Consensus as Democracy in Africa

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Some philosophers on the African continent and beyond are convinced that consensus, as a polity, represents the best chance for Africa to fully democratise. In Consensus as Democracy in Africa, Bernard Matolino challenges the basic assumptions built into consensus as a social and political theory. Central to his challenge to the claimed viability of consensus as a democratic system are three major questions: Is consensus genuinely superior to its majoritarian counterpart? Is consensus itself truly a democratic system? Is consensus sufficiently different from the one-party system? In taking up these issues and others closely associated with them, Matolino shows that consensus as a system of democracy encounters several challenges that make its viability highly doubtful. Matolino then attempts a combination of an understanding of an authentic mode of democracy with African reality to work out what a more desirable polity would be for the continent.

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Publié par
Date de parution 28 décembre 2018
Nombre de visites sur la page 3
EAN13 9781920033361
Langue English

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Dedication To my loving wife, Phocenah
About te Series he Arîcan Humanîtîes Serîes îs a partnersîp between te Arîcan Humanîtîes Program (AHP) o te Amerîcan Councî o earned Socîetîes and academîc pubîsers NïSC (Pty) td. he Serîes covers topîcs în Arîcan îstorîes, anguages, îteratures, pîosopîes, poîtîcs and cutures. Submîssîons are soîcîted rom Feows o te AHP, wîc îs admînîstered by te Amerîcan Councî o earned Socîetîes and Inancîay supported by te Carnegîe Corporatîon o New York. he purpose o te AHP îs to encourage and enabe te productîon o new knowedge by Arîcans în te Ive countrîes desîgnated by te Carnegîe Corporatîon: Gana, Nîgerîa, Sout Arîca, Tanzanîa, and Uganda. AHP eowsîps support one year’s work ree rom teacîng and oter responsîbîîtîes to aow te Feow to compete te project proposed. Eîgîbîîty or te eowsîp în te Ive countrîes îs by domîcîe, not natîonaîty. Book proposas are submîtted to te AHP edîtorîa board wîc manages te peer revîew process and seects manuscrîpts or pubîcatîon by NïSC. ïn some cases, te AHP board wî commîssîon a manuscrîpt mentor to undertake substantîve edîtîng and to work wît te autor on reInîng te Ina manuscrîpt. he Arîcan Humanîtîes Serîes aîms to pubîs works o te îgest quaîty tat wî oreground te best researc beîng done by emergîng scoars în te Ive Carnegîe desîgnated countrîes. he rîgorous seectîon process beore te eowsîp award, as we as AHP edîtorîa vettîng o manuscrîpts, assures attentîon to quaîty. Books în te serîes are întended to speak to scoars în Arîca as we as în oter areas o te word. he AHP îs aso commîtted to provîdîng a copy o eac pubîcatîon în te serîes to unîversîty îbrarîes în Arîca.
