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Finite Difference Methods

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38 pages
Finite-Difference-Method-for-PDE-1 Fig. 1 Common two-dimensional grid patterns Finite Difference Methods “Research is to see what everybody else has seen, and think what nobody has thought.” – Albert Szent- Gyorgyi I. Introduction Analytical methods may fail if: 1. The PDE is not linear and can't be linearized without seriously affecting the result. 2. The solution region is complex.
  • jirjirjir jirjirjir
  • unknown values of φ
  • internal temperature φ as a function of position
  • finite values
  • mesh size
  • fig
  • difference
  • time
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“A School of Choice Chartered by Saginaw Valley State University”








MiddleSchool
PARENT/STUDENT HANDBOOK

2011/2012
www.landmarkacademy.net






MISSIONSTATEMENT

Landmark Academy, recognizing the unique giftedness of the
individualstudent,willworkincooperationwiththeparentsandthe
communitytoprovideanurturingandchallengingenvironmentthat
encouragesacademicexcellence,characterdevelopment,andalove
forlifelonglearning.








VISION

EveryLandmarkAcademystudentwillattainmasteryofessential
academicskills,demonstrateexemplarycharacter,andunderstand
their unique giftedness -becomingconfidentleadersandlifelong
learners.












1


ACADEMICS


LandmarkAcademyiscommittedtoprovidinganexceptionaleducationforallofourstudents.Withour
customdesignedcurriculumandourfocusonindividuallearningstyles,wemakeitourtopprioritytoprovide
excellenceinthisarea.

Thefollowingareafewitemsyoushouldknowaboutouracademicfocus.

REPORTCARDSANDPROGRESSREPORTS

Reportcardsareissuedfourtimesperyear,attheendofeach10-weekgradingperiod.Aprogressreportwill
beissuedatthemid-termpointofeachquarter.Aphonecalloremailfromtheteacherisalsoanormal
meansofcommunicatingtoparentsaboutastudent’sprogress,ifthereisachangefromthenorm.

Wewillendeavortocommunicatefrequentlywithourparentsoneachstudent’sprogress.Ourstudent
agendabooksaredesignedtoletparentsknowwhattheirchildrenarelearningandtohelptheirchildren
prepareforupcomingtestsandprojects.Ourteacherswillalsocommunicateusinge-mailandtelephoneas
toprogressand/ordifficultiesastudentmaybehaving.

Parent/teacherconferencesareheldattheendofeachreportcardmarkingperiod.Allparents/guardianswill
bescheduledtoconferwithteachersduringthistime.Reportcardsforallcardmarkingswillbedistributed
duringconferencetimesonly.Pleaserefertotheschoolcalendarforconferencedatesandtimes.

Ourgoalistocontinuallykeepparentsinformedoftheirchild’sprogress.ThereshouldbeABSOLUTELYNO
REASONforaparenttobesurprisedabouttheirchild’sprogressinschool.Teachersshouldoccasionallycall
or e-mail parents to advise them of a student’s progress. Parents are also expectedtocontactthe
teacher/schooliftheyhaveanyquestionsorconcerns.

LandmarkAcademyusesthefollowinggradingsystem.

th th6 through8 Grade-Receivegradesasfollows:
Thisalsomeansthat68%isnolongerproficient.Studentsmustreceivea70%orbetter(C-orbetter)inorder
topassaclassorbeconsideredproficient.

A 93-100
A- 90-92
B+ 87-89
B 83-86
B- 80-82
C+ 77-79
C 73-76
C- 70-72
D+ 67-69
D 63-66
D- 60-62
E 0-59

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HOMEWORKPOLICY

Webelievethathomeworkhasapracticaluseinenhancingstudentlearning.However,wealsobelievethat
effectivelearningcanoccurwithaminimalamountofhomeworkbeingassigned,ifclassroominstructionis
well-plannedandwell-executed.

Thepurposesforhomeworkareasfollows:

1.Preparation–Thistypeofhomeworkisusedforobtainingbackgroundinformationandtoprepare
fortheintroductionofnewmaterial.

2.Practice–Thistypeofhomeworkisusedtoreinforceskillsandsubjectmatterintroducedinclass.

3.Extension–Thistypeofhomeworkisusedtomovestudentsbeyondtheclassroomcontent,
encouragingthecreativeandimaginativepursuitofknowledge.

Landmarkplacesapremiumontheimportanceoffamilyandlivingabalancedlife.Ourstudentsareengaged
in learning from 7:45 a.m. until 2:55 p.m., even longer when extra-curricular activities are considered.
Childrenneedrecreationtime,familytimeandtimetosimplyunwind.Webelievethathomeworkshouldnot
bepunitiveorexcessive.

