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The Bronze Age in Ireland

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51 pages
The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Bronze Age in Ireland, by George Coffey
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with
almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or
re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included
with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org
Title: The Bronze Age in Ireland
Author: George Coffey
Release Date: October 11, 2008 [EBook #26880]
Language: English
*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE BRONZE AGE IN IRELAND ***
Produced by Chris Curnow, Joseph Cooper, Anne Storer and
the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at
http://www.pgdp.net
Transcriber’s Note:
The term “halberd” and “halbert” have both
been used on numerous occasions. “Halbert”
is a variant of “Halberd” and has been left as
printed in the original text. THE BRONZE AGE IN IRELAND
THE BRONZE AGE IN IRELAND

BY
GEORGE COFFEY
MEMBER OF THE ROYAL IRISH ACADEMY
HONORARY FELLOW OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF IRELAND
KEEPER OF IRISH ANTIQUITIES IN THE NATIONAL MUSEUM
AND PROFESSOR R.H.A. DUBLIN

WITH ELEVEN PLATES AND EIGHTY-FIVE ILLUSTRATIONS

HODGES, FIGGIS, & CO., Limited,
104 GRAFTON STREET, DUBLIN
SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, & CO.,
LONDON
1913
PRINTED AT THE
Dublin University
Press
BY PONSONBY AND GIBBS. PREFACE
In this book on the Bronze Age in Ireland I have collected and collated all my work on the period. Much
of it I have already published in the “Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy” and elsewhere. I have
long ...
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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Bronze Age in Ireland, by George Coffey This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org
Title: The Bronze Age in Ireland Author: George Coffey Release Date: October 11, 2008 [EBook #26880] Language: English
*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE BRONZE AGE IN IRELAND ***
Produced by Chris Curnow, Joseph Cooper, Anne Storer and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net
Transcriber’s Note: The term “halberd” and “halbert” have both been used on numerous occasions. “Halbert” is a variant of “Halberd” and has been left as printed in the original text.
T
HE BRONZE AGE IN IRELAND
THE BRONZE AGE
 