AHP Editorial Board Members as at November 2018
AHP Series Editors: Proessor Adîgun Agbaje, Unîversîty o ïbadan, Nîgerîa Proessor Emerîtus Fred Hendrîcks, Rodes Unîversîty, Sout Arîca
Consultant: Proessor Emerîtus Sandra Barnes, Unîversîty o Pennsyvanîa, USA (Antropoogy)
Board Members: 1 Proessor Akosua Adomako Ampoo, ïnstîtute o Arîcan Studîes, Gana (Gender Studîes & Advocacy) (Vîce Presîdent, Arîcan Studîes Assocîatîon o Arîca) 2 Proessor KoI Anyîdoo, Unîversîty o Gana, Gana (Arîcan Studîes & îterature) (Dîrector, Codesrîa Arîcan Humanîtîes ïnstîtute Program) 3 Proessor ïbraîm Beo-Kano, Bayero Unîversîty, Nîgerîa (Dept o Engîs and Frenc Studîes) 4 Proessor Satî Fwatsak, Unîversîty o Jos, Nîgerîa (Dept o Hîstory & ïnternatîona Studîes) 5 Proessor Patrîcîa Hayes, Unîversîty o te Western Cape, Sout Arîca (Arîcan Hîstory, Gender Studîes and Vîsuaîty) (SARCï Caîr în Vîsua Hîstory and heory) 6 Assocîate Proessor Wîred aju, Coege o Humanîtîes & Socîa Scîences, Makerere Unîversîty, Uganda (Dept o Pîosopy) 7 Proessor Yusuu awî, Unîversîty o Dar-es-Saaam, Tanzanîa (Dept o Hîstory) 8 Proessor Bertram Mapunda, Unîversîty o Dar es Saaam, Tanzanîa (Dept o Arcaeoogy & Herîtage Studîes) 9 Proessor ïnnocent Pîkîrayî, Unîversîty o Pretorîa, Sout Arîca (Caîr & Head, Dept o Antropoogy & Arcaeoogy) 10 Proessor Josepat Rugemaîra, Unîversîty o Dar-es-Saaam, Tanzanîa (Dept o Foreîgn anguages & înguîstîcs) 11 Proessor ïdayat Boa Udegbe, Unîversîty o ïbadan, Nîgerîa (Dept o Psycoogy)
Published in this series
Domînîca Dîpîo,Gender terraîns în Afrîcan cînema, 2014 Ayo Adeduntan,Wat te forest tod me: Yoruba unter, cuture and narratîve performance,2014 Sue E. Egya,Natîon, power and dîssîdence în tîrd-generatîon Nîgerîan poetry în Engîs, 2014 ïrîkîdzayî Manase,Wîte narratîves: he depîctîon of post-2000 and învasîons în Zîmbabwe, 2016 Pasca Mungwînî, ïndîgenous Sona Pîosopy: Reconstructîve însîgts, 2017 Syvîa Bruînders,Paradîng Respectabîîty: he Cutura and Mora Aestetîcs of te Crîstmas Bands Movement în te Western Cape, Sout Afrîca, 2017 Mîcae Andîndîîe,he Angopone îterary-înguîstîc contînuum: Engîs and îndîgenous anguages în Afrîcan îterary dîscourse, 2018 Jeremîa Arowosegbe,Caude E Ake: te makîng of an organîc înteectua, 2018 Romanus Abo,Language and te constructîon of mutîpe îdentîtîes în te Nîgerîan nove, 2018
CONSENSUS AS DEMOCRACY IN AFRICA
BERNARD MATOLINO
Pubîsed în Sout Arîca on bea o te Arîcan Humanîtîes Program by NïSC (Pty) td, PO Box 377, Graamstown, 6140, Sout Arîca www.nisc.co.za
Fîrst edîtîon, Irst împressîon 2018
Pubîcatîon © Arîcan Humanîtîes Program 2018 Text © Bernard Matoîno 2018
A rîgts reserved. No part o tîs pubîcatîon may be reproduced or transmîtted în any orm or by any means, eectronîc or mecanîca, încudîng potocopyîng, recordîng, or any înormatîon storage or retrîeva system, wîtout prîor permîssîon în wrîtîng rom te pubîser.
ïSBN: 978-1-920033-31-6 (prînt)
Manuscrîpt mentor: Andrew Nas Project manager: Peter ague ïndexer: Sanet e Roux Cover desîgn: Advanced Desîgn Group Cover potograps: © Jake ye / Aamy Stock Poto (ront), © Mîke Godwater /Aamy Stock Poto (back)
Prînted în Sout Arîca by Dîgîta Actîon
he autor and te pubîser ave made every efort to obtaîn permîssîon or and acknowedge te use o copyrîgt materîa. Soud an înadvertent înrîngement o copyrîgt ave occurred, pease contact te pubîser and we wî rectîy omîssîons or errors în any subsequent reprînt or edîtîon.
