Magazine Vocable English - Du 20 septembre au 3 octobre 2018

Magazine Vocable English - Du 20 septembre au 3 octobre 2018

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4 pages centrales de quiz pour progresser en anglais - PRATIC’ABLE Les pronoms relatifs / Vocabulaire - Du 20 septembre au 3 octobre 2018

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Ajouté le 13 septembre 2018
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4 pages centrales de quiz pour progresser en anglais
PRATIC’ABLE Les pronoms relatifs / Vocabulaire : la réunion
Du 20 septembre au 3 octobre 2018 3,50 €N° 456 / All English. /
La presse internationale en V.O. pour progresser en anglais
WARMING UP
AFTER THIS SUMMER’S RECORD-BREAKIN HEATWAVE,
CAN WE WIN THE FIGHT AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE?
WARMING UP
CAN WE WIN THE FIGHT AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE?
POLITICS CULTURE SOCIETY
STEVE BANNON’S JOAQUIN DRIVING ON
POPULIST PARTY PHOENIX’S CAREER THE RIGHT
THE ATLANTIC ONLINE THE GUARDIAN THE ECONOMIST
AA 01-785-Steph.indd 1 10/09/2018 17:44
NOUVELLE FORMULE
L 18896 - 456 - F: 3,50 Avec le soutien du :
QUE FAIRE APRÈS
LE BAC ?
|SAMEDI 06.10.18 10H-18H
LES SALLES DU CARROUSEL
99 RUE DE RIVOLI, 75001 PARIS
UNIVERSITÉS GRANDES ÉCOLES ÉCOLES SPÉCIALISÉES ALTERNANCE
CONFÉRENCES ATELIERS COACHING ORIENTATION EXPOSANTS
RÉSERVATIONS ET INVITATIONS GRATUITES SUR ETUDIANT.LEFIGARO.FR
MÉTIERS
La découverte des métiers en réalité virtuelle
GB785_livre.indb 2 10/09/2018 11:34
INVITÉ
D'HONNEURN° 456 / Du 20 septembre au 3 octobre 2018édito sommaire
NIVEAU DE DIFFICULTÉ ET ÉQUIVALENCE CECRL
(Cadre Européen Commun de Référence pour les langues) :
 facile A2-B1  moyen B2-C1  difcile C1-C2
Pour faciliter le repérage et la compréhension, les mots traduits sont surlignés dans tous les
articles du magazine.
AMÉLIE ARA
RÉDACTRICE EN CHEF Grand angle ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4
On parle d'eux ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

A la une
 B2-C1 How heat became a national US problem
THE GUARDIAN (UK) The point of no return? ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 6
The residents of Phoenix and Philadelphia versus the heatwave.
The American National Oceanic and Atmospheric
 B2-C1Administration published a damning new report, Losing the war against climate change
THE ECONOMIST (UK) in August, on the impact of climate change world- ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9
wide. It represents the work of 500 scientists Taking stock of climate change and the worldwide eforts to stop it.
over sixty-fve countries and according to its
 A2-B1fndings, greenhouse gasses- principal cause of Focus .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 11
global warming- reached a record level in 2017.
Société
B2-C1 MIAMI HERALD (US) We have been witnessing dramatic examples A safe haven in Scotland ........................................................................... 12
of the consequences of this phenomenon in the Venezuelan refugees settling in Aberdeen.
meantime. Heatwave temperatures have hit
 B2-C1 THE ECONOMIST (UK) Japan, the United States, Europe and numerous Which side of the road to drive on? ................................. 14
other countries. Forest fires, fed by residual Why do we drive on the right in most countries but not in others?
