The Black and Tan Terrier - A Complete Anthology of the Dog -
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The Black and Tan Terrier - A Complete Anthology of the Dog -


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The Black and Tan Terrier - A Complete Anthology of the Dog gathers together all the best early writing on the breed from our library of scarce, out-of-print antiquarian books and documents and reprints it in a quality, modern edition. This anthology includes chapters taken from a comprehensive range of books, many of them now rare and much sought-after works, all of them written by renowned breed experts of their day. These books are treasure troves of information about the breed - The physical points, temperaments, and special abilities are given; celebrated dogs are discussed and pictured; and the history of the breed and pedigrees of famous champions are also provided. The contents were well illustrated with numerous photographs of leading and famous dogs of that era and these are all reproduced to the highest quality. Books used include: My Dog And I by H. W. Huntington (1897), Dogs Of The World by Arthur Craven (1931), About Our Dogs by A..Croxton Smith (1931) and many others.



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Date de parution 01 décembre 2020
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9781528762939
Langue English

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The Black And Tan Terrier
- A Complete Anthology of the Dog -
Vintage Dog Books 2010 This book is copyright and may not be reproduced or copied in any way without the express permission of the publisher in writing
ISBN No. 978-14455-2574-7 (Paperback) 978-14455-2694-2 (Hardback)
British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

Containing chapters from the following sources:
The Dogs Of The British Islands. Being A Series Articles Of The Points Of Their Various Breeds, And The Treatment Of The Diseases To Which They Are Subject. J. H. Walsh. 1867
Terrier Dogs: Showing The Best Methods Of Breeding, Rearing, Feeding, Cropping, Physicing, Cure Of Diseases, Etc., With A Description Of The Points And Properties Of The Principal Breeds Of Dogs. Ed. James. 1873
The Illustrated Book Of The Dog. Vero Shaw. 1879.
A History And Description Of The Modern Dogs Of Great Britain And Ireland. (Terriers). Rawdon B. Lee. 1894
My Dog And I - Being A Concise Treatise Of The Various Breeds Of Dogs Their Origins And Uses. Written Expressly For The Novice. H. W. Huntington. 1897.
The Show Dog - Being A Book Devoted To Describing The Cardinal Virtues And Objectionable Features Of All The Breeds Of Dogs From The Show Ring Standpoint, With Mode Of Treatment Of The Dog Both In Health And Sickness. H. W. Huntington. 1901
Dog Shows And Doggy People. C. H. Lane. 1902
British Dogs - Their Points, Selection, And Show Preparation - With Illustrations Of Typical Dogs. W. D. Drury. 1903
The Twentieth Century Dog (Non Sporting) - Compiled From The Contributions Of Over Five Hundred Experts. Vol. I. Herbert Compton. 1904
The Dog Book - A Popular History Of The Dog, With Practical Care And Management Of House, Kennel, And Exhibition Dogs - Volume II. James Watson. 1906
The Kennel Encyclopaedia - Vol. I. A B D To C O L. J. Sidney Turner. 1907
The New Book Of The Dog - A Comprehensive Natural History Of British Dogs And Their Foreign Relatives, With Chapters On Law, Breeding, Kennel Management, And Veterinary Treatment. Vol. III. Robert Leighton. 1907
British Terriers: Their Breeding, Management And Training For Show Or Work. J. Maxtee. 1909
Dogs And All About Them. Robert Leighton. 1910
Terriers For Sport. Pierce O Conor. 1922
Dogs And How To Know Them - With Notes As To Their Care And Management And Other Information. Including A Standard Of Excellence And A Complete List Of Books On Dogs From 1800 In The British Museum. Edward C. Ash. 1925
The Practical Dog Book - With Chapters On The Authentic History Of All Varieties Hitherto Unpublished, And A Veterinary Guide And Dosage Section, And Information On Advertising And On Exporting To All Parts Of The World. Edward C. Ash. 1930
About Our Dogs - The Breeds And Their Management. A..Croxton Smith. 1931
Dogs Of The World - The Author And Dogs - History And Origins Of Man s Best Friend - Care And General Management - Feeding - Rearing - Exhibiting - Common Diseases, Etc. Arthur Craven. 1931
The Book Of Dogs. Stanley West. 1935
The Dog In Sport. J. Wentworth Day. 1938
T HE Black and Tan Terrier has as good a right to be considered the representative of the old English terrier as any breed in existence. and probably a better one; but not yet having been blessed with a club to protect his interests and quarrel over his pedigree, he has held his position-a very respectable one-in the canine world on his own intrinsic merits. His history begins long before Dandie Dinmonts or Bedlingtons were thought of, and his most distinguishing features had ere that been noted. Daniel, in his Rural Sports describes his black body and tanned legs (thumb marks, bronzed thighs, and kissing spots had not then been invented), smooth coat, beautiful formation, short body, and sprightly appearance. Bewick copied Daniel, as several other writers have done; and since their time, through all the vicissitudes of dog life, and apparently without any special care having been taken of him, he remains essentially true to his prototype, with no doubt a finer and more polished jacket, befitting these days of dog parades. As he cannot speak for himself, I must say for him he has a strong cause of complaint against the Kennel Club; for in the first volume of their stud book, which chronicles the principal shows for fourteen years, he was simply and properly described as the black and tan terrier, English of course being understood; but since 1874 they have added to his title, or Manchester terrier . The reason for this change I do not know, as the records of their own stud book do not disclose many names of eminent Manchester breeders or exhibitors besides Mr. Samuel Handley, who bred and exhibited some of the best that have been shown, and who is still generally recognised as one of the best judges of them; and, however great an honour it may be to be Manchester, it is a greater honour to be English, and, so far as I can see, the change in name was useless and uncalled for, and derogatory to the breed. In addition to Mr. Handley, there were years ago the following celebrated Lancashire breeders: Mr. James Barrow, Mr. Joseph Kay, and Mr. William Pearson, all now dead; but the crack dogs now met with at our shows have generally been bred by unknown people, and brought out by astute judges and spirited exhibitors. In the early days of shows Birmingham took the lead in this breed, and Mr. G. Fitter, of that town, who had a good strain, held the first position for several years with his exceptionally good dog Dandy, which served to illustrate the breed in the previous editions of Dogs of the British Islands. Of late years the most successful exhibitors have been Mr. George Wilson, Huddersfield; the late Mr. Martin, Manchester; and, more so than either, Mr. Henry Lacy, of Hebden Bridge.

