Chinchilla Diseases And Ailments
166 pages
English

Chinchilla Diseases And Ailments , livre ebook

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166 pages
English
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Description

This early work is an absorbing read for any chinchilla owner or historian of the breed, but also contains a wealth of information and anecdote that is still useful and practical today. Contents Include: Introduction; Observations Relative to disease in Chinchillas; Handling and Administering Drugs; How to Submit Specimens to a Diagnostic Laboratory for Examination; Respiratory Conditions Affecting Chinchillas; Nutrition and Its Relation to Disease; Facts to Consider When Feeding; Disease Conditions Affecting the Mouth, Teeth and Esophacus, Diseases Affecting the Gastro-Intestinal Tract; Bacterial Infections; Factors Affecting Reproduction; The Chinchilla Baby; Fur Conditions; Metabolic Disease Conditions; Eye Conditions; Ear Conditions; Liver Conditions; Kidney Conditions; Poisoning Conditions; and Parasitic Conditions. Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.

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Publié par
Date de parution 28 juin 2021
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9781528762656
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 1 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,0350€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

Exrait

Chinchilla Diseases and Ailments By
A. H. KENNEDY, B.S.A., D.V.M., D.V.Sc.
Former Head Department of Fur-Bearing Animals Ontario Veterinary College
All plates from original photographs by Dr. Kennedy
INTRODUCTION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
OBSERVATIONS RELATIVE TO DISEASE IN CHINCHILLAS Conditions that Indicate Disease Examining the Sick Chinchilla Sanitation on the Ranch Inheritance as a Disease Factor
HANDLING AND ADMINISTERING DRUGS Anesthetics The Administration of Drugs
HOW TO SUBMIT SPECIMENS TO A DIAGNOSTIC LABORATORY FOR EXAMINATION
RESPIRATORY CONDITIONS AFFECTING CHINCHILLAS Infections of the Nasal Sinuses and Mucous Membrane Lining the Air Passages of the Nose Coryza or Colds Laryngeal Blockage or Choke Hyperemia or Congestion of the Lungs Pulmonary Edema or Edema of the Lungs Bronchopneumonia Pneumonic Conditions Affecting Baby Chinchillas Contagious or Virus Pneumonia Mechanical or Drenching Pneumonia Purulent Pneumonia Heat Prostration Pulmonary Pigmentation Pleurisy
NUTRITION AND ITS RELATION TO DISEASE
FACTS TO CONSIDER WHEN FEEDING Recommendations for Feeding
DISEASE CONDITIONS AFFECTING THE MOUTH, TEETH AND ESOPHAGUS Malocclusion or Slobbers Esophageal Blockage or Choke
DISEASES AFFECTING THE GASTRO-INTESTINAL TRACT Acute Indigestion or Bloat Tympanites in Nursing Female Chinchillas Ulceration of the Stomach Constipation or Intestinal Obstipation
Intestinal Obstruction Abdominal Adhesions Diarrhea Epidemic Enteritis Gastro-Enteritis Volvulus or Twisting of the Bowel Intussusception of the Intestine Rupture of the Rectum Prolapse of the Rectum
BACTERIAL INFECTIONS Streptococcic Infections Streptococci Infections of the Skin Enterococci Group of Streptococci Organisms A Streptococcus Species that Causes Sudden Deaths Hemolytic Streptococci Infections Pasteurella Infections or Hemorrhagic Septicemia Colon Bacilli Salmonella Infections Klebsiella Infections Pseudomonas Pyocyanea Infection Listeria Monocytogenes Infection Corynebacterium Infection Actinomyces Necrophorus Infection Pseudotuberculosis Rodentium Tuberculosis
FACTORS AFFECTING REPRODUCTION Pairing Chinchillas for Breeding Purposes The Mating of Chinchillas
The Effect of Mating on Chinchillas Polygamous Mating The Use of Hormones in Non-Breeding Chinchillas Sterility Non-Production The Breeding Cycle Chinchilla Lanigera, Bennett Chinchilla Brevicaudata Chinchilla Brevicaudata Crossed with Chinchilla Lan igera Pregnancy The Birth of the Young Abortion
Agalactia or Loss of Milk Cannibalism Mummified Foeti Metritis Acute Metritis Chronic Metritis or Pyometra Puerperal Septicemia
THE CHINCHILLA BABY Causes for Diminution in the Number of Young in a L itter Conditions Affecting Baby Chinchillas Following The ir Birth Injuries to the Mammary Gland Inflammation of the Mammary Gland Scratches and Abrasions Affecting Baby Chinchilla Sore Eyes Constipation Diarrhea The Effects of Temperature on Baby Chinchillas Baby Chinchillas that have Become Chilled Indigestion Injuries of Baby Chinchillas Soon After Their Birth Other Conditions That May Cause Losses of Baby Chin chillas Hand Feeding