drought, have ravaged large parts of Sweden, and
 A2-B1hundreds of thousands of acres in California - the Sur le vif .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 16
“Mendocino Complex” is the most destructive
fre this American state has ever encountered. PRATIC’ABLE ................................................................................................................................. 17 According to the World Meteorological
Organisation, 2018 will be one of the hottest since records Vocabulaire, expressions et astuces pour parler
began. comme un anglophone
La réunion en entreprise / Point de grammaire : les pronoms relatifs who,
However, growing media attention and collective whom, whose / L'ordre des adjectifs / L’expression idiomatique
awareness, both at individual and governmental
level, brings hope. In December 2015, nearly 200
countries pledged to do their part in keeping Enjeux
B2-C1 THE INDEPENDENT (UK) global warming below 2°C. Even though, in Belgian chocolate is under threat .......................... 21
2017, following the directive of Donald Trump, Is Belgian chocolate about to lose its identity?
the United States announced their withdrawal
 B2-C1 THE ATLANTIC ONLINE (US) from the Paris Accord, 73% of Americans under- Steve Bannon’s Populist Party ................................ 23
stand the gravity of the situation. The question Steve Bannon’s plan for the next European parliamentary election.
remains, is enough being done to halt global
 A2-B1warming? A 360° .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 25
Happy Reading! Culture
 C1-C2 Joaquin Phoenix, the greatest actor of his generation?
THE GUARDIAN (UK) ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 26
Rejoignez-nous sur et suivez-nous sur et sur American actor at the height of his fame.
 A2-B1 Les échos ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 29
Découverte
B2-C1 THE GUARDIAN (UK) Championing moody adolescents .................................. 30
Meet the British neurologist who specialises in adolescent behaviour. L’article est repris sur le CD ou les MP3
de conversation : Des interviews en V.O.
pour améliorer votre compréhension  A2-B1 THE INDEPENDENT (UK) Dogs comforting their owners ....................................... 32
Humans and dogs: a very special friendship. Tous les articles du magazine sont lus par des
anglophones sur le CD (ou les MP3) de lecture
Les sorties .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 34
Retrouvez le reportage vidéo Le dessin ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 35
l ié à l’ article sur vocable.fr
Photo de couverture : Istock
03-AA456.indd 3 11/09/2018 11:50
NOUVEAU
BONUSL’actualité en images
IRLANDE
POPE FRANCIS IN IRELAND
Dublin In August, Pope Francis made a two-day trip to Ireland. It was the frst papal visit in
almost 40 years. During his visit, he met with the Irish President Michael Higgins and
Prime Minister Leo Varadkar, as well as with eight people who sufered sexual abuse
by representatives of the Catholic Church. He also said a Mass at Phoenix Park in
Dublin. A crowd of 300,000 people – smaller than expected – attended his mass
while some thousands of people demonstrated against clerical sexual abuse in the city centre. In an address during the
service’s penitential rite, Pope Francis asked forgiveness for the “abuses in Ireland, abuses of power, conscience and
sexual abuses” perpetrated by Church leaders. His visit took place a few days after a child sexual abuse scandal
involving hundreds of Catholic priests in the US state of Pennsylvania made the headlines.
to sufer to be a victim of / mass Roman Catholic church service / crowd large gathering of people, audience / to expect to anticipate, hope for / to attend to be present at / to
demonstrate to protest / address speech, here, sermon / to take, took, taken place to happen / to involve to implicate / headline large title usually on front page of a newspaper.
4 VOCABLE Du 20 septembre au 3 octobre 2018•
AA 04-785-Steph.indd 4 10/09/2018 14:34
Grand
angle
(Gregorio Borgia/AP/SIPA) Retrouvez le fl d’infos sur www.vocable.frOn parle d'eux…
Ceux qui font l'actu
John McCain
John McCain, US Republican senator and
twotime presidential candidate, has died from brain
cancer, aged 81. A fgurehead of American politics,
the senator represented Arizona in Congress for 35
years, frst in the House of Representatives and
then in the Senate. He was a Navy veteran who
was held prisoner for fve years during the Viet -
nam War, where he underwent torture – he would
later, as a politician, be one of the most vocal
opponents of torture. In 2008, he ran for president
against Barack Obama, choosing Alaska Governor
Sarah Palin as a running mate. A ferce Trump op -
ponent and a Republican who was “conservative
but not a conservative”, according to journalist
William Buckley, he cast a decisive thumbs-down
vote against the Republican bill to repeal the
Affordable Care Act in July.
