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Sticks and stones can't break these bones AYarme

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33 pages
Sticks and stones can’t break these bonesPreventing OsteoporosisPresented by:Adam Yarme, MDFamily PracticeObjectives• Define osteoporosis• Discuss scope and cost• Identify risks and key preventions• 5 steps to optimal bone health BasicsWhat is Osteoporosis?• Porous, weakened bones vulnerable to fracture • Osteoporosis is NOT a natural part of aging, it is a disease • Osteoporosis is preventable and treatable!BasicsBasicsWhat is Osteoporosis? According to the World Health Organization osteoporosis is defined as a bone mineral density 2.5 standard deviations below peak bone mass (20-year-old sex-matched healthy person average) as measured by Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry -Bone Density ScanPrevalenceOsteoporosis is common10 million with osteoporosis+ 34 million with osteopenia (low mass)= ~entire population of California Half of all Americans over 50 will have weak bones by 2020PrevalencePrevalenceCost• Osteoporosis is a silent disease, until …complicated by fractures• When bones break there is huge impact on individual and society• Risk of hip fracture equal to combined risk of breast, uterine and ovarian cancerCostWhen weak bones break• 1.5 million Americans suffer fractures due to weak bones • Half of all women over age 50 will have an osteoporosis-related fracture • The most common breaks in weak bones are in the wrist, spine and hip (but fractures can occur anywhere)• One in 5 elderly people die within a year ...
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