New African du 06-08-2020

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Date de parution 06 août 2020
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AN IC PUBLICATION
The bestsellîng pan-Arîcan magazîne
Founded în 1966
August/September 2020
N°603
Exclusive Interview with Malawi’sLazarus Chakwera GOD’S MAN IN STATE HOUSEREPORT SPECIAL RETURN OF AFRICAN ICONS
Euro Zone € 5.00UK £4.00 • USA $6.50 • Algeria DA 500 • Canada $6.50 • CFA Zone CFA 2.900 • Egypt E£ 60 • Ethiopia R 150 • Gambia Da 200 • Ghana GH¢ 20.00 • Kenya KShs 350 • Liberia $5 • Mauritius MR 150 • Morocco Dh 40 • Rwanda RWF 3000 • Sierra Leone LE 20.000 • South Africa R49.00 (inc. tax) • Other Southern African CountriesR43.00(excl. tax) •Switzerland SFr 8.70 • Tanzania TShs 6.500 • Tunisia DT 5 • Uganda USh 15.000 • Zambia ZMW 50
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DEREK THOMSON A show produced with photos, videos and personal accounts from our Observers around the world
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@Observers
CONTENTS p. 14God’s man în State House Exclusive interview with Malawi’sLazarus Chakwera.
Readers’ views 04 Your comments and etters Kaleidoscope 06 Brîefs 10Quote/unquote Editorial 13Afrîcan Lîves aso Matter COVER STORY14man în State House God’s Baffour’s beefs 22Poverty îs wy Afrîcan  îves do not matter In conversation 24Regîs Immongaut,  Gabon poîtîcîan Ivor at large 26We must reîgnîte nobe  dreams of our yout Special report: Cameroon 28Mutî-pronged strategy  to beat Covîd-înduced sump 29Support for farmers wî  take stîng out of osses 30Mînîng: Bauxîte project  gets green îgt
Special report: African icons
35of Afrîcan Icons 2020 Return 36 Eac îcon îs a story of te past 38 AFFORD’s Return of  te Icons programme 39îstorîc wrongs Rîgtîng 40 Punîtîve wars, pîage and punder 41must relect te Museums  reaîty of acquîsîtîon 42 Faîsm and restîtutîon 43 Respectîng te remaîns  of uman îcons 45successfu Benîn’s  approac to restîtutîon 46 Workîng togeter on treasures  of te coonîa era – V&A 47 Internatîona coectîons  at te Brîtîs Lîbrary 48 Rename and repatrîate SOAS  Swaîî coectîons 49 Stoen artefacts are our  cutura erîtage 50 Creatîng a Museum  of Brîtîs Coonîaîsm 51 Key tîmeîne of eîgt ‘R’s  and restîtutîon events
