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etude socio eco et format AGR FED FED 05.05

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21 pages
GWAN MULTI – PURPOSE FED FED CENTRE Gwan Quarter (Bali) Mile 83 on the Bamenda Highway P.O. Box 380 Bamenda, Tel: 778 41 52 Integrated Development Foundation (IDF) NWCA Building 4th Floor P.O. Box 336 Bamenda Tel 336 32 43 /775 59 75 WORKSHOP OF CAPACITY BUILDING OF PARENTS/GUARDIANS ON SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF INCOME GENERATING ACTIVITIES 13 – 14 JULY 2005 Sponsored by ILO/IPEC/LUTRENA Prepared by IDFBSR YAOUNDE Above : Family picture of Participants at the workshop Group work during the workshop i BSR YAOUNDE 1 TABLE OF CONTENT I. INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................. 3 II. PREPARATORY MEETING ............................................................................................... 3 III. UNFOLDING OF THE WORKSHOP .............................................................................. 5 III OPENING ACTIVITIES.......................................................................................... 5 1III PRESENTATION OF RESULTS OF SURVEY AND COMMENTARIES............. 8 2III NEEDS ASSESSMENT, OPTIONS AND SOLUTIONS......................................... 9 3 III BUSINESS MANAGEMENT................................................................................. 12 4III DISBURSEMENT PROCEDURE ............................................................................ 14 5III FOLLOW ...
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GWAN MULTI – PURPOSE FED FED CENTRE
Gwan Quarter (Bali) Mile 83 on the Bamenda Highway
P.O. Box 380 Bamenda, Tel: 778 41 52



Integrated Development Foundation (IDF)
NWCA Building 4th Floor
P.O. Box 336 Bamenda
Tel 336 32 43 /775 59 75







WORKSHOP OF CAPACITY BUILDING
OF PARENTS/GUARDIANS ON
SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF
INCOME GENERATING ACTIVITIES
13 – 14 JULY 2005
Sponsored by
ILO/IPEC/LUTRENA
Prepared by IDF
BSR YAOUNDE Above : Family picture of Participants at the workshop





Group work
during the
workshop
i BSR YAOUNDE 1

TABLE OF CONTENT


I. INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................. 3
II. PREPARATORY MEETING ............................................................................................... 3
III. UNFOLDING OF THE WORKSHOP .............................................................................. 5
III OPENING ACTIVITIES.......................................................................................... 5 1
III PRESENTATION OF RESULTS OF SURVEY AND COMMENTARIES............. 8 2
III NEEDS ASSESSMENT, OPTIONS AND SOLUTIONS......................................... 9 3
III BUSINESS MANAGEMENT................................................................................. 12 4
III DISBURSEMENT PROCEDURE ............................................................................ 14 5
III FOLLOW UP AND EVALUATION ........................................................................ 14 6
III FINAL WORKSHOP EVALUATION, CLOSING ACTIVITIES........................... 14 7
IV DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED.................................................................................... 15
VII LESSON LEARNT ........................................................................................................... 15
VII RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION .............................................................. 15
VIII. ANNEXES................................................................................................................... 16
ANNEX 1: ATTENDANCE LIST FOR PREPARATORY MEETING......................... 17
ANNEX 2 : ATTENDANCE LIST FOR WORKSHOP PROPER ................................. 18
ANNEX 3: LIST OF EDUCATIONAL MATERIAL DISTRIBUTED......................... 19

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I. INTRODUCTION

The increasing practice of child trafficking in the world constitutes with no doubt one of the
most cruel attempt to the freedom and the dignity of mankind. This phenomenon as Frans
Roselears, Director of ILO, can say is “in acceptable in all circumstances. Child trafficking
dealing with people already vulnerable is an unacceptable violation of its right to education,
to health, to leisure, to family life, to protection, to all forms of exploitation”.

Child trafficking phenomenon is confirmed in all the continents of the world. In Africa, many
studies commandeered by ILO and UNICEF have helped to put into the lime light the
existence of this shameful activity. Recently child trafficking was discovered in Central
Africa especially in Cameroon. Due to poverty many families encouraged their children to go
to big towns to look for jobs or to have better life so as in turn can take care of the rest of the
family.

