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Women in science Internaonal survey August 2015 Contact : Frédéric MICHEAU SOUS EMBARGO JUSQU’AU 16 SEPTEMBRE 11h00 Directeur des études d’opinion Tel : 01 78 94 90 00Email :fmicheau@opinion‐way.comfor - « Women in science » - August 2015
1
Methodology
‘‘opinionway
Methodology for the qualitative part
Five focus group lasting 3 hours, with 8 respondents with women or men recruited according to strict criteria
Recruit 9 participants for 8 to show. When on-site, participant’s oral skills will be re-screened. 100% male, 100% female according to the group, Aged from 20 to 55 years old CSP A, B and C+ (and local equivalence) All working at least part time
4 women (or 4 men depending of the group), are employed in scientific area – science of matter, life science (ex : teacher, laboratory assistant, laboratory manager, researcher…) with a large range of different occupations, Good mix of locations : town center, suburbs, All continued to study post 18 – ALL to have studied for at least 2 years post 18.
All show excellent oral skills to express their opinion 2 participants per group fit the idea that “sciences are more suitable for men”
The fieldwork was conductedfrom 12 to 20 May 2015: France:Women on the 12 of May 2015 and Men on the 13 of May 2015 United Kingdom:Men on the 18 of May 2015 Germany:Women on the 19 of May 2015 Spain:Women on the 20 of May 2015
OpinionWay has conducted thoses focus groups in accordance withISO 20252
for- « Women in science » - August 2015
3
Methodology for the quantitative part
A sample size of5032 people,including 5 specific population samples:
1001 peopleaged 18 years and over, representative of the population ofGermany
1007 peopleaged 18 years and over, representative of the population of theUnited Kingdom
1003 peopleaged 18 years and over, representative of the population ofSpain
1009 peopleaged 18 years and over, representative of the population ofFrance
1012 peopleaged 18 years and over, representative of the population ofItaly Another sample size of1003 peopleaged 18 years and over, representative of the population ofChinahas been interrogated. The results of this sample are excluded from the full sample size called “Europeans” in this publication. The samples were collected using the quota method based on gender, age, region and social class. Social class is measured on the basis of profession in France, the income in China, using the ESOMAR definition in the other countries. The uncertainty margin is between 1 and 2 points for the full sample size. For each country-specific population sample the uncertainty margin is between 2 and 3 points.
Sample was interviewed online with the CAWI system(Computer Assistance for Web Interview)
The fieldwork was conductedfrom 10 to 15 June 2015andfrom 28 july to 6 august 2015forChina.
OpinionWay has conducted this survey in accordance withISO 20252
Each publicaon, enre or paral, must imperavely use the following denominaon : «Survey OpinionWay for Fondaon L’Oréal» and no quote can be dissociated from this tle. for- « Women in science » - August 2015
4
Results
‘‘opinionway
1. Misunderstanding of matter
Completely agree
Somewhat agree
A woman who thinks she's a 7%14% 34% man
A woman who is prepared to 15% 30% walk all over other people
56%
TOTAL
% A g r e e
Spain
Germany
52%
48%
36%
A woman with something to prove
19%
24%
EUROPEANS
A woman who puts her work before her family
29% 15%1%55%
A woman who loves money14%
63%
31% 14%1%54%
80%
40%
36%
69%
% Agree 67%
43%
51%
19%8%1%72%
61%
44%
36%
Completely disagree
71%
66%
83%
59%
DK
12%
18%
43%
29%
The opinion about women doing everything in their power to advance their career
Italy
France
UK
46%
50%
Question 1 - In your opinion, is a woman who does everything in her power to advance in her career...