brain nerve centre in the skull / fgurehead person in a prominent position in society or an organization / Navy marine military organisation / to undergo, went, went to be
subject to / vocal outspoken, keen to express one’s opinion / to run, ran, run for to be a candidate for / running mat he ere, co-listed as vice-president / to cast, cast, cast a
vote to vote / thumbs-down ref. to the gesture made by John McCain of his negative response, rejection of the proposition / bi pllroposed law / to repeal to annul, rescind /
Afordable Care Act 2010 reform of the U.S. healthcare system (also known as Obamacar).e
Jacinda Ardern Michael Cohen Scott Morrison
Despite the Remuneration Authority’s Michael Cohen, Donald Trump’s former lawyer, Scott Morrison is Australia’s new Prime
recommendation to give New Zealand’s MPs a has pleaded guilty to bank fraud, tax fraud and Minister. He replaced Malcolm Turnbull after
3% pay rise, Jacinda Ardern, New Zealand’s campaign fnance violations, in federal court in the latter’s leadership was contested within
Prime Minister, has decided to freeze MPs New York. He also alleged in court that Trump his own party, the ruling Liberal party, in late
salaries until July 2019, while a “fairer formula asked him to pay hush money to prevent two August. Scott Morrison, who was behind
for future pay increases” is being developed. women – pornographic flm actor Stormy Australia’s controversial hardline
asylumThe move has received support across the Daniels and former Playboy model Karen seeker policies, said that his government’s
political spectrum. McDougal – from disclosing their sexual afairs major priorities would be the country’s
with him, in the midst of the 2016 presidential “economic and national security.” He is
MP = Member of Parliament, political representative /
campaign, in violation of campaign fnance Australia’s ffth prime minister in fve years.pay rise (= pay increase) salary increase / to freeze,
laws. Although Donald Trump denied any froze, froze tno block / fair just, equitable / move latter the second (of the two) / ruling in power /
decision, initiative / political spectrum various political knowledge of the payments, Cohen’s plea deal hardline intransigent, extreme / policy political
positions. was seen as a major political blow for him. agenda, plan of action.
former ex / guilty culpable / to allege to presume,
suppose / hush money payment to buy sb’s silence / to
prevent to stop (from happening) / to disclose to reveal
/ in the midst of in the middle of, during / knowledg e
here, awareness / plea deal negotiated arrangement
where the defendant pleads guilty for a lighter sentence in
return for valuable information / blow setback, defeat.
VOCABLE Du 20 septembre au 3 octobre 2018 5•
AA 05-785-Steph.indd 5 10/09/2018 14:36
(SIPA)
(SIPA)
(Michael Appleton/The New York Times)
(SIPA)ETATS-UNISEnvironnementI I I  B2-C1À la une
2018 is on pace to be the fourth hottest year
Philadelphie
on record, after 2016, 2015 and 2017.
Phoenix
Liana Rivera, 6, backs
into the spray of a
hydrant in Philadelphia.
(Michael Bryant/AP/SIPA)
THE GUARDIAN OLIVER MILMAN
HOW HEAT BECAME A
NATIONAL US PROBLEM
Unprecedented heatwaves in the US are a national issue
A deadly heatwave spread over our planet this summer, and the United States was not spared. It was especially bad in California,
while numerous cities across the country recorded higher than usual temperatures. They were record high in Phoenix, Arizona and
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. How did the various cities cope with the heat?
