344 pages
English

The Sound Approach To English Grammar = الطريقة المثلى لقواعد اللغة الإنجليزية

-

Obtenez un accès à la bibliothèque pour le consulter en ligne
En savoir plus

Description

يطرح هذا الكتاب طريقة جديدة لتعليم اللغة الإنجليزية وتعتمد هذه الطريقة على النطق السليم للمفردات التي تشكّل عصب اللغة، وعلى استخدام الكلمات في جمل مفيدة حسب قوالب لغوية متعارف عليها، وعلى المتعلم تقليدها بحيث يتمكن المتعلم من التعلم الذاتي، وتعتمد الطريقة أيضا على الحديث Speaking والقراءة writing والكتابة reading.

Sujets

Informations

Publié par
Date de parution 01 janvier 2006
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9796500010069
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 1 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page €. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

The Sound Approach To English Grammar  ﺪﻋاﻮﻘﻟ ﲆﺜﳌا ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﻟا ﺔﻳﺰﻴﻠﺠﻧﻹا ﺔﻐﻠﻟا Devised by Ibrahim A. Abu Anzeh B.A in English - Cairo University (1967) Education Diploma - Qatar University (1977)
Fourth Edition 2006  ﺔــﻌـــﺑاﺮﻟا ﺔـﻌـﺒﻄﻟا  (ﻚﻣدر)ISBN 9957-05-031-1
١٥٥١ :١٩٩٩ / ٩ /  ﺔﻴﻨﻃﻮﻟا ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌا ةﺮﺋاد ىﺪﻟ عاﺪﻳﻹا ﻢﻗر  ٤٢٥ :ﻒﻴﻨﺼﺘﻟا ﻢﻗر  هﺰـﻨﻋ ﻮﺑأ ﻢﻴﺣﺮﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﻢﻴﻫاﺮﺑإ :ﻪﻤﻜﺣ ﰲ ﻮﻫ ﻦو ﻒﻟﺆﳌا ﺔﻳﺰﻴﻠﺠﻧﻹا ﺔﻐﻠﻟا ﺪﻋاﻮﻘﻟ ﺜﳌا ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﻟا :بﺎﺘﻜﻟا ناﻮﻨﻋ  .تﺎﻐﻠﻟا - ١ :ﺲﻴﺋﺮﻟا عﻮﺿﻮﳌا  .ﺔﻳﺰﻴﻠﺠﻧﻹا ﺔﻐﻠﻟا ﺪﻋاﻮﻗ ١٩٩٩/٩/١١٠٦ :ﻞﺴﻠﺴﺘﳌا ةزﺎﺟﻹا ﻢﻗر  ﺔﻴﻟوﻷا ﻒﻴﻨﺼﺘﻟاو ﺔﺳﺮﻬﻔﻟا تﺎﻧﺎﻴﺑ داﺪﻋإ ﻢﺗ  . ﺔﻴﻨﻃﻮﻟا ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌا ةﺮﺋاد ﻞﺒﻗ ﻦﻣ
 ﻒﻟﺆﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﻇﻮﻔﺤ ﻊﺒﻄﻟا قﻮﻘﺣ  م١٩٩٩ :ﱃوﻷا ﺔﻌﺒﻄﻟا  م٢٠٠٠ :ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺜﻟا ﺔﻌﺒﻄﻟا  م٢٠٠٤ : ﺔﺜﻟﺎﺜﻟا ﺔﻌﺒﻄﻟا  م٢٠٠٦ ﺔﻌﺑاﺮﻟا ﺔﻌﺒﻄﻟا
 ةﺰﻨﻋ ﻮﺑأ ﻢﻴﻫاﺮﺑإ ﻒﻟﺆﳌا ناﻮﻨﻋ  ٣٦٣١٧ ب.ص - ﺔﺣوﺪﻟا – ﺮﻄﻗ ﺔﻟود  ٠٠٩٧٤ ٤٧٩٠٠٤٧ : ﻒﺗﺎﻫ  ٠٠٩٧٤ ٥٨٢٩٢٥٩  E-mail: abuomar4667@hotmail.com
 ﻊﻳزﻮﺘﻟاو ﴩﻨﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟا ﺎﻓﺎﻳ راد  ٠٠٩٦٢ ٦ ٤٧٧٨٧٧٠ ﺲﻛﺎﻔﻠﺗ - ﺔﻴﻓﴍﻷا – نﻋ – ندرﻷا  ندرﻷا ١١١٥٢ نﻋ ٥٢٠٦٥١ ب.ص  E-mail: dar_yafa@yahoo.com
Ï
 ﻢﻴﺣﺮﻟا ﻦﻤﺣﺮﻟا ﻪـﻠـﻟا ﻢﺴﺑ  : موﺮﻟا ةرﻮﺳ ﰲ ﱃﺎﻌﺗ لﺎﻗ Ͱ̴̺́͢ͳ͗.Ͳ̹̼͙͵̺͕͵Ͳ̹௪̼̠̺͕͙̞͇ͮ͵ͼͨͽ͋ͣ͵͙ͽ͙͜͵̻̠̺͙̓ͼͯϾ̞ͽ̘͔̿̓̀ͳ̻͵}  {ͳ௬̻̺̯̓Ͼ̺̓͜ͺ͍̀  Allah says that the creation of the heavens and earth and  the variety of your languages and colours testify to God’s  existence. These are signs for people who know.
Ð
 Introduction to Fourth Edition  In view of the fact that the third edition has run out , I have planned the third edition in which I have included corrections, modifications, new language items and more drills so as to realize our goal : making learning English an easy , pleasurable process.  I catch this opportunity to thank all people who thanked me for this valuable book and supplied me with useful observations that I have considered when preparing this edition.  Author ﺔﻌﺑاﺮﻟا ﺔﻌﺒﻄﻟا ﺔﻣ ﺪﻘﻣ ـاوـاوواـادـًاـو.اااوياا مﻮـﻗأ نأ ﺐـﺟاﻮﻟا ﻦـﻣ ﻪـﻧأ ﺖـﻳأر ﺪـﻘﻠﻓ ، ﻪﻌﻣ ﻞﻣﺎﻌﺘﻟا ﺔﻟﻮﻬﺴﻟ بﺎﺘﻜﻟا ﻋ ﺒﻜﻟا لﺎﺒﻗﻺﻟ ﺔﺠﻴﺘﻧ ﰲﻼﺘـﻟ ﺔـﻣزﻼﻟا تﻼﻳﺪـﻌﺘﻟاو تﺎﺒﻳﻮـﺼﺘﻟا لﺎـﺧدﺈﺑ ﺖـﻤﻗ ﺪﻘﻟو .