Throughourexpertiseinlearningstylesandpersonalizedinstructionwebelievethatwecanensurethat
learningisoptimizedintheclassroomandthathomeworkwillbeusedwhenneeded.Pleasenote:students
whodonotuseclasstimewisely,mayberequiredtofinishclassworkathome.

ASSIGNMENTPOLICY

Topromoteacademicexcellence,itisexpectedthatallassignmentswillbeturnedinontime.Late
assignmentswillbeaccepteduponteacherdiscretion.Forassignmentinformation,pleasecheckyourchild's
dailyagendaandskywardaccount.

*Largerassignmentsandprojectsareattheteacher’sdiscretion

ACADEMICINTEGRITYPOLICY

ItisLandmarkAcademy’sintenttomaintainandencouragehighstandardsofpersonalconduct.These
standardsincludepersonalhonesty,disciplineandintegrity.Itisourbeliefthatallstudentsshouldcomplete
theirownwork.Itisrequiredthatanyschoolworkthatisturnedinforcreditisaresultofthestudent’sown
efforts.GenerallyACADEMICDISHONESTYoccursanytimeastudentturnsinworkthatisnottheirown.
Academicdishonestyisunacceptable.Itisalsounderstoodthatstudentspromotingacademicdishonestyby
supplying homework, papers, answers to test, to be copied or supplied, are also guilty of Academic
Dishonesty. Specifically, students should be aware of the following information regarding Academic
Dishonesty:
• Plagiarism–Bydefinition,thisisconsideredstealingorpassingoffofideasusingwordsofanotheras
one’sown.Studentsarenotpermittedtousethethoughts,expressionsorideasofanotherindividual
andclaimthemastheirownoriginalwork;insteadtheymustcreditthesourceoftheseexamplesin
theirfinishedproduct.

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ACADEMICINTEGRITYPOLICYcontinued
• Testing–Theresultofaquizortestshouldrepresentthestudents’ownwork.Thisworkshouldbe
performedduringthetestingperiodwithoutanyunauthorizedassistance.Specifically,thisprohibits
suchbehavioraslookingatanotherstudent’spaperorhavinginappropriatewrittenmaterialavailable
foruse.Conversationamongstudentsshouldneveroccurduringtestingperiod.
• Papers/Projects–Allpapersandprojectsareexpectedtobethatofthestudent’sownoriginal
thoughts,ideas,andlabor.Thus,Plagiarismortheunacceptableuseofpurchasedorborrowed
papersorprojectsisspecificallyprohibited.
• PrintandElectronicSources–Allinformationobtainedfromprintedresources,books,magazines,
etc.andanyinformationthatisavailablefromelectronicdatabasesareconsideredtheideasand
propertyofanother.Thus,thedirectcopyingorparaphrasingofthesesourceswithoutgivingcreditis
consideredplagiarismandaviolationoftheAcademicIntegrityPolicy.




ACADEMICHONORROLL

An academic honor roll has been established for the purpose of recognizing and promoting academic
achievement.Astudentmustobtaina“B”oraboveineachclasstobeonthehonorroll.Citizenshipwillalso
beanintegralpartofthehonorroll.Ifacitizenshipmarkdisplaysanytypeofneedforimprovementin
academicsorbehavior,thatstudentwillberemovedfromthehonorroll.





PROMOTION/RETENTION

AstudentatLandmarkAcademyispromotedtothenextgradeleveleachspringbasedprimarilyonajoint
decisionamongteachers,parents,andthebuildingadministrator,whenpossibleaconsensusisdesired.
Factorssuchasacademiclevelattained,academicprogress,maturitylevel,andageofthechildaretakeninto
accountwhenpromotiondecisionsaremade.However,thebuildingadministratorreservestherightto
retainastudentinthesamegradewhen,inhis/herjudgment,acombinationofthefactorslistedabove
stronglysuggestthatastudentneedstohaveanotheryearofgrowthinordertobesuccessfulatthe
nextgradelevel.Suchadecisionisnevermadefrivolously,andisprecededbynumerouscommunications
betweentheschoolandtheparentthroughouttheschoolyear.

SPECIALEDUCATION

AllspecialeducationstudentshaveanIndividualizedEducationalPlan(IEP)writtenforthemannually,and
theirclassesareprovidedintheleastrestrictiveenvironment.Specialeducationstudentsfollowthesame
schoolrules,regulations,andpoliciesasgeneraleducationstudentsunlessalteredbyanIndividual
EducationalPlanningCommittee(IEPC)decisionorthelocalpolicyisinconflictwithacounty,state,or
federalrule/policy.

