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RIT VBA Tutorial Tutorial Note: RIT’s Application Programming Interface (API) is implemented in RIT versions 1.4 and higher. The following instructions will not work for versions prior to RIT Client 1.4.
Getting Started Rotman Interactive Trader allows users to program trading instructions in Microsoft Excel’s Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) modules. The purpose of this is to allow for program or “algorithmic” trading, where the computer executes trades based on a predescribed set of instructions or parameters. This help file assumes that the user has no previous knowledge of VBA, and begins by discussing the concepts of programming before indepth trading algorithms are introduced. Those who are already familiar with VBA should skip to the section entitled “API commands for RIT”.This document also does not discuss the strategies behind algorithmic trading. Rather, it introduces the user to the tools that are available through the RIT API. Users are encouraged to explore possible strategies and techniques and use the building blocks here to implement them.
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RIT VBA Tutorial Tutorial Introduction to Excel VBA (Developer) To access the VBA editor, first ensure that it is turned on by clicking on the Microsoft Office Button in the topleft hand corner of Excel, and go to “Excel Options”. Ensure that “Show Developer tab in the Ribbon” is checked. Once this is turned on, the Developer Tab will appear in the original list of Excel tabs.
You can access the VBA editor by clicking onthe “Visual Basic” icon within the Developer tab. Hint: You can access this at anytime with the shortcut Alt+F11
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RIT VBA Tutorial Tutorial The VBA editor will display all of the loaded Excel projects and addins. What is relevant is the VBAProject (Book1) that you are currently working on. Note: Book1 refers to the name of your excel spreadsheet file and will change as you change your filename.
We will begin by writing some basic procedures in your Book1.xls. In order to do this, create a module in your book by going toInsert > Module.Module1 will be added to your Book1 project and a code window will open on the right hand side allowing you to input your programming code.
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RIT VBA Tutorial Tutorial
The first step is to write a very simple procedure. A procedure is a set of programming lines that are run by the computer whenever instructed to do so. Procedures are defined with the lines “sub <procedure>” and “end sub” enclosing them. We will define a procedure named “message” by inputting “Sub message” into the code window. As soon asyou type “Sub message” (without quotes) and press enter, VBA will automatically format the text by adding brackets after message and add “End Sub” to the next line.
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RIT VBA Tutorial Tutorial We have just created a procedure called “message”. When this procedure is run, it willexecute the code. In this case, it will do nothing since we have not written any code between the beginning of the procedure (sub) and end of the procedure (end sub). We will start with a basic set of code that references the builtToin VBA function “MsgBox”. do this, type “MsgBox (“Hello World”)” into the code window between your (Sub) and (end sub). The ”MsgBox” command will cause a popup message box to show up in Excel when the code is executed. After you have typed the code into the window, clickon the “Play” button in the VBA editor, your code will execute and a popup message in Excel should appear.
You have just completed writing and running a procedure in VBA. Obviously running the procedure from the VBA editor is rather cumbersome, so the next step involves linking the macro to an Excel button so that it is easier to run the procedure.
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RIT VBA Tutorial Tutorial To create the Macro button, go back to the Developer tab in Excel and click on Insert, and then select the first option “Button”.
When you move your mouse over the spreadsheet, the mouse cursor will become a crosshair instead of an arrow. Click and drag anywhere on the spreadsheet to draw the button. Once you finish drawing the button, the “Assign Macro” form will appear, select “message” (the name of your macro you just written) then click OK. Now that you have assigned the procedure “message” to the button, the procedure will be executed each time you click the button.Note: If you change the name of your procedure, do not forget to reassign your Macro
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RIT VBA Tutorial Tutorial Once that is complete, leftclick on the button and your “Hello World” message box should appear. If you ever want to edit this object (resize, redirect, etc.) right click on it and a context menu will appear allowing you adjust the box. To understand a little bit more behind the programming, we will revisit the code and modify it to be slightly more complex. In the Visual Basic Editor, we are going to modify the code to read “MsgBox Cells(1,1)” instead of “MsgBox (“Hello World”)”.Much like Microsoft Excel, VBA assumes that any text wrapped in “quotes” is plain text, whereas anything not wrapped in “quotes” is a function, procedure, or operation. Since there are no quotes around “Cells(1,1)”, it will not say “Hello Cells(1,1)”, instead, itwill follow the command of Cells(1,1).
The Cells(x,y) command is a function in Excel that instructs VBA to replace itself with the data from the spreadsheet row x, column y. Essentially the way VBA interprets this set of code is: MsgBox(“x”) “Createa message box with the text x”Replace (“x”) with Cells(1,1)Will now use the data from the cell located in row 1, column 1”.MsgBox Cells(1,1) “Create a message box with the data from row 1, column 1”Now go to the Cell A1 in the current Excel Sheet1Click on your Macroand type in “Bob”. button, the result should be a message box that says “Hello Bob”.Hint: If you want to reference cells from other sheets, you can do this by typing Sheet3.Cells(1,1) This will now use the data from cell A1 on Sheet3
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RIT VBA Tutorial Tutorial We can make this more complex by adding an equation into the procedure. Go back to the VBA editor and change your code to the following:
Go to your Excel Sheet and type “Sally” into Cell A2, and click your macro button. The result should be:
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RIT VBA Tutorial Tutorial To clean this up a little bit, we will make another adjustment to the code by adding the word “and” between the two references. This is accomplished as follows:
Notice the quotes around the word “and”, as well as the space between the quotes and the word “ and ”. Without the spaces, the message box would simply say “BobandSally”. Alternatively without the “quotes” around <and>, VBA would think “and” is a command instead of using it as “text”.The last code adjustment that we will make is to add a mathematical equation to our message box. This is accomplished as follows:
Type the values “3” and “5” into cells A3 and A4 and run your procedure by clicking the button. The result should be “Bob and Sally15”. Since we used the asterisk “*” between Cells(3,1) and Cells(4,1), VBA is instructed to multiply the values from these two cells, and then append them as text to the rest of the text.
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RIT VBA Tutorial Tutorial This concludes the basic VBA training that you will need in order to access the RIT API. You are now able to write a simple set of instructions (a procedure) in VBA using a predesigned function (MsgBox) and execute it via the Button that was created. In the next section, you will use the skills that you have learned, and apply them to trading!
API Commands for RIT To begin, start with a NEW spreadsheet and access VBA. In order to access RIT’s builtin VBA commands, you will need to add it as a reference to your VBA project by going to:Tools > References
When the Reference window appears, scroll down anThis loadsd check the item “Rotman”. the Rotman commands and functions into VBA so that you can reference them. Create a module in your file by going toInsert > Module. Launch the RIT Client (Version 1.4 or later)While youand then connect to the RIT Server. can program your algorithms without running RIT, you won’t be able to test any of your commands.Connect to a server running a APIenabled case (most commonly ALGO1).
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RIT VBA Tutorial Tutorial Submitting an Order In the module that you have created, type the following text into the module Sub submitorder()  Dim api As Rotman.RITAPI  Set api = New Rotman.RITAPI  api.AddOrder "CRZY_M", 500, 5, api.BUY, api.LMT End Sub The first two lines simply initialize the coding structure that we will be using. The third is the code that instructs the API to submit an order. You will notice that as you type the beginning of the command “api.” a dropdown will appear showing all of the different API commands that you can access.
The line given in the example is setup assuming you are trading a case with the stock “CRZY_M”. If you are trading a different case, you will need to change the ticker otherwise the command will not work since the security “CRZY_M” does not exist.
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