This breed is not such a general favourite with the public as it deserves to be, for it has many excellent qualities to recommend it to those who like a nice pet that does not need nursing, an affectionate, lively, and tractable companion, not given to quarrelling, very active and graceful in its actions, and with pluck enough and a keen zest for hunting and destroying such vermin as rats that infest houses and outbuildings; for with larger vermin, such as the fox, badger, c. (with exceptional cases), he has not the hardness to cope or stand their bites, nor has he the strength even of other terriers of his own weight, as he is formed more for nimbleness than work requiring power. His most ardent admirers cannot claim for him the courage and obduracy of attack and defence that characterise less pure terriers. As a house dog he is unexcelled, always on the alert, and quick to give alarm.
I am writing of the dog from 101b. up to 161b., not the small lap dogs of the same colour and markings, which are generally pampered and peevish, and ornamental rather than useful-which, when they do give tongue at the entrance of a visitor, never know when they have yelped enough, and have to be coaxed into silence. These latter are of two sorts: one with a short face, round skull, and full eye (inclined to weep), called in vulgar parlance apple-headed uns, showing the cross at some time or other with the King Charles spaniel; the other type is the thin, shivering dog, that must be kept clothed, and sleep in a warmly-lined basket, his timid shrinking manner, spindly legs, lean sides, and tucked-up flanks showing the Italian greyhound cross. The weight of these two clearly distinct varieties averages from about 31b. to 61b.
The black and tan terrier proper is the most elegantly shaped and graceful in outline of all the terrier tribe; and, improved as he has been since dog shows came in vogue, he more than ever deserves the description Daniel gave him, being of beautiful formation and sprightly appearance. Taking his points seriatim they are as follows:

Grand Total 100.
1. The head (value 5) must be long and narrow, clean cut, tight skinned, with no bulging out at the cheeks; the skull flat and narrow.
2. The jaws and teeth (value 5).-The muzzle should be long, lean, and tapering, with the teeth level, or the incisors of the upper jaw just closing over the under ones. The nose must be quite black.
3. The eyes (value 5) are black, bright, and small, neither sunk in the skull nor protruding.
4. The ears (value 5) are, for exhibition purposes, invariably cut, and much importance is attached to the result of this operation. It is required that the ears correspond exactly in shape and position with each other. They must be tapered to a point, stand quite erect, or slightly lean towards each other at the tip. This is a practice I strongly deprecate, and never miss an opportunity of protesting against it; and I believe there is a general feeling arising against it; and among others who strongly condemn it is the best judge of the breed living, Mr. S. Handley. The supporters of the practice cannot offer a single valid argument in its favour, whilst there are many strong reasons against it. It is sheer nonsense to say the dogs look better cropped. It is not many years since people thought pugs looked better with their ears shorn off by the roots, but nobody thinks so now; and the practice as regards terriers could be effectually stopped by a resolution of the Kennel Club to the effect that no dog with cut ears would be eligible to compete at any of their shows after 1879. There is this practical evil too in cropping, that it places the dog with naturally defective ears on an equality in competition with the dog born with perfect ears if they have been equally skilfully manipulated. The natural ear is of three kinds-the button or drop ear, like the fox terrier; the rose ear, that is half folded back, so that the interior of the ear can be partially seen; and the prick or tulip ear. But I have never seen the last-named kind, except in coarse specimens. The leather of the ear is thin, and generally finest in the best bred dogs.
5. Neck and shoulders (value 10).-The neck must be light and airy, well proportioned to the head, and gradually swelling towards the shoulders; there should be no loose skin or throatiness. The shoulders are not so muscular as in some breeds; but nicely sloping.
6. The chest (value 10) must be deep, but not wide; the latter would indicate a bull cross, which would also be shown in the head and other points. The body is short, the ribs rather deep than round, the back ones pretty well let down.
7. The loins (value 10) are strong and muscular, with this formation there is an absence of the cut-up flank which the Whippet and Italian greyhound crosses give.
8. Legs and feet (value 10).-The former are straight, light of bone, clean as a racehorse, and the feet long and hare-like, but with the toes well arched, and the claws jet black.
9. The coat (value 5) must be short and close; it should look fine and glossy, but not soft in texture.
10. The colour and markings (value 25) are in this breed-which is now essentially a fancy dog-important. No other colour than black and tan or red is permissible; the least speck of white is fatal to winning chances, and it is in the richness, contrast, and correct distribution of these that excellence consists. The black should be intense and jet-like; the tan, a rich warm mahogany; the two colours, in all points where they meet, being abruptly separated-not running into each other. On the head the tan runs along each jaw, on the lower running down almost to the throat; a bright spot on the cheek, and another above the eye, each clearly surrounded with black, and well defined; the inside of the ears slightly tanned, spots of tan on each side of the breast, the forelegs tanned up to the knee; feet tanned, but the knuckles have a clear black line, called the pencil mark, up their ridge; and in the centre of the tan, midway between the foot and the knee, there must be a back spot called the thumb mark, and the denser the black, and the clearer in its outline, the more it is valued. The insides of the hind legs are tanned, and also the under side of tail; but tan on the thighs and outside, where it often appears in a straggling way, producing the appearance called bronzed, is very objectionable. The vent has also a tan spot, but it should be no longer than can be well covered by the tail when pressed down on it.
11. The tail (value 5) must be long, straight, thin, and tapering to a point. Its carriage should be low, and any curl over the back is a fatal defect.
12. The symmetry (value 5) of this dog is of great importance, as this point is developed to as great an extent as in any other breed, not even excepting the greyhound.
Belcher, the subject of the illustration, was bred and exhibited by Mr. Henry Lacy, Lacy House, Hebden Bridge. He was considered the most perfect specimen of the breed in his time. First exhibited at Hull in October, 1875, he took first and special prizes, and has ever since kept at the head of his class, having been first at Birmingham, Alexandra Palace, Crystal Palace, Brighton, Darlington, Islington, Manchester, and a number of smaller shows. Belcher is remarkably well bred, being by Mr. Lacy s General out of his Saff II., both sire and dam going back to Handley s celebrated Saff by Gas out of Limie, and is therefore essentially a Manchester terrier. Mr. Lacy s dogs having been distributed, Belcher became the property of Mr. Tom B. Swinburne, Darlington.
The Black and Tan English Terrier should have a long fine muzzle, not underhung, but, if anything, the upper jaw projecting over the lower. The skull should be flat and narrow between the ears; the eye must be small and black; the nose black; the ears, if not left on, must be well cropped, erect, and long; if entire, they should be small, not tuliped, and free from any tan behind.
The neck tapering, muscular, and well cut under the lower jaw.
The shoulders deep, and well set back.
The loins strong, ribs round, and the back ribs deep, the body well knit together.
The legs straight, and the feet round and small.
The tail must be fine, carried straight and not curled.
The color, which is a principal point, must be raven black, with rich mahogany tan, well penciled on each toe; the tan should be clear and free from any admixture of black. Above the eyes there should be a distinct spot of tan. The body should be black, with a rich tan on the fore legs half way up them. The breast should have two distinct marks of tan. The jaw should also be well tanned up the gullet, and the cheek divided, having a small tan spot a little less than that over the eyes. The upper jaw should also be nicely tanned and run in conformity with the tanning on the lower jaw. The hind legs should be perfectly free from tan on the outside, but on the inside there should be some tan. The vent should have a small tan spot, and there should also be tan half way up the tail.