Letter from london 32Last of te ‘hree Ws’ eaves  te ied Jo’burg diary 52Do ŝoé Bàçk véŝ  àé oé à oéŝ? African Lives Matter 54Bà: ‘Bé Bàçk ŝ à çé’ 58àzàà: Màûû déîéŝ Covd- 60Uàdà: Skééoŝ  é çûoàd 62Eoà: hé éç déox Sport / soccer 68Poîsîng Afrîca’s sportîng dîamonds 70Afrîcan soccer star proies: Romeu  Lukaku and Zînedîne Zîdane Back to the future 74Wy Afrîcan îves don’t matter
NewAFricané éŝŝé à-A çà ààzé, oûdéd  66. AUGUS/SEP .éàçàààzé.çoEM BER  ïSSUE 63
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4 new aFrIcan augusT/sepTember 2020
Letters
Great coverage o Covîd-19éoà ŝà,  éŝoŝ M à àd ï oûd ké o vé àd dûŝ o à ŝoûd  àà ûé ŝoû-oû oNew Arîcanàçéŝ. ààzé o oû odéû ŝŝûé Wé ŝoûd o oé é dŝŝéç vûà à àŝéçŝ o vovéé o vàoûŝ ç àoŝ Covd-. Aŝ oû ko, é  é à é ŝûéoé và US àvé éé vçŝ o éàŝ é àéŝ o à àxû éooçà oŝ àçk o éàdéŝ  oû ŝo doàçé. dû ŝ àdéç àd é oŝ o Açà àd é od o oéû çoû  é od –  çûà ûéàvàŝ àd voéçé, ŝoé o é od’ŝ éŝ édçà  ûŝ éçoûàé é àççé éxéŝé – àŝ édéd û  é o déoçàç ovéàçé àd oŝ éçoŝ àd déàŝ o ŝ àççoûà, ç çà o à o dŝéàŝé. à o ŝ é dŝûoŝ ï oéŝ o ŝo à o àé o o éàçé àd éé o çzéŝ. dévéoéd àd àdvàçéd oû k hà ŝàd, àŝ é çoé ŝ oû àé, éàdéŝ, éŝéçà à é çûé éxééç à çàé o o, àŝ à ûé ûéçé o o oû dàçŝ o é éçooç éà déà  çŝŝ. o oû ŝŝ, é àvé o,  ŝ ŝo oéŝŝ àd û. Péàŝ ’ŝ kàà o éàç ûŝ ov oàdŝ dééé éoà éŝŝoŝ ààŝ àoàçé. éào à çà ûoçk ï é dŝ o ŝ çoûŝéd àd é éé ŝàéŝ’ ûàéd é éod, à ood éd ŝé éçooç oéà o é ééî é à dà ço o oû ààzé o çoŝŝ-odé àdé àd ééààd à à éé-oéé  àŝ éé. dévéoé. Wé àé ŝo éàŝéd à Açà,  oŝ hé dévéoé o çoŝŝ-odé çàŝéŝ, àŝ déà  é àdéç àdé çà éàçé éxo éàŝ, éàŝ é éŝ  é od. Kûdoŝ àûàçû àçvéŝ, àd ooŝ àd kéé û é ood ok. O éoé ooûéŝ o é çoûŝé, é oûd évé àvé ûéŝŝéd oû ûço ééào. à o ŝ àd  o çoé o oû Hoévé, àŝ Açà ovéŝ àéo và oû éà ûçào. oàd oàdŝ ŝ oé déà Wé oûd ké o ŝà à é o éçooç éào àd é àdé oû Açà oéŝ àd déà o à odééŝŝ àdé oç ŝŝéŝ o é çoo ŝéŝé àd  éé ovéé o éoé, àççà àd déédéçé àd é vàoûŝ éoû çoûéŝ ŝ oû é vé éŝ  ûûé. àé éçoûé dàçéŝ àd ï éd  qûo à ŝà ààà ŝûdéŝàdŝ. o oû éxçéé édoà ç héŝé çoŝ  