ﺔﻌﺑاﺮﻟا ﺔﻌﺒﻄﻠﻟ داﺪﻋﻹا ﰲ ﻜﻔﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﺔـﻠﺜﻣﻷاو ﻦﻳرﺘﻟاو ﺔﻐﻠﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺰﳌا ﺔﻓﺎﺿﺈﺑ ﺖﻤﻗ ﻛ ،ﺔﻘﺑﺎﺴﻟا تﺎﻌﺒﻄﻟا ﰲ رﻮﺼﻘﻟا ﻲﺣاﻮﻧ ﺾﻌﺑ ﺔـﻳﺄﺑ ﺐﺣرأ ﻲﻨﻧإو .ﺔﻐﻠﻟا ﺪﻋاﻮﻗ ماﺪﺨﺘﺳا ﻋ ﺐﻳرﺪﺘﻟاو ﺔﺳرﳌا ﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺰﳌا ﻢﻠﻌﺘﳌا ءﺎﻄﻋإ ﺔﻴﻐﺑ ﺪﻳﺰﳌا بﺎﺘﻜﻟا اﺬﻫ ﻲﻗﻼﻳ نأ ﻮﺟرأ مﺎﺘﺨﻟا ﰲو .ﺔﻳﺰﻴﻠﺠﻧﻹا ﺔﻐﻠﻟا ﳼراﺪﻟ مﺎﻌﻟا ﺢﻟﺎﺼﻟا مﺪﺨﺗ رﺎﻜﻓأ  .ﻢﻋﺪﻟاو لﻮﺒﻘﻟا ﻦﻣ اﺬـﻬﺑ ﻢﻬﺑﺎـﺠﻋإ ﻦﻳﺪـﺒﻣ  اﻮﻠـﺼﺗا ﻦﻳﺬـﻟا صﺎﺨـﺷﻷا ﻞـﻜﻟ يﺮﻜـﺷ م ّﺪـﻗأ نأ ﻲﻨﺗﻮﻔﻳ ﻻو  .ﺔﻌﺒﻄﻟا هﺬﻫ داﺪﻋإ ﺪﻨﻋ رﺎﺒﺘﻋﻻا ﻌﺑ ﺎﻬﺗﺬﺧأ ﻲﺘﻟا تﺎﻈﺣﻼﳌا ﺾﻌﺑ ﻣ ّﺪﻘﻣو بﺎﺘﻜﻟا  ﺔﺣوﺪﻟا  ﻒـﻟﺆـﳌا
Ñ
 Introduction & Dedication ءاﺪـﻫإو ﻢـﻳﺪﻘﺗ Allah has created the universe and populated it with peoples speaking different languages . The world's peoples have to communicate with each other , so it has become necessary for one to learn languages other than his mother tongue.  Arabic-speaking people find it necessary to learn other languages for the world is witnessing tremendous changes in the fields of knowledge and information , and access to these changes lies in English , a language spoken by millions all over the globe. It is logical that we learn English and command it so that we will be able to keep in touch with the outside world.  There have been several theories and methods regarding learning English as a second language , but I have found it useful to tak e Arabic into account while learning English. I am introducing a learning method that benefits people having problems with learning English by providing them with reasonable , practical solutions.  