Tyrannosaurid Paleobiology
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279 pages
English

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Description

New research on tyrannosaurs featuring a T. rex named "Jane"


The opening of an exhibit focused on "Jane," a beautifully preserved tyrannosaur collected by the Burpee Museum of Natural History, was the occasion for an international symposium on tyrannosaur paleobiology. This volume, drawn from the symposium, includes studies of the tyrannosaurids Chingkankousaurus fragilis and "Sir William" and the generic status of Nanotyrannus; theropod teeth, pedal proportions, brain size, and craniocervical function; soft tissue reconstruction, including that of "Jane"; paleopathology and tyrannosaurid claws; dating the "Jane" site; and tyrannosaur feeding and hunting strategies. Tyrannosaurid Paleobiology highlights the far ranging and vital state of current tyrannosaurid dinosaur research and discovery.


Introduction /J. Michael Parrish and Ralph E. Molnar
Part One. Systematics and Descriptions
1. Phylogenetic Revision of Chingkankousaurus fragilis, a Forgotten Tyrannosauroid from the Late Cretaceous of China /Stephen L. Brusatte, David W. E. Hone, and Xu Xing
2. The Case for Nanotyrannus /Peter Larson
3. Preliminary Analysis of a Sub-Adult Tyrannosaurid Skeleton from the Judith River Formation of Petroleum County, Montana /Walter W. Stein and Michael Triebold
Part Two. Functional Morphology and Reconstruction
4. Internal Structure of Tooth Serrations /William L. Abler
5. Feet of the Fierce (and Not So Fierce): Pedal Proportions in Large Theropods, Other Non-Avian Dinosaurs, and Large Ground Birds /James O. Farlow, Thomas R. Holtz, Jr., Trevor H. Worthy, and Ralph E. Chapman
6. Relative Size of Brain and Cerebrum in Tyrannosaurid Dinosaurs: An Analysis Using Brain-Endocast Quantitative Relationships in Extant Alligators /Grant R. Hurlburt, Ryan C. Ridgley, and Lawrence M. Witmer
7. Jane, In the Flesh: The State of Life-Reconstruction in Paleoart /Tyler Keillor
8. Comparison of Reconstructed Jaw Musculature and Mechanics of Some Large Theropods /Ralph E. Molnar
9. Tyrannosaurid Craniocervical Mobility: A Preliminary Assessment /Tanya Samman
Part Three. Paleopathology, Paleoecology, and Taphonomy
10. Clawing Their Way to the Top: Tyrannosaurid Pathology and Lifestyle /Bruce M. Rothschild
11. Brodie Abscess Involving a Tyrannosaur Phalanx: Imaging and Implications /Christopher P. Vittore, MD and Michael D. Henderson
12. Using Pollen, Leaves, and Paleomagnetism to Date a Juvenile Tyrannosaurid in Upper Cretaceous Rock /William F. Harrison, Douglas J. Nichols, Michael D. Henderson, and Reed P. Scherer
13. The Biomechanics of a Plausible Hunting Strategy for Tyrannosaurus rex /David A. Krauss and James M. Robinson
14. A Closer Look at the Hypothesis of Scavenging vs. Predation by Tyrannosaurus rex /Kenneth Carpenter
15. New Evidence of Predation by a Large Tyrannosaurid /Nate L. Murphy, Kenneth Carpenter, and David Trexler
Index

Sujets

Informations

Publié par
Date de parution 05 juillet 2013
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9780253009470
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 5 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,0500€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

