Herman Dooyeweerd
276 pages
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276 pages
English

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Description

The twentieth-century Dutch philosopher Herman Dooyeweerd (1894–1977) left behind an impressive canon of philosophical works and has continued to influence a scholarly community in Europe and North America, which has extended, critiqued, and applied his thought in many academic fields. Jonathan Chaplin introduces Dooyeweerd for the first time to many English readers by critically expounding Dooyeweerd’s social and political thought and by exhibiting its pertinence to contemporary civil society debates.

Chaplin begins by contextualizing Dooyeweerd’s thought, first in relation to present-day debates and then in relation to the work of the Dutch philosopher Abraham Kuyper (1837–1920). Chaplin outlines the distinctive theory of historical and cultural development that serves as an essential backdrop to Dooyeweerd’s substantive social philosophy; examines Dooyeweerd’s notion of societal structural principles; and sets forth his complex classification of particular types of social structure and their various interrelationships. Chaplin provides a detailed examination of Dooyeweerd’s theory of the state, its definitive nature, and its proper role vis-à-vis other elements of society. Dooyeweerd’s contributions, Chaplin concludes, assist us in mapping the ways in which state and civil society should be related to achieve justice and the public good.


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Publié par
Date de parution 15 février 2016
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9780268077129
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 2 Mo