Unfortunately, most of the children when out faced unpleasant treatment ranging from child
labour to child trafficking passing through sexual and corporal abuses. These children are
numerous and ILO through IPEC/Lutrena project is trying to bring some practical solutions as
contribution to progressively elimination of this inhuman practice. It is in this light that
Nkumu Fed Fed (NFF) a voluntary agency working as a private social welfare institution
enters into partnership with ILO/Lutrena project to provide victims with necessary support
services which will enable them have decent job and become autonomous in future. This
initiative is very welcomed and timely because Bamenda at 15km from the centre is reputed
as receiving, providing and transit area for child trafficking and child labour.

Among the specific objectives of NFF, the promotion of income generating activities (IGAS)
with the parents of the victims is what will capture our attention. It is to realize this objective
that IDF was contracted by Nkumo FED FED to reinforce parents/guardians of victims on
sustainable management of income generating activities.

The following line will unfold the various stages used by IDF mainly:
Preparatory meeting with data collection
The workshop proper

II. PREPARATORY MEETING

thOn the 25 of May 2005, the meeting started with an opening prayer from one of the parents
at 10 :00am. Ngwan Multipurpose Centre where victims live is situated along the Bali road, 4
km before you reach the Bali village square.

The social expert Mr Djah introduced the center as a multi-purpose center working side by
side with the Ministry of Social Affairs. He announced that, the vision of NFF is to cater for
children who are underprivileged and to see if the parents could get something to do to
continue with the children’s up keep after they leave the center.

Mr Djah then gave the floor to Madam Oussematou Dameni from IDF (Coordinator). She
explained to the parents who were about 33 that she had come to
Know them and for them to know her
Know what they think
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What activity they do to help themselves, how they do it and what is they opinion as far
as improvement of those activities as far as management is concerned for more
efficiency

The objectives of the preparation was announced as a small meeting to collect information
from some 33 parents or guardians of children who have been victim of child trafficking and
are under rehabilitation in the NFF Center.

It was also said that the information gotten will be analysed and interpreted using Epi Info
2000. The content of the training will come from the results of the Data Analysis.

At this point the Coordinator of IDF told the parents present not to think that the Donor
helping them had a bunch billions but that, it was just a small token to keep them going. She
advised that this should not be misused. This is to enable them generate income to help their
children when they come back from the NFF center. While there, they have learnt various
trades that will help them. So it is left to the parents to utilize the money that will be given
them judiciously to take care of these children and prevent others to follow same track.

Madam Oussematou Dameni explained that, children were a free gift from God and very
precious things. She advised them that, they had to uphold and thank God for the programme
because many children are suffering but nobody to help them. She also told them that, these
children were free to take them or sue them for misuse of these funds. If they do so, they will
be backed by the center.

At this point, the coordinator of Fet Fet center Madame Galega Prudence welcomed the
participants and facilitators and frowned at the issue of time: She said she was reliably
informed that parents did not keep to time. She told them that time is money and waits for no
man (a minute lost cannot be regained).

Furthermore, after this brief talk, Madam Oussematou took the floor again. She introduced
the questionnaire to the parents and informed them that they were not to fill the form but will
give the answer to the IDF team to fill it.

She begged them to give vital, accurate and only true information. She said wrong
information will not yield appropriate results. She gave an example of some one who had
contacted a venereal disease or some disease which was not pleasant to know. Then he went
to the hospital and told the doctor that he had headache which did not help him. This meant
that if they gave wrong information they will be given a wrong answer. So they had to be
conscious in their answers so as to facilitate the task.

It was also advised that parents who came two of them will only answer one questionnaire.
Ma Helen Adin was introduced from Fet Fet Bambili, teacher of CCAST Bambili.

The questionnaires were filled by the IDF team. This activity lasted for over 2 hours as the
parents all went out of the hall and was called one after the other.

st ndA workshop was scheduled to take place on the 1 to 2 of July 2005 where the parents will
be trained on how to manage revenue coming from income generating activities.

The meeting ended at 3:45pm with refreshment.

