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Knowledge Transfer in Multinational Companies

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206 pages
Multinational Companies (MNCs) increasingly play an important role in transferring knowledge worldwide. For MNCs, the topic of knowledge transfer has been studied in different ways. While economists have mainly studied the effects of knowledge transfer on firms' performance, management scholars have rather shed light on the processes of transferring knowledge as well as more strategic aspects for MNCs. The objective of this book is to create bridges between economic sciences and management sciences, by highlighting the contributions and methodologies related to each of these disciplines.
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Knowledge Transfer in Multinational Companies Sharing Multiple Perspectives
Published under the direction of Lamia Ben Hamida and Christophe Lejeune
Sharing Multiple P
Conception et Dynamique des Organisations
Knowledge Transfer in Multinational Companies: Sharing Multiple Perspectives
Conception et dynamique des organisations Collection fondée et dirigée par : Alain Max Guénette et Jean-Claude Sardas Graphisme : Samantha Guénette et Paolo F. Sciortino
Conception et dynamique des organisations Éditions L’Harmattan 5-7, rue de l’École Polytechnique 75005 Paris
Published under the direction of Lamia BENHAMIDAand Christophe LEJEUNEKNOWLEDGETRANSFERINMULTINATIONALCOMPANIES:SHARINGMULTIPLEPERSPECTIVESWith contributions from : Tina C. Ambos, Lamia Ben Hamida, Stefanie Beninger, John Cantwell, Daniella Fjellström, Rian Drogendijk, June N.P. Francis, Hammad ul Haq, Anne-Claude Lambelet, Yih-teen Lee, Christophe Lejeune, Desirée Blankenburg Holm, Lucia Piscitello, David A.F. Roberston, Riikka M. Sarala, Alain Vas, Lena ZanderL’Harmattan
© L’Harmattan, 2016 5-7, rue de l’École-Polytechnique ; 75005 Paris http://www.editions-harmattan.fr ISBN : 978-2-343-10929-9 EAN : 9782343109299
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Most contributions to this book have emerged during an interna-tional colloquium supported by the SNSF (Swiss National Science-Foundation), the “Haute école de gestion Arc” (HEG Arc) and ESTA School of Business and Technology (Belfort and Lyon, France). The colloquium took place in Neuchatel, Switzerland, in July 2014. This book has benefited from the support of the following institu-tions: ESTA School of Business and Technology (Belfort and Lyon, France), and the “HEG Arc” (management school of the “Haute Ecole Arc (HE-Arc)”, and member of the “University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland” (HES-SO).
REMERCIEMENTS
Les contributions à ce volume émanent principalement d’un col-loque international soutenu par le FNS (Fonds National Suisse de la Recherche Scientifique), la Haute école de gestion Arc (HEG Arc) et ESTA School of Business and Technology (Belfort et Lyon, France). Ce colloque s’est déroulé à Neuchâtel en juillet 2014. La présente publication a bénéficié du soutien de nos institutions respectives : ESTA School of Business and Technology (Belfort et Lyon, France), la HEG Arc, domaine gestion de la Haute école Arc (HE-Arc), membre de la Haute école spécialisée de Suisse occiden-tale (HES-SO).
TABLE OF CONTENT
Introduction ..................................................................................... 9
Keynote Contributions .................................................................. 15
Sharing Multiple Perspectives for Mutual Learning in Organizational Contexts............................................................ 17
Effective Knowledge Sharing Across Distance : Managing Practice Groups in MNCs ......................................................... 24
National Cultural Differences and Knowledge Transfer in Mergers and Acquisitions: Future Perspectives ....................... 30
Why Managing Multiple Cultural Identities Matters ? ............ 36
A Practitioner’s Perspective ...................................................... 43
Economic, Cultural and Social Perspectives................................. 47
Overseas and Domestic R&D: The Case of Switzerland ......... 49
Asymmetrical Adaptation in a Swedish-Chinese Context ........ 73
Traditional knowledge: Legal and Sustainability Considerations .................................................................................................118
Organizational and Managerial Perspectives .............................. 149
Intraorganizational Communication of Business Ideas........... 151
Disseminating Knowledge with Managerial Practices........... 174
Authors........................................................................................ 201
INTRODUCTION
Lamia Ben Hamida and Christophe Lejeune
Multinational Companies (MNCs) increasingly play an important role in international exchanges and world domestic product (UNCTAD, 2010). They are more and more considered as the main engine for knowledge transfers between countries. For MNCs, the topic of knowledge transfer has been studied in different ways, and from different disciplinary perspectives. While economists have mainly studied the effects of knowledge transfer on firms’ perfor-mance, management scholars have rather shed light on the processes of transferring knowledge as well as more strategic aspects for MNCs.
Questions concerning knowledge transfer in MNCs are associated with those in the domain of international work and in the context of advanced globalization. (UNCATD, 2012; El Mouhoub, 2013; Las-sudrie-Duchêne, 1982). The subjects broached primarily concern economic questions (Moati and El Mouhoub, 2005; Bouba-Olga, 2006). In knowing this, the questions at stake in knowledge transfer clearly touch the exchange and sharing of knowledge transfer in MNCS. (Cantwell and Piscitello, 2000; Dunning and Lundan., 2008; Lee, 2010), together with strategic aspects of these companies. The importance and the significance of cultural, organizational, and management aspects in the process and the effects of knowledge transfer should be taken into account (Hofstede, 1980; Minbaeva, 2007; Qin et al, 2011; Vaara et al., 2012; Van Wijk et al., 2008; Guénette et al. 2011).
The objective of this book is to create bridges between economic sciences and management sciences, by highlighting the contribu-tions and methodologies related to each of these disciplines. Thus, the book intend to analyze the determinants and the effects of knowledge transfer within multinational companies, as well as to stimulate debates around organizational, cultural, management and
INTRODUCTION
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