OECD Rural Policy Reviews, Italy 2009

OECD Rural Policy Reviews, Italy 2009

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228 pages

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OECD's comprehensive review of rural policy in Italy. On average, rural regions in Italy have some of the highest GDP per capita among the OECD countries, yet unexploited potential remains. This analysis of rural Italy reveals heterogeneous economic conditions, an increasing elderly population and a diminished focus on environmental concerns. This suggests the need for a broader rural policy approach that reflects the changing demands upon rural resources and that considers other aspects of rurality including health, education and quality of life.


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Publié par
Date de parution 05 juin 2009
Nombre de visites sur la page 24
EAN13 9789264056237
Licence : Tous droits réservés
Langue English

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O ECD Rur al Pol i cy Revi ew s, I t al y 2009
Collective
OCO -ECO NO M I C FO R RG ANI SATI O N O PERATI O N AND DEVELO PM ENT
The OECD is a unique forum where the governments of 30 democracies work together to address the economic, social and enviro nmental challenges of globalisation. The OECD is also at the forefront of efforts to understand and to help governments respond to new developments and concern s, such as corporate governance, the information economy and the challen ges of an ageing population. The Organisation provides a setting where governments c an compare policy experiences, seek answers to common problems, identify good prac tice and work to co-ordinate domestic and international policies.
The OECD member countries are: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece , Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Slovak Republic, Spain, Swede n, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States. The Commission of th e European Communities takes part in the work of the OECD.
OECD Publishing disseminates widely the results of the Organisation’s statistics gathering and research on economic, social and envi ronmental issues, as well as the conventions, guidelines and standards agreed by its members.
This work is published on the responsibility of the Secretary-General of the OECD. The opinions expressed and arguments empl oyed herein do not necessarily reflect the official views of the Organisation or of the governments of its member countries.
Photos credits: Cover illustration: top-rigth and down-left © Italian Ministry of Agriculture top-left © Monty Rakusen/Digital Vision/Getty Image s bottom-right © Chemistry/Digital Vision/Getty Image s
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For ew or d
With gains in agricultural productivity leading to a dramatic reduction in farm employment, rural regions across the OECD now depen d on a wide range of economic engines for growth. Increasing globalisation, impro ved communications and reduced transportation costs are additional drivers of econ omic change in rural areas. Traditional policies to subsidise farming have not been able to harness the potential of these economic engines. In 2006 the OECD published a thematic reportThe New Rural Paradigm: Policies and Governance, which seeks to explain the shift in RDPs to account for these important economic changes and th e new approach to governance that these policy approaches require.
Policies to develop rural places are beginning to take into account the diversity of economic engines as well as the diversity of rural region types. In general, rural regions face problems of decline from out-migration, ageing , a lower skill base and lower average labour productivity that reduce the critica l mass needed for effective public services, infrastructure and business development, thereby creating a vicious circle. However, there are many other rural regions that ha ve seized opportunities and built on their existing assets, such as location, natural an d cultural amenities, and social capital. The success of such dynamic rural regions is evident in regional statistics.
Promoting rural development poses numerous policies and governance challenges because it requires co-ordination across sectors, a cross levels of government, and between public and private actors. OECD countries h ave therefore been undergoing a paradigm shift in their approaches to accommodate s uch important challenges. The most defining characteristics of this shift are a focus onplacesrather thansectorsand an emphasis oninvestmentsrather thansubsidies.
