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Rapid Paediatrics and Child Health

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224 pages
Rapid Paediatrics and Child Health

This pocket guide is an ideal resource in everyday paediatrics and child health practice and a must for all medical students preparing for a major exam.

Rapid Paediatrics and Child Health is the latest title in the new Rapid series and is the ideal companion for clinical students working on their paediatrics attachment. It provides quick access to information on common paediatric and child health diseases, defects and disorders, and problems encountered on the wards, in the clinic and in exams.

Arranged in A-Z format, each topic is covered using the same headings – Definition, Aetiology. Associations / Risk Factors, Epidemiology, History, Examinations, Pathology, Investigations, Management, Complications and Prognosis.

  • A-Z format for easy and rapid access to information
  • Strict organisation of facts on each page following the Rapid series mnemonic with one page for each condition
  • Handy pocketbook for quick reference
  • Written by students and junior doctors
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Foreword, ix
Preface, xi
List of abbreviations, xiii
Rapid series mnemonic, xviii
Conditions, 1 Abnormal size at birth, 3 Acne vulgaris, 5 Acquired female genital disorders, 7 Anaemia, aplastic, 8 Anaemia, haemolytic, 9 Anaemia, iron deficiency, 11 Anaemia of prematurity, 12 Appendicitis, acute, 13 Asthma, 14 Atrial septal defect (ASD)/AVSD, 16 Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 17 Autism, 18 Breathholding attacks, 19 Bronchiolitis, acute, 20 Cerebral haemorrhage, 21 Cerebral palsy, 22 Child abuse, 24 Chronic lung disease (CLD) of prematurity, 26 Cleft palate disorder, 27 Coarctation of the aorta (COA), 28 Coeliac disease, 29 Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, 30 Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, 31 Congenital hypothyroidism, 32 Congenital rubella infection, 33 Constipation, 34 Cow’s milk intolerance, 35 Cow’s milk protein allergy, 37 Croup (acute laryngotracheobronchitis), 38 Cryptorchidism, 39 Cystic fibrosis (CF), 40 Delayed puberty, 42 Depression, 44 Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), 45 Diabetes mellitus (Type I) (DM), 46 Down syndrome (trisomy 21), 48 Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy, 49 Encephalitis, 51 Epiglottitis, acute, 52
Contents
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Epilepsy, 53 Exomphalos and gastroschisis, 55 Faecal soiling (encopresis), 56 Failure to thrive, 57 Febrile seizures, 58 Fractures, 59 FragileX syndrome, 60 Fungal skin infections, 61 Gastroenteritis, 63 Gastrointestinal (GI) atresia, 64 Gastrooesophageal reflux disease (GORD), 66 C OGNeneTtic sEkeleNtal dTyspSlasias, 67 Global developmental delay, 68 Glomerulonephritis (GN), acute, 70 Group B streptococcal (GBS) infection, 71 Haemophilia, A and B, 72 Head lice (pediculosis), 73 Hearing impairment, 74 Heart failure, 76 Hernia, congenital diaphragmatic (CDH), 77 Hernias, inguinal and umbilical, 78 Herpes simplex, 79 Hirschsprung disease, 80 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), 81 Hydrocephalus, 82 Hyperthyroidism, 84 Hypoglycaemia in neonates, 85 Hypospadias, 86 Hypoxic–ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE), 87 Immunodeficiencies (inherited), 89 Impetigo, 90 Inadvertent poisoning, 91 Inborn errors of amino acid metabolism, 92 Inborn errors of carbohydrate metabolism, 94 Inflammatory bowel disease, 95 Intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH), 96 Intussusception, 97 Klinefelter syndrome, 98 Legg–Calvé–Perthes disease (LCPD), 99 Leukaemia, acute lymphoblastic (ALL), 100 Leukaemia, acute myeloblastic (AML), 102 Liver disease, chronic, 103 Liver failure, acute, 105 Lymphoma, Hodgkin’s, 106 Lymphoma, nonHodgkin’s (NHL), 107 Malnutrition, 109 Malrotation of the intestine, 111
Marfan syndrome, 112 Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR), 113 Meckel’s diverticulum, 114 Meconium aspiration syndrome, 115 Meningitis, 116 Mesenteric adenitis, 118 Myotonic dystrophy, 119 Neardrowning, 120 Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), 122 Neonatal jaundice, 123 Nephrotic syndrome, 125 Neuroblastoma, 127 Neurocutaneous syndromes, 128 Nocturnal enuresis, 130 Obesity in children, 132 Osgood–Schlatter disease, 134 Otitis media, acute and chronic secretory, 135 Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), 136 Persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPH), 137 Pneumonia, 138 Pneumothorax, 140 Precocious puberty (complete), 141 Precocious puberty (partial), 142 Psoriasis, 143 Pulmonary stenosis, 144 Pyloric stenosis, 145 Recurrent abdominal pain, 146 Renal failure, acute (ARF), 147 Renal failure, chronic (CRF), 149 Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), 151 Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), 152 Rheumatic fever, 153 Scabies, 154 School refusal, 155 Septicaemia, 156 Short stature, 157 Sicklecell anaemia, 159 Sleeprelated disorders, 160 Slipped upper femoral epiphysis (SUFE), 161 Sticky eyes in the neonate, 162 Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), 163 Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), 165 Testicular torsion, 166 Tetralogy of Fallot, 167 Thalassaemia, 169 Tics, 170 Toxoplasmosis (congenital), 171
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C O N T E N T S
viii
Transient synovitis (TS)/Irritable hip, 172 Transient tachypnoea of the newborn (TTN), 173 Transposition of the great arteries (TGA), 174 Turner syndrome, 175 Upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), 176 Urinary tract anomalies, 177 Urinary tract infection (UTI), 178 Varicella (chickenpox), 180 Ventricular septal defect (VSD), 181 Visual impairment, 182 Whooping cough (pertussis), 184 C O N T E N T S Appendices, 185 Taking a history in paediatrics, 187 Neonatal resuscitation, 189 Formal assessment of the neonate at birth, 190 Examination of the newborn, 191 Breastfeeding vs. bottlefeeding, 194 Infant feeding, 196 Paediatric resuscitation, 198 Developmental stages in children, 199 Immunisation schedule, 202 Child health surveillance/promotion, 204 Status epilepticus, 205