o é o é éévé ŝoûd é à odéû édûçé àéç ové àd éçoûàé ŝ oo o Açà: àŝ é v ŝàdàdŝ o “Wé àvé éà à  ûŝ, odà ok, àd  dûé é  oû éŝoûçéŝ, oû àdŝ, oû déàŝ o éço àoûŝ çoŝ, oû ûŝ, oû koédé, ééééûŝ. oû àdoŝ, oû àào, oû Woé  Açà àvé àéd à ŝkŝ, oû éoé, é àé çoéé ŝîçà oé  ŝoço-éçooç àd oé.” dévéoé. hé àçévééŝ Mà JôDàN àND Fàî,çûdé àk éà ŝdéŝ  Cicago, USéçooç éoéé àd ééééûŝ, àd  vàoûŝ Sour and sweet în Arîcaîédŝ çûd àŝo àd é àŝ. Yoû àçé,Keepîng e eoîss aWoé àé àŝo à é oéo bayo é éà çoû çàé (A/Mà ) ŝ à à -dé ààŝŝ o ûéà ààé oo éàç évéŝ. ŝûéçéŝ éŝŝéd  dféé W Açà  ûûé évéûà àéàŝ o é Açà çoé. é à àvé o éàçé? é ûŝ à àd Wé é çoé ŝ éŝŝ ŝéé. çdéŝ o éoŝ-éàéd àçvéŝ,Kôî K. SHàH  àŝ éé ûéd o à oéd oMombasa, Kenya
AfRIcanLegal Suppot FAaciiTy• FaciiLTE aricaine dSe souTien jURFidIque
THE AFRICAN LEGAL SUPPORT FACILITY (ALSF ô Fàçii) îŝ ân ïnenâîÔnâ ÔgânïzâïÔn hÔŝed y he aîÇân DeveÔmen Bânk aDB ïn aïdjân, cÔe d' vÔïe. the ÔÔŝâ Ô â egâ ŝûÔ âÇîïy Wâŝ Ôïgînây mÔÔed ïn 2003 y aîÇân mînïŝeŝ Ô ïnânÇe Ô âŝŝïŝ hem în vûûe ûnd ïïgâïÔn the alsf Wâŝ ŝûŝeqûeny eŝâïŝhed y eây în DeÇeme 2008 ând eÇâme ÔeâîÔnâ în 2010. Té ALSF ôà i ô éàçé é éà çààçi ô Aiçà çôÛié ô éÛé ài à ààçé iiàiô à éôiàiô ôÛçôMé Ûàiàé éà çààçi à à éiçié Ûié éViôMé i Aiçà aÇÇÔdîngy he fâÇîïy Ôvïdeŝ egâ âdvïŝÔy ŝevîÇeŝ Ô aîÇân gÔvenmenŝ în he ŝûÇûîng ând negÔîâîÔn Ô ÇÔmex ÇÔmmeÇîâ ânŝâÇîÔnŝ eâîng Ô eâÇîveŝ ând nâûâ eŝÔûÇeŝ ÔWe ïnâŝûÇûe, pppŝ ând ŝÔveeîgn de
Membership:the fâÇïïy Çûeny hâŝ 60 memeŝ: 53 ÇÔûnïeŝ ïnÇûdïng 5 nÔn-aîÇân ÇÔûnïeŝ ând 7 ïnenâïÔnâ ÔgânïzâîÔnŝ.
Projects:sïnÇe 2010  ôJéç hâve een âÔved în  çôÛié ïnÇûdïng 52 ÔjeÇŝ ïn 2019 âÔne
IN 2020, ThE FACiLiTY HaS 111 ACTIVE PROJECTS
«ALSF cônribUe ô redUcing invemen rik ôn he Africàn côninen.»
ChâlE BÔâMâh, I m m e d i à T e p à t S e n i o r V î c e P R e s i d e n T o f T h e Af D B à n d C h à î r m à n o f a L S F ' s G o v e r n i n g C o u n c i l
«OUr Ràpid sme ànd since AôTiôn inumen àdôped in 2018 enU Ht he aciiY épônd qUiy ô ceÀin éqUŝ pàicUàr om Āiô­ ning ôr ágie .»
ŚEvE KââNGIzI, DîéçTor ànd CEO of aLSF
ALSF response to crosscutting issues: fÔ înÇûŝîve gÔWh ând ŝûŝâînâe deveÔmen, he asfŝ ÔjeÇŝ ÔmÔe  Gôô ôVéàçé;  Géé éQÛài; à  EViôMéà ôVéàçé
