Travaux de la Maison de l'Orient méditerranéen - Année 1996 - Volume 25 - Numéro 1 - Pages 69-73ABSTRACT
Cosmopolitism in the cities of the Eastern Mediterranean 1850-1950
The end of the 20th century has been marked by a liberalization of trade, greater population mobility, ethnocommunity demands and retreats. This paper will consider the cosmopolitan Mediterranean of the previous era (1850-1950) with the hope of better understanding the often contradictory tensions which afflict the cities of the eastern Mediterranean.
To analyze the cosmopolitanism of east Mediterranean port cities we must analyze its public spaces, that is, places of cohabitation and business with the Other. The Mediterranean city of Ottoman empire is still trader and community. Its cosmopolitanism is not of the melting pot variety of large western industrial metropolises. Levantine metropolitanism is marked by spatial separation of communities, without special segregation or ghettoisation. It is characterized by a balanced articulation of private residential space, and public space where meetings and exchanges with the Other occur, and strict codes of civility and rituals of hospitality are followed. Places of business (port, market, bazaar) are places with wide access : places of encounter and exchange where business negotiations occur in the same fashion as negotiations of identity, that is, there is a process of bargaining.
This paper emphasizes the fragility of the cosmopolitanism of east Mediterranean maritime cities, which have been unable to hold out against the upsurge of nationalism.
Source : Persée ; Ministère de la jeunesse, de l’éducation nationale et de la recherche, Direction de l’enseignement supérieur, Sous-direction des bibliothèques et de la documentation.