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A novel 9-bp insertion detected in steroid 21-hydroxylase gene (CYP21A2): prediction of its structural and functional implications by computational methods

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12 pages
Steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency is the most common cause of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). Detection of underlying mutations in CYP21A2 gene encoding steroid 21-hydroxylase enzyme is helpful both for confirmation of diagnosis and management of CAH patients. Here we report a novel 9-bp insertion in CYP21A2 gene and its structural and functional consequences on P450c21 protein by molecular modeling and molecular dynamics simulations methods. Methods A 30-day-old child was referred to our laboratory for molecular diagnosis of CAH. Sequencing of the entire CYP21A2 gene revealed a novel insertion (duplication) of 9-bp in exon 2 of one allele and a well-known mutation I172N in exon 4 of other allele. Molecular modeling and simulation studies were carried out to understand the plausible structural and functional implications caused by the novel mutation. Results Insertion of the nine bases in exon 2 resulted in addition of three valine residues at codon 71 of the P450c21 protein. Molecular dynamics simulations revealed that the mutant exhibits a faster unfolding kinetics and an overall destabilization of the structure due to the triple valine insertion was also observed. Conclusion The novel 9-bp insertion in exon 2 of CYP21A2 genesignificantly lowers the structural stability of P450c21 thereby leading to the probable loss of its function.
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Abstract Background: Steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency is the mo st common cause of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). Detection of underlying mutations in CYP21A2 gene encoding steroid 21-hydroxylase enzyme is helpful both for confirmation of diagnosis and management of CAH patients. Here we report a novel 9-bp insertion in CYP21A2 gene and its structural and functional consequences on P450c21 protein by molecular modeling and molecular dynamics simulations methods. Methods: A 30-day-old child was referred to our la boratory for molecular diagnosis of CAH. Sequencing of the entire CYP21A2 gene revealed a novel insertion (duplication) of 9-bp in exon 2 of one allele and a well-known mu tation I172N in exon 4 of othe r allele. Molecular modeling and simulation studies were carri ed out to understand the plau sible structural and functional implications caused by the novel mutation. Results: Insertion of the nine bases in exon 2 resulted in addition of three valine residues at codon 71 of the P450c21 protein. Molecular dynamics si mulations revealed that the mutant exhibits a faster unfolding kinetics and an overall destabilization of the st ructure due to the triple valine insertion was also observed. Conclusion: The novel 9-bp insertion in exon 2 of CYP21A2 genesignificantly lowers the structural stability of P450c21 thereby leading to the probable loss of its function.
Published: 8 January 2009 Received: 19 August 2008 Journal of Biomedical Science 2009, 16 :3 doi:10.1186/1423-0127-16-3 Accepted: 8 January 2009 This article is available from: http ://www.jbiomedsci.com/content/16/1/3 © 2009 Dubey et al; licens ee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons. org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the orig inal work is properly cited.
Address: 1 Department of Molecular Endocrinology, National Institute for Re search in Reproductive Health, Indian Council of Medical Resear ch, J M Street, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, 2 Biomedical Informatics Centre of Indian Council of Medical Research, National Institute for Research in Reproductive Health, J M Str eet, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India and 3 Department of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Mother's Hospital Trissur, Kerala, India Email: Sudhisha Dubey* - dsudhis ha@yahoo.com; Susan Idicula-T homas - susansherry@gmail.com; Mohammad Anwaruddin - anwar.m1@gmail.com; Chi nnaraj Saravanan - saravanankpd@rediffmail.com; R Raveendra Varma - rrvarma@hotmail.com; An urupa Maitra - anurupamaitra@yahoo.co.in * Corresponding author
Research Open Access A novel 9-bp insertion detected in steroid 21-hydroxylase gene (CYP21A2): prediction of its struct ural and functional implications by computational methods Sudhisha Dubey* 1 , Susan Idicula-Thomas 2 , Mohammad Anwaruddin 2 , Chinnaraj Saravanan 1 , R Raveendra Varma 3 and Anurupa Maitra 1
Journal of Biomedical Science Bio Med Central
Background one of the five steroidogenic enzymes involved in cortisol Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH; OMIM# 201910) biosynthesis. Steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency accounts is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by deficiency of for about 90–95% of all CAH cases [1]. Deficiency of cor-
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