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Between common sense and absolute power change

De
338 pages
Michel Innocent Peya has written this book inspired by his observations of a termite mound, from which he has extracted a myth about the choice between common sense and absolute power changeover. In essence, this is what has happened on the human scale in most countries when a charismatic leader is brutally removed from power. Libya, Iraq, the DRC, Egypt, Congo Brazzaville are all powerful examples of this plight.
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Michel Innocent Peya
Between Common Sense and Absolute
Power Change: Africa at the Crossroads
Les impliqués É d i t e u r
Les impliqués Éditeur Structure éditoriale récente fondée par L’Harmattan, Les Impliqués Éditeur a pour ambition de proposer au public des ouvrages de tous horizons, essentiellement dans les domaines des sciences humaines et de la création littéraire.
Déjà parus
Chesnel (Gérard),Petite histoire de la tolérance, essai, 2017. Tichauer (Eva),Grâce à mes yeux bleus, j’ai survécu, récit, 2017. Jean-Jacques Gaubicher,L’homme hors-sol,L’utopie universaliste,2017. Fadoul Khidir (Zakaria),Violences et évènements au Tchad, Une approche d’anthropologie politique,2017. Touzalin (Jérôme),Promenades maçonniques, chroniques, 2017. Lossongo Lossiyo (Patrick),Au cœur des erreurs politiques du maréchal Mobutu, essai, 2017. Lukaya (Zu),Épine d’automne, roman, 2017. Ada Bekoa (Jean-Paul),Mélanique, roman, 2017. Despierre (Pierre-Georges),Chronique de la vie qui passe, récit, 2017. Lallement (Anne-Marie),D’hier à aujourd’hui, poèmes, 2017.
Ces dix derniers titres de ce secteur sont classés par ordre chronologique en commençant par le plus récent. La liste complète des parutions, avec une courte présentation du contenu des ouvrages, peut être consultée sur le site : www.lesimpliques.fr
Between Common Sense and Absolute Power Change: Africa at the Crossroads
© Les impliqués Éditeur, 2017 21 bis, rue des écoles, 75005 Paris www.lesimpliques.fr contact@lesimpliques.fr ISBN : 978-2-343-12414-8 EAN : 9782343124148
Michel Innocent Peya Between Common Sense and Absolute Power Change: Africa at the Crossroads Les impliqués Éditeur
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7$%/( 2) &217(176(3,*5$3+ L ,1 0(025,$0LLL 35()$&(Y,1752'8&7,21 &+$37(5 21( '(02&5$&< ,76 287/,1(6$1' ,76 $335(17,&(6+,3 1.1. Democracy in antiquity and the birth of modern democracy ................... 71.1.1. The extension of the democratic model .................................................. 81.1.2. The limits of the democratic paradigm .................................................. 91.1.3. Basic principles of modern democracy ................................................ 101.1.4. Democracy: A direct expression of the population! ............................ 111.1.5. Representative democracy: an expression used for sovereignty preferred by the West............................................................................ 131.1.6. The cornerstones of democracy .......................................................... 161.1.7. Representative democracy and the notion of Sovereignty .................. 171.1.8. National sovereignty ........................................................................... 181.1.9. Popular or fractioned sovereignty ...................................................... 191.1.10. The attributes of sovereignty ............................................................. 196HFWLRQ  $IULFDQ SHUFHSWLRQ RI GHPRFUDF\ 2.1. Democracy the African way: "OSAMBE".............................................. 282.2. African democracy and the divinity ....................................................... 322.3. Has democracy no relation to sustainable development? ...................... 336HFWLRQ   'HPRFUDF\ RU :HVWHUQ LPSHULDOLVP LQ $IULFD"...................... 411. The economic motivations......................................................................... 412. The political motivations........................................................................... 423. The ideological motivations ...................................................................... 423.1. The effects of imperialism ...................................................................... 433.1.1. The economic effects ........................................................................... 433.1.2. The political effects ............................................................................. 43
6HFWLRQ  )URP :HVWHUQ GHPRFUDF\ WR $IULFDQ GHPRFUDF\ 4.1. Western democracy: Autism or paradox?.............................................. 454.2. The form of government is not specific to all countries ......................... 464.3. Criticism addressed to the democratic option ....................................... 474.3.1. Criticism of representative democracy ............................................... 484.3.2. The future of democracy ..................................................................... 514.3.3. The ideal of a democracy without the people ..................................... 524.3.4 Does an ambitious destiny always go hand-in-hand with the democratic option? ........................................................................ 544.3.4.1. To which system do Africans aspire?................................................ 554.3.4.2. What is the reason for the failure of Western democracy in Africa? ........................................................................................ 56 4.3.4.3. How can African states take on the challenge? ................................ 