6 VOCABLE Du 20 septembre au 3 octobre 2018  facile A2-B1 /  moyen B2-C1 /  difcile C1-C2•
AA 06-08-785-Steph.indd 6 10/09/2018 18:21ETATS-UNISEnvironnementI I I  B2-C1 Retrouvez plus d’infos dans la newsletter Vocable www.vocable.fr/newsletter
SUPPLÉMENT VIDÉO
Cet été, le Royaume-Uni a également été touché par
la canicule. Découvrez le reportage vidéo
et testez votre compréhension sur
www.vocable.fr/videos-anglais
n yet another day of roasting heat O in Phoenix, elderly and homeless
people scurry between shards of shade in
search of respite at the Marcos De Niza
Senior Center. Along with several dozen other
institutions in the city, it has been set up as
a cooling centre: a free public refuge, with
air conditioning, chilled bottled water,
boardgames and books. Last summer a record 155
people died in Phoenix from excess heat, and
the city is straining to avoid a repeat. 
UNPRECEDENTED HEATWAVE
2. James Sanders, an 83-year-old who goes by
King, has lived in the city for 60 years and
Joseph Moore, 80, carries a fan donated by the A construction crew in Tempe, east of Phoenix, considers himself acclimatised to the baking Comcast-Spectacor Foundation. (Matt Rourke/AP/SIPA) Arizona. (Matt York/AP/SIPA)
south Arizona sun. “It does seem hotter than
it used to be, though,” he says as he picks at his 3. The heatwave that has recently swept the US air-conditioned space or you’re having serious
lunch, the temperature having climbed to 42C has put 100 million Americans under heat warn- health problems,” says Gregory Wellenius, an
outside. “Maybe it’s my age. Maybe the wind ings; caused power cuts in California where epidemiologist at Brown University. “Some
isn’t blowing. It can’t get much hotter than this temperatures in places such as Palm Springs places in the US will get to that point. The way
though. Can it?”  approached 50C; and resulted in deaths from we live, work and play will be altered by rising
New York to the Mexican border, where people temperatures.” 
1. yet here, even / roasting sweltering, extreme / elderly smugglers abandoned their clients in the desert.
old / to scurry to run with quick short steps, to move Further north, in Canada, more than 70 people A NATIONAL PROBLEM
swiftly / shard small strip / shade area protected from
perished in the Montreal area after a record burst 6. Heat already kills more Americans than the sun / respite rest, relief / cooling reduction of
temperature / air conditioning system that reduces the of heat.  foods , hurricanes or other ecological disasters.
temperature and humidity inside a building / chilled cold / That puts sweltering cities like
boardgame game that involves the movement of
4. Record temperatures raise Phoenix – where fights were counters or other objects around a board / to strain to
make an efort, to try one’s best (in difcult circumstances) wrenching questions about cancelled last year because it Heat already / to avoid a repeat to stop it from happening again. the future viability of cities was simply too hot – under
2. unprecedented without precedent, happening for the kills more such as Phoenix, where taking growing pressure. But heat is
frst time / heatwave period of extremely hot weather / to
a midday jog or doing a spot rapidly becoming a national Americans than go, went, gone by to be known as / baking burning hot /
to pick at sth to eat only a tiny bit of sth. of gardening can pose a dead- problem. Recent research sug-floods,
ly risk. Climate change is gests warming conditions are
hurricanes or spurring increasingly punish- leading to suicides, as rising
ing heatwaves that are pro- nighttime temperatures de-other ecological
SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE jected to cause tens of thou- prive Americans of sleep and disasters.
sands of deaths in major US respite from scorching days.
"people scurry cities in the coming decades.  A new study predicts that a
between shards of warming climate will drive
shade ... " (§ 1) 5. “There’s a point where the human body can’t thousands to emergency rooms for heat illness. 
cool itself, which means you are either in an shade = l'ombre :
She sat under the tree in the shade 7. A national plan to deal with heat, however,
remains a distant prospect, as the Trump ad- shadow = une ombre : 3. to sweep, swept, swept to spread rapidly, invade / heat >>>
warning weather alert of high temperatures / power cut The children had fun jumping on
electricity breakdown / border frontier, boundary / people serious grave, bad, worrying / to alter to change, modify. each other's shadows.
smuggler human trafcker / further north In the north / 6. food inundation / hurricane cyclone / disaster The sun threw shadows of the
burst of hea sthort but intense period of high temperatures. catastrophe / sweltering extremely hot / to cancel to annul, leaves onto the wall.
