Cellular Physiology and Neurophysiology E-Book
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499 pages
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Description

Gain a quick and easy understanding of this complex subject with the 2nd edition of Cellular Physiology and Neurophysiology by doctors Mordecai P. Blaustein, Joseph PY Kao, and Donald R. Matteson. The expanded and thoroughly updated content in this Mosby Physiology Monograph Series title bridges the gap between basic biochemistry, molecular and cell biology, neuroscience, and organ and systems physiology, providing the rich, clinically oriented coverage you need to master the latest concepts in neuroscience. See how cells function in health and disease with extensive discussion of cell membranes, action potentials, membrane proteins/transporters, osmosis, and more. Intuitive and user-friendly, this title is a highly effective way to learn cellular physiology and neurophysiology. 

  • Focus on the clinical implications of the material with frequent examples from systems physiology, pharmacology, and pathophysiology.
  • Gain a solid grasp of transport processes—which are integral to all physiological processes, yet are neglected in many other cell biology texts.
  • Understand therapeutic interventions and get an updated grasp of the field with information on recently discovered molecular mechanisms.
  • Conveniently explore mathematical derivations with special boxes throughout the text.

Test your knowledge of the material with an appendix of multiple-choice review questions, complete with correct answers

  • Understand the latest concepts in neurophysiology with a completely new section on Synaptic Physiology.
  • Learn all of the newest cellular physiology knowledge with sweeping updates throughout.
  • Reference key abbreviations, symbols, and numerical constants at a glance with new appendices.

Sujets

Ebooks
Savoirs
Sciences formelles
Cartoons
Cardiac dysrhythmia
Functional disorder
Parkinson's disease
Photocopier
Excitation-contraction coupling
Membrane channel
Sodium-calcium exchanger
Cell physiology
D600
Biological process
Clamp
Osmolarity
Glucose transporter
Vital capacity
Isometric exercise
Protein S
Ranitidine
Muscle contraction
Acute pancreatitis
Hyperkalemic periodic paralysis
Antiporter
Nevus
Fractionation
Derivative (disambiguation)
Enterprise application integration
Ouabain
Bathing
Biological agent
Random sample
Abdominal pain
Membrane potential
Review
Myosin
Physician assistant
Excitatory postsynaptic potential
Carbonic anhydrase
Summation
Tetrodotoxin
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
Gamma-Aminobutyric acid
Symbolism
Membrane protein
Action potential
Diabetes mellitus type 2
Homology (biology)
Catecholamine
Permeability
Atherosclerosis
Hypertension
Heart disease
Angina pectoris
Peptic ulcer
Clinical neurophysiology
Philadelphia
Diabetes mellitus
Serotonin
Data storage device
Rheumatoid arthritis
Phospholipid
Pharmacology
Physiology
Neurotransmitter
Metabolism
Mechanics
Molecule
Mathematics
Lipid
Ion channel
Homeostasis
Hemoglobin
Hypoglycemia
Endoplasmic reticulum
Cell membrane
Carbon monoxide
Carbon dioxide
Chemical element
Amino acid
Lansoprazole
Moving
Gene
Clustering
Cimétidine
Force
Viewpoint
Oméprazole
Release
Histamine
Fatigue
Guanosine triphosphate
Adénosine monophosphate
Electronic
Life
Flatulence
Pyrosis
Baltimore
Cation
Anion
Surface
Neptunium
Potassium
Sodium
RMS
Copyright
1
Adénosine triphosphate
Glucose

Informations

Publié par
Date de parution 14 décembre 2011
Nombre de lectures 1
EAN13 9780323086646
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 4 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,0165€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

Extrait

Cellular Physiology and Neurophysiology
SECOND EDITION

MORDECAI P. BLAUSTEIN, MD
Professor, Departments of Physiology and Medicine, Director, Maryland Center for Heart Hypertension and Kidney Disease, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland

JOSEPH P.Y. KAO, PhD
Professor, Center for Biomedical Engineering and Technology and Department of Physiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland

DONALD R. MATTESON, PhD
Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland
Mosby
Copyright

1600 John F. Kennedy Blvd.
Ste 1800
Philadelphia, PA 19103-2899
CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY AND NEUROPHYSIOLOGY ISBN: 978-0-323-05709-7
Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.
Copyright © 2004 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
Cartoon in Chapter 1 reproduced with the permission of The New Yorker .
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Details on how to seek permission, further information about the Publisher’s permissions policies and our arrangements with organizations such as the Copyright Clearance Center and the Copyright Licensing Agency, can be found at our website: www​.​elsevier​.​com​/​permissions .
This book and the individual contributions contained in it are protected under copyright by the Publisher (other than as may be noted herein).


