New African du 01-12-2021
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Date de parution 01 décembre 2021
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an IC PUBLICaTIOn
The bestsellig pàafricà màgàzieFoûded i 1966December 2021/jàûàry 2022n°611 THE MOST INFLUENTIAL 100 AFRICANS OF 2021 THE ACTIVIST I N C L U D I N G Lûpità nyog’o VANESSAYvoe akiSàwyerrIyiolûwà aboyeiNAKATE Myriàm SidibeStrive MàsiyiwàThûso MbedûRàlph MûpitàWizkid Mo Sàlàh
Euro Zone € 5.00UK £4.00 • USA $6.50 • Algeria DA 500 •Austria €6.50• Canada $6.50 • CFA Zone CFA 2.900 • Egypt E£ 60 • Ethiopia R 150 • Gambia Da 200 • Ghana GH¢ 20.00 • Kenya KShs 500 • Liberia $5 • Mauritius MR 150 • Morocco Dh 40 • Rwanda RWF 3000 • Sierra Leone LE 20.000 • South Africa R49.00 (inc. tax) • Other Southern African Countries R43.00 (excl. tax) • Switzerland SFr 8.70 • Tanzania TShs 6.500 • Tunisia DT 5 • Uganda USh 20.000 • Zambia ZMW 50
Celebrating the best and brightest of the year
Readers’ Views 04 Your comments and letters
Kaleidoscope 06 Briefs 15 Quote/unquote
Editorial 17 We must stop Ethiopia  tearing itself apart
The Global Perspective 18a man in full Mandela,
Moky’s Musings 68is the essence of democracy Dissent
Most Influential Africans of 2021 20 Introduction 22 Leaders 28 Entrepreneurs 36Changemakers 44shapers Opinion 52 Creatives 64 Sportspeople
In Conversation 76Mabunda Lioko Mudiayi, Jeanine  Member of DRC’s National  Assembly
Letter from London 78 Two tales of one city
IntraAfrican Trade Fair 2021 80 Trade, technology and  tourism on agenda at IATF
Cop26 84disaster risk management Why  is central to climate îght
Events 87to take centre-stage Youth  at this year’s WISE summit
Books 88Review:And Then a Wind Blew by Kay Powell
Back to the Future 89 We are winning the  war over stolen artefacts
NewAfricanTé ésséllîg pà-Aîçà àgàzîé, oûé î 966. DECEM BER   ISSUE 6 .éàîçààgàzîé.ço / JA N UA RY
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N° DE COMMISSION PARITAIRE 0123 I 89310 Mensuel: Decembre 2021/janvier 2022 Dépôt légal
4 new african december 2021/january 2022
Readers’ Views
The harsh realities of education in Africa I oûl lîké o çogàûlàé Hîppolé Foàk o îs îllîà ààlsîs,Inest in youth today for a brighter tomorrowî é Oçoé / Novéé îssûé. Hîs sû o é olé o éûçàîo à îs vàîoûs ééfiçîàl àîésàîos éqûîés çàéûl éàîg o éà àll é oûgûl gés çoàîé î î. I ollos o o é éqûàll éxçéllé Spéçîàl Répo o Eûçàîo î oû Apîl/Mà îssûé – àll éqûîé éàîg o àoé o às é élàé o é çoîé à éà. I às pàîçûlàl àké  é àîçlé Inestment in education will stimulate economies Alîçé Alîg à Sîvé Màsîîà. Màsîîà, oé o é îçés é î é UK, soûl ko à é îs àlkîg àoû. Bû é î soûl o é ovélooké à éûçàîo àlso plàs à vîàl olé î ovéçoîg àéç pové à îllîéàç. Bû éoé é élvé oo ûç o é sûéç o îvésés, é soûl o losé sîg o é vàîoûs osàçlés àgé àgàîs é ûll îplééàîo o é sçoolîg poçéss. Oé o é àî osàçlés çooîg à çîl’s éà o éî ûûé çàéé îs làçk o fiàçîàl àççéss. Mà îg sûés àîl o séçûé plàçés î séçoà sçools ûé o é îàîlî o pà sçool éés. hé sàé àîçàp o àîlîés lîvîg î éoé àéàs oçés so à çîlé o op oû o sçool. Mà oûg çîlé àé àlso oçé îo sévéé àsîps  éîg o éî àîlîés î séàç o oo à àé. Cîlé àlso éà é û o çlîàé çàgé. As àîàlls éçoé ûpéîçàlé à spîgs à îvés  ûp, é àé oçé o àlk log îsàçés î séàç o àé. No soûl é ogé é às éàlîîés o àé çoflîçs. hé îésîfiçàîo o çîvîlîà à îlîà çoflîçs, îç léàs
o péoplé’s îsplàçéé, às ûoûàél o spàé îoçé çîlé. hoûsàs o àîlîés àvé éé ûpooé o éî oés, î îçéàsîg ûés o çîlé ûlîkél o ésçàpé o îséàsés à àlûîîo. hé ésûl o sévéé oo soàgés à çîlé îéssîg àé çoflîçs à à vé oûg àgé îs àçûé àûà. So îlé é çà îsçûss é îggé pîçûé o é vîàl olé o éûçàîo, é ûs o àké oû éé off é vé éàl îssûés çooîg çîlé oà. Fo sàés, é soûl o évéîg o é é îssûé o çoflîçs à vîoléçé îç îpàç oé à çîlé – oû ûûé opé – os sévéél.