The weight varies from ten to twenty-five pounds.
H AVING disposed of the Bull-terrier, which is, as we have said, admittedly the result of a cross between the Bull-dog and the English Terrier, we now come to the Terrier family pure and simple. Whatever the Terrier may have been in days gone by, and whatever opinion may have been entertained of his merits by our fathers, there can be no doubt that the number of his friends in the present day are legion. The varieties of modern Terriers are so numerous, and the size of the dogs so various, that a Terrier of some breed or other is seldom absent from a country house. Large or small, smooth-coated or rough, useful or ornamental, as the case may be, it would indeed be singular if the varieties of Terrier were not highly popular in this dog-loving country.
The Black-and-tan Terrier must be ranked as one of our oldest varieties, for we find mention of a dog resembling him in many particulars in the works of several earlier writers. It is only reasonable to suppose, however, from the specimens whose portraits we occasionally come across, that in days gone by less attention was paid to colour and markings than to their utility as companion and vermin dogs. The formation of head, too, was very different to what we find it in the present day, the skull being then much heavier-looking and shorter than modern breeders affect; but it must be remembered that, shows not having been established, and many popular breeds of the present day not being in existence, all that was necessary to breed for was a light dog, suitable for killing vermin and following his owner in his rambles. One thing is certain, however, and that is, that in older Black-and-tans there was more of the tan present in the coat, and it was far lighter in colour than it is now. The fancy markings, too, such as pencilled toes, thumb-marks, and kissing-spots, to which reference will be made later on, were conspicuous by their absence.
As regards the original uses to which the Terrier was placed, the name is in itself a sufficient index. Even now-a-days there are very few that will not go to earth after a fashion: it seems to come natural to them. Dr. Caius, in his book on dogs before alluded to, includes the Terrar in his list of sporting dogs, for the obvious reason, apparently, that it came under the category of dogs which rouse the beast. The following are the worthy Doctor s exact remarks on the breed of the dog called a Terrar, in Latine, Terrarius .
Another sort there is that hunteth the fox and the badger only, whom we call Terrars, they (after the manner and custom of ferrets in searching for coneys) creep into the ground, and by that means make afraid, nip and bite the fox and the badger in such sort that either they tear them in pieces with their teeth being in the earth, or else hail and pull them perforce out of their lurking angles, dark dungeons, and close caves, or, at least, through conceived fear, drive them out of their hollow harbours, insomuch that they are compelled to prepare speedy flight, and being desirous of the next (albeit not the safest) refuge are otherwise taken and entrapped with snares and nets laid on holes to the same purpose. But these be the least in that kind called Sagax.
It would thus seem that a Terrier s work three hundred years ago was very much the same as it is now, this class of dog acting as a bolter when animals went to ground on being chased. It is very remarkable, however, that the attribute of pluck and endurance varies considerably in the different varieties of Terrier pure and simple, the rough-coated ones being generally decidedly gamer and hardier than their smooth-haired relations. Formerly there was but little regard paid to colour and markings, and the general outline of the dog was less graceful than it is in the present day. A fair idea of what the ancient Black-and-tan Terrier was like may be gathered from the accompanying spirited woodcut, where the dogs appear not only of a very indifferent colour but also far heavier and coarser as well as thicker in the head than would now be tolerated.
Though one of the most beautiful breeds, the Black-and-tan Terrier is, nevertheless, one of the most neglected at the present time. A reason for the lack of patronage bestowed upon him by the general public is hard to discover, for his many good qualities are so palpably in excess of any shortcomings which may be alleged against him, that it is a matter of surprise to numbers of his admirers that he should be neglected as he is by lovers of the dog. The fact of his being so exceedingly difficult a dog to breed up to show form may have deterred would-be exhibitors from attempting to gain celebrity as breeders under his auspices.
As a vermin dog the modern variety can only reach mediocrity, for though gifted with sufficient pluck and endurance to enable him to hold his own with most breeds at ratting, he ceases to be of any material service when badgers or foxes are introduced. We do not desire to claim any virtues for a breed which we believe do not fairly belong to it, and, therefore, greatly though we admire the Black-and-tan Terrier, and appreciate his good qualities, we candidly confess, from experience, that as a rule he is inferior in sustained courage to most breeds of Terrier. As a companion or house-dog he is unrivalled, for though invariably on the alert indoors, and always ready to give tongue on the approach of a stranger by day or night, his temper is such that he can be trusted to roam at large without the slightest fear of his attempting to injure man or beast.
Owners of Black-and-tan Terriers experience great difficulty in keeping their coats in good order and their skin free from scurf and dandriff. In highly-bred show specimens of the breed this liability to skin disease seems to be more fully marked, and condition is very often the cause of a good specimen going down in competition with dogs of inferior quality. We believe heat of blood, the result of want of exercise accompanied with over-feeding, is responsible for many such cases, and cannot do better than suggest periodical doses of the sulphur and magnesia powder which is referred to on page 20. If an outward dressing is desirable, we have invariably tried the following very simple remedy with complete success:-

