223 pages

Instruments of Devotion


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Redigeret af Henning Laugerud og Laura Katrine Skinnebach.Sekulariseringen af den vestlige kultur er om ikke en myte, sa betydeligt overvurderet. I dagens aktuelle debatter om religiositet, anerkender langt de fleste kristendommens indflydelse pa Europas historie, filosofi og kultur.Instruments of Devotion er en tvAerfaglig antologi skrevet af internationalt anerkendte forskere fra The European Network on the Instruments of Devotion, ENID, og i 11 artikler fokuseres specifikt pa de instrumentielle aspekter af andagt og fromhedspraksis i perioden fra det 14. arhundrede og frem til i dag. Artiklerne diskuterer relationen mellem den materielle kultur og det religiose liv; hvordan musik, bonneboger, litteratur og billeder har udtrykt og intensiveret fromhed og pietet i den kristne kultur i et historisk perspektiv.Antologiens mange forskelligartede indgangsvinkler spAender fra middelalderens visuelle teorier til postmodernismens perspektiver pa katolicismen og illustrerer saledes det komplekse monster af Aendringer, kontinuitet og sammenhAenge i den europAeiske kultur- og pietetshistorie.



Publié par
Date de parution 22 novembre 2007
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9788779349612
Langue Danish
Poids de l'ouvrage 6 Mo

