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DipTrace Tutorial

208 pages
TUTORIAL 2 DipTrace Tutorial
Table of Contents
4Part I Introduction
4Part II Creating a simple Schematic and PCB
1 Establi.s.h..i.n..g.. .a.. .s..c..h ..e.m....a..ti..c. .s..i.z..e. ..a.n..d... p...l.a..c.i.n..g.. .t.i.t.l.e..s.................................................................... 5
2 Config.u .r..i.n..g.. .l.i.b..r.a..r.i.e..s.............................................................................................................. 9
3 Desig.n..i.n..g.. .a.. .s.c..h..e..m...a..t.i.c......................................................................................................... 11
4 Conve..r.t.i.n..g.. .t.o.. .a.. .P...C..B............................................................................................................. 28
5 Desig.n..i.n..g.. .a.. .P..C..B................................................................................................................... 30
Preparing to r.o..u...t.e.. ................................................................................................................................................. 30
Autorouting .......................................................................................................................................................... 34
Working with .l.a..y..e...r.s.. .............................................................................................................................................. 38
Measuring tra.c..e... .l.e..n..g...t.h... ...... ...
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TUTORIAL 2 DipTrace Tutorial Table of Contents 4Part I Introduction 4Part II Creating a simple Schematic and PCB 1 Establi.s.h..i.n..g.. .a.. .s..c..h ..e.m....a..ti..c. .s..i.z..e. ..a.n..d... p...l.a..c.i.n..g.. .t.i.t.l.e..s.................................................................... 5 2 Config.u .r..i.n..g.. .l.i.b..r.a..r.i.e..s.............................................................................................................. 9 3 Desig.n..i.n..g.. .a.. .s.c..h..e..m...a..t.i.c......................................................................................................... 11 4 Conve..r.t.i.n..g.. .t.o.. .a.. .P...C..B............................................................................................................. 28 5 Desig.n..i.n..g.. .a.. .P..C..B................................................................................................................... 30 Preparing to r.o..u...t.e.. ................................................................................................................................................. 30 Autorouting .......................................................................................................................................................... 34 Working with .l.a..y..e...r.s.. .............................................................................................................................................. 38 Measuring tra.c..e... .l.e..n..g...t.h... ....................................................................................................................................... 40 Manual Routin..g.. ...................................................................................................................................................... 42 Working with .V...i.a..s.. ................................................................................................................................................. 47 Selecting obje..c..t.s.. ..b..y.. .t.y..p...e../.l.a..y..e..r.. .......................................................................................................................... 53 Placing Text a.n..d... .G..r..a..p..h..i.c...s.. ................................................................................................................................... 57 Copper Pour .......................................................................................................................................................... 60 Locking objec.t..s.. ..................................................................................................................................................... 65 Design Verific..a..t.i.o..n... ............................................................................................................................................... 67 Design Inform..a..t.i.o...n.. ............................................................................................................................................... 70 Panelizing .......................................................................................................................................................... 71 Printing .......................................................................................................................................................... 75 6 Manu.f.a..c.t..u ..r.i.n..g.. .O..u..t.p..u..t.......................................................................................................... 77 DXF Output .......................................................................................................................................................... 77 Gerber Outpu.t. ........................................................................................................................................................ 80 Create NC Dril.l. .f.i.l..e.. .f.o...r. .C...N..C... .m....a..c..h..i.n..e.. .d...r..i.ll..i.n..g.. .................................................................................................... 85 86Part III Creating Libraries 1 Desig.n..i.n..g.. .a.. .p..a..t.t.e..r.n.. .l.i.b..r.a..r.y................................................................................................... 86 Customizing P..a...t.t.e...r.n.. .E..d...i.t.o..r.. ................................................................................................................................. 