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Docteur Charles MARX

9 pages

Docteur Charles MARX

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Ajouté le : 21 juillet 2011
Lecture(s) : 273
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Bull. Soc. Sci. Méd.
-Nº 2/2008
Vignette historique
Docteur Charles MARX
Georges Erasme MullER
J’habiterai mon nom
Saint-John Perse (1887-1975)
Charles Marx (1903-1946) an outstanding Luxembourg physician was a com-
munist. He had very weIl succeeded in his medical studies in Paris starting as
an interne (1929), to become «chef de clinique chirurgicale», then a «Lauréat de
l’Académie de Médecine» and finally a member of the «Comité de l’Associa-
tion française de Chirurgie» (1935). He founded his own hospital (50 beds) in
Ettelbruck. There, in 1940, he helped two interned French airmen, to escape to
France. Charles Marx escaped himself, with his family, just before the German
invasion. He briefly directed four French hospitals, in Nevers and in Quillan. In
July he founded the first resistance group of the «Armée secrète», which in May
1943 was followed by a first maquis in the western Pyrenees. In June 43, he was
condemned to death «in absentia» in Montpellier by the Nazis. In February 1944
Charles Marx was appointed medical commander of the FFI and chief health ma-
nager of the Resistance in the oriental Pyrenees. In September 1944 he took part
in the liberation of Lyon. In October, being the delegate of the medical resistance
council, he was named attaché to the Health Minister and was charged to organize
French-American military surgical structures.
End of July he took up the management of the Ettelbruck hospital. In November
1945 he was nominated minister of Public Health in Luxembourg. In June 1946
Charles Marx and his Rumanian wife lost their lives in a car accident.
Key words:
Charles Marx, Luxembourg, Communist, Medical career, World
War II France, Resistance, Public Health minister, Biography.
Docteur Georges E. Muller, 23, rue du Château, l-4433 Soleuvre