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Extrait

HERMAN DOOYEWEERD
Christian Philosopher of State and Civil Society
JONATHAN CHAPLIN
University of Notre Dame Press
Notre Dame, Indiana
Copyright © 2011 by the University of Notre Dame
Notre Dame, Indiana 46556
www.undpress.nd.edu
All Rights Reserved
E-ISBN 978-0-268-07712-9
This e-Book was converted from the original source file by a third-party vendor. Readers who notice any formatting, textual, or readability issues are encouraged to contact the publisher at ebooks@nd.edu Manufactured in the United States of America Paperback edition published in 2016 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Chaplin, Jonathan. Herman Dooyeweerd: Christian philosopher of state and civil society / Jonathan Chaplin. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references (p.) and index. ISBN-13: 978-0-268-02305-8 (cloth: alk. paper) — ISBN-10: 0-268-02305-0 (cloth: alk. paper) ISBN-13: 978-0-268-02312-6 (pbk: alk. paper) — ISBN-10: 0-268-02312-3 (pbk: alk. paper) 1. Dooyeweerd, H. (Herman), 1894–1977—Political and social views. 2. State, The. 3. Civil society. 4. Political science—Philosophy. I. Title. JC259.D66C43 2010 320.092—dc22 2010024328 ∞ The paper in this book meets the guidelines for permanence and durability of the Committee on Production Guidelines for Book Longevity of the Council on Library Resources. -->
CONTENTS
Acknowledgments
Introduction
ONE . Christianity, Civil Society, and Pluralism
Bringing Civil Society Back In
Bringing Christianity Back into Civil Society
Bringing Civil Society Back into Pluralism
TWO . Dooyeweerd in Context
Calvinism, Modernity, and Pluralism
From “Calvinist” to “Christian” Philosophy
A Guide to This Book
THREE . Religion and Philosophy
The Necessity of Religious Presuppositions
The Biblical Ground Motive
Foundational Philosophical Ideas: Meaning, Time, Law
FOUR . Plurality, Identity, Interrelationship
Modality and Analogy
Laws and Norms
Individuality
Interlacement
FIVE . A Philosophy of Cultural Development
Human Normative Disclosure
Integration and Differentiation
Critique and Clarification
SIX . A Philosophy of Social Pluralism
The Identity of Social Structures
A Critical Reformulation
SEVEN . A Medley of Social Structures
Categories of Social Structure
Enkaptic Social Relationships
Pluralism, Individualism, and Universalism
EIGHT . The Identity of the State
Political Philosophy in Crisis
Power in Service of Justice
NINE . The Just State
Law and Justice
Spheres of Justice
The State’s Sphere of Justice
Constitutional Democracy
TEN . An Active, Limited State
The Meaning of Public Justice
The Task of the State
ELEVEN . Civil Society and Christian Pluralism
What Is Civil Society?
What Is Civil Society For? Three Models Assessed
Epilogue: Religious Discourse in State and Civil Society
Appendix 1. Dooyewerd’s Conception of the Task of Social Philosophy
Appendix 2. Dooyeweerd on Natural Law and Legal Positivism
Notes
Bibliography Index 442 -->
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
The unusually long gestation period this book has undergone has meant that in writing it I have incurred more debts than I can possibly record here (or even remember). I am very grateful to Nicholas Wolterstorff, whose comments on the manuscript were most helpful in improving its flow (but who bears no responsibility for any of its remaining defects). I profited from the advice of an anonymous reviewer who rightly pressed me to try to make Dooyeweerd’s thought as clear as possible to someone unfamiliar with his work. Readers in that category will be the judge of how well I have succeeded. Students at the Institute for Christian Studies, Adam Smith, Mike De Moor, and especially Murray Johnston, provided valuable assistance in the preparation of the manuscript. Chuck van Hof, senior editor at the University of Notre Dame Press, has been consistent in his encouragement and showed me far more patience than I deserved. I am also very grateful to his editorial and production colleagues at the Press for their meticulous and professional work on the text.
My work on Dooyeweerd’s social and political thought began when I was a graduate student at the Institute for Christian Studies (ICS) in the early 1980s. Participating in Bernard Zylstra’s reading group on the third volume of Dooyeweerd’s A New Critique of Theoretical Thought was a remarkable privilege. There could have been no better introduction to Dooyeweerd’s writings than Bernard’s unique combination of meticulous, critical line-by-line analysis and wide-angled historical and cultural contextualization. He was one of only nine doctoral students supervised by Dooyeweerd himself. His untimely passing in 1986 deprived the academy of a foremost interpreter of Dooyeweerd.
Bernard’s colleague Paul Marshall showed me how Dooyeweerd’s political thought can not only speak insightfully to key issues in contemporary political theory but also inform and inspire responses to pressing practical issues of justice. Other ICS faculty from those years, especially Albert Wolters, Hendrik Hart, Calvin Seerveld, and George Vandervelde, were also formative in my appreciation of Dooyeweerd’s philosophy and the distinctive stream of Protestant thought from which it emerged.
It was an honor to be the first holder of the Dooyeweerd Chair in Social and Political Philosophy at ICS from 2004 to 2006, a post established as a result of the vision and generosity of Magnus Verbrugge, Dooyeweerd’s son-in-law. The opportunity afforded by that position was of great help in bringing the manuscript to completion. I much regret that Magnus did not live to see the book in print, but I hope his wife, Maria, and their family will receive it as a tribute to Magnus’s lifelong commitment to honoring the remarkable legacy of Maria’s father. I am also grateful to Maria for permission to use Magnus’s portrait of Dooyeweerd on the front cover.
Over many years I have learned a great deal about Dooyeweerd’s thought and its contemporary relevance from the writings of and from conversations with James Skillen (former president of the Center for Public Justice), who wrote the first doctoral thesis in English on Dooyeweerd’s political thought. Conversations with John Hiemstra have been consistently instructive on the application of Dooyeweerd’s ideas to public policy questions. The exemplary efforts of Gerald Vandezande (formerly of Citizens for Public Justice) to put the principle of “public justice” to practical work in the nitty-gritty of Canadian politics will always remain an inspiration. Even if he doesn’t read every line of this book, I hope he at least enjoys the epilogue.
I have drawn on the work of many Dooyeweerd scholars in the Netherlands associated with the Vrije Universitieit van Amsterdam (now oddly renamed VU University Amsterdam) and the Association for Reformational Philosophy, including Bob Goudzwaard, Henk Geerstema, Henk Woldring, Govert Buijs, and Cees Klop. Sander Griffioen, especially, has not only taught me much about Dooyeweerd’s social philosophy (and a bit about Chinese philosophy) but also become a valued friend and colleague. It has been a particular pleasure to explore ecumenical convergences between Neo-Calvinist and Catholic social thought with several North American scholars, especially Kenneth Grasso and Jeanne Heffernan Schindler. I remain grateful for scholarly guidance and advice in the early years of this project to John Morrell and Ernest Thorpe, my doctoral supervisors at the London School of Economics and Political Science, and to Anthony Black at Dundee University, a leading specialist on associational political theory.
Those of my former ICS graduate students on whom I inflicted Dooyeweerd’s writings were more helpful to this project than they realized at the time. Formal conversations in class and less guarded ones in Einstein’s pub in the basement of 229 College Street, Toronto, were, respectively, stimulating and usefully diverting. Thanks especially to Chris Bosch, Robert Brink, Peter Dale, Ken Dam, Mike De Moor, Brian Dijkema, Sam Gassanov, Sara Gerritsma, Dmytro Hys, Russ Kuykendall, Mark Miller, Peter Noteboom, Daniel Sem, Adam Smith, Shin Toyokawa, and Chris Miller, whose tragic passing in 2009 took a dear friend from many associated with ICS and cut short an extremely promising academic career.
Numerous other friends and past and present colleagues have in various ways—sometimes without knowing or even intending it—enriched my understanding of Dooyeweerd’s social and political thought. I am especially grateful to Richard Russell, who first put Dooyeweerd’s writings into my hands and explained their unique importance and so must shoulder some the blame for what I did with them. Alan and Elaine Storkey were early (and are continuing) role models in how to use them creatively. Thanks also to Doug Blomberg, Elaine Botha, Paul Brink, Stanley Carlson-Thies, Bruce Clemenger, Roy Clouser, Adolfo García de la Sienra, Peter Heslam, Harry Kits, Robert Joustra, David Koyzis, Keith Pavlischek, Timothy Sherratt, Gideon Strauss, Bob Sweetman, Brian Walsh, and Lambert Zuidervaart.
INTRODUCTION
This book introduces a distinctive Christian philosophical approach to the question of the relationship between the polity and the plural institutions of “civil society.” This approach was developed by the twentieth-century Dutch Protestant thinker Herman Dooyeweerd (1894–1977), a remarkable and original philosopher and the most influential intellectual successor to the nineteenth-century Calvinist theologian and statesman, Abraham K

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