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Tracking the A2A adenosine receptor

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Thurneret al.BMC Pharmacology2010,10(Suppl 1):A30 http://www.biomedcentral.com/14712210/10/S1/A30
M E E T I N GA B S T R A C T
Tracking the A2Aadenosine receptor * Patrick Thurner, Simon Keuerleber, Ingrid Gsandtner, Michael Freissmuth, Jürgen Zezula From16th Scientific Symposium of the Austrian Pharmacological Society (APHAR) Vienna, Austria. 2527 November 2010
Background The A2Aadenosine receptor has become a drug target in the treatment of Parkinsons disease, psychotic beha vior and dementia. In addition, targeted deletion of this receptor in mice leads to hypertension, increased plate let aggregation, male aggressiveness and decreased sus ceptibility to ischemic brain damage. The potential clinical relevance of this receptor is obvious. The A2A adenosine receptor, a prototypical GPCR, is known to signal via restricted collision coupling with Gs. In addition, it is able to stimulate MAP kinase/ERK in a Gsindependent way but dependent on the lipid micro environment of the membrane. Hence, we characterized the mobility and the targeting of the A2Areceptor in nerve cells.
Methods Receptor mobility was measured using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP). A fluorophore tagged version of the A2Areceptor expressed in the cell membrane was bleached using an intense laser beam and the lateral diffusion rate of the receptor was deter mined. We also implemented the method of single molecule tracking, which allows for the observation of movements of single receptors in real spatial and tem poral resolution.
Results We introduced a palmitoylation site in the proximal part of the Cterminus of the A2Areceptor; this led to the loss of restricted collision coupling of the receptor to its G protein. We also deleted a DVELL motif in the distal part of the Cterminus, which disrupted the interaction of the receptor with asynaptic associated protein(SAP102). The mobility of these mutants has been
* Correspondence: juergen.zezula@meduniwien.ac.at Institute of Pharmacology, Center of Physiology and Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
Open Access
compared with wildtype A2Areceptors in different compartments of hippocampal neurons.
Conclusions The signaling properties of the A2Aadenosine receptor depend on its localization within several membrane compartments. Targeting to specific compartments depends on the interaction withaccessory proteins.
Published: 16 November 2010
doi:10.1186/1471221010S1A30 Cite this article as:Thurneret al.:Tracking the A2Aadenosine receptor. BMC Pharmacology201010(Suppl 1):A30.
© 2010 Zezula et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
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