Observation and Experiment in the Natural and Social Sciences

Observation and Experiment in the Natural and Social Sciences

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Description

Traditionally, philosophers of science have distinguished between a "context of justification" and a "context of discovery". Only the first was conceived as the proper field of application of philosophy of science, while the second was regarded as concerning scientists, not philosophers. Recently it was admitted that the context of justification forms a continuum with the context of discovery, and as a result observation and experimentation have become an important field of inquiry. The present volume is meant as a contribution to the ongoing debate on this topic.
This volume is meant for researchers and advanced students in Philosophy of Science, and for natural and social scientists interested in foundational topics. It combines the viewpoint of philosophers and scientists and casts a new interdisciplinary perspective on the problem of observation and experimentation. It spans a wide range of disciplines, including physics, economics and psychology.

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Informations

Publié par
Date de parution 01 janvier 1983
Nombre de visites sur la page 14
EAN13 0306481235
Licence : Tous droits réservés
Langue English

Informations légales : prix de location à la page  €. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
MARIA CARLA GALAVOTTI / Foreword
PATRICK SUPPES / From Theory to Experiment and Back Again
PAOLO LEGRENZI / Naïve Probability
LÀSZLÓ SZABÓ / From Theory to Experiments and Back Again ... and Back Again ... Comments on Patrick Suppes
REINHARD SELTEN / Emergence and Future of Experimental Economics
WENCESLAO GONZALEZ / Rationality in Experimental Economics: An Analysis of Reinhard Selten’s Approach
ROBERTO SCAZZIERI / Experiments, Heuristics and Social Diversity: A Comment on Reinhard Selten
GERD GIGERENZER / Where Do New Ideas Come From? A Heuristics of Discovery in the Cognitive Sciences DAVID PAPINEAU / Comments on Gerd Gigerenzer JEANNE PEIJNENBURG / On the Concept of Discovery. Comments on Gerd Gigerenzer
URSULA KLEIN / Styles of Experimentation ARISTIDES BALTAS / On French Concepts and Objects. Comments on Ursula Klein DONALD GILLIES / Some Comments on “Styles of Experimentation” by Ursula Klein GÜROL IRZIK / Improving “Styles of Experimentation”. A Comment on Ursula Klein
vii
1 43
57
63
71
85
99 141
153
159
187
199
203
vi
TABLE OF CONTENTS
DAVID ATKINSON / Experiments and Thought Experiments in Natural Science DANIEL ANDLER / The Advantage of Theft over Honest Toil. Comments on David Atkinson MIKLÓS RÉDEI / Thinking About Thought Experiments in Physics. Comment on “Experiments and Thought Experiments in Natural Science” MICHAEL STÖLTZNER / The Dynamics of Thought Experiments. A Comment on David Atkinson
GIORA HON / An Attempt at a Philosophy of Experiment RAFFAELLA CAMPANER / An Attempt at a Philosophy of Experimental Error. A Comment on Giora Hon GEREON WOLTERS / O Happy Error. A Comment on Giora Hon
COLIN HOWSON / Bayesian Evidence IGOR DOUVEN / On Bayesian Logic. Comments on Colin Howson PAOLO GARBOLINO / On Bayesian Induction (and Pythagoric Arithmetic) ILKKA NIINILUOTO / Probability and Logic. Comments on Colin Howson
Index of Names
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243
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285 295
301 321
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