Fiscus: annûâ ûdge uŚ$   cÔmmîmenŝ ŝînÇe 2010 uŚ$ 4  Dîŝûŝemenŝ ŝïnÇe 2010 uŚ$  
tÔâ vâûe Ô ânŝâÇîÔnŝ ŝûÔed y he asf Éá uŚ$  
ĀÈ  the asf îŝ mÔŝy ûnded y he aîÇân DeveÔmen fûnd aDf âŝ We âŝ y 8 înenâîÔnâ ÔgânïzâîÔnŝ 6 ÇÔûnîeŝ ând 1 aïÇân sâe the fâÇîïy âŝÔ mâïnâïnŝ ân eeÇïve âneŝhî Wîh he aDB ohe nÔn-ïnânÇïâ eÇhnîÇâ âneŝ înÇûde aîÇân egâ eŝeâÇh Çeneŝ aîÇân âÇâdemïÇ înŝîûïÔnŝ â âŝŝÔÇïâïÔnŝ ând âW ŝÔÇïeîeŝ ând ïâeâ ând mûîâeâ deveÔmen ÔgânïzâîÔnŝ
bÈÈĀÈ  the alsfŝ ŝûÔ ïŝ âvâîâe Ô â aïÇân sâeŝ hâ mâke â eqûeŝ
reqûeŝ Ôm ïŝ âvâîâe hee: /wÀ
ExtracTive îndusTries and natual resources
ALSF'S FOCUS AREAS parpTunbelischîp@îvaTedebtPP:)sP(p   Powe Inàstuctue & Soveeîgn transporT, waTeR saniTaTion
o® MuLTî-sect riaL and Regîonals
ALSF'S STRATEGIC PILLARS
63 ACTIVE PROJECTS
46 ACTIVE PROJECTS
2ACtIVe PROjeC S t
ALSF AfRIcan Legal Suppot FaciiTyFaciiTE aricaine de souTien jURidIque
THE AFRICAN LEGAL SUPPORT FACILITY (ALSF ô Fàçii) îŝ ân ïnenâîÔnâ ÔgânïzâïÔn hÔŝed y he aîÇân DeveÔmen Bânk aDB ïn aïdjân, cÔe d' vÔïe. the ÔÔŝâ Ô â egâ ŝûÔ âÇîïy Wâŝ Ôïgînây mÔÔed ïn 2003 y aîÇân mînïŝeŝ Ô ïnânÇe Ô âŝŝïŝ hem în vûûe ûnd ïïgâïÔn the alsf Wâŝ ŝûŝeqûeny eŝâïŝhed y eây în DeÇeme 2008 ând eÇâme ÔeâîÔnâ în 2010.Té ALSF ôà i ô éàçé é éà çààçi ô Aiçà çôÛié ô éÛé ài à ààçé iiàiô à éôiàiô ôÛçôMé Ûàiàé éà çààçi à à éiçié Ûié éViôMé i Aiçà aÇÇÔdîngy he fâÇîïy Ôvïdeŝ egâ âdvïŝÔy ŝevîÇeŝ Ô aîÇân gÔvenmenŝ în he ŝûÇûîng ând negÔîâîÔn Ô ÇÔmex ÇÔmmeÇîâ ânŝâÇîÔnŝ eâîng Ô eâÇîveŝ ând nâûâ eŝÔûÇeŝ ÔWe ïnâŝûÇûe, pppŝ ând ŝÔveeîgn de
Membership:Çûeny hâŝ 60 memeŝ: 53 ÇÔûnïeŝthe fâÇïïy ïnÇûdïng 5 nÔn-aîÇân ÇÔûnïeŝ ând 7 ïnenâïÔnâ ÔgânïzâîÔnŝ.
Projects:sïnÇe 2010  ôJéç hâve een âÔved în  çôÛié ïnÇûdïng 52 ÔjeÇŝ ïn 2019 âÔne
IN 2020, ThE FACiLiTY HaS 111 ACTIVE PROJECTS
«ALSF cônribUe ô redUcing invemen rik ôn he Africàn côninen.»
ChâlE BÔâMâh, I m m e d i à T e p à t S e n i o r V î c e P R e s i d e n T o f T h e Af D B à n d C h à î r m à n o f a L S F ' s G o v e r n i n g C o u n c i l
«OUr Ràpid sme ànd since AôTiôn inumen àdôped in 2018 enU Ht he aciiY épônd qUiy ô ceÀin éqUŝ pàicUàr om Āiô­ ning ôr ágie .»