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III. UNFOLDING OF THE WORKSHOP

III OPENING ACTIVITIES 1
a) The objectives of the session are
To enable the participants to know each other.
Agree on the program of the workshop
To express and analyse their expectations and fears

The purpose of the session were
To create mutual understanding of each participant
The amendment and adoption of the program of the workshop
The establishment of a contract between participants and the facilitator

The sequence was based on a set of activities that were to entrance the understanding of
participants and proper take off of the workshop. These set of activities are:
Opening Prayer by the Coordinator of the Centre Mrs Titanji Berther
Presentation of the facilitators and participants.
Practical Modalities
Rules of the workshop
Expectations and fears
Method of work
Presentation of
o Topic of the workshop
o Workshop program
o Time table
o Global Objectives
o The Programme of day one.

This session is the gateway into the workshop program and through those activities,
participants will develop confidence in the workshop content: It will equally prepare
participants physically, morally, and psychologically fit for the task ahead of them, as well as
ease their work and level of understanding of the workshop. It will equally bring into the
minds of the participants the spirit of creativity and openness. It will also help the pedagogic
team and participants to agree on the unfolding of the workshop.

The workshop started by a word of prayer from the Coordinator of the Centre Mme Titanji at
10:30am with a lateness of one and a half hour due to the fact that participants arrived late.
Mme Titanji welcomed all participants and described the steps of activities with the parents /
guardians. She said:
- Step 1: Parents / guardians brought children in the centre
- Step 2: Parents / guardians met toghether to mutual knowledge of one another and the
staff of the centre
- Step 3: Is to technically and morally empower parents / guardians so that they can
continue taking care of their children when they go back home and help other children.
She said that parents should help themselves before some body can help them. She adviced
them to stand firm and to know that to have the help each parent should also contribute his or
her own share. She thanks ILO for the support , those parents that have brought food and IDF
for coming to share knowledge.
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b) Presentation of the facilitators and participants.
Thirty six participants took part at the workshop; they were coming from different areas as
shown on the table below.
Residence Number
Mankon (Bamenda) 6
Bali 15
Bafut 11
Bambili 4
Total 36
They were three animators namely: the Coordinator of IDF Mrs Oussematou Dameni, the
Assistant Coordinator Mr Djia Jean Baptist and Mr. Cyril Edoa Ambassa. They were
accompanied by their driver Mr. Ntuntu Julius.

c) Practical Modalities
The practical modalities permitted to democratically put in place a follow up team.

Follow up team Names
Team Leader Byssoh Ann
Time Keeper Martin
Evaluation Team Wilfred Ernest
Animation Team Mary Catherine
Food Evelyn

d) Rules of the workshop
What can we do to make the workshop a success?
Quiet
Attentive
Show love and respect
Time Conscious
Be humble and participate actively
Speak the truth only the truth and always the truth

What can we avoid to make the workshop a success?
No go and come
No repetition
No meeting inside meeting

e) Expectations and Fears
Expectations
Gain knowledge
To exchange experience and ideas
How to handle our children after the centre.

Fears
Rain to disturb
Work load not complete due to late start
Fear of disappointment by children

f) Methods of wok
Group work
BSR YAOUNDE 6Plenary sessions
Short exposé
Voluntary testimony
Brainstorming
Role play
Songs

g) Classification of the topic and objectives of the workshop
Topic of the workshop: Capacity building of parents/guardians on sustainable management.
All participants agreed and validated the topic of the workshop

h) Objectives of the workshop: To permit 33 guardians and parents of 33 children victims
of child trafficking to able to manage their business so as to continue the education of the
their children when they leave the Fed Fed Centre.
The objective was read by one participant and was validated by all of them.

i) Presentation of the programme of the workshop.
Day one Activities
Session 1 Introduction
Session 2 Presentation and Analysis of data collected
Session 3 Group work
Day two
Session 1 How to manage our business
Session 2 Disbursement procedures
Session 3 Follow up and evaluation.
The program was validated by all the participants.

j) Presentation of the time table
8am-10am First session
10.00am -12:pm Second session
12:30pm - 1:30 pm Lunch
1:30 pm - 2:30 pm Third session
2:45pm - 4:00pm Fourth session

The time table was validated by the participants who also said that since the program stated
one and half hour late, it should also be extended same at the closing time.