86 Designing a re..s..i.s...t.o..r.. ............................................................................................................................................. 87 Saving library .......................................................................................................................................................... 97 Designing BGA...-.1..4..4../.1..2..x..1..2.. ..................................................................................................................................... 98 Designing SO..I.C...-.2..8.. .p..a..t..t.e..r..n... ................................................................................................................................ 104 Placing patte.r..n..s.. ................................................................................................................................................... 107 2 Desig...n .i..n ..g . ..a.. c..o..m...p..o..n..e..n..t. .l.i.b..r..a..r.y.......................................................................................... 110 Customizing. .C...o..m....p..o..n...e..n..t.. .E..d..i.t.o...r.. ...................................................................................................................... 110 Designing a r..e..s..i.s...t.o...r. ........................................................................................................................................... 112 Designing a c..a..p..a..c...it..o..r.. ......................................................................................................................................... 116 Designing a m....u..l.t..i-..p..a..r..t. .c..o...m...p...o..n..e...n..t. .................................................................................................................. 124 Designing PIC...1..8..F..2..4..K...2..0.. ...................................................................................................................................... 133 Designing VC...C.. .a..n..d... .G...N..D.. .s..y..m....b..o...l.s.. .................................................................................................................... 143 Using additio.n...a..l. .f.i.e..l..d..s.. ........................................................................................................................................ 146 Spice setting..s.. ...................................................................................................................................................... 150 Library Verif.i.c..a..t.i.o..n... ............................................................................................................................................. 151 Placing parts.. ........................................................................................................................................................ 153 158Part IV Using different package features © 2010 Novarm Ltd. Contents 3 1 Conn..e..c..t.i.n..g......................................................................................................................... 159 Working with.. .b..u...s..e..s... .a..n..d... .p..a..g..e.. .c...o..n..n...e..c..t.o..r..s... ................................................................................................... 159 Working with.. .N..e...t. .P...o..r.t..s.. ...................................................................................................................................... 164 Connecting w...i.t.h...o..u..t.. .w...i.r..e..s.. ................................................................................................................................. 165 Connection M...a..n..a..g...e..r.. .i.n.. .S...c.h...e..m....a..t.i.c.. .a..n..d... .P..C...B.. .L...a..y.o...u..t. ..................................................................................... 168 2 Refe.r.e..n..c..e.. .D..e..s..i.g..n..a..t.o..r.s....................................................................................................... 169 3 How. .t.o.. .f.i.n..d.. .c.o...m...p ..o ..n .e..n...ts.. .i.n.. .l.i.b..r.a..r.i.e...s.................................................................................. 175 4 Elec.t.r.i.c..a.l. ..R..u..l.e.. .C..h..e..c..k......................................................................................................... 176 5 Bill o..f. .M...a..t.e..r.i.a..l.s.. .(.B..O..M...)....................................................................................................... 178 6 Impo..r.t.i.n..g../.E..x..p..o..r.t.i.n..g.. .n..e..t.l.i.s..t.s............................................................................................... 181 7 Spic.e.. .s.i.m...u..l.a..t.i.o..n................................................................................................................. 184 8 Chec..k..i.n ..g . .n...e.t. .c..o..n..n..e..c..t.i.v..i.t.y.................................................................................................. 188 9 Plac.e..m...e..n..t. .f.e..a..t.u..r.e..s............................................................................................................ 191 10 Fano..u..t............................................................................................................................... 198 11 Hiera..r..c.h..i.c..a..l. .S..c..h..e..m...a..t.i.c...................................................................................................... 202 208Part V DipTrace Links © 2010 Novarm Ltd. 4 DipTrace Tutorial 1 Introduction This document allows you to get started with ease by designing simple Schematic and its PCB, pattern and component libraries, then trying different package features. The tutorial includes step-by- step design guide and many additional insets that allow you to discover program features. If you have any questions while learning the tutorial, contact our support staff: support@diptrace.com. We will be happy to be of assistance and gladly answer all your questions. This version of tutorial was created for DipTrace ver. 2.1.0.2 (build February 19, 2010). 