The multi-disciplinary nature of rural development has contributed to the lack of comprehensive analytic frameworks to analyse and ev aluate multi-sectoral, place-based approaches. The OECD will continue to work with other stakeholders worldwide to fill this knowledge gap. The OECD’s work on rura l development through the Group of the Council on Rural Development, created in 1990, was intensified with the creation in 1999 of the Territorial Development Policy Committe e (TDPC) and its Working Party on Territorial Policy in Rural Areas. These bodies pro vide governments with a forum for discussing regional and rural development. In early 2006, under TDPC’s guidance the Directorate of Public Governance and Territorial De velopment (GOV) launched a series of national rural policy reviews, such as this one, to deepen international knowledge in this field.
Acknow l edgem ent s
This review was elaborated by the Directorate of Pub lic Governance and Territorial Development (GOV) of the OECD. The Secretariat would like to thank the government of Italy, and in particular Giuseppe Blasi, General Director (Ministry of Agriculture of Italy), Giampiero Marchesi, Chief of the Public Inv estment Evaluation Unit (UVAL, Ministry of Economic Development of Italy) and Paol a De Cesare, General Director (Ministry of Economic Development). Peer reviewers in this process were Theo Augustin, Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMVEL, Germany), and Graham Russell, Director, Commission for Rural Communities (UK).
The Review was co-ordinated by Raffaele Trapasso (a dministrator) and Betty-Ann Bryce (consultant) of the OECD Secretariat under th e supervision of Nicola Crosta (Head, Rural Development Programme, Regional Competitiveness and Governance Division). The final report was drafted by Raffaele Trapasso and Betty-Ann Bryce. Specific data and graphs were provided by José Anto nio Ardavin and Enrique Garcilazo of the OECD Secretariat. External contributors were Janet Dwyer (University of Gloucestershire, United Kingdom), Maria Fonte (Univ ersity of Naples “Federico II”, Italy), Rafael Boix Domènech, (Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain) and Gérard Viatte (Former Director for Food, Agriculture and F isheries of the OECD, international consultant). Sophia Katsira prepared the review for publication.
Special thanks go to Franco Mantino (INEA), Sabrina Lucatelli (UVAL), Paola Lionetti (Ministry of Agriculture of Italy), Laura Viganò (INEA), Simona De Luca (UVAL), and Martina Bolli (INEA) for their methodological contribution and for drafting the background report. Many thanks to Alessandro Montel eone (INEA), Milena Verrascina (INEA), Paolo Ammassari (Ministry of Agriculture of Italy), Margherita Federico (ISMEA), Vincenzo Carè (INEA), Marco Spampinato (UVAL), Elena Angela Peta (UVAL), and Elisabetta Savarese (ISMEA), for drafting the background report and organising the activities; specific data and graphs were provided by Stefano Tomassini (INEA). External contributors were Adriano Rasi Caldogno and Pietro Cecchinato (Veneto Region), Andrea Povellato (INEA, Veneto), L uca Cesaro (INEA, Friuli-Venezia Giulia), Enrico Cocchi and Teresa Schipani (Emilia-Romagna Region), Salvatore Orlando and Mario Toteda (Calabria Region), Giusepp e Gaudio (INEA, Calabria), Tatiana Castellotti (INEA, Calabria). We would also like to thank the Ministries of Health, Infrastructures, Environment, Instruction, University and Research for their help in collecting data.
Tabl e of Cont ent s
Title Page ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT Copyright Page Foreword Acknowledgements List of Tables Table of Figures List of Acronyms Assessment and Recommendations Chapter 1 - Profile of Rural Italy ANNEX 1.A1 - Methodology for the Decomposition of GDP Growth ANNEX 1.A2 - Methodology of Identifying and Mapping Industrial Districts in Italy ANNEX 1.A3 - A Classification of Rural Italy Based on Regional Accessibility/Remoteness Chapter 2 - Policy Assessment ANNEX 2.A1 - Devolution of Power in Italy ANNEX 2.A2 - Structural Funds in the South of Italy Chapter 3 - Policy Recommendations ANNEX 3.A1 - Rural Policy Framework in Finland Bibliography Évaluation et recommandations Sintesi del Rapporto OCSE sulla Politica Rurale dell’Italia
Li st of abl es
Table 1.1 Table 1.2 Table 1.A2.1 Table 1.A2.2 Table 2.1 Table 2.2 Table 2.3 Table 2.4 Table 2.5 Table 2.6 Table 2.7 Table 2.8 Table 2.9 Table 2.10 Table 2.11 Table 2.12 Table 2.13 Table 2.A1.1 Table 2.A2.1 Table 3.1 Table 3.2 Table 3.3
Tabl e ofFI gur eS
Figure 1.1 Figure 1.2 Figure 1.3 Figure 1.4 Figure 1.5 Figure 1.6 Figure 1.7 Figure 1.8 Figure 1.9 Figure 1.10 Figure 1.11 Figure 1.12 Figure 1.13 Figure 1.14 Figure 1.15 Figure 1.16 Figure 1.17 Figure 1.18 Figure 1.19 Figure 1.20 Figure 1.21 Figure 1.22 Figure 1.23 Figure 1.24 Figure 1.25 Figure 1.26 Figure 1.27 Figure 1.28 Figure 1.29 Figure 1.30 Figure 1.A2.1 Figure 1.A2.2 Figure 1.A2.3 Figure 2.1 Figure 2.2 Figure 2.3 Figure 2.4 Figure 2.5 Figure 2.6 Figure 2.7 Figure 2.8 Figure 2.9 Figure 2.10 Figure 3.1