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La neo-subversión en la literatura infantil y juvenil, ecos de la posmodernidad

De
21 pages
En este trabajo hacemos una revisión de lo que
ha venido sucediendo desde mediados del siglo XX
en una gran parte de la producción de la literatura
infantil y juvenil que responde a las características
generales de la posmodernidad y la globalización.
De esta manera, percibimos desde el rasgo más
importante que es la crisis de los grandes relatos,
entre los que se encuentra el de la infancia a la
manera romántica, hasta el elemento irónico y paródico
que es una característica clave de la estética
contemporánea. La neo-subversión en la LIJ nace
al amparo de esta enorme cubierta posmoderna
como una revisión de la subversión tradicional que
ya ha sido aceptada y catalogada como parte de los
textos clásicos como Pinocho o Alicia en el país de
las maravillas. Los textos tradicionales y subversivos
terminan cuando el protagonista regresa a
la normalidad y se inserta en el mundo adulto de
acuerdo con los parámetros establecidos. En la neosubversión
no hay un regreso, el protagonista no se
cura de su rebeldía, no se privilegia el final feliz. Las
diversas modalidades de esta neo-subversión indican
las preocupaciones contemporáneas, la manera
de ver la vida y el espíritu del tiempo.
Voir plus Voir moins

GUERRERO GUADARRAMA, LAURA
“La neo-subversión en la literatura
infantil y juvenil, ecos de la
posmodernidad”, en Revista OCNOS
nº 4, 2008, pp. 35-56. ISSN 1885-446X.
PALABRAS CLAVE: RESUMEN: ABSTRACT:
Posmodernidad, Neo-subversión, En este trabajo hacemos una revisión de lo que In this work we made a revision of which has
Literatura infantil y juvenil ha venido sucediendo desde mediados del siglo XX came happened from half of the XX Century in
contemporánea. en una gran parte de la producción de la literatura great part of the Children’s Literature production,
infantil y juvenil que responde a las características that responds to the general characteristics of
Postgenerales de la posmodernidad y la globalización. modernism and Globalization. In this way, we
perKEYWORDS: De esta manera, percibimos desde el rasgo más ceived the most important characteristic that it are
Postmodernism, Neo-subversive, importante que es la crisis de los grandes relatos, the crisis of the great stories, where we find one of
Contemporary children and youthful entre los que se encuentra el de la infancia a la childhood in the romantic way, until the ironic and
literature. manera romántica, hasta el elemento irónico y pa- parody element which is one characteristic of the
ródico que es una característica clave de la estética contemporary aesthetics. The neo-subversion in the
contemporánea. La neo-subversión en la LIJ nace LIJ is born under protection of this enormous idea
al amparo de esta enorme cubierta posmoderna of postmodernism as a revision of the traditional
como una revisión de la subversión tradicional que subversion that has been accepted and catalogued
ya ha sido aceptada y catalogada como parte de los like part of classic texts like Pinocchio or Alice in
textos clásicos como Pinocho o Alicia en el país de Wonderland. The traditional and subversive texts
las maravillas. Los textos tradicionales y subver- finish when the protagonist returns to
normalsivos terminan cuando el protagonista regresa a ity and she or he is inserted in the adult world in
la normalidad y se inserta en el mundo adulto de agreement with the established parameters. In the
acuerdo con los parámetros establecidos. En la neo- neo-subversion there is no return, the protagonist is
subversión no hay un regreso, el protagonista no se not cured of his revolt, does not privilege the happy
cura de su rebeldía, no se privilegia el final feliz. Las ending. The diverse modalities of this
neo-subverdiversas modalidades de esta neo-subversión indi- sion indicate the contemporary preoccupations, the
can las preocupaciones contemporáneas, la manera way to see life and the spirit of time.
de ver la vida y el espíritu del tiempo.
iv Fm
YY
Fecha de recepción: 12/02/2008
Fecha de aceptación: 10/04/2008
Este trabajo es parte de un estudio más
Fmf?amplio que bajo el nombre de Entre
la escritura y la trama, la subversión
en la narrativa infantil en México en
las últimas décadas recibió el apoyo
de la Beca de investigación básica
del CONACYT (Consejo Nacional de
Ciencia y Tecnología) en el año 2003,
así como el apoyo de la Dirección
de Investigación de la Universidad
qb
Iberoamericana. Sobre este tema Vid.
el monográfico http://www.uia.mex/
campus/publicaciones/altertexto/.
UCLM - revista ocnos 04.indd 35 1/10/08 15:08:17
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UCLM - revista ocnos 04.indd 40 1/10/08 15:08:19
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UCLM - revista ocnos 04.indd 42 1/10/08 15:08:19
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UCLM - revista ocnos 04.indd 44 1/10/08 15:08:20
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