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Psychological Testing

De
112 pages
This self-study manual provides users with all the learning materials they need to train for the British Psychological Society’s new Test Administration Certificate.

  • Provides a structured programme of training, covering all the learning requirements for the Certificate.
  • Also suitable for use on other courses in test administration.
  • Includes material on computer-based, Internet-based and other mixed modes of test administration.
  • Contains self-assessment exercises to enable users to monitor their progress and know when they are ready to be assessed.
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CONTENTS
List of Figures, Tables and Exercises
....................................................................................................... ix
INTRODUCTION AND STUDY GUIDE........................................................................................1 Introduction to test administration ........................................................................................................ 1 What do test administrators do? ......................................................................................................... 2 Limits on the range of tests that may be administered .................................................................... 3 Keeping up to date ................................................................................................................................ 3 Summary ................................................................................................................................................. 3 The BPS Certificate in Test Administration ........................................................................................... 4 The BPS test administration standards .............................................................................................. 4 What does the Certificate provide? ..................................................................................................... 5 How is the Certificate obtained? .......................................................................................................... 5 Becoming a test administrator ................................................................................................................ 5 Acquire the necessary competence .................................................................................................... 6 Have your competence assessed ......................................................................................................... 6 Checklist of materials in the BPS Open Learning Modules pack ..................................................... 6 What you will need to meet the test administration assessment requirements ........................... 7 How to use the Open Learning Modules ................................................................................................ 7 General hints on self-study methods .................................................................................................. 7 How to organize your work ................................................................................................................... 8 Build up your portfolio of work for assessment ................................................................................ 8
MODULE 1: AN INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING FOR TEST ADMINISTRATORS......................................................................................................9 OVERVIEW.................................................................................................................................................. 9 KEY AIMS .................................................................................................................................................... 9 INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................................... 9 About these modules .......................................................................................................................... 10
1.1
1.2
WHAT ARE PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS? .......................................................................................... 11 What is a ‘psychological test’? .................................................................................................. 11 Test manuals ............................................................................................................................... 13 What do tests measure? ............................................................................................................. 14 Summary ...................................................................................................................................... 15
MAIN TYPES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TEST .................................................................................... 16 Measures of typical performance ............................................................................................. 16 Measures of maximum performance ....................................................................................... 18 Differences between ability and attainment tests .................................................................. 28
vi
1.3
1.4
1.5
CONTENTS
Work samples, trainability tests and job simulations ........................................................... 29 Dexterity tests ............................................................................................................................. 30 Apparatus tests: issues for test administration ..................................................................... 30 Computer Adaptive Testing ....................................................................................................... 31
CONTROLLING THE QUALITY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING ................................................ 33 Scope: norms and the process of referencing scores ............................................................ 34 Acceptability ............................................................................................................................... 36 Practicality .................................................................................................................................. 36 Fairness ........................................................................................................................................ 37 SUMMARY OF MODULES 1.1 TO 1.3 ............................................................................................. 38
SCALES AND MEASUREMENT ....................................................................................................... 40 Raw scores ................................................................................................................................... 40 Scales ........................................................................................................................................... 41 Absolute and relative scores: raw scores and normative scores ............................................. 43 Norm-referenced scores -- comparing people with other people ......................................... 44 Self-referenced or ipsative tests -- comparing people with themselves .............................. 45
UNDERSTANDING AND USING TEST NORMS .............................................................................. 47 Frequency distributions ................................................................................................................. 47 Percentiles ................................................................................................................................... 47 Descriptive measures based on percentiles ........................................................................... 48 Other standard scores ............................................................................................................... 50 T-scores and sten scores ........................................................................................................... 51 SUMMARY OF MODULES 1.4 and 1.5 ........................................................................................... 53
MODULE 1: ANSWERS TO EXERCISES AND SELF-ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS .................................. 54
Answers to Exercises .............................................................................................................................. 54