  
NI IRELAND
BY GEORGE COFFEY MEMBER OF THE ROYAL IRISH ACADEMY HONORARYFELLOW OF THE ROYAL SOCIETYOF ANTIQUARIES OF IRELAND KEEPER OF IRISH ANTIQUITIES IN THE NATIONAL MUSEUM AND PROFESSOR R.H.A. DUBLIN
WITH ELEVEN PLATES AND EIGHTY-FIVE ILLUSTRATIONS
HODGES, FIGGIS, & CO., Limited, 104 GRAFTON STREET, DUBLIN SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, & CO., LONDON 1913
PRINTED AT THE Dublin University Press BYPONSONBY ANDGIBBS.
PREFACE In this book on the Bronze Age in Ireland I have collected and collated all my work on the period. Much of it I have already published in the “Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy” and elsewhere. I have long felt the need of a book on the Bronze Age in Ireland, as hitherto none has appeared dealing adequately with the archæology of that period in this country. Within the last few years it has been recognized that the Bronze-Age civilization in Europe did not consist of a series of isolated communities, each developing its own type of objects and decorations, but that there was a community of ideas and forms extending from Mycenæ all over the European continent. I have described the various forms of Bronze-Age implements of peace and of war found in Ireland, and have shown how they are connected with similar types on the continent of Europe. M. J. Déchelette, of the Roanne Museum, one of the first authorities on the Bronze Age, agrees with me in ascribing a Mycenæan origin to certain forms of Bronze-Age implements. How this Mycenæan influence penetrated to Ireland is a matter on which there is some difference of opinion, and possibly new discoveries may throw additional light on the problem. As I have shown both in this and in former works, the most probable route seems to be that of the Danube and the Elbe, and thence by way of Scandinavia to Ireland. It is to be hoped that now—with a concentrating of Irish interests on Irish affairs a new impetus will be given to the study of the history of our country, and that many workers may be found in the fields of archæology and of all subjects connected with our past. In my “Guide to the Celtic Antiquities of the Christian Period” I have given the history of Irish art in the Christian period; in “New Grange (Brugh na Boine) and other Incised Tumuli in Ireland, the influence of Crete and the Ægean in the extreme west of Europe in early times,” I have given as much as is known of the pre-Christian period up to the Bronze Age; and in this, my latest work, which has been much interrupted by illness, I have endeavoured to complete the history of ancient art in Ireland. I have to thank the Councils of the Royal Irish Academy and of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland for the loan of a number of blocks. In other cases drawings have been made direct from objects in the National Museum by Miss E. Barnes. The plates are from photographs taken by the photographer of the National Museum. In offering this book to the public I must express my gratitude to Mr. E. C. R. Armstrong, to whom I am indebted for his unvarying kindness and sympathy, and for much valuable assistance both in the matter and form of the work.
GEORGE COFFEY.
Period; LocalitiisitnolaC poep rha.CerptI, IanTrsirIrB heznoegA copp of eltser clena nrInisd;dF isr peop indou ferehw secevitan rIsi hocsew eherlocalitiList of lec  ;st gnitalfr fostcaou;Ms ldT pynu;d eofhwreies alit;LocerdsblaH ;dnuof neebe av htsel cerppCh; ontiucodtrIn eht fo ygolonor r,IpaethCfeni kher;geag-doitulovEt morf ne ram th; LepierdereT pyf orvideadheSps;r-eaadhes-faepahps d-rae in the blade; M siwhta eptrruseeF ;sdaeh-raeps ngtiasrcfos ldou rVIpaet.shCubttear-r sps forulesirIog htnuo fo d:olcc Ari,I gshar ledcslu:æeGenits; Lunld deposnAlase ; ;oCsyseentantinmplelexaaborP ;sired elb oontivah isIrf ahblresdf orSmapin.Chapter III,Ftsridna tal p reioer odsthf Bre olut; Ev Ageonzenoez erbfohtoi ntaenamrn Ot;el cc eznorb fo noitstave wielts;Pal eolpo;shtd uolb hndmeamnv A ailaeh- ;sdS;srraepShieds; hielze srbnoal rriuc;sC ldieShs;peha cedgniW ;sepahc ezning; Brofor castmfuodl ssbneeco pety As;onsif  o ;sdiviD deprowsI ,Xtpreeza-rBnoin t Pla.ChaorcsbbiR ;sc;scrotnoioutibtror tofn siet dotcr;sD sir VIII,Torcs; TwS releihhC.detpa oldwof ;Lodtheaggad fo seldnaH s.erpirad ans ereg rd gat eh nfoade;r blapieandra srr dnD,V eggaolEvioutieap; rsfo ;iDtsirtpoi n.Chapterributionmog-in RapChy.ne,IIV retahs-faeLnnulPenaingsar rr nia dnen;y-gomdin-s;skol Gbad ;sllalC f er;dniChapter VI,Gold oggrte;sG lo dusamrntaen-aze oge,IIXnorBpahC retion ofth DiscussrIlena;ditnoi  ntyc hiitolNeomfr ,fo noitavireD ups.se cncens; Iu nraryriCenep ;t htesoh fo aehtinigom crepawid 01uthor.G weN taM ;egnarmenaore n ioatntsat we s sro otichel. Désviettest ;yTep ertmueprivations and deurthtepm fo sirI; esscDi Ss;klictso  ;iLnisdegf nticuthell-af wesdnif hsirI detanzro,B Xerptha.Ce; Disk-headed pni.shCpaet rIXB,nzroage-poe erttF ;y-doossev;sleon oussipes;f tyroatI pmfow,cn egareh itdao  trdga fo etrutlucir1
94
CONTENTS
23
page 1 6
56
46
71
62
80 88
78
 