FUR CONDITIONS Fur Chewing The Development of Cotton Fur Other Fur Conditions Affecting Chinchillas
METABOLIC DISEASE CONDITIONS Vitamin A Deficiency The Feeding of Cod Liver Oil The Effect of Rancid Cod Liver Oil Thiamine Deficiency Disturbed Mineral Metabolism Yellow Fat or “Yellow Ears” The So-called Fungus and Fur-slip Condition A Fur Condition Due to Pantothenic Acid Deficiency
EYE CONDITIONS The Chinchilla Eye Disease Affecting the Eyes Watery Eyes Injuries of the Eyelids
Adhesions of the Eyelids Foreign Bodies in the Eye Conjunctivitis Catarrhal Conjunctivitis Purulent Conjunctivitis Staphylococcus Infection of the Chinchilla’s Eye Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Infection of the Eyes
EAR CONDITIONS Wounds and Injuries of the Ear Hematoma Ulceration of the External Ear Destruction of the External Ear Infection of the Inner Ear Hemorrhaging from the Ear
LIVER CONDITIONS Hepatitis Abscesses of the Liver Fatty Livers Cirrhosis of the Liver Rupture of the Liver
KIDNEY CONDITIONS Hyperemia or Congestion of the Kidneys Passive Hyperemia of the Kidneys Nephritis or Inflammation of the Kidneys Acute Nephritis Chronic Nephritis Purulent Nephritis
POISONING CONDITIONS Inorganic Poisoning Arsenic Poisoning Arsenic and Lead Spray Poisoning Sabadilla Powder Poisoning Other Causes of Poisoning or Toxic Conditions Organic Poisoning Algae Poisoning Mould or Plant Poisoning Toxic Effect of Raw Linseed Oil
PARASITIC CONDITIONS Tapeworm Cysts
Giardiosis Trichomoniasis Balantidiosis Toxoplasmosis Infection Physalopteriasis Trematodiasis Mites
IutrodUctiou
WHEN discussing the early days of any branch of fur far ming, we cannot overlook the work of Charles Dalton and his partner, William Oul ton, who were the first to raise foxes in captivity; for we must remember that all branche s of fur farming sprang from the successful raising of foxes.
Later, mink were raised in captivity. Like the fox ranching industry, the foundation of the mink ranching industry was laid by men with ini tiative and vision. The mink industry grew to dominate the fur marts of the world, as silver foxes had done.
When considering the raising of chinchillas in capt ivity, we have to stop and think of such men as the late M. F. Chapman, whose vision an d tenacity laid the foundation for and established the chinchilla industry.
Each of these industries that are now established a nd developed for the raising of furbearing animals has come through some very perpl exing and hazardous times. In the early days of fox and mink ranching, various pr oblems and disease conditions affecting these animals were encountered. How to ha ndle these conditions was a difficult decision to make. The proper nutrition an d feeding of these animals was a problem. It was necessary that the animals be kept healthy so that they would produce normal, healthy litters.
Disease was always a serious problem. The fur breed er had to contend with such disease conditions as those caused by faulty nutrit ion, those affecting reproduction, and those affecting the quality of the pelt. Howeve r, it was soon established that the animals could be kept alive and would reproduce in captivity. But raising them so that they would produce a quality of fur acceptable to m arket demands, and those of furriers, was a serious problem that had to be face d. Frequently on fur ranches animals were raised whose pelts were of such poor quality a nd grade that they were not accepted by the fur market.
It is amazing how many problems, that at times seem ed to threaten the successful raising of furbearing animals in captivity, have be en overcome and eliminated from the industry. Successful raising of foxes in captivity has become well established. Nutritional and various other disease problems that frequently threatened the success of this industry have been gradually overcome and e liminated. The industry has reached a place where the quality of the fur produc ed is much superior to that which can be obtained from wild foxes. Similarly, in the mink industry like problems have been overcome.
Chinchilla raising, a more recent industry, has pro gressed rapidly in the last few years and is fast becoming well established. The va rious problems and disease conditions that are encountered in the raising of t hese animals in captivity are not unlike those that have been experienced in the ranc h raising of the other species of furbearing animals. The chinchilla breeders have th e benefit of the results of the fox and mink breeders’ experience in overcoming and eli minating disease problems from their animals and also their experiences relative to production and marketing of fur.