Exercise 1.5.1: Converting scores to percentiles and grades ......................................................... 54 Exercise 1.5.2: Using norm tables ...................................................................................................... 54 Answers to Self-Assessment Questions ............................................................................................... 55 SAQ 1.2.1 ............................................................................................................................................... 55 SAQ 1.2.2 ............................................................................................................................................... 56
SAQ 1.4.1 ............................................................................................................................................... 56
SAQ 1.5.1: Converting raw scores to percentiles ............................................................................. 56
MODULE 2. TEST ADMINISTRATION AND SCORING....................................................57 OVERVIEW................................................................................................................................................ 57 KEY AIMS .................................................................................................................................................. 58
CONTENTS
2.1
2.2
vii
TEST ADMINISTRATION ................................................................................................................. 59 High-stakes and low-stakes testing ............................................................................................... 60 What are the functions of the test administrator role? ......................................................... 60 Modes of test administration ........................................................................................................ 61 Open Mode ................................................................................................................................... 61 Controlled Mode ......................................................................................................................... 62 Supervised Mode ........................................................................................................................ 63 Managed Mode ............................................................................................................................ 63 The International Test Commission (ITC) Guidelines ........................................................... 64 The four stages of test administration ........................................................................................ 66 Stage 1: Preparation ....................................................................................................................... 68 Issues to consider ....................................................................................................................... 68 Dealing with candidates who have specific problems ........................................................... 69 Planning the session ................................................................................................................... 71 Preparation of yourself as administrator ................................................................................ 74 Planning Schedule ...................................................................................................................... 74 Preparation for computer-based testing sessions ................................................................. 75 Stage 2: Administration .................................................................................................................. 76 The Test Session Log .................................................................................................................. 76
Introducing the test session ...................................................................................................... 77 Administration of the test .......................................................................................................... 78 Computer-based test (CBT) administration and administration of tests over the internet ............................................................................................................................. 79 Detailing the level of control over the test conditions .......................................................... 79 Stage 3: Scoring ............................................................................................................................... 80 Checking answer sheets ............................................................................................................ 80 Hand-scoring ............................................................................................................................... 80 Other scoring procedures ......................................................................................................... 81 Converting raw scores to standard scores and percentiles ................................................. 83 Summary of points to note when scoring tests ...................................................................... 84 Stage 4: Completing the administration procedures ................................................................. 84 Paper-and-pencil materials ........................................................................................................ 84 Computer materials .................................................................................................................... 84 Record-keeping, monitoring and follow-up ............................................................................. 84
ISSUES OF CONFIDENTIALITY AND SECURITY ........................................................................... 85 Maintain the confidentiality of test-taker results ....................................................................... 85 Security of test materials ............................................................................................................... 85 Data Protection Act 1998 ............................................................................................................... 86 Confidentiality of test data ........................................................................................................ 87
viii
2.3
2.4
CONTENTS
PUTTING IT INTO PRACTICE ........................................................................................................ 89 Overview and practical task ......................................................................................................... 90
FEEDBACK AND REPORTING ........................................................................................................ 91 Preparation of scores for feedback .............................................................................................. 92 The test conditions .................................................................................................................... 92 Comparisons with the performance of relevant others ........................................................ 92 Making arrangements for the feedback session ......................................................................... 93 Helping in the preparation of reports .......................................................................................... 94 Generating computer-based reports ....................................................................................... 94 Creating summary reports ......................................................................................................... 94 ENDPIECE ........................................................................................................................................ 96
MODULE 2: ANSWERS TO EXERCISES AND SELF-ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS .................................. 97 Answers to Exercises .............................................................................................................................. 97 Exercise 2.1.1: Planning the session ................................................................................................. 97 Exercise 2.1.2: Inviting the candidate to the test session .............................................................. 99 Answers to Self-Assessment Questions ............................................................................................. 100 SAQ 2.1.1 ............................................................................................................................................. 100 SAQ 2.3.1 ............................................................................................................................................. 101
GLOSSARY.............................................................................................................................................. 103