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TITLE1

LandmarkAcademyhasaschool-wideTitle1program.Thismeansthatanystudentwhodoesnotmeet
stateproficientandadvancedlevelsofstudentachievementcanreceiveservicesthroughTitle1funding
(FederalSupplementalProgram)thataredesignedtohelpchildrenreachhighacademicstandards.In
receivingfundsfromthisprogram,theschoolhasarequirementtoinformyou,asparentsofchildren
attendingaTitleIschool,ofinformationavailabletoyouregardingtheprofessionalqualificationsofyour
child’sclassroomteacher(s).Informationwillbeprovidedtoyouuponrequestasfollows:

• Whetheryourchild’steacherhasmetMichiganqualificationandlicensingcriteriaforthegradelevels
andsubjectareasinwhichtheteacherprovidesinstruction.
• Whetheryourchild’steacheristeachingunderemergencyorotherprovisionalstatusthroughwhich
Michiganqualificationorlicensingcriteriahavebeenwaived.
• Thebaccalaureatedegreemajorofyourchild’steacherandanyothergraduatecertificationordegree
heldbytheteacher,aswellasthefieldofdisciplineofthecertificationordegree.
• Whetheryourchildisprovidedservicesbyteacherassistantsand,ifso,theirqualifications.

Youmayalsorequestadditionalinformationonthelevelofachievementofyourchildineachofthe
Michigan’sassessments.MichiganusestheMichiganEducationalAssessmentProgramtodeterminelevels
ofachievement.

31A

Therearesomechildrenwhoareeligibletoreceiveadditionalservicesthrough31Afunding(state
supplementalprogram)designedtohelpchildrenreachhighacademicstandards.Studentsthatqualifyfor
31Aserviceswillreceiveadditionalcoachingeitherduringthedayorafterschool.Parentswillbenotifiedif
theirchildqualifiesforthis31Acoachingprogram.




LANDMARKACADEMYSCHOOLCODEOFCONDUCT

StudentsattendingLandmarkAcademyareguaranteedtherighttoapubliceducation.Ifthisrightistobe
guaranteed,regularattendanceinclassesisofvitalimportance.TheUnitedStatesSupremeCourthasheld
thatastudentmaynotbedeprivedofthisrightofapubliceducationwithoutadherencetoproceduraldue
process.

ItistheresponsibilityoftheLandmarkAcademystafftoensurethatnostudentisarbitrarilydeniedtheright
toaneducation.

Itistheresponsibilityofeachstudenttobehaveinamannerthatdoesnotthreaten,interferewithordeprive
otherstudentsoftheirrighttoaneducation.

ThisCodeofConducthasbeenadoptedbyLandmarkAcademy’sBoardofDirectorsandwillbeuniformly
enforcedbytheadministrationandstaffoftheschool.Studentswhoengageinbehaviorthatviolatesthis
CodeofConductwillbesubjecttodisciplinaryaction.

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STUDENT’SHAVEARESPONSIBILITYTO:

• Cometoschoolandbeinclassontime.
• AdheretotheDressCodeAgreement.
• Havemyhomeworkandassignmentscompletedandturnedinontime.
• HavethesuppliesIneedandbereadyforeachclass.
• AlwaystrytodomyPersonalBest.
• Beorganizedandinformmyparentsofmydailyprogress.
• Showrespectformyself,staff,andotherstudents.
• Respectschoolproperty,textbooks,andallinstructionalmaterials.
• FollowtheSchool-wideandClassroomAgreements.
• Domypartinkeepingmyschoolcleanandsafe.
• Setaregulartimeandplaceeachnighttocompletehomework/unfinishedwork.
• Beinchargeofmyeducationandaskforhelpwhenneeded.
• BelieveinmyselfandthatIcanandwilllearn.Failureisnotanoption.