4. to raise here, to bring up / wrenching painful, difcult / call of / warming conditions (the efects of) global
On retrouve également shade dans midday noon, middle of the day / jog run, jogging / a spot of warming / to deprive to prevent sb from having sth /
les mots suivants : (GB, Informal) a bit of, some / to pose a risk to be dangerous scorching days days of extremely high temperatures /
/ to spur to trigger, cause / punishing very severe. emergency room place where people are taken to in the a lampshade = un abat-jour
hospital for urgent and immediate attention / heat illness shades (US) = lunettes de soleil 5. there’s a point where... at a certain level of /
health issue related to extremely high temperatures. shades = des stores
7. prospect possibility /
VOCABLE Du 20 septembre au 3 octobre 2018 7•
AA 06-08-785-Steph.indd 7 10/09/2018 18:21ETATS-UNIS EnvironnementÀ la une I I I  B2-C1
Since 1901, the planet’s surface has warmed by 0.7–0.9°
Celsius per century, but the rate of warming has nearly
doubled since 1975 to 1.5–1.8°.
ministration attempts to demolish almost >>>
every measure to reduce greenhouse gas
emissions. It has also outlined deep cuts to climate
programmes, and steered federal agencies
away from adapting to more frequent and
more extreme weather events such as
heatwaves, fooding and stronger storms . For the
most part, US cities are facing burgeoning
heatwaves on their own. 
8. The Center for Disease Control states that
around 650 deaths occur a year due to heat but
Wellenius argues that this is too conservative,
as heat isn’t always explicitly cited on death
certifcates; with related mortality the total
swells to around 3,500. Crucially, the death toll
is afficting US cities that haven’t previously
had to spend much time fretting about heat.
Signs waring of extreme heat are placed on a trailhead at Piestewa Peak in Phoenix. (Matt York/AP/SIPA)UNLIKELY PLACES
9. Research published by Wellenius and col- residents with advice in English and Spanish ing poor often means hotter homes, waiting
leagues last year found the burden of these to “Stay Cool Philly!”, avoid the sun, drink in the sun at bus stops rather than sitting in
deaths is shouldered by unlikely places, far from water, and check on elderly neighbours.  air-conditioned Ubers, and being unable to
the parched cacti and canyons of the west. The escape to cooler climes on vacation. 
relatively cooler eastern cities of Philadelphia 11. “I think some of the other things people are
and Baltimore jointly have the most excess in the west may be a little more attuned to the 13. “When it gets real hot I try to keep an eye
deaths due to heat in the entire US, at 37 fatalities issues – like don’t jog your fve miles at noon, on the older residents,” says Joann Taylor, who
per million people each year, the research found. do it at 5am,” says Dr Caroline Johnson, a has lived in the largely black and Latino district
July temperatures in Baltimore and Philadelphia senior offcial at the Philadelphia Department of Hunting Park for 47 years. “They don’t have
have a long-term average of around 25C; in of Public Health. “Some of that may come as a air conditioning, so I just tell them to keep the
Phoenix it’s 34C. In all three cities, as elsewhere surprise to people around here.”  blinds closed. The houses could do with some
on the planet, the average is climbing.  updates to cope with the heat.” 
