Regional Integration in Africa

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Regional Integration in Africa Bridging the North-Sub-Saharan Divide came about as a research project conducted by the Africa Institute of South Africa and examines the North African countries' strategies of involvement in the African continent, and their integration initiatives. The book looks at major issues involving Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and Mauritania. These countries, in most cases, have been treated as separate from sub-Saharan Africa. However, the historical reality and economic and political interests indicate that the North African countries have been and still are closely connected with the rest of the African continent. Egypt, for example, was one of the leading countries in the African unity movement, and, together with Libya, has contributed to the restructuring of the African continental organisation and the establishment of the African Union. The book consists of two parts. The first part includes five chapters written in English, the second part of the book comprises six chapters written in Arabic.

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Publié par
Date de parution 27 octobre 2011
Nombre de lectures 2
EAN13 9789966028341
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 8 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,0068€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

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Regional Integration in Africa Bridging the North – SubSaharan Divide
Edîed by Hamdy A. Hassan
Regional Integration in Africa: Bridging te Nort – Sub-Saaran Divide
Fîrs Pubîsed în 2011 by e Arîca ïnsîue o Sou Arîca PO Box 630 Preorîa 0001 Sou Arîca
ïSBN: 978-0-7983-0288-3
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he Arîca ïnsîue o Sou Arîca îs a înk ank and researc organîsaîon, ocusîng on poîîca, socîo-economîc, înernaîona and deveopmen îssues în conemporary Arîca. he ïnsîue conducs researc, pubîses books, monograps, occasîona papers, poîcy brîes and a quarery journa – Arîca ïnsîg. he ïnsîue ods reguar semînars on îssues o opîca îneres. ï îs aso ome o one o e bes îbrary and documenaîon cenres word-wîde, wî maerîas on every Arîcan counry.
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Table of Contents
vii
 v
 vi
 ix
 1
16
34
45
58
Acknowledgements
About the Editor
About the Contributors
Introduction Hamdy Abderaman Hassan
Chapter 1 The Myth and Reality of the North Africa Versus Sub-Saharan Split in the Nile Basin Amed Aî Saem
Chapter 2 Mauritania: The Unstable Bridge Between North and Sub-Saharan Africa? Issaka K. Souaré
Chapter 3 Desertec: A Testimony for Deliberate Divide of the African Continent hokozanî S. Sîmeane and Monîca K. Juma
Chapter 4 North African Studies in South Africa: A Research and Policy Agenda Rawîa M. Tawik
Chapter 5 Afro–Arab Cooperation and North Africa Adeoye A. Akînsanya
Table of Contentsiii
Acknowledgements
ïn 2009 Dr Rauu Musapa, a ecurer în poîîca scîence a Oxord Unîversîy and o Parners în Deveopmen (PïD) wom ï ave known sînce e 1980s, conaced me and în-quîred weer e Arîca ïnsîue o Sou Arîca (AïSA) coud accep îs docora suden Mrs Rawîa Tawik Amer as a eow. My response was a î we coud negoîae a muuay beneicîa projec en we woud gady wecome er. AïSA ad no underaken work on Nor Arîca or a wîe and îs was a goden opporunîy o engage wî îs regîon, especîay wîîn e conex o our researc agenda coverîng regîona înegraîon. hus we commenced dîscussîons wî Ms Amer and evenuay agreed on “Regîona în-egraîon în Arîca: brîdgîng e gap beween e Nor o e conînen and sub-Saaran Arîca” as our joîn projec. We îssued a ca or papers on varîous îssues under îs opîc o scoars gobay, bu argeîng maîny Nor Arîca. Ms Amer en joîned us rom Ocober 2009 o February 2010 wen se woud work on e projec wîs aso underakîng e ied-work or er esîs. Durîng îs îme se was învoved în geîng e absracs, revîewîng em ogeer wî AïSA saf and overseeîng e auors as ey prepared e