KOKIL. K SHAH, Mombasa, Kenya
Terrible legacy of conflict Yoû Cové So,Shadow of Afghanistan looms over Aica (Oçoé / Novéé ) às oçé àgàî pové popéîç às é o séé éo goûps sûç às àl-Sààà çofiél àlkîg îo pà o Eîopîà o àké àvààgé o é çàos î à çoû. Wîlé î às éçoûàgîg o éà à Boko Hàà îs o îs làs légs, éé às o ûç çoo o é gàîé o léàîg à offsoos o é lîkés o ISIS à àl-Qàéà àé éàkîg àvoç î é Sàél à oé Nîgéîà à Càéoo – às éll às às à soû às Mozàîqûé. I àvé éxpéîéçé à fisà é éîlé légàç o ésé çoflîçs à àvé éévé îsàppoîé à é ol – à Aîçà – séés osûg îs soûlés às î oîgçà é oé o sop é. Mos péoplé à o û éî éàs î é sà à péé oîgîs goîg o. I sàlûé oû o éllîg ûs é û îoû flîçîg. Kéép î ûp– Aîçà éés î.
NOOR MOHAMED, Uppsala, Sweden
A
To find out more about ARC and watch our panel discussions during COP26, visit www.arc.int
African Risk Capacity at tasowhrufoeefrGflicedDnroCentbofuocaIn.caufAnitrrssesylootad.yTihtryfoth09eetw20nloeneIddeabiin.PCcyOehdta,nanyneKekilrwtyevesneevulnmits110esiiabmaeef2uonrdqetysimostsMozPelerpenevirseaohuentvlteocerabcsoedatodetatvehamitnectthnecoudrought2ttyr6 Undoubtedly climate change is the biggest threat facing the caused $200bn of damage, of which only 7% was covered by insurance.
African Risk Capacity (ARC), a specialised agency of the African Union, was established in 2012 to assist member states in tackling the impact of natural disasters on vulnerable people. Today, ARC is also widening its offering to cover health outbreaks and epidemics. ARC is working to better plan, prepare and respond to as well as transferring the risk associated with disasters to the insurance industry, guaranteeing our member states affordability accessibility and availability.
Lecture on Strengthening health outcomes through risk management and adaptation Streamed live on 4 Nov 2021
“Africa came to Glasgow to do three things -strengthen our efforts around resilience, adaptation and mitigation.”
Building New Partnerships for Resilience and Adaptation Streamed live on 10 Nov 2021
To find out more about ARC and watch our panel discussions during COP26, visit www.arc.int
Ibrahima Cheikh Diong, Director General of ARC
6new african december 2021/january 2022
Kaleidoscope
JACQUELINE SUOWARI – NIGERIA’S BALLPOINT PEN ARTIST
Famous on the national and international art circuit as one of Nigeria’s emerging artistic talents, Jacqueline Suowari’s latest touring exhibition is all about de-stigmatising taboo subjects in her own culture – one small ink stroke at a time. Displaying her drawing aptitude since she was five years old, Suowari has now been a professional artist for over a decade. Born and based in Nigeria, she left the University of Port Harcourt in Rivers State with a BA in Fine Art and Design. Parental worries that she would end up as another impoverished artist have been dispelled as her success and fanbase just keep growing. With solo exhibitions in the US and Nigeria under her belt, her work has also been featured in Chukwumeka Ben Bosah’s book,The Art of Nigerian Women. Suowari’sNow I Wear Myself touring exhibition had its debut
in Abuja and moved to Lagos in October this year. It evocatively expresses her interpretation of the human experience and emotions, with Suowari using thousands of tiny flicks of her pen to draw pictures that open up honest conversations on subjects that are usually suppressed – such as depression, grief and shame – and often giving those who see the exhibits a different outlook on life. “I think the artist is kind of a prophet,” she says. “Some kind of priestess, pastor, or doctor who should be able to use her art as a tool to bring about positive change in people’s minds.” From all accounts she is certainly changing perceptions and even uses poetry and dance to accompany viewings of her work in what she callsThe Jacqueline Suowari Experience.
