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Poverty eradication in Zimbabwe

442 pages
Dr. Jessica Hamadziripi proposes a framework for poverty eradication in one of the world's poor nations : Zimbabwe. She demonstrates the need of development for home-sourced finance, parallel to a "framework for Indigenization and Empowerment" capable of generating sufficient incomes at personal and household level to meet the daily necessities of life. She stresses that these home-grown approaches might fail if citizens are not empowered at local level.
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Meeting the millennium development goals (MDGs) through home-grown business approaches
The future lies in strategically empowering nations to take charge of their own development, including human development
Poverty eradication in Zimbabwe
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Études africaines Collection dirigée par Denis Pryen et François Manga Akoa
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Jessica HAMADZIRIPI      P OVERTY ERADICATION IN Z IMBABWE    Meeting the millennium development goals (MDGs) through home-grown business approaches                            
      © L'H ARMATTAN , 201   5-7, rue de l'École-Polytechnique ; 75005 Paris   http://www.librairieharmattan.com diffusion.harmattan@wanadoo.fr harmattan1@wanadoo.fr  ISBN : 978-2-336-00525-6 EAN : 9782336005256
This book was originally presented as a PhD thesis to the Academie de Paris Ecole des Hautes Etudes Internationales Centre DEtudes Diplomatiques et Strategiques   Under the Supervision of Doctor Serge BESANGER   The thesis was defended on 15 December, 2011 Paris, France     The thesis was written in the third person and the book is published in the third person. My first degree and Masters programmes are in Business. This is my first study in International Relations and I do not feel that I have the experience and authority to write in the first person. I however learned much about poverty eradication and the actors who are working to meet Goal number 1 of the Millennium Development Goals.      
 In memory of my loving son, Tatenda Andrew Hamadziripi    
  I am hugely grateful to my Ph.D. supervisor, Dr Serge Besanger whose guidance and support motivated me to focus on achieving this goal. I appreciate his sound advice and enthusiasm without which I would have been lost.  I would like to thank the staff at CEDS for providing a stimulating environment which whetted my appetite for an analytical appreciation of international relations.  I am grateful for the support of the OECD Development Centre in Paris, in particular Peter Raggett, librarians Anne La Riviere and Michele Girard; and of the Documentation Française in Paris. I can not mention all the people who assisted me including those that I interviewed in the rural regions of Zimbabwe and in various institutions in Zimbabwe and France but I am immensely grateful to them.  I pay tribute to experts in the Government of Zimbabwe without whose cooperation this thesis would not have been fulfilled, in particular Honourable Dr Isak Mudenge, Honourable Dr Olivia Muchena, Laxon Chinhengo of the Department of Social Welfare, Greemas Mashonganyika of the Youth Ministry, Erica Jones, Abiot Maronge and Douglas Chitando of the Ministry of Local Government, Rural and Urban Development, Dr Dawson Munjeri and Constance Chemwayi.   I extend my appreciation to many colleagues, acquaintances and all who were there for me throughout my thesis writing. I wish to thank my entire extended family for assisting me in getting resource information, providing loving support and cheering me on. To Yvonne, Nyasha Harold and Gibson, I cherish their support. I owe my deepest gratitude to my children, Tatenda Andrew, Nyasha David, Mufaro and my son in law, Dzidzai, for exhorting me and checking on my progress.  Most importantly, this thesis would not have been possible unless my husband, David, had encouraged me to overcome my doubts and continue writing this study. I am forever grateful to him for creating a loving environment in a way words cannot express. I dedicate this thesis to him.  Above all, to my God, my Creator, I am overwhelmed and lost for words for His mercies and faithfulness.  
Preface by Dr Serge Pierre BESANGER Professor of Economics at ESCE  In 2015, global leaders and central bankers will be gathering at separate venues at the United Nations headquarters in New York and the IMF/World Bank in Washington to undertake comprehensive reviews of progress toward the Millennium Development Goals and, hopefully, chart a new course for accelerated action toward the most pressing one, known as MDG One , the eradication of extreme poverty and-hunger.  Many countries have moved forward, including some of the poorest in Africa, demonstrating that setting bold ambitions in the fight against global poverty could yield positive results. Unfortunately, progress towards reaching the goals has been uneven. Unmet commitments, inadequate funding, and lack of accountability, have created shortfalls, which in many cases have been aggravated by the global financial crisis.  In this important book, Dr. Jessica Hamadziripi proposes a framework for poverty eradication in one of the world's poor nations : Zimbabwe. She demonstrates the need for the development of home-sourced finance, parallel to a "framework for Indigenization and Empowerment" capable of generating incomes at personal and household level sufficient to meet the daily necessities of life.  Dr. Hamadziripi stresses that these home-grown approaches might fail if citizens are not empowered at the local level.  Furthermore, from her standpoint as a Zimbabwean, she also points out some important voids in the Millennium Development Goals. For example, agriculture is not specifically mentioned in the MDG, even though major a portion of Africa - and Zimbabwe's - poor families are, actually, rural farmers. With their focus on primary education, enrollment and completion, the Millennium Development Goals have left aside agriculture and finance, which have strategic implications on economic-growth.  Dr. Hamadziripi's research suggests that a 'one size fits all model' will not sufficiently respond to the profile of Zimbabwe ; however, her study does find a set of similar constraints in meeting MDG1, such as the lack of health care absorptive capacity, poor access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation, a weak educational system, human resource limitations, and others. Her proposed measures include political, organizational, and functional improvements, and the need to nurture local organizations.