INEQUALITIES
10. Beyond setting up the cooling centres, 12. Much of Philadelphia’s older housing is 14. Philadelphia has embarked upon a mission
mainly in libraries, so far the response in packed tightly together in terraces, with little to slash its greenhouse gas emissions, plant
Philadelphia has focused on raising public air circulation and no air conditioning. Roofs hundreds of thousands of new trees, and
upawareness, with city offcials bombarding are still slathered in tar, rather than more ex- grade its parks in order to provide a haven from
pensive refective materials, trapping more the warmth. But the spectre of a particularly
heat. “They’re like little ovens in there,” says deadly summer feels ominously close. Without
Johnson. Clusters of these houses, largely a severe drop in emissions, Philadelphia will
administration government / to attempt to to try to /
found in poorer, minority areas in the north spend around 100 days a year above 32C with-greenhouse gas emissions gas which contributes to the
rise in the Earth’s atmospheric temperature / to outline to and east of the city, can be as much as 4C hot- in 30 years, double the number of hot days
make plans for / to steer sb away from to advise against, ter than the Philadelphia average, according to experienced in 2000.  l
/ storm tempest / burgeoning developing, growing.
city offcials. Leafer , wealthier suburbs can
8. to occur to happen, take place / to argue to assert,
be as much as 7C cooler than the average. Be-claim / conservative (estimate) moderate, prudent, far
from realistic / to swell, swelled, swelled or swollen to
Uber here, car and driver / to escape to fee, get away / increase in size/volume / crucially most importantly /
death toll number of deaths / previously before, in the to check on to visit, verify the wellbeing of. clime region.
past / to fret about to worry (about). 13. blind window covering such as shutter, curtain etc / 11. to be attuned to to be conscious of, aware of.
9. unlikely improbable, here, unexpected, surprising / The houses could do with... The houses would beneft 12. housing accommodation / to be packed tightly
from... / updates here, renovation work / to cope with to burden weight, load / to shoulder to put up with / together to be many in a small area / terrace row of
parched arid, very dry / fatalit dy eath / average here deal with, manage. houses joined together / to slather to cover (in a large
mean, median level. 14. to embark on to begin, enter into / to slash to cut, quantity) / tar dark, viscous bituminous substance /
reduce signifcantly / to upgrade to renovate, improve / 10. to raise public awareness to alert the public (to the refective that refects or sends back light / to trap to
haven refuge, retreat / ominously in a worrying and dangers of...) / ofcial high-ranking employee or retain / oven large electrical kitchen appliance for cooking
threatening way. government representative / food / cluster small group / leaf gy reen, with many trees /
8 VOCABLE Du 20 septembre au 3 octobre 2018  facile A2-B1 /  moyen B2-C1 /  difcile C1-C2•
AA 06-08-785-Steph.indd 8 10/09/2018 18:21ROYAUME-UNI EnvironnementÀ la une I I I  B2-C1
NIVEAU AVANCÉ DU SUPPLÉMENT SONORE
On the Advanced recording, listen to our exclusive interview with Clemence Hutin,
climate justice and energy campaigner at Friends of the Earth Europe, She says "It's
now or never", the moment to tackle global warming.
CD audio ou téléchargement MP3 (sur abonnement)
THE ECONOMIST
LOSING THE WAR AGAINST
CLIMATE CHANGE
Worldwide inertia in dealing
with global warming
A frefghter trying to save a home on
Dessie Drive in Lakeport, California,
July 31, 2018. (Noah Berger/AP/SIPA)
We are currently witnessing exceptional weather events related to climate change on 3. Yet as the impact of climate change
bea global scale: such as, huge and very destructive fres engulfng huge swathes of comes more evident, so too does the scale of
California, record high temperatures have been recorded from the four corners of the the challenge ahead. Three years after
counworld, as well as very prolonged drought in some places. According to experts, these tries vowed in Paris to keep warming “well
kind of events will intensify over the next few decades, mainly due to human activity. below” 2°C relative to pre-industrial levels,
What is the plan for our planet? greenhouse-gas emissions are up again. So
are investments in oil and gas. In 2017, for
the frst time in four years, demand for coal
arth is smouldering. From Seattle to 2. Such calamities, once considered freakish, rose. Subsidies for renewables, such as wind E Siberia this summer, flames have are now commonplace. Scientists have long and solar power, are dwindling in many
consumed swathes of the northern hemi- cautioned that, as the planet warms—it is places and investment has stalled;
climatesphere. One of 18 wildfires that swept roughly 1°C hotter today than before the in- friendly nuclear power is expensive and
through California, among the worst in the dustrial age’s frst furnaces were lit—weather unpopular. It is tempting to think these are
state’s history, generated such heat that it patterns will go berserk. An early analysis has temporary setbacks and that mankind, with
created its own weather. Roughly 125 have found that this sweltering European summer its instinct for self-preservation, will muddle
died in Japan as the result of a heatwave that would have been less than half as likely were through to a victory over global warming. In
pushed temperatures in Tokyo above 40°C it not for human-induced global warming.  fact, it is losing the war.  >>>
for the frst time. 