Notices
Knowledge and best practice in this field are constantly changing. As new research and experience broaden our understanding, changes in research methods, professional practices, or medical treatment may become necessary.
Practitioners and researchers must always rely on their own experience and knowledge in evaluating and using any information, methods, compounds, or experiments described herein. In using such information or methods they should be mindful of their own safety and the safety of others, including parties for whom they have a professional responsibility.
With respect to any drug or pharmaceutical products identified, readers are advised to check the most current information provided (i) on procedures featured or (ii) by the manufacturer of each product to be administered, to verify the recommended dose or formula, the method and duration of administration, and contraindications. It is the responsibility of practitioners, relying on their own experience and knowledge of their patients, to make diagnoses, to determine dosages and the best treatment for each individual patient, and to take all appropriate safety precautions.
To the fullest extent of the law, neither the Publisher nor the authors, contributors, or editors, assume any liability for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any methods, products, instructions, or ideas contained in the material herein.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Cellular physiology and neurophysiology / edited by Mordecai P. Blaustein, Joseph P.Y. Kao, and Donald R. Matteson.—2nd ed.
p. ; cm.—(Mosby physiology monograph series)
Rev. ed. of: Cellular physiology / Mordecai P. Blaustein, Joseph P.Y. Kao, Donald R. Matteson. c2004.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 978-0-323-05709-7 (pbk. : alk. paper)
I. Blaustein, Mordecai P. II. Kao, Joseph P. Y. III. Matteson, Donald R. IV. Blaustein, Mordecai P. Cellular physiology. V. Series: Mosby physiology monograph series.
[DNLM: 1. Cell Physiological Phenomena. 2. Biological Transport—physiology. 3. Muscle Contraction—physiology. 4. Nervous System Physiological Processes. QU 375]
571.6—dc23
2011036478
Acquisitions Editor: Bill Schmitt
Developmental Editor: Margaret Nelson
Publishing Services Manager: Peggy Fagen/Hemamalini Rajendrababu
Project Manager: Divya Krish
Designer: Steven Stave
Printed in United States
Last digit is the print number: 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Preface
Knowledge of cellular and molecular physiology is fundamental to understanding tissue and organ function as well as integrative systems physiology. Pathological mechanisms and the actions of therapeutic agents can best be appreciated at the molecular and cellular level. Moreover, a solid grasp of the scientific basis of modern molecular medicine and functional genomics clearly requires an education with this level of sophistication.
The explicit objective of Cellular Physiology and Neurophysiology is to help medical and graduate students bridge the divide between basic biochemistry and molecular and cell biology on the one hand and organ and systems physiology on the other. The emphasis throughout is on the functional relevance of the concepts to physiology. Our aim at every stage is to provide an intuitive approach to quantitative thinking. The essential mathematical derivations are presented in boxes for those who wish to verify the more intuitive descriptions presented in the body of the text. Physical and chemical concepts are introduced wherever necessary to assist students with the learning process, to demonstrate the importance of the principles, and to validate their ties to clinical medicine. Applications of many of the fundamental concepts are illustrated with examples from systems physiology, pharmacology, and pathophysiology. Because physiology is fundamentally a science founded on actual measurement, we strive to use original published data to illuminate key concepts.
The book is organized into five major sections, each comprising two or more chapters. Each chapter begins with a list of learning objectives and ends with a set of study problems. Many of these problems are designed to integrate concepts from multiple chapters or sections; the answers are presented in Appendix E . Throughout the book key concepts and new terms are highlighted. A set of multiple-choice review questions and answers is contained in Appendix F . A review of basic mathematical techniques and a summary of elementary circuit theory, which are useful for understanding the material in the text, are included in Appendixes B and D respectively. For convenience Appendix A contains a list of abbreviations symbols and numerical constants.
We thank our many students and our teaching colleagues whose critical questions and insightful comments over the years have helped us refine and improve the presentation of this fundamental and fascinating material. Nothing pleases a teacher more than a student whose expression indicates that the teacher’s explanation has clarified a difficult concept that just a few moments earlier was completely obscure.

Mordecai P. Blaustein, Joseph P.Y. Kao, Donald R. Matteson
Acknowledgments
We thank Professors Clara Franzini-Armstrong and John E. Heuser for providing original electron micrographs, and Jin Zhang for an original figure. We are indebted to the following colleagues for their very helpful comments and suggestions on preliminary versions of various sections of the book: Professors Mark Donowitz and Luis Reuss ( Chapters 10 and 11 ); Professors Thomas W. Abrams, Bradley E. Alger, Bruce K. Krueger, Scott M. Thompson, and Daniel Weinreich ( Section IV ); Professors Martin F. Schneider and David M. Warshaw ( Section V ); and Professor Toby Chai ( Chapter 16 ). We also thank the New Yorker for permission to reproduce the cartoon in Chapter 1 .
Table of Contents
Cover
Copyright
Preface
Acknowledgments
SECTION I: Fundamental Physicochemical Concepts
Chapter 1: Introduction: homeostasis and cellular physiology
Chapter 2: Diffusion and permeability
Chapter 3: Osmotic pressure and water movement
Chapter 4: Electrical consequences of ionic gradients
SECTION II: Ion Channels and Excitable Membranes
Chapter 5: Ion channels
Chapter 6: Passive electrical properties of membranes
Chapter 7: Generation and propagation of the action potential
Chapter 8: Ion channel diversity
SECTION III: Solute Transport
Chapter 9: Electrochemical potential energy and transport processes
Chapter 10: Passive solute transport
Chapter 11: Active transport
SECTION IV: Physiology of Synaptic Transmission
Chapter 12: Synaptic physiology i
Chapter 13: Synaptic physiology ii
SECTION V: Molecular Motors and Muscle Contraction
Chapter 14: Molecular motors and the mechanism of muscle contraction
Chapter 15: Excitation-contraction coupling in muscle
Chapter 16: Mechanics of muscle contraction
APPENDIXES
Epilogue
Abbreviations, symbols, and numerical constants
A mathematical refresher
Root-mean-squared displacement of diffusing molecules
Summary of elementary circuit theory
Answers to study problems
Review examination
Index
SECTION I
Fundamental Physicochemical Concepts
1 Introduction: homeostasis and cellular physiology

Objectives

1. Understand the need to maintain the constancy of the internal environment of the body and the concept of homeostasis.
2. Understand the hierarchical view of the body as an ensemble of distinct compartments.
3. Understand the composition and structure of the lipid bilayer membranes that encompass cells and organelles.
4. Und

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