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Basic statistics of the Community

296 pages
General statistics
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Comparison with some European countries,
Canada, the USA, Japan and the USSR
Reference period: 1982 ■ 1983 edition eurostat
L-2920 Luxembourg - Tel. 43011 Telex: Comeur Lu 3423
B-1049 Bruxelles, Bâtiment Berlaymont, Rue de la Loi 200 (liaison office) - Tel. 235 11 11
This publication is obtainable from the sales agents mentioned
on the inside back cover. BASIC STATISTICS
Comparison with some European countries,
Canada, the USA, Japan
and the USSR
Twenty-first edition
Reference period: 1982 ■ 1983 edition This publication is also available in the following languages:
DA: ISBN 92-825-3973-3
DE: ISBN 92-825-3974-1
GR:ISBN 92-825-3977-6
FR: ISBN 92-825-3976-8
IT: ISBN 92-825-3978-4
NL: ISBN 92-825-3979-2
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Com­
munities, 1983
ISBN 92-825-3975-X
Catalogue number: CA-37-83-263-EN-C
Reproduction of the contents of this publication is subject to ac­
knowledgement of the source
Printed in the FR of Germany NOTE TO USERS
In this publication, data with monetary values are generally expressed in European currency
units, ECU.
The ECU is a 'basket' unit, based on a certain quantity of each Community currency,
weighted on the basis of the average gross national product (GNP) over 5 years (1969-73) and
of the intra-Community trade of each Member State. This weighting also takes account, for
each currency, of the central share of the country concerned in the short-term monetary
support between thel banks of the Community. (For more details concerning the
method of calculation, see the Official Journal of lhe European Communities,No C 21 of
30 January 1976, page 4.)
It must be emphasized that the monetary parities do not reflect the relations between the
domestic purchasing powers of the currencies. For this reason a comparison of the values in
ECU of the individual countries cannot be regarded as providing a measure of the real
differences of levels between countries.
Concerning the supply balance sheets, the external trade of the Federal Republic of Germany
includes trade with the German Democratic Republic and East Berlin.
Finally, as far as the sources of the data are concerned, it should be noted that, except where
otherwise indicated below the table in question, data relating to Community Member States
come from Eurostat publications; those concerning third countries are generally taken from
publications of the Statistical Office of the United Nations or of the Organization for
Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and from national statistical yearbooks. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS USED

