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9 th International Paris Finance Meeting

6 pages
  INSTITUTIONAL INVESTMENT HORIZON AND CORPORATE  FINANCING DECISIONS     Ligang Zhong (Queen's University)        Paper presented at the  9th International Paris Finance Meeting  December 20, 2011      Organization: Eurofidai & AFFI           
  • firms with longer investment horizon issue
  • corporate financing decisions
  • shorter holding length
  • institutional investors
  • institutional investment horizon
  • firms
  • term
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Material Safety Data Sheet Section 1. Product and Company Identification Product Name Ferroin Indicator solution ManufacturerEMD Chemicals Inc. P.O. Box 70 480 Democrat Road Gibbstown, NJ08027 Prior to January 1, 2003 EMD Chemicals Inc. was EM Industries, Inc. or EM Science, Division of EM Industries, Inc. For More Information Call 8564236300 TechnicalService MondayFriday: 8:00 AM  5:00 PM
Synonym Material Uses
None. Laboratory Reagent
Chemical FamilySolution. Section 2. Composition and Information on Ingredients Component
Iron(II)sulfate heptahydrate oPHENANTHROLINE Water
Section 3. Hazards Identification + Physical State andLiquid. Appearance
Emergency Overview
Product Code Effective Date Print Date
VW3319 3/23/2005 3/23/2005
In Case of Emergency Call
8004249300 CHEMTREC (USA) 6139966666 CANUTEC (Canada) 24 Hours/Day: 7 Days/Week
7782630 5144898 7732185
% by Weight 0.7 1.5 98
Routes of EntryInhalation. Ingestion. Potential Acute Health Effects EyesInflammation of the eye is characterized byHazardous in case of eye contact (irritant). redness, watering, and itching. SkinHazardous in case of skin contact (irritant).Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering. InhalationMay be hazardous in case of inhalation. IngestionHazardous in case of ingestion. Potential Chronic Health Effects Carcinogenic EffectsThis material is not known to cause cancer in animals or humans. Additional informationSee Toxicological Information (section 11) Continued on Next Page
Page: 2/6 Ferroin Indicator solutionVW3319 Medical ConditionsRepeated exposure to a highly toxic material may produce general deterioration of health by an Aggravated byaccumulation in one or many human organs. Overexposure: Section 4. First Aid Measures Eye ContactCheck for and remove any contact lenses.In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes.Cold water may be used.Get medical attention immediately. Skin ContactIn case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.Cover the irritated skin with an emollient.Cold water may be used.Wash clothing before reuse.Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse.Get medical attention immediately. InhalationIf inhaled, remove to fresh air.If breathing is difficult,If not breathing, give artificial respiration. give oxygen.Get medical attention. IngestionNever giveIf swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. anything by mouth to an unconscious person.Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. Getmedical attention immediately. Section 5. Fire Fighting Measures Flammability of theNonflammable. Product AutoignitionNot applicable. Temperature Flash PointsNot applicable. Flammable LimitsNot applicable.
Products of Combustion
Fire Hazards in Presence of Various Substances
Explosion Hazards in Presence of Various Substances
Fire Fighting Media and Instructions
Protective Clothing (Fire)
Not applicable.
Not applicable.
Risks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: No.
Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: No.
Not applicable.
Not applicable.
Special Remarks on FireNot available. Hazards Special Remarks onNot available. Explosion Hazards Section 6. Accidental Release Measures Small Spill and LeakDilute with water and mop up, or absorb with an inert dry material and place in an appropriate waste disposal container. Large Spill and LeakUseDo not touch spilled material.Do not get water inside container.Stop leak if without risk. water spray to reduce vapors.Prevent entry into sewers, basements or confined areas; dike if needed. Callfor assistance on disposal. Spill Kit InformationNo specific spill kit required for this product.
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Ferroin Indicator solution
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Section 7. Handling and Storage HandlingDo not ingest.Avoid contact with eyes, skin and clothing.Avoid breathing vapors or spray mists. Keepcontainer closed.Use only with adequate ventilation.Wash thoroughly after handling. StorageKeep container tightly closed.Keep container in a cool, wellventilated area.
Section 8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection Engineering ControlsProvide exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls to keep the airborne concentrations of vapors below their respective occupational exposure limits.Ensure that eyewash stations and safety showers are proximal to the workstation location. Personal Protection EyesSplash goggles. BodyLab coat. RespiratoryBe sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent.WearVapor respirator. appropriate respirator when ventilation is inadequate. HandsGloves. FeeNot applicable. Protective Clothing (Pictograms)
Personal Protection inselfcontained breathingFull suit.Splash goggles.Boots. Gloves. AVapor respirator. Case of a Large Spillapparatus should be used to avoid inhalation of the product.Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist BEFORE handling this product. Product NameExposure Limits Iron(II)sulfate heptahydrate Not available. oPHENANTHROLINE Not available. Water Not available. Section 9. Physical and Chemical Properties OdorNot available. ColorClear. Physical State andLiquid. Appearance Molecular WeightNot applicable. Molecular FormulaNot applicable. pHNot available. Boiling/CondensationThe lowest known value is 99.9°C (211.8°F) (Water). Point Melting/Freezing PointMay start to solidify at 0.1°C (31.8°F) based on data for: Water. Specific GravityNot available.