3. scale level / ahead in front / to vow to promise / 2. freakish extraordinary / commonplace normal,
greenhouse gas emissions gas which contributes to the ordinary, frequent / to caution to warn, advise / furnace
1. to smoulder (GB), to smolder (US) to burn (slowly) / rise in the Earth’s atmospheric temperature / coal hard very hot oven / weather patterns meteorological
swath stretch, expanse / wildfre uncontrolled natural black mineral used to produce heat, charcoal / subsidy systems / to go, went, gone berserk to become
fre, forest fre / to sweep, swept, swept throug h here, fnancial aid from the government / renewabl te hat can be completely disrupted, to go wild / sweltering extremely
to hit / roughly approximately, around / heatwave period replaced easily, reusable / to dwindle to diminish / to stall hot / were it not for without / human-induced from
of extremely hot weather. to stagnate / tempting appealing / setback difculty / human activity / global warming increase in the Earth’s
mankind humanity / to muddle through to a victory temperature.
over... to manage to overcome the problem somehow.
VOCABLE Du 20 septembre au 3 octobre 2018 9•
AA 09-10-785-Steph.indd 9 10/09/2018 17:17ROYAUME-UNI EnvironnementÀ la une I I I  B2-C1 Retrouvez plus d’infos sur www.vocable.fr
Top greenhouse gas emitters in the world in 2017:
1. China 2. United States 3. India 4. Russia 5. Japan
SOME PROGRESS to it. Even some of the sceptic-in-chief’s fellow CARBON EMISSIONS>>>
4. Insuffcient progress is not to say no pro- Republicans appear less averse to tackling 8. Last is the technical challenge of
stripgress at all. As solar panels, wind turbines the problem. Optimists say that decarbonisa- ping carbon out of industries beyond
powand other low-carbon technologies become tion is within reach. Yet, it is proving extraor- er generation. Steel, cement, farming,
transcheaper and more effcient, their use has dinarily diffcult.  port and other forms of economic activity
surged. Last year the number of electric cars account for over half of global carbon
emissold around the world passed 1m. In some A FUEL’S PARADISE sions. They are technically harder to clean
sunny and blustery places renewable power 6. One reason is soaring energy demand, up than power generation and are
pronow costs less than coal.  especially in developing Asia. In 2006-16, as tected by vested industrial interests.
MeanAsia’s emerging economies while, scrubbing CO2 from
5. Public concern is picking up. A poll last forged ahead, their energy the atmosphere, which
cliyear of 38 countries found that 61% of people consumption rose by 40%. The mate models imply is needed
see climate change as a big threat; only the use of coal, easily the dirtiest Reshaping on a vast scale to meet the
terrorists of Islamic State inspired more fear. fossil fuel, grew at an annual Paris target, attracts even less existing
In the West campaigning investors talk of rate of 3.1%. Use of cleaner attention. 
ways of divesting from companies that make their natural gas grew by 5.2% and
living from coal and oil. Despite President of oil by 2.9%. Fossil fuels are 9. The world is not short of doing
Donald Trump’s decision to yank America easier to hook up to today’s ideas to realise the Paris goal. things canout of the Paris deal, many American cities grids than renewables that Around 70 countries or regions,
and states have reaffrmed their commitment depend on the sun shining and responsible for one-ffth of all take years.
