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Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece

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354 pages
General statistics
Regional policy and regional economies
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PORTRAIT
OF THE REGIONS
VOLUME 3
PORTUGAL
SPAIN
ITALY
GREECE
COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
Statistical Office of the Directorate-General for
CUIOStãt European Communities Regional Policy Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1993
ISBN 92-826-3224-5
© ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels · Luxembourg, 1993
Printed in the United Kingdom Foreword
Portrait of the regions '1992 marks the beginning 'We are not
of a new era, the era of Maastricht, binding States together,
and opens up the new horizons of we are uniting people.'
European union.'
(J. Delors in a speech (J. Monnet)
to the European Parliament)
The approximately 180 regions which — in all their diversity — currently make up the
European Economic Community must learn more about each other if they are to coexist
more fruitfully, work together within a frontier­free area and evolve within a Union
pledged to strengthening economic and social cohesion.
The aim of this Portrait of the regions is to enable each region to learn more about the
economic and social situation of its Community partners. The regions of Europe are
presented one by one, in an identical format, via maps, diagrams, statistical tables and
textual commentaries on their area, regional strengths and weaknesses, population pat­
terns and trends, employment, the economic fabric and the environment.
In this way, systematic coverage is given to all the regions of the Community; from those
which have been part of the Community from its earliest days through to the five German
Länder incorporated as a result of German unification; from major metropolitan regions
such as Île­de­France, Greater London, the autonomous community of Madrid or Attica
through to sparsely populated rural regions such as Epirus, the Alentejo or parts of
Ireland; from the regions at the geographical heart of Europe through to those at its outer­
most edges, such as the Canary Islands, the Azores or the French overseas
departments.
The Portrait of the regions was produced jointly by several Commission departments (the
Directorate­General for Regional Policies, the Translation Service, the Office for Official
Publications of the European Communities and Eurostat) on the one hand, and the
Member States' national statistical institutes, often in conjunction with their regional
departments and departments within other ministries, on the other.
This publication supplements the information on the Community's regions regularly
presented in Eurostat's Statistical yearbook on the regions and in the Commission's
'Periodic report on the social and economic situation and development of the regions
of the Community'. Its drafting and coordination was a mammoth task, for which all in­
volved deserve sincere thanks.
H. Christophersen Β. Millan
ΑΜΛΜ. KAÄ^
¡SA PORTRAIT OF THE REGIONS III
eurostat This publication was produced with the collaboration of the national statistical institutes and with the active participation of
numerous national and regional services.
Its contents do not necessarily reflect the official views of the institutions of the European Communities.
Drafting committee:
L. Van den Berghe INS — Bruxelles
A. Wulff Danmarks Statistik — København
P.KnocheStatistisches Bundesamt — Wiesbaden
G.TsoutsiasAthens
P.DiazINE—Madrid
J.P.LeGléauInsee—Paris
A.RedmondCSO—Dublin
F. Pagnanelli Istat—Roma
G.ZachariasStatec—Luxembourg
W.KleynMEZ —Den Haag
A.deCarvalhoINE — Porto
Ph. RoseCSO — London
Eurostat andDG XVI Commission of the European Communities
The text of Volume3isbased principally upon analyses and studies carried out by:
Portugal: Norte: S.Bacelar; Centro: E. Figueira; Lisboa e Vale do Tejo: H. Caetano; Alentejo: P. Lacerda; Algarve:
J. Guerreiro; Açores: L. Sirgado Garcia; Madeira: M. Catanho José
Spain: Dirección General de Planificación (Ministerio de Economía y Hacienda): G. Cordero Mestanza, L. M. Chicote Serna,
J. López Béseos, R. Pérez Pérez, R. Pérez Villota, V. Rodríguez Ñuño, J. E. Sánchez Rodríguez; Dirección General de
Incentivos Económicos Regionales (Ministerio de Economía y Hacienda): M. Espinos Espinos, J. Montalvo Domínguez de la
Torre, R. Prado Palomeque
Italy: Regional statistical offices of Istat: Piemonte: L. Giardelli; Valle d'Aosta: P. Murra; Lombardia: R. Coniglio; Trentino­Alto
Adige: E. Meneghini; Veneto: R. Sterzi; Friuli­Venezia Giulia: E. Meneghini; Liguria: U. Vitale; Emilia­Romagna: A. Mosca;
Toscana: F. Salvatore Corea; Umbria: R. Bartoloni; Marche: M. Moscalelli; Lazio: F Pagnanelli; Molise: L. Plescia; Campania:
V Cirillo; Puglia: N. Capacchine; Basilicata: S. lelpo; Calabria: G. Mannella; Sicilia: F Abate; Sardegna: M. Tosi
Greece: Anatoliki Makedonia, Thraki: H. Kessissogiou; Kentriki Makedonia: G. Páíkopoulos; Dytiki Makedonia: D. Loutrougo­
tis; Sterea Ellada: D. Lazari; Ipeiros: C. Varlamitis; Peloponnisos: N. Troulinos; other regions: A. Tsourakis
Photos:
Portugal: Norte: A. Lourenço; Centro: C. Filipe; Lisboa e Vale do Tejo: J. Neves; Alentejo: Ν. Lacerda; Algarve: Η. Correia;
Açores: Secretaria Regional de Turismo e Ambiente; Madeira: Secretaria Regional de Turismo e Cultura
Spain: N.N.
