Art Nouveau

Art Nouveau

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318 pages

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Ever since its triumph at the Paris Universal Exposition, Art Nouveau has continued to inspire artists. The movement offered an artistic response to the industrial revolution and the creative vacuum left in its wake, exerting a huge impact on the decorative arts. Art Nouveau spans all forms of expression – including design, painting and architecture – and covers artists such as Gustav Klimt, Koloman Moser, Antoni Gaudí, Jan Toorop, and William Morris.

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Date de parution 07 janvier 2014
Nombre de visites sur la page 18
EAN13 9781781609330
Licence : Tous droits réservés
Langue English

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Art Nouveau
Text: Jean Lahor (adaptation) Translator: Rebecca Brimacombe
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ISBN: 978-1-78042-178-0
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"One can argue the merits and the future of the new decorative art movement, but there is no denying it currently reigns triumphant over all Europe and in every English-speaking country outside Europe; all it needs now is management, and this is up to men of taste." – Jean Lahor, Paris 1901
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1893:
1894:
1895:
1897:
1897-1899:
Chronology
Victor Horta builds the Hôtel Tassel in Brussels, which is considered to be the first Art Nouveau building.
Louis Comfort Tiffany creates a new process for the making of vases and bowls, the "favrile" technique, a handcrafted technic of glass-blowing, that allows numerous effects.
Edmond Picard uses the term "Art Nouveau" for the first time in the Belgian revueL'Art moderne.
Siegfried Bing opens his shop "L'Art Nouveau", 22 rue de Chauchat in Paris.
Creation of the "Sezessionstil" by Joseph Hoffmann in Vienna. This movement, which also includes Egon Schiele, Oskar Kokoschka and Koloman Moser, is chaired by Gustav Klimt.
Josef Maria Olbrich creates the Secession building in Vienna.
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1900:
1901:
1904:
1914 -1918:
Around 1920:
Universal Exposition in Paris. Triumph of Art Nouveau.
René Lalique receives the Grand Prix for jewellery at the Universal Exposition and therefore becomes the most famous Art Nouveau jeweller.
Foundation of the first metropolitan stations designed by Hector Guimard.
Creation of the Alliance des Industries de l'Art, commonly known as the École de Nancy, by the artists Louis Majorelle, the Daum Brothers and Émile Gallé, who will be the first chairman.
Antoni Gaudí creates the Casa Batlló in Barcelona.
The art world is affected by the world-wide crisis.
Art Nouveau gives way to a new style: Art Deco.
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I.
TheOriginsofArtNouveau
Art Nouveau sprang from a major movement in the decorative arts that first appeared in Western Europe in 1892, but its birth was not quite as spontaneous as is commonly believed. Decorative ornament and furniture underwent many changes between the waning of the Empire Style around 1815 and the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris celebrating the centennial of the French Revolution. For example, there were distinct revivals of Restoration, Louis-Philippe, and Napoleon III furnishings still on display at the 1900 Universal Exposition in Paris.
Swans, wall paper design
Walter Crane, 1875 Gouache and watercolour, 53.1 x 53 cm Victoria & Albert Museum, London
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Tradition (or rather imitation) played too large a role in the creation of these different period styles for a single trend to emerge and assume a unique mantle. Nevertheless there were some artists during this period that sought to distinguish themselves from their predecessors by expressing their own decorative ideal. What then did the new decorative art movement stand for in 1900? In France, as elsewhere, it meant that people were tired of the usual repetitive forms and methods, the same old decorative clichés and banalities, the eternal imitation of furniture from the reigns of monarchs
Sarah Bernhardt
Georges Clairin, 1876 Oil on canvas, 200 x 250 cm Petit Palais, Musée des BeauxArts de la Ville de Paris, Paris