PARENTSHAVEARESPONSIBILITYTO:

• Ensurethatmychildarrivesatschoolontimeeveryday.
• Ensuremychildishealthyenoughtoparticipatefullyinclass.
• Provide my child with adequate food, shelter, clothing, and a loving, secure, and nurturing
environment.
• Providehealthyandnutritioussnacks/lunchesformychild.
• SupporttheschoolinitseffortstomaintainPositiveBehaviorSupport.
• Exhibitpositivebehavioraroundmychildandreinforcemychild’spositivebehavior.
• BecomefamiliarwiththeStudent/ParentHandbookandtheSchoolCodeofConduct.
• RecognizethattheAdministratorandschoolstaffarecustodialagentsofmychildduringschool
hours.
• Respectandacknowledgetheexpertiseoftheadministrationandtheschoolstaff.
• Maintaincontrolandcomposurewhendisagreeingwithactiontakenbyschoolpersonnel.
• BecomefamiliarwithandhelpmychildtounderstandTheLandmarkModelforEducation.
• Supportmychild’sPersonalBestandwheretheyareinthelearningprocess.
• Makeanefforttobeactivelyinvolvedandshowsupportintheschool.
• Becomeinvolvedintheparent/student/teachercompactasateammembertomaximizemychild’s
achievementandcharacterdevelopment.
• Establishatimeforsharingdailyschoolexperiencesand/orcompletinghomework/unfinishedwork.
• Showmychildthateducationisimportanttomebymodelingreading,writing,etc.
• Maintaincommunicationwiththeteachersandtheadministrationeitherverballyorinwrittenform.
• Haveongoingcommunicationwithmychild’steacher(s)inregardstoAcademics&Behaviorthrough
agendabooks,Skyward,e-mail,phonecalls,etc.
• Attendparent/teacherconferences.
• Respecttheschoolcommunity,includingallofitsmembers.
• Propertyassignedtostudentsbyschoolpersonnelshallremainthepropertyoftheschool.Books
assignedtostudentsarethepropertyoftheschoolandareconsideredaloantotheparentand
student.Itistheparent’sresponsibilitytoensurethattextbooksarereturnedinsatisfactorycondition
ortoreimbursetheschoolforthecostofreplacement.Anyloanedmaterialsthatarelostordamaged
aretheparent’sresponsibilityforreplacementcost.
POSITIVEBEHAVIORSUPPORTPOLICY
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POSITIVEBEHAVIORSUPPORT
LandmarkAcademyusesPositiveBehaviorSupport(PBS)toincreasestudentlearninganddecrease
classroomdisruptions.ThefollowingareourPositiveBehaviorSupportComponents:

TeachandModelPositiveCommunicationSkills
 Developconflictresolutionskills
 Identifythefeelingsandneedsofoneself,whilevaluingthefeelingsandneedsofothers
 Learntorespondratherthanreact
IncreaseEngagedLearning
 Developskillstoreducelearningdisruptions
 Developproactiveplanswheninterventionisneeded
 Buildrelationshipskillstomaintainasafelearningatmosphere
FacilitateCharacterDevelopment
 Cultivatepersonalresponsibilityandselfmotivation
 Focusonsolution-findingandcelebratingpositives
 Developanunderstandingoftherelationshipbetweenchoicesandconsequences

SCHOOLWIDECOMMITMENT

Administration,staff,andstudentshavecreatedaSchool-wideCommitmenttobringunitytoLandmark
Academy.Thesecomponentsdescribeoutexpectationsforoutstaffandstudents.Thefollowingisour
School-wideCommitment:

L-Leadership
A-Acceptance
K-Kindness
E-Excellence
R-Respect&Responsibility
S-Safety

LandmarkAcademypersonnelwillbringcorrectiontostudentswhenconductdisruptsthelearning
environmentordegradesthestudents,staff,orthereputationofLandmarkAcademy.Staffwillusetheir
professionaljudgmentineachsituationbearinginmindthattheaimofallPBSinterventionisnottoinflict
punishment,buttoreplacenegativebehaviorswithpositiveones.

Researchinbehavioralsciencesshowsthetraditionaleducationalmodelsofdetentionforminorinfractions,
(writingsentences,copyingadocument,doinghomework,doingnothing)donotcorrectorimprovethe
targetedbehavior,especiallyifthedetentionisnotassignedorservedimmediatelyafterthenegative
behaviorisobserved.

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SCHOOLWIDECOMMITMENTcontinued

Landmarkstaffistrainedinresponsiveinteractionandneeds-basedcommunicationskills.Thegoalisto
identifyandresolvetheunderlyingissuestriggeringnegativebehaviorstobringclarityandclosureregarding
specificbehavior.Disruptivebehaviorswillbeaddressedimmediatelywiththestudenteitherinthe
classroomprivately,outsidetheclassroom,duringlunch,andbeforeorafterschool.Thepurposeduringthe
timewiththestudentistosecuretheopportunitytotalkwiththestudentoneononetobringaboutthe
desiredchange.