the wind blowing. Even as emissions, now price carbon.
green fund managers threaten Technologists beaver away on
4. is not to say... does not signify no... / solar pane pl anel to pull back from oil compa- sturdier grids, zero-carbon
of photovoltaic cells / wind turbine turbine that is
nies, state-owned behemoths in the Middle steel, even carbon-negative cement, whose powered by the wind to generate electricity / low-carbon
reduced carbon emissions / to surge to increase East and Russia see Asian demand as a production absorbs more CO2 than it
reconsiderably / blustery windy. compelling reason to invest.  leases. Yet none of these fxes will come to
5. concern preoccupation, worry, interest / to pick up here, much unless climate listlessness is tackled
to improve gradually / poll survey / to campaign to conduct
7. The second reason is economic and politi- head on. Western countries must honour a campaign, fght for a cause, militate / to divest from to
disengage from, not collaborate with or invest in / to yank cal inertia. The more fossil fuels a country their commitment in the Paris agreement to
out to pull out, withdraw from / Paris dea Pl aris accord on consumes, the harder it is to wean itself off help poorer places adapt to a warmer Earth.
climate change (adopted on Dec. 2015) / commitment
them. Powerful lobbies, and the voters who Politicians have an essential role to play in support, pledge to conform to the agreement /
back them, entrench coal in the energy mix. making the case for reform. Perhaps global
Reshaping existing ways of doing things can warming will help them fre up the collective
take years. In 2017 Britain enjoyed its frst will. Sadly, the world looks poised to get a lot
coal-free day since igniting the Industrial hotter frst. l
SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE
Revolution in the 1800s. Coal generates not
merely 80% of India’s electricity, but also
"Coal generates merely underpins the economies of some of its
poor80% of India’s est states.
8. to strip sth out of sth/sb to take out, remove sth electricity" (§ 7) from / power generation electricity production / steel
strong metal made of iron and carbon / farmin gmerely = simplement fellow other (members of the same party) / averse
agriculture / to account for to represent / vested
Comparez: opposed / to tackle to combat, deal with / within reach interest particular interest / meanwhile at the same
attainable, possible / to prove to turn out to be. I merely said that she was time / to scrub to clean, here, to remove, get rid of / to
coming j'ai tout simplement dit 6. fossil fue s lubstance (e.g. coal, petroleum) used to imply to suggest / target objective.
produce energy / soaring increasing very fast / to forge qu'elle arrivait 9. to be short of to be lacking, not in possession of / to
ahead to move steadily ahead, progress / to hook up to he's merely a good friend c'est un price to fx the cost of sth / to beaver away to work
connect / grid electrical network / fund fnancing, capital
tirelessly at / sturdy robust, solid / carbon-negative that ami, c'est tout
for investment / to pull back from to disengage from / which removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere / to I did it merely to please her je ne l'ai behemoth monster, giant / compelling convincing,
release here, to emit, send out / fx rapid solution / to fait que pour lui faire plaisir irresistible. come, came, come to much to make a big diference /
merely to look at him makes me 7. to wean oneself of to learn to do without, get out of listlessness apathy / head on directly / to make, made,
shiver rien que le regarder me fait the habit of / to back to support / to entrench to made the case for to present arguments in favour of, to
reinforce, strengthen, frmly establish / to reshap toe frissonner defend / to fre up to stimulate / will deliberate intention,
change, transform / to ignite to trigger, unleash / merely determination, desire / to be poised to to be about to. it's merely a formality c'est une
only / to underpin to support, be at the base of. simple formalité
10 VOCABLE Du 20 septembre au 3 octobre 2018  facile A2-B1 /  moyen B2-C1 /  difcile C1-C2•
AA 09-10-785-Steph.indd 10 10/09/2018 17:17