papers. Our înîîa pan was o ave a conerence în Caîro, în June 2010 were e auors ogeer wî oer academîcs and îneresed parîes woud mee în a conerence and dîscuss e papers. Unorunaey îs was ony possîbe în November 2010. Ms Amer was însrumena în acîîaîng connecîons wî Dr Musapa and AïSA wo worked wî us în pannîng e conerence. By avîng e con erence în Caîro, we reduced e coss o rave and ransaîon sînce mos o e parîcîpans were rom a regîon and e Mîdde Eas. Secondy, î aowed AïSA o re-esabîs  îes wî varîous parners în e regîon and încrease our ooprîn. AïSA and PïD sînged a Memorandum o Undersandîng wereby e aer was responsîbe or e ogîsîcs o e conerence – arrangîng accommo-daîon, conerence acîîîes, ground ranspor and cuura acîvîîes. AïSA paîd or ese servîces, bu avîng a parner on e ground was vaue or money sînce î aevîaed e exra coss we woud ave încurred o avîng someone rom Sou Arîca goîng o Egyp o make e above arrangemens. A bîg sukran (ank you) o em. PïD aso organîsed many oer oca parners îke e Arab Arîca Cenre, Mînîsry o Foreîgn Afaîrs, Arîcan dîpomaîc mîssîons, unîversîîes, înk anks and medîa a provîded acîîaors, caîrs or sessîons, rapporeurs or parîcîpans ec. he projec woud no ave been successu wîou e wrîers o e papers wo provîded vauabe însîgs îno varîous naîona and înernaîona îssues reaed o Nor Arîca wîc wî conrîbue o knowedge producîon and an îneres în îs regîon by e res o e conînen. he conerence was ed jus beore e Arab sprîng a began în Tunîsîa în December 2010 and conînues o sweep across varîous counrîes în Nor Arîca. ïneresîngy, wen îssues o democracy, good governance and rue o aw were raî sed durîng e conerence many speakers încudîng some academîcs cose e osrîc ead în e sand approac – arguîng a eîr governmens were sabe and e peope were conen. Oer speakers
Acknowledgementsv
were more objecîve and recognîsed e caenges acîng eîr counrîes and e regîon. We jus abou a mon aer e regîon eruped, wî e peope igîng or reedom and cange o auocraîc governmens. We mîg no be abe o predîc wa wî appen, exacy wen; bu î îs împoran as socîa scîenîss o sudy socîa penomenon and ry o be as objecîve as possîbe. hîs was e irs projec under e revîsed AïSA eowsîp guîdeînes and î proved very successu. here were many essons earn on a sîdes and î was beneicîa o a. he pîo îs over and we wî now însîue e guîdeînes as we work wî oer eows în uure. hroug îs projec AïSA as spread îs ooprîn a e way o e nor o Arîca and e Mîdde Eas; new neworks ave been creaed and încreased opporunîîes or coaboraîon ave been creaed. Many saf în AïSA conrîbued o e success o îs projec. h ese încuded e researcers wo assîsed wî e ina concepuaîsaîon o e projec proposa, menorîng e eow, revîewîng absracs and papers (încudîng conrîbuîng a joîn paper), parîcîpaîng în e conerence and markeîng AïSA. Our Pubîcaîons Dîvîsîon ook over e manuscrîp ater e conerence papers ad been revîewed and revîsed and go î ready or pubîcaîon. Re a eboga.
Dr Matlotleng P. Matlou Cîe Execuîve OIcer Arîca ïnsîue o Sou Arîca
viIntegration in Africa: Bridging the North-Sub-Saharan Divide Regional
About the Editor
Hamdy A. Hassan (PD) îs a proessor o Poîîca Scîence a eïnsîue or ïsamîc Word Sudîes a e Zayed Unîversîy în Dubaî. He îs aso a proessor a e Caîro Unîversîy, Egyp. He serves as a member on e Advîsory Board o e Swedîs Nework o Peace, Conlîc and Deveopmen Researc. ïn 1999, Proessor Hassan was graned e Egypîan Sae award în Poîîca Scîence or îs bookIssues în te Arîcan Poîtîca Systemspubîsed în Arabîc by e Cener or Arîcan Fuure Sudîes în Caîro. From 2001 o 2005, Proessor Hassan served as an eec Vîce Presîden o e Arîcan Assocîaîon o Poîîca Scîence (AAPS) based în Preorîa, Sou Arîca. He îs aso e dîrecor o e Cener or Arîcan Fuure Sudîes în Caîro wîc e ounded în 1996. Hîs researc ocuses on e democra-îsaîon and deveopmen în Arîca and e Arab word. He as pubîsed many books and arîces în bo Arabîc and Engîs.
About the Editorvii
About the Contributors
Dr Amed Salem AssocîaeProessor,ïnsîueorïsamîcWordSudîes,ZayedUnîversîy,Dubaî,UnîedArab Emîraes.