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Instruments of Devotion
instruments of devotion
The Practices and Objects of Religious Piety th from the Late Middle Ages to the 20 Century
Henning Laugerud & Laura Katrine Skinnebach (eds.)
Instruments of Devotion
The Practices and Objects of Religious Piety from
th the Late Middle Ages to the 20 Century
© Aarhus University Press and the authors 2007
Design, typesetting and cover: Anne Marie Kaad
Typeface: Giovanni 9/14 and Antiqua
eISBN 978 87 7934 961 2
Published with the financial support of
The Norwegian Research Council
The Meltzerfoundation, University of Bergen
Bergen Museum, University of Bergen
Aarhus University Press
Langelandsgade 177
DK8200 Aarhus N
White Cross Mills
Hightown, Lancaster, LA1 4XS
United Kingdom
Box 511 Oakville, CT 06779 USA www.oxbowbooks.com
European Network on the Instruments of Devotion, ENID
Publication no. 1
Table of Contents
PREFACE Henning Laugerud ∙ Laura Katrine Skinnebach
st 1 section
H EN RIKVO NACH EN‘Piety, Practice and Process’
M ARIO PERN IO LA ‘The Cultural Turn of Catholicism’
M ETTE BIRKEDAL BRU U N ’Manual Labour aspraxis pietatis:  Sketch of a Motif in the th  17 Century Cistercian Reform at La Trappe’
RO BFAESEN‘The Great Silence of Saint Joseph: th Devotion to Saint Joseph and the 17 Century Crisis  of Mysticism in the Jesuit Order’
FRED VAN LIEBU RGThe Medical Market Compared with the Pastoral Market: A Perspective from Early Modern Dutch History’
nd 2 section
SALVAD O RRYAN‘Weapons of Redemption: Piety, Poetry and the Instruments of  the Passion in Late Medieval Ireland’
PETER D E M EY ‘Looking at the Mystery of the Incarnated God: Eastern and Western Iconography as a Source of Theological Reflection’
N ILS H O LGER PETERSEN Sepolchro: Musical Devotion of the Passion in th th 17 18 Century Austria’
ELIH ELDAASSELAN Dth ‘19 Century Devotional Medals’
H EN N IN GLAU GERU D‘Visuality and Devotion in the Middle Ages’
LAU RAKATRIN ESKIN N EBACH‘“the solace of his image”:  Images and Presence in Late Medieval Devotional Practice’
Notes on contributors
The editors would like to thank Henrik von Achen and Eli Heldaas Seland for all their help in preparing this anthology. Warmly felt thanks goes to The Norwegian Research Council, Bergen Museum, University of Bergen and the Meltzer Founda tion, also University of Bergen, for their generous financial support. Many thanks goes to Arthur Sand, University of Oslo, for helping out with the illustrations. We would also like to thank Aarhus University Press for their cooperation and profes sional help in preparing this book for publication.
Henning Laugerud & Laura Katrine Skinnebach
Henning Laugerud and Laura KatrineSkinnebach
The socalled ‘return of religion’ in worldaffairs has by now become rather obvi ous. At universities special courses, even at undergraduate level, are dedicated to this topic. Peter Berger’s maxim of ‘the desecularization of the World’ has in a sur 1 prisingly short time become something of a commonplace. The secularization process in Western culture has proven, if not a myth, at least grossly overrated, and as Berger points out: ‘secularization on the societal level is not necessarily 2 linked to secularization on the level of individual consciousness.’ Peter Berger sees the assumption that we live in a secularized world as false. Perhaps even th th the supposedly ‘secular’ political theory from the 18 and 19 centuries is really 3 ‘theology in disguise’, as William Cavanaugh argues. The weberian claim of ‘die Entzauberung der Welt’ is perhaps nothing more than a wishful myth of the High Priests of Modernity. Belief and religion are certainly returning as focal concerns in modern philo sophical debate. Interestingly, this religious turn is most clearly seen in socalled 4 postmodern or poststructuralist thinking. As Santiago Zabala states in his in troduction to the discussion between Richard Rorty and Gianni Vattimo on the future of religion: ‘Today, […], we are witnessing the dissolution of philosophical
2 3 4
See Berger, Peter L. (ed.):The Desecularization of the World. Resurgent Religion and World Politics. Wash ington D.C. 1995. Berger 1995, p. 3. Cavanaugh, William T.:Theopolitical Imagination. London 2002, p. 2. An important contribution to this debate is the Italian philosopher Mario Perniola’s book:Del sentire cattolico. La forma culturale di una religione universale, from 2001. See also his contribution in the present anthology.
theories such as positivist scientism and marxism that thought they had defini tively liquidated religion. After modernity, there are no more strong philosophi cal reasons either to be an atheist refusing religion or to be a theist refuting sci 5 ence.’ This, or similar attitudes, form a common point of departure for all the con tributors to this anthology, being the reason why we all feel that the studies of matters concerning religion in all aspects of life are of utmost importance. Today’s situation in Europe illustrates the need for historical knowledge and perspective on culture and religion, particularly Christianity and all its denominational va rieties. Christianity’s influenceon andin European culture cannot be overesti mated, particularly understood as a dynamic and multifaceted force.
The outwardness of belief
An important element in Christian cultures is devotion, a phenomenon that articulates itself as practices expressed through instruments. Instruments can be broadly defined as all actions, rituals, gestures, and material devices such as books, images, music etc. that are articulated in and by devotional practice. The contributions in this anthology have their main focus on such religious practices and devotional instruments – that which we could call the material or physical and expressive aspects of religion. This active or external aspect of religion, which religious practices and artefacts represent, is what creates religious communities and makes it possible for humans to act as social beings by making things memo rable. Through actions, objects and places one creates a cultural memory that passes on values, ideas, and insights to coming generations. This is clearly seen in the core ritual of Christianity – the eucharistic celebration – as formulated in St. 6 Paul: ‘This is my body which is for you. Do this in remembrance of me’. This is no mere reminder of a past event: Strictly speaking,anamnesisis much more than the simple sign of a fact distant (in time) from itself; it is rather the actual ‘recol lection’ of a truth which eternallyis, so that to recollect the sacrifice of Christ is 7 to make it really and effectively present. This is a memory that is retrospective, present and prospective. In this sense Christianity can be seen as a memoryreli gion or a religion of remembrance: ‘[…] weil das Gedenken der Heilstaten Gottes Hauptinhalt des Glaubens ist. Deshalb entscheidet auch das Gedenken Gottes an
6 7
Zabala, Santiago (ed.):The Future of Religion. New York 2005, p. 1. One of the foremost representa tives of this philosophical attitude, in addition to Mario Perniola, is Gianni Vattimo. For references see Zabala’s introduction. 1 Cor. 11.24. Watts, Alan:Myth and Ritual in Christianity. London 1983 (1954), p. 95.