573DUWLDO FRQFOXVLRQ &+$37(5 7:2 7+( 0<7+ 2) 7+( 7(50,7( 0281' $1' ,76 $33/,&$7,21 72 7+( /,)( 2) 1$7,216 6HFWLRQ  7KH P\WK RI WKH WHUPLWH PRXQG 1.1. From the concept of a myth to its typology ............................................ 621.2. From the concept of the termite mound to its structure ......................... 651.3. From the termite queen to the myth of the termite mound ..................... 666HFWLRQ  7KH VXGGHQ GHSDUWXUH RI DQ LFRQLF OHDGHU DQG LWV HIIHFWV 1. After the departure of Sassou I, the Congo into fire and sword ............... 672. Denis Sassou Nguesso and the introduction to power .............................. 686HFWLRQ  ,PSHUDWLYH RI WKH WLPH DQG SRSXODU VXSSRUW LQ WKH UHDOL]DWLRQ RI WKH YLVLRQ DQG WKH SURMHFW E\ DQ HPEOHPDWLF OHDGHU 3.1. Nelson Mandela and the anti-apartheid struggle: 28 years ................. 813.2. Time and popular support allowed MAO to lay the foundations that have turned China into a world power ........................................... 863.3 The exploits of LULA to allow Brazil to emerge would have been impossible without sufficient time and popular support ............... 873.4. Time was in short supply for Laurent-Désiré Kabila and Thomas Sankara and their visions for society ....................................... 91
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&+$37(5 7+5(( 7+( (0(5*(1&< ',&7$7256+,3 $1' 6$/87$5< $&7,21 6HFWLRQ  $ FRQFHSWXDO DSSURDFK WR GLFWDWRUVKLS 6HFWLRQ  7KH PLVVWHSV RI D UHJLPH RU JRYHUQPHQW DULVLQJ IURP DQ HPHUJHQF\ GLFWDWRUVKLS 2.1. The idolatry of power and the dictator ................................................ 1182.2. The personality cult.............................................................................. 1182.3. Abuse of power .................................................................................... 1202.4. The violation of human rights .............................................................. 1212.5. The subordination of general interests to the individual interest ........ 1262.6. One-party rule ...................................................................................... 1282.7. Murders, massacres, and life sentences are emotional ....................... 1282.8. Notorious corruption............................................................................ 1322.9. Arbitrary arrest of opponents .............................................................. 1336HFWLRQ  7KH IUXLWV RI D UHJLPH RU SRZHU UHVXOWLQJ IURP DQ HPHUJHQF\ GLFWDWRUVKLS  3.1. Peace: dictatorship neutralizes uprisings ............................................ 1333.2. Transition from war to peace ............................................................... 1343.3 Social and economic development: the dictator also promotes economic growth .................................................................. 135 3.4. Unification of the country: Dictatorship requires national unity ........ 137 3.5 National security: dictatorship involves the reinforcement of national security and state security ................................................ 137 3DUWLDO FRQFOXVLRQ &+$37(5 )285 7+( ,&216 2) (0(5*(1&< ',&7$7256+,3 $1' 6$/87$5< $&7,21 6HFWLRQ  7KH LFRQV RI HPHUJHQF\ GLFWDWRUVKLS DQG VDOXWDU\ DFWLRQ LQ $IULFD  0REXWX 6HVH 6HNR 1.1. Presentation and beginnings................................................................ 1431.2. Context of the accession and rise to power.......................................... 1441.3. Economic and social achievements of the man.................................... 147
1.4. Improvement of economic conditions .................................................. 1481.5. Brutal contraction 1975-1982.............................................................. 1502. The impact of the dictatorial regime on the improvement of the social situation of the people........................................................ 1582.1. Mobutism as the guarantor of cohesion and peace ............................. 1582.2. Institution of organic solidarity ........................................................... 1582.3. Nationalism as the basis of social cohesiveness .................................. 1592.4. The impact of the dictatorial regime on the improvement of the population’s economic situation................................................ 1632.5. The great achievements........................................................................ 1632.6. The management of the crisis............................................................... 1642.7. In dealing with economic recovery ...................................................... 1652.8. Consequences of the disappearance of the man .................................. 1672.9. Muammar Gaddafi ............................................................................... 1686HFWLRQ  7KH LFRQV RI HPHUJHQF\ GLFWDWRUVKLS DQG VDOXWDU\ DFWLRQ LQ $VLD Ź7KH FUHDWLRQ E\ 0DR RI D QHZ SDWK IRU &KLQHVH GHYHORSPHQW  · Doctrinal development .............................................................................. 185· Triumphant socialism................................................................................ 186· The legacy of Mao ..................................................................................... 187· The new Maoist ......................................................................................... 1876HFWLRQ  7KH LFRQV RI HPHUJHQF\ GLFWDWRUVKLS DQG VDOXWDU\ DFWLRQ LQ $PHULFD 3.1. Fidel Castro ......................................................................................... 1883DUWLDO FRQFOXVLRQ