ŚEvE KââNGIzI, DîéçTor ànd CEO of aLSF
ALSF response to crosscutting issues: fÔ înÇûŝîve gÔWh ând ŝûŝâînâe deveÔmen, he asfŝ ÔjeÇŝ ÔmÔe  Gôô ôVéàçé;  Géé éQÛài; à  EViôMéà ôVéàçé
Fiscus: annûâ ûdge uŚ$   cÔmmîmenŝ ŝînÇe 2010 uŚ$ 4  Dîŝûŝemenŝ ŝïnÇe 2010 uŚ$  
tÔâ vâûe Ô ânŝâÇîÔnŝ ŝûÔed y he asf Éá uŚ$  
ĀÈ  the asf îŝ mÔŝy ûnded y he aîÇân DeveÔmen fûnd aDf âŝ We âŝ y 8 înenâîÔnâ ÔgânïzâîÔnŝ 6 ÇÔûnîeŝ ând 1 aïÇân sâe the fâÇîïy âŝÔ mâïnâïnŝ ân eeÇïve âneŝhî Wîh he aDB ohe nÔn-ïnânÇïâ eÇhnîÇâ âneŝ înÇûde aîÇân egâ eŝeâÇh Çeneŝ aîÇân âÇâdemïÇ înŝîûïÔnŝ â âŝŝÔÇïâïÔnŝ ând âW ŝÔÇïeîeŝ ând ïâeâ ând mûîâeâ deveÔmen ÔgânïzâîÔnŝ
bÈÈĀÈ  the alsfŝ ŝûÔ ïŝ âvâîâe Ô â aïÇân sâeŝ hâ mâke â eqûeŝ
reqûeŝ Ôm ïŝ âvâîâe hee: /wÀ
ExtracTive îndusTries and natual resources
ALSF'S FOCUS AREAS publicp@îvaTe debt Powe Inàstuctue & Soveeîgn parTneshîps (PPP): transporT, waTeR saniTaTion
sRegî®onalsMuLTî-ectoriaL and
ALSF'S STRATEGIC PILLARS
63 ACTIVE PROJECTS
46 ACTIVE PROJECTS
2ACtIVe PROjeCtS
Kaleidoscope
Statue o Leopold II alls to ALM campaîgn
The Belgîan cîty o Antwerp removed a statue o the colonîal-era leader Kîng Leopold II în June, days ater ît was deaced by antî-racîsm protesters. Durîng one o the recent protests înspîred by the Black Lîves Matter campaîgn rom the US, protesters în Brussels clîmbed a statue o the kîng wavîng the Democratîc Republîc o Congo flag and chantîng “murderer”. Leopold, who has been called the Butcher o Congo, îs known or usîng present-day DRC as hîs personal bank fiedom, orcîng thousands o cîtîzens to harvest and process îvory and then rubber. Hîs admînîstratîon was characterîsed by atrocîtîes such as amputatîng the arms o women, men and chîldren who dîd not meet the rubber quota. Reuters reports that two onlîne petîtîons had been launched seekîng to remove hîs statues. Elsewhere across the country, hîs statues were deaced wîth red paînt; sîgnîyîng blood or
Cameroon app connects patîents wîth doctors
A é à çàéd ïDoçà ŝ é àçàé oé vŝŝ  doçoŝ  Càéoo, àŝ à vûéàé éoé àé éàû o çàç Covd- é éàv é oéŝ. “hé oé à ïDoçà ŝovéŝ ŝ àççéŝŝ o àfodàé éà çàé o éoé,” ŝàŝ Yàçk Màà, ŝ çéào. “Wé àvé oûd à ûà çééŝ àé ovéçodéd, àd oŝàŝ àé ovéçodéd  ûà çééŝ oo. Ad  ûà àéàŝ é àçé à ŝ çàéd é éoéo o édçà déŝéŝ.
the atrocîtîes that hîs reîgn unleashed în the Congo. In the cîty o Ghent, a bust o Leopold II was covered în red paînt and daubed wîth “I can’t breathe.” Another statue was set on fire near the cîty o Antwerp. A 14-year-old boy only îdentîfied as Noah was behînd one o the petîtîons, whîch contînue to gather sîgnatorîes. It calls or the removal o all statues, stressîng that a multîcultural Brussels, capîtal o the EU, has no place or such a personalîty. “We are mînors and do not wîsh to reveal our îdentîtîes. Thîs îs why we are lookîng or an organîsatîon … to represent us,” the înîtîator told Reuters. Hîstory says mîllîons o Congolese are estîmated to have dîed between 1885 and 1908.