Extrait

Tyrannosaurid Paleobiology
TYRANNOSAURID PALEOBIOLOGY
EDITED BY J. MICHAEL PARRISH, RALPH E. MOLNAR, PHILIP J. CURRIE , AND EVA B. KOPPELHUS
Life of the Past James O. Farlow, editor
This book is a publication of
Indiana University Press
Office of Scholarly Publishing
Herman B Wells Library 350
1320 East 10th Street
Bloomington, Indiana 47405 USA
iupress.indiana.edu
Telephone orders 800-842-6796
Fax orders 812-855-7931
2013 by The Burpee Museum of Natural History
All rights reserved
No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. The Association of American University Presses Resolution on Permissions constitutes the only exception to this prohibition.
The paper used in this publication meets the minimum requirements of the American National Standard for Information Sciences-Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials, ANSI Z39.48-1992.
Manufactured in the United States of America
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Tyrannosaurid paleobiology / edited by J. Michael Parrish, Ralph E. Molnar, Philip J. Currie, and Eva B. Koppelhus.
pages cm.-(Life of the past)
This volume had its genesis in a conference held in Rockford, Illinois, on September 16-18, 2005, titled The Origin, Systematics, and Paleobiology of Tyrannosauridae, and jointly sponsored by the Burpee Museum of Natural History and Northern Illinois University -Introduction.
Includes index.
ISBN 978-0-253-00930-2 (cl : alk. paper)-ISBN 978-0-253-00947-0 (eb) 1. Tyrannosauridae. 2. Paleobiology. 3. Paleontology-Cretaceous. I. Parrish, J. Michael, 1953- editor of compilation. II. Molnar, Ralph E., editor of compilation. III. Currie, Philip J., editor of compilation. IV. Koppelhus, Eva B. (Eva Bundgaard), editor of compilation.
QE862.S3T96 2013
567.912 9-dc23
2013002879
1 2 3 4 5 18 17 16 15 14 13
Contents
Contributors
Introduction J. Michael Parrish and Ralph E. Molnar
Part 1 Systematics and Descriptions
1 Phylogenetic Revision of Chingkankousaurus fragilis , a Forgotten Tyrannosauroid from the Late Cretaceous of China
Stephen L. Brusatte, David W. E. Hone, and Xu Xing
2 The Case for Nanotyrannus
Peter Larson
3 Preliminary Analysis of a Sub-adult Tyrannosaurid Skeleton from the Judith River Formation of Petroleum County, Montana
Walter W. Stein and Michael Triebold
Part 2 Functional Morphology and Reconstruction
4 Internal Structure of Tooth Serrations
William L. Abler
5 Feet of the Fierce (and Not So Fierce): Pedal Proportions in Large Theropods, Other Non-avian Dinosaurs, and Large Ground Birds
James O. Farlow, Thomas R. Holtz, Jr., Trevor H. Worthy, and Ralph E. Chapman
6 Relative Size of Brain and Cerebrum in Tyrannosaurid Dinosaurs: An Analysis Using Brain-Endocast Quantitative Relationships in Extant Alligators
Grant R. Hurlburt, Ryan C. Ridgley, and Lawrence M. Witmer
7 Jane, in the Flesh: The State of Life-Reconstruction in Paleoart
Tyler Keillor
8 A Comparative Analysis of Reconstructed Jaw Musculature and Mechanics of Some Large Theropods
Ralph E. Molnar
9 Tyrannosaurid Craniocervical Mobility: A Preliminary Qualitative Assessment
Tanya Samman
Part 3 Paleopathology, Paleoecology, and Taphonomy
10 Clawing Their Way to the Top: Tyrannosaurid Pathology and Lifestyle
Bruce M. Rothschild
11 Brodie Abscess Involving a Tyrannosaur Phalanx: Imaging and Implications
Christopher P. Vittore, MD, and Michael D. Henderson
12 Using Pollen, Leaves, and Paleomagnetism to Date a Juvenile Tyrannosaurid in Upper Cretaceous Rock
William F. Harrison, Douglas J. Nichols, Michael D. Henderson, and Reed P. Scherer
13 The Biomechanics of a Plausible Hunting Strategy for Tyrannosaurus rex
David A. Krauss and John M. Robinson
14 A Closer Look at the Hypothesis of Scavenging versus Predation by Tyrannosaurus rex
Kenneth Carpenter
15 New Evidence for Predation by a Large Tyrannosaurid
Nate L. Murphy, Kenneth Carpenter, and David Trexler
Index
Contributors
William L. Abler
Department of Geology
Field Museum of Natural History
1400 South Lake Shore Drive
Chicago, IL 60605
Stephen L. Brusatte
Division of Paleontology
American Museum of Natural History
Central Park West at 79th Street
New York, NY 10024;
and Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences
Columbia University
New York, NY
sbrusatte@amnh.org
Kenneth Carpenter
USU-CEU Prehistoric Museum
155 East Main
Price, UT 84501
Ken.Carpenter@usu.edu
Ralph E. Chapman
295 Bryce Avenue
Los Alamos, NM 87544
Philip J. Currie
Room Z 418
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Alberta
Edmonton, Alberta
Canada T6G 2E9
James O. Farlow
Department of Geosciences
Indiana University-Purdue University at Fort
Wayne, IN 46805
William F. Harrison
Northern Illinois University
DeKalb, IL 60115
aboramushi@gmail.com
Michael D. Henderson
Burpee Museum of Natural History
737 North Main Street
Rockford, IL 61103; and Northern Illinois University
DeKalb, IL 60115
fossilcat@aol.com
Thomas R. Holtz, Jr.
Department of Geology
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742
David W. E. Hone
Institute of Vertebrate
Paleontology and Paleoanthropology
Chinese Academy of Sciences
PO Box 643
Beijing 100044
People s Republic of China
Grant R. Hurlburt
Department of Natural History
Royal Ontario Museum
Toronto, ON M5S 2C6
Canada
ghurlburt70@yahoo.com
Tyler Keillor
Department of Organismal
Biology and Anatomy
Fossil Laboratory
University of Chicago
5620 S. Ellis Ave.
Chicago, IL 60637
tylerkeillor@gmail.com
Eva B. Koppelhus
Room CW-405
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Alberta
Edmonton, Alberta
Canada T6G 2E9
David A. Krauss
Science Department
Borough of Manhattan Community College
City University of New York
199 Chambers St.
New York, NY 10007
dkrauss@bmcc.cuny.edu
Peter Larson
Black Hills Institute of Geological Research, Inc.
PO Box 643
Hill City, SD 57745
Ralph E. Molnar
Museum of Paleontology
1101 Valley Life
Sciences Building
University of California
Berkeley, CA 94720
Nate L. Murphy
Judith River Dinosaur Institute
PO Box 51177
Billings, MT 59105
jrdi@bresnan.net
Douglas J. Nichols
U.S. Geological Survey
Denver, CO 80225
J. Michael Parrish
College of Science
San Jose State University
San Jose, CA 95192
mparrish@science.sjsu ,edu
Ryan C. Ridgely
Department of Biomedical Sciences
Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine
Athens, OH 45701
ridgely@ohio.edu
John M. Robinson
Department of Physics
Indiana University-Purdue University at
Fort Wayne, IN 46805
Bruce M. Rothschild
Northeast Ohio
Medical University
PO Box 95
Rootstown, Ohio
www.bmr@neomed.edu
Tanya Samman
formerly Department of Geology and Geophysics
University of Calgary
Calgary, AB T2N 1N4
Canada
tanya_samman@yahoo.com
Reed P. Scherer
Northern Illinois University
DeKalb, IL 60115
reed@niu.edu
Walter W. Stein
PaleoAdventures
3082 Sikeston Ave.
North Port, FL 34286
stein151@verizon.net ;
www.paleoadventures.com
David Trexler
Two Medicine
Dinosaur Center
PO Box 794
Bynum, MT 59419
dinoguy10@yahoo.org
Michael Triebold
Triebold Paleontology, Inc.;
and the Rocky Mountain
Dinosaur Resource Center
211 Fairview Ave.
Woodland Park, CO 80863
mike@rmdrc.com ;
www.rmdrc.com
Christopher P. Vittore, MD
University of Illinois
College of Medicine and Rockford Health System
Department of Radiology
2400 N. Rockton Avenue
Rockford, IL 61103
Lawrence M. Witmer
Department of Biomedical Sciences
Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine
Athens, OH 45701
witmer@oucom.ohiou.edu
Trevor H. Worthy
School of Biological
Earth and Environmental Sciences
University of New South Wales
Sydney, NSW 2052
Australia
Xu Xing
Institute of Vertebrate
Paleontology and Paleoanthropology
Chinese Academy of Sciences
PO Box 643
Beijing 100044
People s Republic of China
Introduction
J. Michael Parrish and Ralph E. Molnar
Tyrannosaurus rex is assuredly the dinosaur with the greatest public visibility, and it has been cast as a heavy in countless films dating back to Harry Hoyt s (1925) adaptation of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle s (1912) Lost World . However, as of 1980, only seven specimens of the dinosaur were known (Larson 2008). In the last three decades, this number has swelled at least sevenfold (Larson 2008), and our knowledge of the relationships, anatomy, and biology of T. rex and its close relatives has expanded dramatically both through new specimens coming to light and through a plethora of analytical

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