This method is based on two assumptions . Firstly , the learner should correctly pronounce words because this is the best way through which the learner can possess and continually increase his vocabulary. Secondly , the learner is supplied with certain structures that enable him to use vocabulary effectively. Through continuous practice the learner can command these structures , using the language with ease and confidence . I do not presume that this method is wholly perfect ; consequently, I welcome any constructive observations that can fill the gaps . However , a method is considered good when it proves successful in helping a large number of learners . I have been applying this method to many learners , and the results have been excellent. Thanks to this method , many learners have become capable of using the language , thus gaining confidence and showing signs of daily language development.  I dedicate this book to whoever aspires to glory.Author
Ò
 ءاﺪـــﻫإو ﺔـﻣﺪـﻘﻣ ـﴣﻗ و , ﺔـﻔﻠﺘﺨ تﺎـﻐﻟ نﻮﻘﻄﻨﻳ ماﻮﻗﺄﺑ هﺮّﻤﻋ و نﻮﻜﻟا ﱃﺎﻌﺗ و ﻪﻧﺎﺤﺒﺳ ﻪـﻠـﻟا ﻖﻠﺧ ﺪﻘﻟ نأ و , ﺎـَﻨﻜﻤ نﻮﻜﻟا رﻋأ ﺢﺒﺼﻳ ﻰﺘﺣ ﻢﻫﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﺎﻫدﻮﺴﻳ تﺎﻗﻼﻋ ماﻮﻗﻷا هﺬﻫ ﺑ مﻮﻘﺗ نأ ﻪﻧﺎﺤﺒﺳ ــىـأتنانأَروتو,ااو  . مﻷا اﻮـﻤﻠﻌﺘﻳ نأ ﻢﻬﻴـﻠﻋ ةﴏﺎـﻌﳌا ةﺎـﻴﺤﻟا ﺔـﻌﻴﺒﻃ ضﺮﻔﺗ و ﺔﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟا ﺔﻐﻠﻟا نﻮﻘﻄﻨﻳ بﺮﻌﻟا نإ ﺔـﺎﻗ ﺔﻠﺋﺎﻫ ﺔﻴﺗﺎﻮﻠﻌ و ﺔﻴﻓﺮﻌ ةرﻮﺛ ﺪﻬﺸﻳ مﻮﻴﻟا ﺎﻌﻟا نﻷ ﺔﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟا ﺔﻐﻠﻟا ﺐﻧﺎﺟ ﱃإ ىﺮﺧأ تﺎﻐﻟ ذإ مﻮـﻴﻟا ﺔﻳﺰﻴﻠﺠﻧﻹا ﺔﻐﻠﻟا ﺔﻴﻤﻫأ ﺮﻜﻨﻳ ﺪﺣأ ﻻ و . ﺎﻬﺘﺪﻘ ﰲ ﺔﻳﺰﻴﻠﺠﻧﻹا يﺄﺗ ﺔﻴﺒﻨﺟﻷا تﺎﻐﻠﻟا ﲆﻋ ـنأًاـو,ـنوناءرأسانأ  . ﺔﻌﻓﺎﻨﻟا فرﺎﻌﳌاو مﻮﻠﻌﻟا ﻞﻴﺼﺤﺗ ﱃإ ﺎﻨﺑ دﺆﻳ ﺬﻟا ﻞﻴﺒﺴﻟا ﺎﻨﻟ ﴪﻴﺘﻳ ﻰﺘﺣ ﺎﻬﻨﻘﺘﻧ و إـقـوتـةاناُو ًـنــماـادـونأإ,ـاـباةﻦـ ﺲﻴـﻟ ﻪـﻧﻷ رﺎـﺒﺘﻋﻻا ـﻌﺑ ﺔـﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟا ﺔـﻐﻠﻟا ﺬـﺧﺄﻧ نأ ﺪﻴﻔﳌا ﻦ ﺖﻳأر اﺬﻬﻟو ﺔﻐﻠﻟا نﺎﻘﺗإ ﻖﻳﺮﻃ ﺖﻗﻮﻟا ﺲﻔﻧ ﰲو ﺎﻬﺣﺮﻃأ ﻲﺘﻟا ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﻟاو . ﺔﻳﺰﻴﻠﺠﻧﻹا ﻢﻠﻌﺘﻧ ﻦﺤﻧو ﺔﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟا ﺔﻐﻠﻟا لﺎﻔﻏإ ﺎﻨﺘﺤﻠﺼ ااًا-داانايوإـأ و بﺎﻌـﺼﻟا ﻢـﻬﻟ ﻞﻟﺬﺗ ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻃ ﰲ تﺮّﻜﻓ اﺬﻬﻟ و ,ﺎﻬـﻧﺎﻘﺗإ و ﺎﻬﻤﻠﻌﺗ ﻦ ﻪﻨﻜﻤـﺗ  ﺔﺌﻴﺑ ﰲ ﺔﻳﺰﻴﻠﺠﻧﻹا و,ــاــلوــوًـوًاّماـاـو,ـاـّــاتادـاااهﺚـﻴﺤﺑ ﺎﻫﺪـﻴﻠﻘﺗ ﻢﻠﻌﺘـﳌا ﲆـﻋ و .ﺎـﻬﻴﻠﻋ فرﺎـﻌﺘ ﺔـﻳﻮﻐﻟ ﺐـﻟاﻮﻗ ﺐﺴﺣ ةﺪﻴﻔ ﻞﻤﺟ ﰲ تﻠﻜﻟا  ةءاﺮـﻘﻟا و ﺚﻳﺪـﺤﻟا Speaking ﲆـﻋ ﺎـﻀﻳأ ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﻟا ﺪﻤﺘﻌﺗو , ياﺬﻟا ﻢﻠﻌﺘﻟا ﻦ ﻢﻠﻌﺘﳌا ﻦﻜﻤﺘﻳ  . writing ﺔﺑﺎﺘﻜﻟا وreading
Ó
ﺎـﻬﻧأ تﺪـﺟوو ﺔـﻳﺰﻴﻠﺠﻧﻹا ﳼراد ﻦ ﺒﻛ دﺪﻋ ﲆﻋ ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﻟا هﺬﻫ ﻖﻴﺒﻄﺘﺑ ﺖﻤﻗ ﺪﻘﻟو إسـاــــأوـاذأاازًارﺔـﻴﻠﻤﻋ عـﴪّ ﻳ زﺎـﺠﻧﻹﺎﺑ رﻮﻌـﺸﻟا اﺬـﻫ و ﻢﻠﻌﺘﻟا لﺎﺠ ﰲ ﺜﻜﻟا ءﴚﻟا زﺎﺠﻧإ ﻪﻴﻓ نﻮﻌﻴﻄﺘﺴﻳ ﻊﺿو  . ﺔﻈﺤﻠﺑ ﺔﻈﺤﻟ ﻪﺪﻘﺗ ىﺪ ﺪﺻﺮﻳ سراﺪﻟا نﻷ ﻢﻠﻌﺘﻟا ﻲﺣاﻮﻧ ﺾﻌﺒﻟا ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ىﺮﻳ نأ ﺪﺑ ﻻ و , ﲇﺜﳌا ﺖﺴﻴﻟ ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﻟا هﺬﻫ نﺄﺑ فﱰﻋا نأ ﱄ ﺪﺑﻻ و ﻲـﺘﻟا تاﺮـﻐﺜﻟا ﺪـﺴﺗ ﺪـﻗ تﺎـﻈﺣﻼ ﺔﻳﺄﺑ ﺐﺣرأ ﻲﻨﻧﺈﻓ اﺬﻬﻟ و لﻜﻟا ﻲﻋﺪﻧ ﻻ و , ﴩﺑ ﺎﻨﻧﻷ رﻮﺼﻗ دﻼﻴـ ﰲ ﻞـﻀﻔﻟا ﻪـﻟ نﺎـﻛ ﺖـﻠﺎﻌﺗ ﺬـﻟا ﻼـﻄﻟا ﻂـﺳﻮﻟا نأ لﻮﻘﻟا ﻦ ﱄ ﺪﺑ ﻻ و , ﺾﻌﺒﻟا ﺎﻫاﺮﻳ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﻜإ و ﻞﻷا عرز و ﻢﻬﺳﻮﻔﻧ ﻦ سﺄﻴﻟا عﺰﻧو بﺎﻌﺼﻟا ﻞﻴﻟﺬﺗ ﻲﻤﻫ ﻞﺟ نﺎﻛ نﻷ هﺬﻫ ﻲﺘﻘﻳﺮﻃ هﺬﻬــﺑ ﻞﻤﻌﻟا ﻦ ﱃوﻷا ﻞﺣاﺮﳌا ﰲ بﻼﻄﻟا ﺔﻴﺒﻟﺎﻏ هﻮﺟو ﲆﻋ ﺔﺣﺮﻔﻟا تﺪﻫﺎﺷ و ﺔﻳﺰﻴﻠﺠﻧﻹا ﻢﻠﻌﺗ  .ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﻟا ﻢـﻠﻌﺗ لﺎـﺠ ﰲ بﺎﻌـﺼﻟا ﻞﻟﺬﺗ ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻃ ﻢﻳﺪﻘﺗ ﰲ ﺖﻘﻓو ﺪﻗ نﻮﻛأ نأ ﻮﺟرأ مﺎﺘﺨﻟا ﰲ و ﻞﺒﻘﺘﻳ نأ اﻮﺟرأ و, دﺎﺒﻌﻟا بﺮﻟ ءﺎﺿرإ ﻲﻮﻗ ﺔﺪﺧ ﻮﻫ ﺪﺼﻗ نأ ﻞﺠﺳأ نأ ﺪﻳرأو ﺔﻳﺰﻴﻠﺠﻧﻹا ﺔﻐﻠﻟا ّ ً ـﻤﻠﻌﳌا مﺎـإ و ﻠـﺳﺮﳌا ﺪﻴـﺳ ﲆـﻋ مﻼـﺴﻟا و ةﻼـﺼﻟا و ﳌﺎﻌﻟا بر  ﺪﻤﺤﻟا و ﻞﻤﻌﻟا اﺬﻫ ر ﱃإ ﺤﺎـﻄﻟا ﻞـﻛ ﱃإ بﺎـﺘﻜﻟا اﺬﻫ ءاﺪﻫﺈﺑ ﺪﻌﺳأ ﻲﻨﻧأ ﻛ . ﻢﻠﺳ و ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪـﻠـﻟا ﲆﺻ ﺪﻤﺤ ﺎﻧﺪﻴﺳ  .ﺪﺠﳌا  ﻒـﻟﺆﳌا  ةﺰـﻨﻋ ﻮﺑأ ﻢﻴﺣﺮﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﻢﻴﻫاﺮﺑإ
Ô
 Sound Pronunciation  ﻢﻴﻠﺴﻟا ﻖﻄﻨﻟا ءﺎـﺠﻫ فﺮﺣ ﻞﻜﻟ ﺪﺟﻮﻳ ﺔﻳﺰﻴﻠﺠﻧﻹا ﰲ و , ﻢﻴﻠﺳ ﻞﻜﺸﺑ ﺔﻤﻠﻜﻟا ﻖﻄﻧ ﻦ ﺪﺑ ﻻ ﺔﻳﺰﻴﻠﺠﻧﻹا ﻢﻠﻌﺘﻧ ﻟ ﲆـﻋ و ﺪـﻴﺟ ﻞﻜـﺸﺑ ﺔﻤﻠﻜﻟا ﻖﻄﻧ ﲆﻋ ﺪﻋﺎﺴﺗ ﻲﺘﻟا تادﺎﺷرﻹا ﺾﻌﺑ م ّﺪﻗأ و , ﺪﺣاو تﻮﺻ ﻦ ﻛأ ﻪـﻳﻮﻨﺘﻟا ﻦـ ﺪﺑ ﻻ و , تادﺮﻔﳌا ﺔﻴﺒﻟﺎﻏ ﲆﻋ ﻖﺒﻄﻨﺗ ﺔﺎﻋ ﺪﻋاﻮﻗ هﺬﻫو ,ﺔﻴﺋﻼإ ءﺎﻄﺧأ نوﺪﺑ ﺎﻬﺘﺑﺎﺘﻛ  . تاءﺎﻨﺜﺘﺳا كﺎﻨﻫ نأ ﻦ  We have to pronounce words correctly if we want to learn English properly.  It is important to know that each alphabet has more than one sound , which confuses the learner and hinders his language development. I am supplying some general pronunciation tips that , if followed , can solve , to a great extent, many language problems , namely vocabulary acquisition and spelling.  :تﻻﺎﺣ ثﻼﺛ ﰲ /ﻪﻳأ/ a ـﻟا ﻖﻄﻨﺗ : ﻻوأ * 1- a - e made ﻊﻨﺻmate ﻞﻴﻣز , , hate هﺮﻜﻳ , ate, fate, lateﺮﺧﺄﺘﻣ mare, wave –ـﺑ حﻮﻠﻳ- ﺔﺟﻮﻣ,flame -cave ﻒﻬﻛ lame جﺮﻋأ , ﺪﺼﺘﻘﻳ،ﺮﻓﻮﻳ ،ﺬﻘﻨﻳ , save ﰲ ﺐﻬﻟ name ,same , fame ةﺮﻬﺷ, plane ةﺮﺋﺎﻃ care ﺔﻳﺎﻋر،ﻢﺘﻬﻳ , take ﺬﺧﺄﻳ, make ﻊﻨﺼﻳ, wake upﻆﻘﻴﺘﺴﻳ/ﻆﻗﻮﻳ cake , for the sake of ﻞﺟأ ﻦ, bake , bare ٍرﺎﻋ, fare ةﺮﺟﻷا rare ردﺎﻧ, dare ؤﺮﺠﻳ, safe ﺔﻧاﺰﺧ ،ﻦآ , tame ضوﺮ -ضوﺮﻳ , game ﺔﺒﻌﻟ frame رﺎـﻃإ , crane , flare , glare , snare دﺎﻄﺼﻳ – ﺦﻓ – كﴍ snake نﺎﺒﻌﺛ , skate ﺞﻟﺰﺘﻳ .
