BCA - Lesson Plans - Stowe School
8 pages
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BCA - Lesson Plans - Stowe School


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8 pages


  • cours - matière potentielle : plan
  • leçon - matière potentielle : students
  • exposé
  • expression écrite
  • cours - matière potentielle : for the following sessions
  • cours - matière potentielle : plans
  • cours magistral - matière potentielle : mode
  • leçon - matière potentielle : problems
BCA - Lesson Plans – Stowe School Unit Theme: Bridging Latino Traditions Curriculum: Reading, Art, Technology Grade level: 2nd through 3rd grade Purpose: Introduce to students the historical culture and traditions of the original inhabitants of North America. This unit highlights the similarities between the Aztec (Mexican) and Taino (Puerto Rican) cultures; food, language and family traditions will constitute the main focus of the unit.
  • small tree frog colibri
  • tianguis tianquiztli tianguis market
  • milpa milpa
  • small group partners
  • tamale tamalli tamale
  • words into coherent sounds
  • peyote peyotl peyote



Publié par
Nombre de lectures 17
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 1 Mo


Promoting Meme Diversity and Transmission Fidelity in Artificial ProtoCultures
1 1 2 1 Andrew Guest , Andrew Sapeluk *, Alan Winfield and James Bown
1 School of Computing and Engineered Systems, University of Abertay Dundee, UK 2 Bristol Robotics Laboratory, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK *A.Sapeluk@abertay.ac.uk Abstract(Heylighen, 1999). Thus, biology offers a framework for studying cultural evolution (Speel, 1995). However, cultural Cultural evolution occurs through the transmission of studies face the same problems as biological ones: it is cultural traits, and we consider the meme as the unit of impossible to measure everything and real-world complexity cultural transmission. We construct an agentbased model representing the processes by which cultural transmissionis overwhelming (Humphreys 2007). occurs and to link these to the communityscale phenomena To make progress, many social science experiments take a arising from agent interactions. We base our model on small problem-led view of social behaviours, focusing on specific communities of ePuck robots, and following work on issues and building in assumptions about societal functioning movementbased memes, consider sound as the medium of cultural transmission. Our architecture affordsto support analysis of the question posed, e.g., in emergent (re)production of memes, variation in meme production andcooperation and communication (Buzing et al. 2005) and in a range of meme selection and meme memory strategies. language (Christiansen and Kirby, 2003). In Buzing et al. Through these processes, we identify the meme (2005), for example, results show that cooperation pressure complexities, meme memory strategies, meme selection leads to the evolution of communication skills that support strategies and ePuck movement speeds that promote and cooperation. This cooperation pressure is built into the model, inhibit both meme diversity and reproductive fidelity. in that resource acquisition is directly enabled by cooperation. Communication is likewise built in, enabling recruitment of cooperators to acquire resource. Importantly, the model allows 1 Introduction flexibility in the extent to which agents use communication – Human and animal decision-making is strongly influenced by talking to request cooperation and listening to respond to knowledge acquired through observation of the behaviour of cooperation requests – to interact with other agents. The work others, and when behavioural patterns are spread among demonstrates the impact of environment (cooperation individuals over generations this is a form of cultural pressure) on communication strategy, and that the ability to evolution (Danchin et al., 2004). Thus cultural evolution listen occurs in advance of the ability to talk. Such a problem-occurs through the transmission of cultural behaviours / traits led view thus focuses model construction on factors (Christensen and Kirby, 2003). Agent-based models seek to (measurables) and system dynamic assumptions that are likely understand the processes by which cultural transmission to contribute to the phenomenon being investigated. While occurs and to link these to the community-scale phenomena this approach limits the scope of the model to the question observed when groups of agents interact (Buzing et al., 2005). asked, it does provide insight into that question. Moreover, By understanding these processes at the individual scale it is model results serve to refine the real-world question being set possible to manage change at the community scale (Bown et and direct iteratively the next phase of experimental design al., 2007). To effect cultural change is a challenging problem (Christiansen and Kirby, 2003) so focusing data collection on and it is possible to progress by taking inspiration from those measurables, and this in turn can refine the model biological systems (Danchin et al., 2004). construction (Bown et al., 2007). One view of cultural evolution is to recognise a Here, we take an alternative, complementary approach, where correspondence between the processes underlying cultural and no assumptions are made about societal functioning and the biological evolution: variation, reproduction, natural selection goal is to elicit the fundamental processes responsible for the (Heylighen and Chielens, 2008). Rather than genetic development of a proto-culture. This is similar in approach to transmission and recombination with variation as the Kirby (2001) where a protolanguage, lacking any structure, mechanism of reproduction, cultural evolution considers the gives rise to a syntactic structure through evolution of the meme (Dawkins, 1976) as the unit of cultural transmission, language itself rather than through evolution of the users of i.e. communication. Memes may be transmitted and that language. Here, we outline an artificial culture laboratory recognised by individual agents in the community. Variations designed that affords (re)production of memes, variation in may occur through errors in interpretation. Natural selection meme production and a range of meme selection strategies. occurs since some memes are fitter than others: i.e., some Through these fundamental processes, we are able to identify memes are more likely to be communicated than others conditions that promote and inhibit both meme diversity and