Sword of the Lord, The
313 pages
English

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313 pages
English
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The Sword of the Lord is the first book to examine military chaplains and the development of the military chaplaincy across history and geography—from the first to the twenty-first century, from Europe to North America. The scope of this work reveals the astonishing fact that the military chaplaincy has existed in a recognizable form for more than 1,600 years. Contributors analyze specific historical moments in the development of the chaplaincy, beginning in antiquity and progressing through the Crusades, the English Civil War, the American Civil War, both World Wars, and the Vietnam War.

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Publié par
Date de parution 15 octobre 2020
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9780268048839
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 7 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,1150€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

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SWOR DLORD TH E OF TH E
CR I T I C A LPI NRO B L E M S HI S TO RY
The University of Notre Dame Press gratefully acknowledges the generous support of the Dilenschneider family in the publication of titles in this series.
SWORDOF THLORD THE E
Military Chaplains from the First to the Twenty-First Century
edited by DORISL. BERGEN
University of Notre Dame Press
Notre Dame, Indiana
University ofNotre Dame฀Press Notre Dame, Indiana46556 www.undpress.nd.edu All Rights Reserved
Copyright ©2004by University ofNotre Dame Published in the United States ofAmerica
Reprinted in 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011,฀2012,฀2014
This฀ebook฀has฀been฀made฀possible฀in฀part฀by฀a฀major฀grant฀ from฀the฀National฀Endowment฀for฀the฀Humanities:฀Exploring฀ the฀human฀endeavor.฀Any฀views,฀findings,฀conclusions,฀or฀ recommendations฀expressed฀in฀this฀book฀do฀not฀necessarily฀ represent฀those฀of฀the฀National฀Endowment฀for฀the฀ Humanities.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
The sword of the lord : military chaplains from the first to the twenty-first century / edited by Doris L. Bergen. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ฀13:฀ 978-0-268-02175-7฀(cloth : alk. paper)  13: 978-0-268-02176-4(pbk. : alk. paper) ฀13:฀978-0-268-04883-9฀(web฀pdf) 1I. Bergen, Doris L.— History. . Chaplains, Military 20.962 2004 355.3'47'09— dc22 2003020901
The paper in this book meets the guidelines for permanence and durability of the Committee on Production Guidelines for Book Longevity of the Council on Library Resources.
“Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.” How deeply poignant and meaningful, then, is the act of an individual who is willing to sacrifice himself not just for another person’s corporeal life but for his soul. Rudyard Kipling, in his masterful historyThe Irish Guards in the Great War, touched on the role of the military chaplain when he wrote that the command-ing ocers first advised and finally ordered the padres not to expose them-selves “wantonly in forward posts or attack. . . . That the priests, to the huge content of the men, should disregard the order (‘What’s a casualty compared to a soul?’) was most natural of all.” C. S. Lewis has commented, “Courage is not simply one of the virtues but the f orm of every virtue at the testing point. Courage is the first virtue because it makes all the other virtues possible.” Those who choose to become chaplains in their nations’ armed forces have, or at least seek, that virtue. They seek it not for glory but to help their fellow pilgrims in their ultimate hour of need. All of us recognize the apparent randomness of survival. The soldier is even more acutely aware than most of the thin line between life and death. “There are no atheists in foxholes” may be a cliché, but only fools would bet that it’s untrue. Those who face death as part of their job description tend to think seri-ously about God. And although the force oforganized religion varies with time and place, and, according to many, is diminishing across the Western world, yetfewarmieshaveeverlackedmemberswhoarepriests,ministers,rabbi,sor other “holy men.” I cannot think of chaplains without remembering my dear friend John Car-dinal O’Connor, who spent twenty-seven years of his life serving with the United States Navy and Marine Corps, and considering it a high privilege to do so. He left the Marines to go to another combat zone — the Archdiocese of New York. The Sword of the Lordis a history of military chaplaincy that needed to be written and that lays the foundation for other studies of this topic. It takes the reader from the pre-Christian era to the present, raising important religious, political, and philosophical issues along the way. This is a book that should be read by scholars and will be enjoyed and appreciated by the general public.
—Robert L. Dilenschneider
C O N T E N T S
List of Illustrations Preface and Acknowledgments
Introduction Doris L. Bergen
       1 Emperors, Priests, and Bishops: Military Chaplains in the Roman Empire Ralph W. Mathisen
       2 The Liturgy of War from Antiquity to the Crusades Michael McCormick
       3 The Medieval Military Chaplain and His Duties David S. Bachrach
       4 Did the Nature of the Enemy Make a Dierence? Chaplains in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms,1642 ‒ 49 Anne Laurence
       5 Faith, Morale, and the Army Chaplain in the American Civil War Gardiner H. Shattuck, Jr.
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       6 In the Service of Two Kings: Protestant Prussian Military Chaplains,1713 ‒ 1918 Hartmut Lehmann
       7 “Where’s the Padre?” Canadian Memory and the Great War Chaplains DuCrerar
       8 German Military Chaplains in the Second World War and the Dilemmas of Legitimacy Doris L. Bergen
       9 WeWill Be”: Experiences of an American Jewish Chaplain in the Second World War Rabbi Max B. Wall
       1 0 Clergy in the Military —Vietnam and After: One Chaplain’s Reflections Joseph F. O’Donnell, C.S.C.
       1 1 From Morale Builders to Moral Advocates: U. S. Army Chaplains in the Second Half of the Twentieth Century Anne C. Loveland
       1 2 In Place of an Afterword: My Argument with Fr. William Corby, C.S.C. Michael J. Baxter, C.S.C.
Bibliography Contributors Index
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141
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187
215
233
251
271 287 289
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I L L U S T R A T I O N S
Protestant pastor Christian Finkenstein performs a baptism at the base in Prizren, September1999. Photograph by Walter Linkmann. Evangelisches Kirchenamt für die Bundes wehr, Bonn. Used with permission.4
Sacrificial Procession from Trajan’s Column, in Graham Web-ster,The Roman Imperial Army of the First and Second Centuries A.D.(London: Adam and Charles Black, 1969). Copyright ©. Used with permission.31
Relief of Marcus Aurelius sacrificing in front of the temple of Jupiter Capitolinus. From the Photographic Archive of the Musei Capitolini, Rome. Used with permission.32
Jupiter Dolchinius (Jupiter Dolichenus), a third-century stela from Wiesbaden. Copyright by Les Editions Nagel & Briquet, Geneva (Switzerland). All rights reserved in all countries. Used with permission.34 Mithras’ killing of the bull, “Mitrasrelief ” (AS I624). Kunst-historisches Museum, Vienna (Austria). Used with permis -sion.35 Mosaic, Ravenna, S. Vitale. Emperor Justinian with guards, court ocials, and ecclesiastics, ca. 547. Alinari18224. Courtesy of Art Resource.55 Union9th Corps chaplains near Petersburg, Virginia. Courtesy of the Libr ary of Congress, Washington, D. C . LC-B8171-7049.108 Paul Henry Wood, Absolution under Fire,1891. Courtesy of the Snite Museum of Art, University of Notre Dame.113
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