Dr Kouider Boutaleb Proessor, Facuy o Economîcs and Managemen, Unîversîy o Temcen, Agerîa.
Dr Gamil Abdel Galil Proessor, Sîdî Be Abbes Unîversîy, Agerîa.
Dr hokozani Simelane CîeResearcSpecîaîsandHeadoScîenceandTecnoogyUnî,ArîcaïnsîueoSou Arîca (AïSA), Preorîa, Sou Arîca.
Dr Monica Juma Kenyan Ambassador o e Arîcan Unîon, Addîs Ababa, Eîopîa.
Dr Kaled Ciat ProessoroïnernaîonaReaîonsandïnernaîonaaw,UnîversîyoMoamedï,Oujda, Morocco.
Dr Basir A. Al-kut PoîîcaScîenceDeparmen,AaeUnîversîy,Trîpoî,îbyaandEdîor-în-CîeoAaq Magazîne.
Mr Issaka Souare Senîor Researcer, ïnsîue or Securîy Sudîes (ïSS), Preorîa, Sou Arîca
Dr Moamed Jouili Assocîae Proessor, Tunîs Unîversîy, Tunîsîa.
Dr Samir Boudinar Head o Socîa Researc and Sudîes Cenre, Oujda, Morocco.
Ms Rawia Amer Tawq Assîsanecurer,FacuyoEconomîcsandPoîîcaScîence,CaîroUnîversîyandD.Pîcandîdae, Deparmen o Poîîcs and ïnernaîona Reaîons, Unîversîy o Oxord.
Prof Adeoye A. Akinsaya ProessoroPoîîcaScîenceaeNasarawaSaeUnîversîy,KeI,Nîgerîa.
viii Regional Integration in Africa: Bridging the North-Sub-Saharan Divide
Introduction Hamdy Abdelrahman Hassan
Wy soud ere be a need o dîscuss Nor Arîca’s îneracîons wî Arîca sou o e Saara? hîs quesîon peraps raîses e bîgger îssue o peope’s genera undersandîng o Aro–Arab reaîons. Sînce e begînnîng o e 1990s ï ave ad e opporunîy o rave o many Arîcan counrîes and acquîre a deaîed undersandîng o e Aro–Arab reaîons dîscourse, în erms o bo îs eory and pracîce. Peraps e ogîca and mos objecîve concusîon a can be drawn îs a an Arab–Arîcan dîaogue îs an urgen sraegîc necessîy. Aro–Arab reaîons ave no emerged oday or even în e recen pas: ey are e produc o îsory and a muîdîmensîona, cuura and cîvîîsaîona reaîy. And yet there are complex, interrelated issues that obstruct the process of activating good relations between the two ‘sides’. Some talk about the need to overcome the negatives of the past and to build on the commonalities for a better future. However, this might not be useful in the face of the atmosphere of doubt and the negative mental images that Arabs and Africans have of each other. A frank dialogue is needed and a clear understanding that the era in which we are living imposes upon us the need to rebuild the bridges of civilisation and cultural 1 communication between the two parties. The Afro–Arab summit held in Sirte on 10 October 2010 after an interval of more than 30 years since the convening of the¿rst summit in Cairo in 1977 can be seen as a reÀection of the missed opportunities that have characterised the trajectory of Arab–African relations since 2 the post-independence period. Is it possible then to say that the revolutions that happened in Arab North Africa in spring 2011 will rebuild the bridges of cohesion and interconnection between the north and south of the continent?
Roots of the ‘Afrabia’ notion
Some commenaors argue – as does e promînen Kenyan scoar Aî Mazruî – a ‘Arabîa’ îs ‘an expressîon o e essence o organîc coesîon beween Arab and Arîcan regîons’. Some sudîes îndîcae a e Arabs and Arîcans îved în one conînen beore e geograpîc 3 separaîon o Arîca rom e Arabîan Penînsua due o e emergence o e Red Sea , and a îs pysîca separaîon beween e wo enîîes was a ae inay seaed în e nîneeen cenury wî e consrucîon o e Suez Cana. Despite this, the degree of interaction between the Arab and African civilisations over a long period of history exceeded the physical separation created by the barrier of the Red Sea. The experience of interaction and co-existence over long periods of time led to the emergence of Afro–Arab communities. While the Afro–Arab bond is to one extent a product of geography and geology, it is also, in its human dimension, a product of history and the interactions shared between the Arab and African cultures. This human interconnection has taken place in three main regions. The
Introductionix