Two parts hogs lard.
One part pine tar.
One part sulphur.
This mixture must be well stirred together, and then thoroughly rubbed into the dog s skin. It has the effect of bringing off a great deal of hair, so that the dog is unable to appear at a show for perhaps five or six weeks. Two or at the most three applications at an interval of four or five days, accompanied by the administration of the sulphur and magnesia internally, has never in our experience failed to produce a cure.
Amongst the few really successful breeders and judges of this variety the name of the late Mr. Samuel Handley of Pendleton, Manchester, will always stand conspicuously first. To this gentleman s judgment and perseverance we are undoubtedly indebted for most of the beautiful specimens of the breed to be seen at every great show. His celebrated Saff was almost invincible in her day, and her blood runs in the veins of many present champions. It is probably due to the great prestige attached to Mr. Handley s kennel that the absurd sobriquet of Manchester Terrier has been applied to the breed, a compliment which he himself informed us, not long before his death in 1878, he thought a very doubtful one, as he considered the name of Black-and-tan quite honourable enough, while, as a matter of fact, Birmingham produced quite as many good specimens as were bred in Cottonopolis.

Mr. J. H. Murchison and the Rev. J. W. Mellor have shown some excellent specimens, as have Mr. Tom B. Swinburne of Darlington, the late Mr. J. Martin of Salford, and Mr. J. H. Mather of Oldham; but up to the summer of 1877, when he dispersed his kennel, Mr. Henry Lacy of Hebden Bridge, Yorkshire, was recognised as the head of the exhibitors in this variety. His Belcher, General, Ruby, Rara, and the toy Pepita, were each and all magnificent specimens, and were usually shown in that pink of condition which is so essential to success in the Black-and-tan. Mr. Howard Mapplebeck, of Knowle, near Birmingham, had also a good bitch in Queen III., picked up by him at a low figure at Edinburgh show, 1877. Mr. George Wilson, of Huddersfield, will always be remembered as a breeder, and so will the names of Ribchester, Stellfox, Tatham, Roocroft, and Clarke.
One objection to showing in the Black-and-tan classes is the manipulation to which some unprincipled exhibitors subject their dogs in the shape of dyeing and staining various portions of the body when the colouring is deficient. The places most usually operated on are immediately behind the ears, and on the back and the thighs, where the hair should be perfectly black, but where there frequently appear a number of tan hairs, which would militate against the dog s success. In the case of the back of the thighs, when a dog is breeched, i.e ., shows tan, the undesirable coloured and superfluous hair is sometimes removed by plucking, but this should be always easy to detect if proper vigilance is exercised by the would-be purchaser of the dog.

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