5032 people
21%
31%
23%1%45%
46%
51%
Somewhat disagree
44%
1%21%
59%
21%
84%
for- « Women in science » - August 2015
China
7
63%
37%
DK
Somewhat agree
Completely disagree
33%
Somewhat disagree
Completely agree
for- « Women in science » - August 2015
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A g r e e
A woman with something to prove
25%
18%10%
47%
Women’s answers
72%
The opinion about women doing everything in their power to advance their career
23%
19%7%1%73%
Men’s answers
17%
A g r e e 14%
38%
35%
%
Awoman who puts her work before her family
50%
%
Question 1 - In your opinion, is a woman who does everything in her power to advance in her career...
8% 16% A woman who thinks she's a man37%
A woman who is prepared to walk 18% all over other people
13% 28%
5%12% 32%
31%
1%17%
27%
50%
EUROPEANS - Men’s answers vs. Women’s answers
1%41%
5032 people
18%
38%
29% 11%1%59%
41%
21%
31% 16%1%52%
30%
A woman who loves money14%
30% 18%1%51%
1%24%
38%
52%
32% 12%1%55%
5%
1%4%
4%10% 7% 1% 1%1%
10%
9%
3%
14%
24%
18%
16%
24%
39%
4%
37%
37%
for- « Women in science » - August 2015
9
16%
10%
Researcher Physicist Chemist Biologist Laboratory technician Engineer Mathematician
%Total 27%
2%7%
EUROPEANS
% First
Question 4 - And if people talk about a woman who works in science, which job do you think of first? First? Then? Several answers possible– Total exceeds 100%
% First
8%
4%
2%8%
45%
5032 people
37%
18%
49%
2%
3% 4%
20%
19%
10%
22%
1%4% 1%3% 3%
9%
1%
3%
10%
8%
10%
9%
7%
8%
50%
%Total 24%49%
14%
Question 3 - When people talk about someone who works in science, what job do you think of first? First? Then? Several answers possible– Total exceeds 100%
First thoughts about working in science
Doctor IT worker Astronomer Pharmacist Agriculture specialist Nurse Radiologist Others
First thoughts about working in science
TOTAL
5032 people
Question 3 - When people talk about someone who works in science, what job do you think of first? First? Then? Several answers possible– Total exceeds 100% % T o t a l EUROPEANS
Researcher Physicist Chemist Biologist Laboratory technician Engineer Mathematician Doctor IT worker Astronomer Pharmacist Agriculture specialist Nurse Radiologist Others
% First%Total 27%50% 16%49% 10%39% 9%37% 7%22% 8%20% 4%19% 8%18% 3%10% 2%10% 1%9% 1%4% 1%3% 3%
3% 4%
for- « Women in science » - August 2015
Germany 53%50% 35% 31% 14% 12% 18% 14% 13% 11% 4% 11% 2% 3% 6%
UK 35%53% 41% 43% 39% 13%
6% 14% 5% 11% 17% 1% 4% 5% 3%
Spain 57%44% 46% 37% 26% 15%
15% 20% 8% 7% 9% 1% 2% 2% 6%
France 56%56% 40%
40% 13% 33% 29% 19% 12% 12% 6% 3% 3% 2% 2%
Italy 51%41% 33% 33% 16% 25% 26% 25% 13% 10% 8% 1% 4% 2% 3%
China 34% 41% 21%
26% 25% 36% 19% 16% 16% 31% 5% 6% 4% 3% 5%
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First thoughts about working in science
EUROPEANS - Men’s answers vs. Women’s answers
Question 3 - When people talk about someone who works in science, what job do you think of first? First? Then? Several answers possible– Total exceeds 100% 5032 people Men’s answersWomen’s answers % First%Total% First%Total Physicist18%51% 15%47% Researcher27%50% 26%50% Chemist9%36% 10%42% Biologist7%32% 11%41% Engineer10%23% 7%16% Laboratory technician7%19% 7%24% Mathematician4%19%4%18% Doctor7%17%8%20% IT worker4%12% 3%9% Astronomer2%12% 1%9% Pharmacist1%7%2%10% Agriculture specialist3%1%4% Radiologist3% 3% Nurse2% 4% Others3% 4% 4% 4%
for- « Women in science » - August 2015
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