Italy: Abruzzi: G. Marchesani; Basilicata: Archivio EPT (Potenza); Calabria: G. Mannella; Emilia­Romagna: A. Mosca; Friuli­
Venezia Giulia: Ufficio stampa della Regione; Lazio: C. Degrazia; Liguria: S. Vitale; Lombardia: G. Frazzini; Marche: Studio
Ampex (Ancona); Molise: Studio Luce Magica (Campobasso); Piemonte: L. Giardelli; Puglia: A. Rotondo; Sardegna:
A. Mongili; Sicilia: F Di Benedetto; Toscana: A. Cabras; Trentino­Alto Adige: Studio BiQuattro (Rovereto); Umbria: Studio
Moretti; Valle d'Aosta: G. Pasqui; Veneto: M. Capuano
Greece: Ν. Kontos
Translation: Translation Service, Commission of the European Communities, Luxembourg.
PORTRAIT OF THE REGIONS
eurostat Structure of the publication
­2­
Htfifl
Each region is presented in accordance
REGION
with a uniform layout on six pages:
Photograph
Page 1: Q Map of the region ­ topography, climate, special features (1)
­ the region in relation to the Community
(graph) 1
­ strengths and weaknesses of the region
Graph (2)
Page 2: 4 3
­ list of EC similar regions (3)
­ imbalances within the region (4)
2
Page 3:
Table
­ population structure and trends (5)
­ training and labour supply (6)
..™.ga a———
Page 4:
­ employment (7)
­ unemployment (8)
Page 5:
­ economic structure (9)
­ wage costs and incomes (10)
Page 6:
­ agriculture, industry, services (11)
­ main firms in the region (table)
­ environment (12)
The regions are those classified at level 2 of
the Community nomenclature of territorial
units (NUTS, see p. 333). However,
­ in the case of Belgium, Germany and the
United Kingdom, the NUTS 1 regions are
described on six pages, whereas the
presentation of the NUTS 2 regions is
limited to the first two pages of the uniform
layout;
­6­­ the Greek regions are allocated four
WHOM
pages each.
Each country's regional portraits are Graph 12 preceded by a national page and end with
explanatory notes and a bibliography. The
legend for the regional maps is given on the
last page of the publication.
11
Table Table
S3—■·.—­
VI PORTRAIT OF THE REGIONS eurostat The PORTRAIT OF THE
REGIONS consists of VOLUME 3 Table of contents
three volumes
Volume 1 Germany PORTUGAL
Benelux
Denmark SPAIN
ITALY Volume 2 France
United Kingdom GREECE Ireland
Volume 3 Portugal
PORTUGAL PUGLIA 246
Spain
BASILICATA 252
Italy NORTE 2 CALABRIA 258
Greece CENTRO 8 SICILIA 264
LISBOA E VALE DO TEJO . . 14 SARDEGNA 270
ALENTEJO 20
ALGARVE 26 Explanatory notes + Bibliography 276
AÇORES 32
MADEIRA 38 GREECE 279
Explanatory notes + Bibliography. 44 ANATOLIKI MAKEDONIA, THRAKI _ _ 280
KENTRIKI MAKEDONIA 284
SPAIN 47 DYTIKI A 288
THESSALIA 292
GALICIA 48 IPEIROS 296
ASTURIAS _ 54 IONIA NISIA 300
CANTABRIA _ 60 DYTIKI ELLADA 304
PAÍS VASCO. 66 STEREA A 308
NAVARRA 72 PELOPONNISOS 312
LA RIOJA 78 ATTIKI 316
ARAGÓN 84 VOREIOAIGAIO 320
MADRID 90 ΝΟΤΙΟ AIGAIO 324
CASTILLA Y LEON 96 KRITI 328
CASTILLA­LA MANCHA. 102
EXTREMADURA 108 Explanatory notes 332
CATALUÑA 114
COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA. 120 The NUTS nomenclature
BALEARES 126 Exchange rates
ANDALUCÍA 132 Symbols and abbreviations
MURCIA 138 Legend to maps 333
CANARIAS 144
CEUTAYMELILLA. 150
Explanatory notes + Bibliography. 152
ITALY 155
PIEMONTE 156
VALLE D'AOSTA. 162
LIGURIA 168
LOMBARDIA 174
180 TRENTINO­ALTO ADIGE
186 VENETO
192 FRIULI­VENEZIA GIULIA.
198 EMILIA­ROMAGNA
204 TOSCANA
210 UMBRIA
216 MARCHE
222 LAZIO
228 CAMPANIA.
234 ABRUZZI _
240 MOLISE
m PORTRAIT OF THE REGIONS VII
eurostat

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