Index,105
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Fig. Page 1.Copper Halbert, Birr find, 7 2.Copper celts, Birr find, 8 3. 9Copper knife and awls found at Knocknague, 4.Copper celts, 10 5.Copper celts from Cappeen, Co. Cork, 11 6.Stone mould for casting celts, 12 7. 13Halbert blades, 8. 14Halbert blades, 9.Halbert blades, 15 10. 16Halbert blades, 11. 18Halberts from North Germany and Sweden, 12. 19Halberts from South and East Spain, 13. 20Rock markings, Maritime Alps, 14.Stone pick from the Bann, 21 15.Deer-horn pick, 21 16.Ornamented bronze celts, 24 Plate I,Irish bronze celts in the order of their development, 24 17.Ornamented bronze celts, 25 18. 26Ornamented bronze celts, 19.Winged celt, 27 20.Winged celt, 27 21. 27Palstave with double loops, 22. 28Bronze anvil, 23.Bronze hammers, 28 24.Dagger and spear-heads, 29 25.Spear-heads, 30 26.Spear-heads, 31 27.Rapier and spear-head, 31 28. 32Leaf-shaped spear-heads, 29. 32Ornamented socket of spear-head, 30.Leaf-shaped spear-heads found at the Ford, Belturbet, 33 31. 34Spear-heads with loops joining the blade, 32.Spear-heads, 34 33. 35Ornamental spear-heads, with openings in the blade, 34.Portion of spear-head, with studs at the base of the wings, 35 35. 36Spear-heads with openings in the blades, 36.Spear-heads with ornamental loops in the blades, 37 37.Spear-head found at Tempo, Co. Fermanagh, 37 38. 38mould for casting a socketed spear-head, Killymeddy, Co. Antrim,Half of 39. 39a spear-head and dagger, Killymeddy, Co. Antrim,Half of mould for casting 40. 40Mould for casting a spear-head and knife, Killymeddy, Co. Antrim, 41. 41Moulds for casting primitive spear-heads found in Co. Tyrone, 42.casting primitive spear-heads found in Co. Tyrone,Moulds for  42 43. 43Half of mould for casting spear-head and dagger, Killymeddy, Co. Antrim, 44. 44Bronze spear-ferules, 45.Bronze spear-ferule with La Tène ornament, 44 46.Gold lunula found at Trenta, Carrigans, Co. Donegal, 47 47. 48Gold lunula found in Co. Galway, 48. 49Gold lunula, 49.Gold lunula found at Killarney, 50 50.for lunula found at Newtown, Co. Cavan, 51Oak case 51. 51Gold lunula found at Valognes, Manche, 52.Gold lunula found in Co. Londonderry, 52
reland and Europ,e5555S.otenc lestdiburiontif  odlognul  æluI nithloat A454.ne,5hswoaM pht eni gGo3.5lunul dl dnuof apaei rlbrea dnr 7.Daggerades,575.oC reF aCni,nri6.65ggDanama,5ghnu d ,ofu nra dnuntad Mooppein Treggad eznorb ,td,an bldgoh it wenasoC ,eD .,yrrr ieunfoatd is LhgE nr,e9595R.paund in Upper LouR.8595,mof reipa Cy,nemorint Ao.nu d eoflayltaB h ho witandlrn hrlhailevl ar Coft foE ehsses noi the posmerly inna,df roi  nrIlendou fetrggod olG.1616,dnalerI nnd i fougers daga dneisrR.pa9506. Li, Co GuroughlAed64.9kc7,emir szeonBr8.36,7esL ta dnuof dleihFront anim,7570. feltaeh dabkco elhifod wor- sodL .ortie dnuC nifgroL nolPta,d67I, ge VItorcold dleihs r dnuof ,nblo Cato. Cn,ri eIVII ,ogdlt rocs,78Plate IX, grf sT mo ara dnaseelerwh78e,atPlgA-eznorB etal oTw1.07,8erhtigrodnB sia caonolmnom Cs frtorcold  ,yo .oCmorfmrA brfas ic-hser aiA-egh ro erBnoez8372.Late finds,zeonBr4.melemp ieppiT .o758,yrarmpleze is, Cmentmi8,nArtrBno74.3ro be nzumtrtsperare68,ytalP,X efeakle, Co. Tipptn sofnu dtaK li Ite II,,6lela2Pog dtegrhsirlog e III, gs,62Platidks,s46lo dus-niortpo, IVe atPlC taerg eht fo n62.Gd,66 finlaredno æla ifublo drehtjbo stceuof  tndetogr he Cataohcofdr ,oC .oCrk,67Plate V, golubif dlS.3686,æthenteixrytuen-czn eb orni gacts Benfromshowin, inllsa6,dlni gampeans hoing Euroeznosac rutnrb ynteeceh-4.86xtSivisen taiwgns ohnin,m Be frotingog ,IV etalP96,slailan mngdiol h65.Leaf-shaped bdlr ni-gomen,y07 wndh itspa r-eaznorws esdrouof ermao. F,726nagha  tehda,oC eTpmin.W6773apchd geeznorB.6,sepahc il Ko. Ct,orsfneaD ,revoc htiw lball Carurn,ary nire38C.,y59eknn cse,9up.I80enncottu29,nnorBb ezod-vesse,9482.Foaryru nr84.1iCen09,selkcznorB.77.B7689m,sie nzro eidorzn72.9ks9,cklee si78.Bs,91tsac gniis aelkc87,8Mo5.d ulr foemdd,yC .oA tnir, found at Killy
THE BRONZE AGE IN IRELAND
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