There are many problems yet to be solved, before th e raising of chinchillas in
captivity is entirely successful. A more extensive knowledge and understanding of the feeding and nutrition of these animals is necessary in order to keep them healthy and thus lead to the production of fur that is desirabl e to the various branches of the fur trade. To date very little information has been ava ilable relative to the various disease conditions that affect these animals.
Probably no one person in the industry is as well f itted as Doctor Kennedy for writing a treastise such as this on chinchillas, not only b ecause of his practical and academical training but also because of his long study and ass ociation with the fur farming industry. However true this may be, the difficulty has been to tear the good Doctor away from his practical work long enough to get him to p ut his ideas on paper rather than on actual veterinary work.
Dr. Kennedy graduated from the Ontario Agricultural College, having specialized in agronomy and animal husbandry. After graduating he entered the Ontario Veterinary College, where he obtained his V.S. and D.V.M. degrees. Later work at the University of Toronto gave him his D.V.Sc. degree.
His first experience in furbearing animals dates ba ck to when the fox industry was not only a big industry on Prince Edward Island but throughout the world. Dr. J. R. Cunningham operated a private laboratory and fox pr actice on Prince Edward Island, specializing in fox diseases, and this work was han dled by Dr. Kennedy. It was here that he met and worked with Dr. E. R. Bowness, who specialized in nutrition of furbearing animals and is well known in this line i n both Canada and the United States in the commercial field.
Later, Dr. Kennedy opened his own private practice in the Province of New Brunswick, where he also specialized in diseases of furbearing animals. From New Brunswick he accepted the position as Veterinary Pa thologist stationed at the Ontario Government Experimental Farm at Kirkfield, Ontario, where he was associated with Dr. Ronald G. Law. He remained at the fur farm until it was closed some years ago. While there the diseases of furbearing animals raised in captivity and also wild animals were encountered and studied.
When the Experimental Farm was closed, Dr. Kennedy joined the faculty of the Ontario Veterinary College and later took over the branch of the work specializing in furbearing animals.
Possibly no man in the industry has had a wider exp erience than Dr. Kennedy in dealing with disease problems of furbearing animals from the earliest days of some branches of the industry. His work on mink for many years has been well and favourably known in Canada, and this resulted in hi s writing the book, “The Mink in Health and Disease”, which we published in 1951. Th is book has met with a very kindly reception in the industry, being the only one deali ng with mink ailments and diseases, and is being sold wherever mink are raised.
In recent years a good deal of work has been done i n investigating and studying, at the Ontario Veterinary College, various disease con ditions affecting chinchillas. The Canadian chinchilla breeders and the National Chinc hilla Breeders’ Association of Canada have become very interested in this work and have not only donated funds, to continue and widen it, but also animals and fullest co-operation. The chinchilla industry
here in Canada is striving to reach the goal attain ed by other furbearing animals in recent years, and it was felt at this stage of the development that a treatise covering not only the actual diseases but conditions leading up to these diseases, or preventing these diseases, would be a benefit in such a work. Dr. Kennedy has endeavoured to open up a new approach to the nutrition of chinchil las in the hope of controlling and eliminating various disease troubles, particularly those affecting the skin and fur and fat metabolism.
The raising of chinchillas has advanced far from th e days of high promotion and, here in Canada, is rapidly becoming established on a sound livestock basis. This, the first book of its kind to be published in the indus try, coming at this early stage of development, should do much to improve the present methods of raising and to establish the industry on a sound foundation.
ROBERT G. HODGSON
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