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Ophthalmology at a Glance

112 pages
Ophthalmology at a Glance is a concise textbook written as part of the highly successful at a Glance series. The book follows the classic format of topics laid out in a double page spread, with clear diagrams illustrating the essential information and supporting the main text. This makes learning and understanding a topic more simple and effective.

Ophthalmology at a Glance is written to provide a straightforward and easy-to-use guide for the Ophthalmology course. The introduction includes an overview of the subject and it's sub-specialities, an outline of what exact knowledge and skills medical students need, and covers the social and occupational aspects of vision. History and Examination techniques are followed by the key detail on common problems and diseases.

The book is divided into 13 sections covering:

  • Principles of ophthalmology
  • Ophthalmic History and Examination
  • Correction of Refractive errors
  • Basic Eye Examination
  • Acute ophthalmology
  • Gradual loss of vision
  • Paediatric ophthalmology
  • Eyelid, lacrimal and orbit
  • External eye disease
  • Corneal, refractive and cataract surgery
  • Glaucoma
  • Vitreo-retinal
  • Neuro-ophthalmology

Ophthalmology at a Glance will be extremely useful for medical students as an introduction to this subject area, and an invaluable companion during their attachments. This book is designed to fit into the budget and reading time of busy students, and is ideal as a text that will help them get through their exams successfully. General Practitioners and ophthalmology nurses will also find this text useful to refresh the gaps in their knowledge.

"This is undoubtedly the best I have read and I wish it had been available when I studied ophthalmology. It is clear, concise, and pitched perfectly for medical students.”
Final year medical student (Royal Free Hospital, London)

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1. 2. 3.
4. 5. 6. 7.
8. 9.
10. 11. 12.
13. 14. 15.
16. 17. 18.
20. 21. 22. 23.
Preface 6 Acknowledgements 7
Section 1: Principles of ophthalmology Introduction: what is ophthalmology? 8 Medical student aims 10 Social and occupational aspects of vision 12
Section 2: Ophthalmic history and examination Taking the history and recording the findings 14 Visual acuity in adults 16 Examination of visual fields 18 Other visual functions 20
Section 3: Correction of refractive errors Basic optics and refraction 22 Glasses, contact lenses and low-vision aids 24
Section 4: Basic eye examination External eye and anterior segment 26 Posterior segment and retina 28 Use of eye drops 30
Section 5: Acute ophthalmology The red eye 32 More on the red eye 34 Ophthalmic trauma principles and management of chemical injuries 36 Specific features of blunt and sharp injuries 38 Sudden painful loss of vision in a non-inflammed eye 40 Sudden painless loss of vision 42
Section 6: Gradual loss of vision Gradual loss of vision 44
Section 7: Sub-specialtyPaediatric ophthalmology Visual acuity in children 46 Strabismus (squints) 48 Neonates 50 Infants and older children 52
Section 8: Sub-specialtyEyelid, lacrimal and orbit Common eyelid lumps 54
25. 26. 27. 28.
29. 30. 31. 32.
33. 34. 35.
36. 37. 38.
39. 40. 41.
42. 43. 44. 45. 46.
47. 48. 49. 50.
Common eyelid malpositions 56 Lacrimal (tearing) 58 Basic orbital assessment 60 Orbital and thyroid eye disease 62
Section 9: Sub-specialtyExternal eye disease Common conditions affecting the external eye 64 Common conditions affecting the cornea 66 Therapeutic contact lenses 68 Corneal and laser photorefractive surgery 70
Section 10: Sub-specialtyCorneal, refractive and cataract surgery Cataract assessment 72 Cataract surgery 74 Cataract surgery postoperative care 76
Section 11: Sub-specialtyGlaucoma Glaucoma78the basics Detecting glaucoma 80 Medical and surgical treatment of glaucoma 82
Section 12: Sub-specialtyVitreoretinal and medical retina Retinal detachment 84 Retinal and choroidal anatomy and imaging 86 Inherited retinal dystrophies and age-related macular degeneration 88 Diabetic retinopathy classification and typical lesions 90 Diabetic retinopathy treatment 92 Retinal vein occlusion 94 Retinal artery obstruction 96 HIV infection and AIDS 98
Section 13: Sub-specialty—Neuro-ophthalmology Pupil abnormalities 100 Optic nerve disease 102 Cranial nerve palsies and eye movement disorders 104 Visual fields defects 106
Appendix: Red eye 108
Index 109