Vapor Pressure
Vapor Density
Not available.
Not available.
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Ferroin Indicator solution Odor ThresholdNot available.
Evaporation Rate0.36 (Water) compared to(nButyl Acetate =1) LogKNot available. ow Solubilitywater.Soluble in Section 10. Stability and Reactivity Stability and ReactivityThe product is stable. Conditions of InstabilityNot available.
Incompatibility with Various Substances Rem/Incompatibility
Reactive with metals.
Not available.
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Hazardous DecompositionCOx , NOx Products Hazardous PolymerizationWill not occur. Section 11. ToxicologicalInformation RTECS Number:Ferrous Sulfate, Heptahydrate NO8510000 oPhenanthroline Not available. Water ZC0110000 ToxicityLD50: Not available. LC50: Not available. Chronic Effects onNot available. Humans Acute Effects on HumansInflammation of the eye is characterized by redness,Hazardous in case of eye contact (irritant). watering, and itching.Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant).Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering.May be hazardous in case of inhalation.Hazardous in case of ingestion. Synergetic Products Not available. (Toxicologically) Irritancy Draize Test: Not available. Sensitization Not available. Carcinogenic Effects This material is not known to cause cancer in animals or humans. Toxicity to Reproductive Not available. System
Teratogenic Effects
Mutagenic Effects
Not available.
Not available.
Section 12. Ecological Information EcotoxicityNot available.
BOD5 and COD
Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation
Not available.
The products of degradation are less toxic than the product itself.
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Page: 5/6 Ferroin Indicator solutionVW3319 Section 13. Disposal Considerations EPA Waste NumberNot available. TreatmentMaterial does not have an EPA Waste number and is not a listed waste, however consultation with a permitted waste disposal site (TSD) should be accomplished. Section 14. Transport Information DOT ClassificationProper Shipping Name: CHEMICALS, N.O.S. RQ: Not applicable. TDG ClassificationNot available. IMO/IMDGNot available. Classification ICAO/IATANot available. Classification Section 15. Regulatory Information + U.S. Federal RegulationsTSCA 8(b) inventory: Iron(II)sulfate heptahydrate; oPhenanthroline; Water SARA 302/304/311/312 extremely hazardous substances: No products were found. SARA 302/304 emergency planning and notification: No products were found. SARA 302/304/311/312 hazardous chemicals: Iron(II)sulfate heptahydrate SARA 311/312 MSDS distribution  chemical inventory  hazard identification: Iron(II)sulfate heptahydrate: Delayed (Chronic) Health Hazard SARA 313 toxic chemical notification and release reporting: No products were found. Clean Water Act (CWA) 307: No products were found. Clean Water Act (CWA) 311: Iron(II)sulfate heptahydrate Clean air act (CAA) 112 accidental release prevention: No products were found. Clean air act (CAA) 112 regulated flammable substances: No products were found. Clean air act (CAA) 112 regulated toxic substances: No products were found. WHMIS (Canada)Class D2B: Material causing other toxic effects (TOXIC).
International Regulations EINECS
This product has been classifed in accordance with the hazard criteria of the Controlled Product Regulations and the MSDS contains all required information.
Iron(II)sulfate heptahydrate oPhenanthroline Water 2317912
Not available. Not available.
DSCL (EEC)This product is not classified according to the EU regulations. International ListsAustralia (NICNAS): Iron(II)sulfate heptahydrate; oPhenanthroline; Water Japan (MITI): Water Korea (TCCL): Water
State Regulations
Philippines (RA6969): Iron(II)sulfate heptahydrate; oPhenanthroline; Water China: No products were found.
Pennsylvania RTK: Iron(II)sulfate heptahydrate: (environmental hazard, generic environmental hazard) Massachusetts RTK: Iron(II)sulfate heptahydrate New Jersey: Ferroin Indicator Solution
California prop. 65:No products were found.
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Ferroin Indicator solution
Section 16. Other Information
Changed Since Last Revision
Notice to Reader
National Fire Protection Association (U.S.A.)
Page: 6/6
Fire Hazard 0 1 0 Health Reactivity
Specific Hazard
The statements contained herein are based upon technical data that EMD Chemicals Inc.believes to be reliable, are offered for information purposes only and as a guide to the appropriate precautionary and emergency handling of the material by a properly trained person having the necessary technical skills.Users should consider these data only as a supplement to other information
assure proper use, storage and disposal of these materials and the safety and health of employees and customers and the
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