0 datum less than half the unit used
not available
estimate made by Eurostat •
Γ new or revised data
less than <
more than >
percentage %
Mio million
Mrd 1 000 million
Ml millions of tonnes
km kilometre
ha hectare
sq km1 square kilometre
kilogram kg
t tonne
t = t tonne for tonne
tkm tonne-kilometre
toe tonne of oil equivalent
hl hectolitre
cu.m cubic metre
GCV gross calorific value
TJ teraioule = 10* kilojoules
kWh kilowatt-hour
GWh gigawatt-hour = 10a kWh
MW megawatt = 101 kilowatt
Average 0
World & ECU European currency unit
DM Deutschmark
FF French franc
LIT Italian lira
HFL Dutch florin (guilder)
BFR Belgian franc
LFR Luxembourg franc
UKL Pound sterling
IRL Irish pound
DKR Danish crown
DR Drachma
USD US dollar
CAD Canadian dollar
PES Peseta
ESC Escudo
LT Turkish lira
NKR Norwegian crown
SKR Swedish crown
SFR Swiss franc
SCH Schilling (Austria)
MKF Finnish markka
R Rouble
SDR Special drawing right
PPS Purchasing power standard
GDP Gross domestic product at market prices
AA Agricultural area
Eurostat Statistical Office of the European Communities
EC European Communities
ECSCn Coal and Steel Community
EUR 6 Total of the first six member countries of the EC
EUR 9l of member countries of the EC, except Greece
EUR 10 Total ofrs of the EC
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
UN United Nations
ILO International Labour Office
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization
ACP Countries of Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific - Lomé Convention
IATAl Air Transport Association
CST Statistical and Tariff Classification for International Trade
NACE General Nomenclature of Economic Activities in the European Communities GLOSSARY
Βόρεια Ελλάδα Northem Greece
Κεντρ. κ. Δυτ. Μακεδονία Central and Western Macedonia
Θεσσαλία Thessaly
Ανατολική Μακεδονία Eastern Macedonia
Θράκη Thrace
Κεντρική Ελλάδα Central Greece
Ανατολ. Στερεά κ. νησιά Eastern Central and Islands
Πελοπόν. κ. Δυτ. Στερεά Péloponnèse and Western Central
Ήπειρος Epirus
Eastern and Southern Islands Ανατολικά και νότια νησιά
Crete Κρήτη
Νησιά Ανατ. Αιγαίου Islands of Eastern Aegean CONTENTS
1.1. Area, population, density per square kilometre 17
1.2. Gross domestic product per head, volume - PPS/19758
1.3. Volume index of GDP per head9
1.4. Civilian employment 20
1.5. Registered unemployed1
1.6. Real wages2
1.7. Television sets, telephones and passenger cars per 100 inhabitants 23
1.8. Number of hospital beds, doctors and chemists per 100 000s4
1.9. Energy - Net imports5
1.10.y - Gross inland consumption6
1.11. Crude steel production 27
1.12. Length of railway lines, of motorways, of used inland waterways by 1 000 km'
1.13. Crop production9
1.14. Consumption of selected vegetable products 30
1.15. Animal production 31
1.16.n ot selected animal products2
1.17. EC index of producer prices of agricultural products3
1.18. EC index of purchases of the means of agricultural production 34
1.19. Import-export INTRA-EXTRA EC5
1.20.t EUR 10 total6
National accounts
2.1. Gross domestic product at market prices (ECU) 39
2.2.sct atts per head (PPS) 40
2.3. Volume indices of GDP at market prices 41
2.4. Annual rates of growth of GDP at market prices (%)2
2.5. Gross value added at market prices by branch (%)3
2.6. Cost structure of GDP at market prices (%)4
2.7. Use of GDP at market prices (%)5
2.8. Final consumption of households per head, by purpose (ECU) 46
2.9. Gross fixed capital formation by products (%)8
2.10. Taxes and actual social contributions 49
2.11. Total public expenditure on research and development (budget appropriations) 50 Page
Regional accounts
2.12. GDP at market prices: regional indicators (B, DK) 52
2.13. GDP att:ls (D)3
2.14.P at market prices: regional indicators (D, GR)4
2.15. GDP att:ls (F)5
2.16.P at market prices: regional indicators (IRL, I)6
2.17. GDP att:ls (L, NL, UK)7
2.18. Gross value added at market prices by branch {B, DK)8
2.19.s valued atts byh (D) 59
2.20. Gross value added at market prices by branch (D, GR) 60
2.21.s valued atts byh (F)1
2.22. Gross value added at market prices by branch (IRL, I)2
2.23.s valued atts byh (L, NL, UK)3
2.24. Money market rates 64
2.25. Conversion rates (ECU)6
2.26. Central government debt (ECU)8
2.27. Money supply (ECU)9
2.28.yy (national currencies) 70
2.29. Financial market rates (yearly averages)2
2.30. Index of share prices
2.31. Official gross reserves of convertible currencies (ECU) 7
2.32.lss ofes and special drawing rights
(ECU) 7
2.33. International Monetary Fund positions (IMF)9
Balance of payments
2.34. Balance of payments by main heading - Net flows (ECU) 80
2.35. Trade balance (fob/fob) - Net flow (ECU) 82
2.36. Currente - Net flow (ECU)3
2.37. Basic balance - Net flow (ECU)4
2.38. Reserves - Net flow (ECU)5
2.39. Consumer price index .
2.40. Wholesale price index.

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