Acknowledgements Preface
INTRODUCTION
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CHAPTER1 Democracy by consensus ïntroductîon Carew on transormatîve poîtîcs Wamaa on tradîtîona consensus Wîredu on tradîtîona consensus he contexts o democratîc caenges Concusîon
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CHAPTER2 Conceptualising consensus ïntroductîon he îssues Consensus as superîor to majorîtarîanîsm Concusîon
CHAPTER3 Democracy and consensus ïntroductîon Wat democracy îs not Wat democracy îs ïs consensus truy democratîc? Concusîon
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10 10 11 17 34 40 49
50 50 53 54 87
89 89 91 96s 107 130
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CHAPTER4 Political parties in consensus ïntroductîon Probems wît poîtîca partîes Consensus as a non-party poîty ïs a non-party a one-party? Concusîon
CHAPTER5 African aspirations, democracy and African democracy ïntroductîon Arîca Socîo-poîtîco-cutura reaîty Purpose o democracy Arîcan aspîratîons and democracy Beyond consensus and majorîtarîanîsm Concusîon
CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
INDEX
132 132 133 137 157 166
168 168 169 176 180 189 192 201
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he manuscrîpt or tîs pubîcatîon was prepared wît te support o te Arîcan Humanîtîes Feowsîp Program estabîsed by te Amerîcan Councî o earned Socîetîes wît a generous grant rom te Carnegîe Corporatîon o New York. ïn te AHP amîy, ï am grateu or te support ï receîved rom Adîgun Agbaje, Fred Hendrîcks, Eîsabeta Pop, Andrzej Tymowskî, and Barbara van der Merwe. ïn te 13 years ît as taken me to tînk tîs book troug and brîng ît to competîon, my coeagues ave sufered greaty rom earîng my (attempted) arguments over and over agaîn; ï owe tem a great debt. At UKZN ï am îndebted to Jacek Brzozowskî, Juîa Care, Patrîck enta, Heîdî Matîsonn, Deepak Mîstrey, Motsamaî Moee, Munyaradzî Murove, Beatrîce Okyere-Manu, OA (Tony) Oyowe, Adrîano Pama, Jacquî Potera, Martîn Prozesky, Debora Roberts, Rîcard Sîvî, JA ( Jannîe) Smît, Davîd Spurrett, and Monîque Wîtaker. At St. Josep’s heoogîca ïnstîtute ï am equay grateu to James Cader, Neî Frank, Tendaî Gandanzara, Hanse Jaîson, Wencesaus Kwîndîngwî, Rapae Maangu, and Oga Yurkîvska, wo at varîous poînts o te deveopment o tîs manuscrîpt, ave engaged wît my îdeas. And at St. Augustîne Coege o Sout Arîca, ï am most grateu or te patîence and wîsdom o Stuart Bate and Gerard Wamsey. From Pro Bate and Pro Wamsey, ï earned wat a proper scoar does.ï owe a very specîa debt to my unîversîty pîosopy teacers. Sîmon Beck deserves a specîa mentîon or te kîndness e sowed me în te eîgt years ï was îs student, and or te roe e payed în te eary part o my career. ït was Pro Beck’s most amazîng deîvery o pîosopy ectures tat made me convert to te dîscîpîne. ïan Jennîngs was not ony a great teacer but very supportîve o my ten nascent desîre to become a pîosoper. ï am aso grateu or avîng been taugt by Deane-Peter Baker and Dougas Farand. hese our gentemen et a astîng împressîon on me. More tan anyone, my manuscrîpt mentor, Andrew Nas, read tîs manuscrîpt careuy, and îs comments were absoutey învauabe. ï am grateu to my students wo payed te roe o researc assîstant wenever ï caed upon tem; Sîmon Makwînja, ungeo Mbata, Mutsîdzî Maraganedza, Ovett Moore, Sakîe (Mr. S) Nkosî, Xoîe Ntsangase, and Crîs Oyoo Yaye. ast, but not east, ï tank my wîe, to wom tîs book îs dedîcated, and our daugter Ropaadzo, or teîr ove and support. Aso or teîr contînued ove and support, ï tank my parents Heneîka and Vîoet Matoîno, a my sîbîngs (Owen,
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