Program for day one

Time Session Description
900-1100am Session 1 Introduction of workshop
Arrival of participants
Prayer
Word from Fed Fed.
Introduction of facilitators /participants
Practical modalities
Expectations and fears
Presentation of the topic of the workshop
Workshop program
Time table
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Global objective
Day one programme
11am 12:30pm Session 2 Presentation and analysis of data collected
12::30pm- 1:30pm Break /lunch
1:30pm-2:45 Session 3 Group work plenary session
2:45-4:00pm Summary and end

The day one program was read by the facilitator and validated by the participants.



III PRESENTATION OF RESULTS OF SURVEY AND COMMENTARIES 2

The questionnaires were collected and treated with soft ware EPI info by IDF and we are
happy to give the result below:

a) Characteristics Of Respondents:
A total of 33 parent/guardians responded
There are mostly women (76%)
Half of the parents and guardians leave close to the centre and half leave at a distance
between 6to30km.
These parents reside in three subdivisions and (81%) of them are aged more than
36years.
Majority is married (52%) and a good number are widows (45%)
The spouses of those who are married are mostly farmers (50%) or craft people (13%)
but a good number is unemployed (37%)

b) Parents /guardians family loads
Parents /guardians have other children than those in the centre
¾ have 1 to 3 female and male children
¼ has 4 to 9 femaale children
The average number of children from each parent /guardians is four which is important.
All the parents /guardians interviewed have 164 children amount which 83 female and
81 male partitioned in age as follows
Less than 14 years :71
Between 15 and 18 years :36
More than 19 years :57
Most of these children are student (53%) some are doing nothing (25%), some are
working (16%) and very few are apprentices (6%). (25%) of them who are not working
are exposed to child labour and child trafficking.)
For those working majority (58% )are doing small jobs, a good number (29%) are doing
business and the rest are farmers,
For those doing nothing, two are 2 years old, 7 are aged between 6 to18 years and 6 are
more than 19 years old.
Generally71% of parents /guardians have 1 to 3 children to school while 29 % have 4
to 8 children in school .
As far as relationship with the children is concerned,
Mother 16 55%
Grand mother 3 10%
Aunt 5 17%
Father 2 7%
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Guardians, in-law, 3 11%
course
4 parents /guardians did not declare their relationship with the child presently with Fed Fed

C) Activities of the Parents /Guardians
The majority of them are farmers (53%), a good number does petit trading (22%), and
the rest are tapers, craft men and civil servants.
The majority of them (80%) have been doing these activities for more than 11 years.
More than 62% of them have” invested more than 50.000frs in their activities (business
) and 35% have invested less than 30000frs, very few 3% say they have invested
nothing in their business.
Majority of parent /guardians have their own houses or leave with relatives
The few that rent house pay between 5 000 CFAF and 8 000 CFAF per month
They have the resources from farming 63%, craft11% petit trading (19%), salary 7%
Other activities they carry out are njangui 83% and meeting houses 17%
They mostly work with their children (89%) or their family member (11%)

d) Management of the activities
The majority of the parent /guardians do not keep accounts for their business 81%
Those who keep account say that their weekly turnover is between 1500 – 3000CFAF
Majority say that they are satisfied with their activities but need more financial and
material support or more capital.
Those who are not satisfied also say they need more capital
Majority (60%) also say that their activities are not able to sustain them and their
children and 82% of them say if more capital or financial and material support are
given they will be able to sponsor their children when back from Fed Fed centre.

e) Opinion of the respondents on child tracking phenomenon
88% say that child trafficking is very bad and 97% say that they are ready to joint the fight by
advising parents, talking to children, raising awareness, education and training.

III NEEDS ASSESSMENT, OPTIONS AND SOLUTIONS 3

After the presentation of the results of the data collected, it is clean that parent/guardians are
active in 3 types of activities: farming, craft, petit trading commonly called “buy and sale”.

Then participants were put in three groups according to these activities and each group was
supposed to the following group work through brainstorming:

Group participants to identify practical problems faced in the course of realizing their
activities.
Prioritize the first five practical problems
Reflect on practical solutions for these five problems
Presentation in plenary session.

After nominating the moderators and the secretaries in each group, the groups brainstormed
during tow hours and came into plenary sessions where they shared he following results:

Group 1: Farming
Problems Solutions
Lack of fertile soil Manure, fertilizer from the market
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