Marshmallows
Kilo, Heclto, Deka, Base, Deci, Centi, Milli, Micro

Positive and Negative Numbers for Multiplication

Positive number Positive number = Positive number
Negative number Negative number = Positive number
Positive number Negative number = Negative number

APOTHECARY-TO-METRIC CONVERSION Apothecary Metric Metric grain 30 mg 1 grain 60 mg 15 grains 1,000 mg 1 gram (G) 2.2 pounds 1,000 G 1 kilogram

METRIC EQUIVALENTS FREQUENTLY USED IN HEALTH CARE Metric Apothecary U.S. Customary (Household Measurements) 1 minim * 1 gtt 1 ml 15 minims 15 gtt 5 ml 1 tsp 15 ml 3 tsp 1 Tbsp oz 30 ml 6 tsp 2 Tbsp 1 oz 240 ml 8 oz 8 oz 500 ml 16 oz 16 oz 1 pt 1,000 ml 32 oz 32 oz 1 liter 2 pt 1 qt 4 liters 128 oz 1 gallon 4 qt 2.5 cm 1 inch 1 inch 1 decimeter 4 inches 1 meter 39 inches 1 km 0.6 mile 1 mg grain 30 mg grain 60 mg 1 grain 1 gram 15 grains tsp 4 grams 60 grains 1 tsp 15 grams 1 Tbsp 30 grams 2 Tbsp 1 oz 1 kg 2.2 pounds

* Minims and grains are not commonly used in pharmaceutical preparations.

Cubic centimeter (cc) and milliliter (ml) are equal measurements; ml is the common measurement in health care practice.
Data from Mulholland JM: The nurse, the math, the meds: Drug calculations using dimentional analysis, St. Louis, 2007, Mosby, and Fulcher RM. Fulcher EM: Math calculations for pharmacy technicians: A worktext, St. Louis, 2007, Saunders.

ABBREVIATIONS COMMONLY USED BY LABORATORY AND NURSING HEALTH CARE WORKERS Abbreviation Meaning BM Bowel movement CBC Complete blood count CMP Comprehensive metabolic panel FBS Fasting blood sugar Hct Hematocrit Hgb Hemoglobin H/H Hemoglobin and hematocrit Plat. Platelets WBC White blood count

COMPARISON OF ROMAN AND ARABIC NUMERALS Roman Numeral Arabic Numeral I 1 V 5 X 10 L 50 C 100 D 500 M 1,000
Data from Mulholland JM: The nurse, the math, the meds: Drug calculations using dimentional analysis, St. Louis, 2007, Mosby, and Fulcher RM. Fulcher EM: Math calculations for pharmacy technicians: A worktext, St. Louis, 2007, Saunders.

MILITARY TIME CONVERSION
a.m. Military Time p.m. Military Time 12:00 a.m. 2400/0000 12:00 p.m. 1200 1:00 a.m. 0100 1:00 p.m. 1300 2:00 a.m. 0200 2:00 p.m. 1400 3:00 a.m. 0300 3:00 p.m. 1500 4:00 a.m. 0400 4:00 p.m. 1600 5:00 a.m. 0500 5:00 p.m. 1700 6:00 a.m. 0600 6:00 p.m. 1800 7:00 a.m. 0700 7:00 p.m. 1900 8:00 a.m. 0800 8:00 p.m. 2000 9:00 a.m. 0900 9:00 p.m. 2100 10:00 a.m. 1000 10:00 p.m. 2200 11:00 a.m. 1100 11:00 p.m. 2300
Copyright

3251 Riverport Lane
St. Louis, Missouri 63043
SAUNDERS MATH SKILLS FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONALS, EDITION 2 ISBN: 978-0-323-32248-5
Copyright 2016, 2010 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Details on how to seek permission, further information about the Publisher's permissions policies and our arrangements with organizations such as the Copyright Center and the Copyright Licensing Agency, can be found at our website: www.elsevier.com/permissions .
This book and the individual contributions contained in it are protected under copyright by the Publisher (other than as may be noted herein).

Notices
Knowledge and best practice in this field are constantly changing. As new research and experience broaden our understanding, changes in research methods, professional practices, or medical treatment may become necessary.
Practitioners and researchers must always rely on their own experience and knowledge in evaluating and using any information, methods, compounds, or experiments described herein. In using such information or methods they should be mindful of their own safety and the safety of others, including parties for whom they have a professional responsibility.
With respect to any drug or pharmaceutical products identified, readers are advised to check the most current information provided (i) on procedures featured or (ii) by the manufacturer of each product to be administered, to verify the recommended dose or formula, the method and duration of administration, and contraindications. It is the responsibility of practitioners, relying on their own experience and knowledge of their patients, to make diagnoses, to determine dosages and the best treatment for each individual patient, and to take all appropriate safety precautions.
To the fullest extent of the law, neither the Publisher nor the authors, contributors, or editors, assume any liability for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any methods, products, instructions, or ideas contained in the material herein.
The Publisher
Previous edition copyrighted 2010
International Standard Book Number: 978-0-323-32248-5
Executive Content Strategist: Kellie White
Content Development Manager: Billi

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