ENDANGERED AFRICAN PENGUINS FEEL THE STING
Nicknamed the Jackass Penguin because of its distinctive donkey-like braying sound, the African Penguin is the only type found on the continent. The penguins (below) are smaller than many of their counterparts and have distinctive markings; their habitat is confined to southern Africa. In the 1920s it was estimated that there were around one million breeding pairs. Sadly in 2020, environmentalists estimated less than 13,000 remained. Featuring on endangered species lists, these cute little penguins, with a unique pattern of black spots on their chests, may not survive too long if numbers continue to rapidly decline. There are two colonies on the mainland of South Africa – Boulders Beach and Betty’s Bay - which draw in numerous tourists and give everyone a chance to see them living in a natural habitat. Their existence has been put in jeopardy by the industrialisation of the fishing industry which has depleted their food resources and escalated the destruction
of their breeding grounds, so when more than 60 were discovered dead on Boulders Beach in late September this year, it was upsetting news. The Southern African Foundation for the Conservation of Coastal Birds sent a team out to investigate and discovered an unprecedented freak explanation – the possible disturbance of a bee’s nest in their flight path, resulting in the penguins being stung on unprotected eyes and flippers. Rangers from the foundation are now keeping a close eye on the colony to monitor nests for abandoned eggs or chicks that can be rescued for hand-rearing. The conservation charity, Birdlife South Africa, is also stepping up to the mark with plans to create new colonies with naturally abundant food supplies and protection from predators; it has already identified De Hoop Nature Reserve on the southernmost tip of South Africa as an excellent starting point, giving renewed hope for one of nature’s most endearing birds.
New malaria vaccine oers hope for Africa
The news that the WHO has approved the first malaria vaccine for general rollout has been met with enthusiasm and relief. The company behind this welcome announcement is UK pharmaceutical giant, GlaxoSmithKline, which says it has taken more than 30 years of research to reach this pivotal moment. The vaccine has been in use since 2015 in carefully controlled clinical trials involving 800,000 children across Ghana, Kenya and Malawi. Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite passed onto humans by the bite of the Anopheles genus of mosquito. In 2019, there were over 400,000 deaths caused by malaria, with the majority in sub-Saharan Africa, and even more heartbreaking, a large percentage of its victims are under five years old. Trials have shown a 39% efficacy rate for prevention and a 29% reduction in severe cases. In August this year, further research saw the vaccine efficacy rate rise to 70% when it was combined with anti-malarial drugs. The WHO recommendation to roll out the vaccine will be a major breakthrough in the fight against malaria; GlaxoSmithKline have already donated 10m doses for the pilot programme and have pledged 15m annually at no more than 5% above production costs.
Kaleidoscope
The renowned Nigerian so it is no surprise that he Samba Bathily, who architect, Kunle Adeymi is behind a spectacular has been instrumental has been at the forefront new creative space to in setting up several of many ambitious and showcase Africa’s cultural sustainable development innovative projects. diversity – the Mansa schemes.  His past designs have Floating Hub(below)Verde became. Cape included the master plan The home of this independent from the concept for the African impressive venture is Portuguese in 1975 and has University of Science and Mindelo, the capital of since found a good footing Technology in Abuja, São Vicente and main port in the tourism market; it Nigeria and the Quarter city for the Cape Verde is also regarded around Foundation headquarters in archipelago of islands, the world as one of the Doha.nearly four hundred miles most stable democracies For some time, he hasoff the west coast of Africa.on the continent. This new shared his visions of The man who has driven addition can only boost a future where human this project to fruition is its already strong cultural habitations will become the Malian businessmanoffering. more water-based as our and founder of African On the edge of the planet changes and evolves;Development Solutions,Atlantic Ocean, the Mansa FLOATING CREATIVE SPACE IN CAPE VERDE WINS AWARD
Floating Hub features three separate but timber-linked constructions that offer a recording studio, bar and unique performance spaces for music, dance and art. The aim is for it to become the intersection between African culture and the rest of the world by attracting influential creators from across Africa and the diaspora for collaborative work and mentoring. The hub has already won the No 1 spot for Best Music Venue in the 2021 Wallpaper Design Awards.
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