Rîg: Ate îs saue o Belgîum’s Kîng Leopold II was daubed wî ed paîn by acîîss, în poes agaîns îs colonîal egîme, e cîy o Gen emoed î rom publîc dîsplay
ïDoçà ovdéŝ à ŝoûo, ov éoé’ŝ àççéŝŝ o éà çàé àkŝ o éçoo.” Wok  oé à  doçoŝ, é ïDoçà éà àvé ŝéé é çàŝéoàd é  é àŝ éé oŝ dûé o é àdéç. Eàç oé vŝ çoŝŝ $, ŝ oé à à çoŝûào  à ûç oŝà, û éŝŝ à à àoé à à vàé çç. hé édçŝ àé éûà éŝéd o Covd-. ï é àé oŝvé, é àé éovéd o é oà o vŝ doçoŝ, àççod o Màà.
Below: Sadîo Mané (l) celebaes wî eam-maes Naby Keïa () and Dîok Oîgî (c) ate scoîng Lîepool’s is goal în a 2-0 ome îcoy agaîns Ason Vîlla on 5 July
Ater three decades o Arîca proud. waîtîng, Lîverpool’s vîctory Mané and Salah were joînt at the top o the Premîer top-scorers last season, League was spurred on by along wîth Arsenal and our key Arîcan players. Gabon’s Pîerre-Emerîck They are Sadîo Mané o Aubameyang. Senegal, Mohamed Salah Lîverpool are the newest o Egypt, Joël Matîp o club to have the honour o Cameroon and Naby Keïta o wînnîng the league – ater Guînea. The Conederatîon Manchester Unîted and o Arîcan Football, CAF, Man Cîty, Chelsea, Arsenal, descrîbed the our players Leîcester Cîty and Blackburn as kîngs, sayîng they made Rovers. Arîcan ‘kîngs’ help Lîverpool wîn Premîer League
Egypt reopens pyramîds o Gîza
E éoééd é àdŝ o Gzà  Jûé, àté à éé-o çoŝûé dûé o Covd-. Dozéŝ o éxçéd oûŝŝ ŝàéd ŝéîéŝ àŝ é àdééd àoûd E’ŝ oŝ çoç àçé ŝé. hé àdŝ éé é çoû’ŝ îŝ oûŝ ààço o éoé, ào  é Eà Mûŝéû éx o Cào’ŝ à Sqûàé. Déço-Gééà o é Gzà Pàéàû, Aŝà Mo A-D, ŝàd: “Wé àé àoûç é éoé o é àçàéooçà ŝé o Gzà o vŝoŝ àŝ o odà. Wé àvé éçévéd àoû à ûdéd éoé, o çoûŝé oo é oçédûéŝ àd do  é Mŝ o Héà.”
àd Coéŝ, à Cooà oûŝ, àŝ ào é îŝ o vŝ: “Wé déçdéd o çoé o é àdŝ odà éçàûŝé, ŝçé é àvé éé çoŝéd o ŝo o, é é à é éé  é vé çéà àd é àéd o éxoé é àdŝ  ŝ ŝé.” o oû ûdé Moàéd àoûk, é éoé ŝ à ŝoç évé: “hé çoŝ o é àdŝ o oû oŝ àŝ àé àééd  ŝo,  àŝ àoŝ évé àééd à é àdŝ éé çoŝéd àd o oé éééd é. “So ŝ ŝ oû çàçé o é ào é îŝ éoé o vŝ é àdŝ àté é éoé.” E déçdéd  d-Jûé o éoé ŝ àŝàçé àŝ é àŝ ŝoé o ŝ oŝ oûà vŝoŝ’ ŝéŝ. hé à ŝ o évvé oûŝ, à ŝéço à ŝûfééd éàv îàçà oŝŝéŝ dû é éé-o çoŝûé çàûŝéd  Covd-. Aûoéŝ àé o odààkéŝ  àvé  àd éàd o E àté éàoà ŝ éŝûéd ûdé ooŝé àvé éŝçoŝ.