2 Creating a simple Schematic and PCB This part of tutorial will teach you how to create a simple schematic and its PCB (Printed Circuit Board) using DipTrace program. This is a schematic that you will be creating using DipTrace schematic capture module: Open DipTrace Schematic Capture module, i.e., go to Start All Programs DipTrace Schematic If you run Schematic program first time, you will see the dialog box for graphics mode and color scheme selection. © 2010 Novarm Ltd. Creating a simple Schematic and PCB 5 You can select graphics mode that is better for you: 1. Direct3D is the fastest mode for typical Windows PC and we recommend to use it if it works on your system correctly and you haven't High-End Graphics System with OpenGL hardware. However this mode also depends on hardware/drivers/versions, so small percent of computers (usually with very new/buggy or very outdated OS/drivers) can have issues with it (artefacts on the screen or some objects disappear). 2. OpenGL usually works a bit slower than Direct3D, however it is more universal for different operating systems and less dependent on hardware/drivers. Also it will be the best choice for high- end engineering/graphics stations with professional OpenGL graphic cards. Anyway you can try both modes on heavy projects and choose the best for you. 3. Windows GDI can be used as alternate mode if both Direct3D and OpenGL don't work correctly with your graphics card. It is much slower but doesn't depend on drivers/hardware/OS. Also this mode is enough for comfortable work on small and medium-sized projects. We will use white background as more acceptable for printing this tutorial, you can select the scheme you want. Also notice that you can change color scheme or define colors you want any time from View/Colors. The same dialog box will appear in PCB Layout module. Component Editor and Pattern Editor use color settings of Schematic Capture and PCB Layout accordingly. Also we will hide design manager / properties panel to add more design space. For our 800x600 tutorial resolution this is important, but if you have large resolution you can skip this step and use design manager / properties panel. Select View/Toolbars/Design Manager from main menu. 2.1 Establishing a schematic size and placing titles Establish a schematic size and place a drawing frame: File / Title & Sheet Setup, select “ANSI A” in the “Sheet Template” box. Then go to the bottom of the screen, check the “Display Titles” and “Display Sheet” boxes. © 2010 Novarm Ltd. 6 DipTrace Tutorial Notice that you can show/hide Titles and Sheet by selecting “View / Display Titles” and “View / Display Sheet” from main menu. Press the “-“ button until the drawing frame can be seen. Notice that “+”/ “–“ or mouse wheel allow you to zoom on the schematic. If a mouse arrow points to the component or to the selected area, the “Zoom” can be achieved by pressing “+” / “-“ or scrolling mouse wheel. Also you can change zoom by selecting appropriate value from the scale box on standard panel or simply typing it there. © 2010 Novarm Ltd. Creating a simple Schematic and PCB 7 To enter the text into the title field move the mouse arrow over that field (it should be highlighted in green), then left-click on the field to see the pop up window with Field Properties dialog box. In that dialog box you can type the text, define the alignment (Left, Center or Right) and Font. In your case, type “Astable Flip Flop”, press “Font” button and set the font size to “12”. Then click “OK” to close that dialog box to apply changes. Notice that you can also enter multi-line text into the title block fields. © 2010 Novarm Ltd. 8 DipTrace Tutorial You may zoom on the Title Block by moving the mouse arrow on it and pressing the “+” repeatedly or scrolling mouse wheel up. Notice that you can use “Zoom Window” tool to zoom on the defined rectangle of the design area: click on the “Zoom Window” tool (the second button to the left of the scale box), move mouse arrow to the upper left corner of the area that you want to zoom on, hold down the left mouse button and move the mouse to the opposite corner and then release the mouse button. To return to the previous scale and position, use “Undo Scale” tool (the button on the left side of the scale box). © 2010 Novarm Ltd. Creating a simple Schematic and PCB 9 Go to File and select ‘Save As’, type a name of the file you want to use and make sure that it is in the needed directory. Press ‘Save’. 2.2 Configuring libraries Before first using Schematic Capture and PCB Layout, you might want to setup your libraries. Go to Library Library Setup: © 2010 Novarm Ltd. 10 DipTrace Tutorial Notice that on the right side you may see a text “No Library File”, disregard it and scroll down using the scroll button on the right side of the “All Libraries” box. After scrolling down, you will see all libraries that came with your software. DipTrace package has two modes to activate libraries: 1. To get libraries from a specified folder: This mode is active if “Get Libraries from Folder” box is checked, in the upper left corner of the “Library Setup” window. To define the folder with libraries press “…” button on the right side of folder path. Make sure that you find the ‘Lib’ directory that came with the program. Later, you can point to any other location (for example, you may point to a library named ‘mylib’ which you would create to store your own symbols) but in the beginning, before you become familiar with ‘Libraries’ concept, please follow our suggestions. 2. To activate libraries using the list: This mode is active if “Get Libraries from Folder” box is unchecked. The list of active libraries is enabled in this mode and you can edit it using the buttons at the right side of this list: “<<” – adds the selected library from All Libraries list, “…” – adds the library from hard drive, “Arrow Up” – moves the selected library up, “Arrow Down” – moves the selected library down, “Del” – deletes selected libraries from Active Libraries list. Notice that the first mode is enabled by default. All known libraries are placed automatically to All Libraries list (on the right side of the dialog box). © 2010 Novarm Ltd.
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