Õ
2- ai maid ﺔﻣدﺎﺧ , mail ﺪﻳﺮﺑ , hail ب ﺐﺣﺮﻳ, rail , fail ﺐﺳﺮﻳ - ﻞﺸﻔﻳ ,  sail ﺮﺤﺒﻳ , tailﻞﻳذ, wail ﺒﻳ , wait ﺮﻈﺘﻨﻳ, bait ﻢﻌﻄﻟا ,  faint ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻰﻤﻐﻳ , paint ﻦﻫﺪﻳ , pain أ –ﻊﺟو , painful ﺆ ,  painless ﺆ ﻏ , explain ﴪﻔﻳ , rain ﺮﻄ ، ﺮﻄ , brainغﺎد,  drain , fair لدﺎﻋ، ءاﺮﻘﺷ ضﺮﻌ . 3- ay  play ﺐﻌﻠﻳ , pray ﲇﺼﻳ ,pay ﻊﻓﺪﻳ, say لﻮﻘﻳ , stay ﺚﻜ , lay ﻊﻀﻳ  slay ﺢﺑﺬﻳ , rayway ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻃ ،ﻖﻳﺮﻃﺔﻌﺷأ, day مﻮﻳ, may ﺎر ,  clay لﺎﺼﻠﺻ-ﻃ , hay, bay ,  .تﻠﻜﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺒﻛ دﺪﻋ ﰲ ﻚﻟذو /ﻪﻳأ/ a ﻖﻄﻧ ﻢﺘﻳ y وأ i وأ e دﻮﺟو ﰲ ﻪﻧأ ﻆﺣﻼﻧ *  /نآ/ﻞﺜﻣ /آ/ a ﻖﻄﻧ ﻢﺘﻳ y وأ i وأ e بﺎﻴﻏ ﰲ ﺎﻣأ : ًﺎﻴﻧﺎﺛ * sadﻦﻳﺰﺣ , bad ءﳼ ,ladﻰﺘﻓ , mad نﻮﻨﺠﻣ , mat ةﺼﺣ, man ﻞﺟر fan ﺔﺣوﺮﻣ , ran ﺾﻛر , banhas ﻚﻠ can ﺔﺒﻠﻋ-ﻊﻴﻄﺘﺴﻳ ,  /نﺎﺑ/, had ﻪﻳﺪﻟ نﺎﻛ, car ,sat ﺲﻠﺟ, van , start , star , dark , dam back , sack , park , artﻦﻓ , rank ﺔﺒﺗر, tank ناﺰﺧ -ﺔﺑﺎﺑد , partءﺰﺟ partyفﺮﻃ/ﺔﻠﻔﺣ/بﺰﺣ, smartﻖﻴﻧأ , rat رﺄﻓ , pack مّﺰﺤﻳ -بﴎ-ﺔﺰﺣ , farm ﺔﻋرﺰ, swan زﻮﻟأ , bang ﺔﻌﻗﺮﻓ -ﺔﻄﺒﺧ, sang (ﺔﻴﻨﻏأ)ﻰﻨﻏ rang ﻞﺼﺗا , hang ﱃﺪﺘﻳ – ﻖﻠﻌﻳ .
Ö