Wealsobelievethatself-disciplineandpersonalresponsibilityareveryimportantcharactertraits,andthat
theyarelearnedbehaviors.Wepurposelystrivetoequipstudentstobeabletoclearlyidentifytheirfeelings
andneedsasproactiveingredientstohealthybehavior.Webothteachandmodelthedesirablebehaviors
andpositivecharactertraitsweexpecttoseeinourstudents.

Staffwillprotectivelyenforcesafetyandupholdthelearningenvironmentoftheschool.Landmark’sCore
Valuesareimportantinallsituations.Wealsorealizethattherearemoreseverebehaviorsthatwarrantin-
schooland/orout-of-schoolsuspension/expulsion,withtheendinmindofprotectingstudents,staff,and
schoolproperty.Someofthosebehaviorsare,butnotlimitedto:

• Physicalassault
• Possessionofanytypeofexplosivematerials
• SeveredisrespecttowardsanyLandmarkAcademyStaff
• Weapons
• Threatsofanytype
• Undertheinfluenceofanytypeofalcoholordrugs
• Possessionofalcohol,drugs,(prescribedorOTC),orparaphernalia
• Theftorarson
• Destructionofproperty
• Bullying:majorthreat,intimidation,abusivelanguage,verbalharassmentandsexualharassment
• Gang-relatedactivity
• Technologymisuse
• Truancy(refertoAttendance/TardyPolicy)

Whileourdisciplinepolicyisprogressiveandrespectful,severeincidentswillbereferreddirectlytotheoffice.
Anadministratorwillmeetwiththestudenttodeterminethespecificactionneeded.Parents/guardianswill
benotifiedofanysuchincidentandaction.Lawenforcementwillbeinvolvedwhendeemednecessary.

Administrationorstaffwillsendanoticeregardingthestudent,theconduct,theactiontaken,andwill
scheduleanappointmentwiththestudent.Ifabehavioralproblemwithastudentcontinues,
parents/guardianswillberequestedtoattendaconferencewiththeadministration.Methodsof
communicationandfollowupprocedureswillbedeterminedatthattime.Plansandbehavioralcontracts
mayalsobeputinplaceatthistime.

LandmarkAcademywilladheretoappropriatelawsandpolicereportswillbefiledwhendeemed
necessary.



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SUSPENSION
Asuspensionisdenialofthestudent’srighttoattendclassesforaspecific,shortperiodoftime.The
authoritytosuspendisreservedfortheadministrator.Thestudentwillbeexpectedtomakeupallclass
workandtestsmissed.
In-School/In-HouseSuspensionsareutilizedatLandmarkAcademy.In-SchoolSuspension(ISS)isintended
toprovideaconstructivelearningexperienceforstudentswhohaveviolatedtheStudentCodeofConduct
and,therefore,havebeenassignedISSaspartofadisciplinaryprocess.
Theywillbeunderthesupervisionofschoolpersonnelwhowillguidestudentsincompletingclassroomwork
forthedurationofthesuspensionday.
Inadditiontoworkingonschoolassignments,studentsmayengageinlearningactivitiesthatfocuson
identifyingpoordecisionsandtheirconsequences,aswellasemphasizingtheneedtotakeresponsibilityfor
personalactionandbehavior,reinforcingLandmark’sCoreValues.

However,ifaspecificcaseissevere,anoutofschoolsuspensionmaybeadministered.Duringoutofschool
suspensionsworkwillbeprovidedattheteacher’sdiscretion.Itwillbethestudent’sresponsibilitytomakeup
anyclasswork/tests,oncetheyhavereturned.

Again,allparents/guardianswillbenotifiedintheeventofsuspensions.
Studentsthathavebeensuspended(inorout)cannotattendanyschoolfunctionwhileonsuspension.


EXPULSION
Anexpulsionisdenialofastudent’srighttoattendschoolatLandmarkAcademyandtotakepartinorattend
anyschoolfunction.Expulsionresultsfromseveremisconductandbyrepeatedviolationofschoolpolicy.
Expulsionwillbeforatleastonesemester,butmaybepermanent.Allrightsofappealbyparentscanbe
madetotheBoardofEducation,priortofinaldecision.IMPORTANTNOTICE:ALLDECISIONSBYTHE
BOARDOFEDUCATIONWITHRESPECTTOEXPULSIONAREFINAL.Thefollowingschoolyear,parents
mayappealtotheBoardforreadmissiontoLandmarkAcademy.Anypublicschoolmayhonorthisexpulsion,
meaningyourchildmaynotbeabletoattendanypublicschoolwhiletheyareexpelled.





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